Islam and Martial Arts: China’s Hui Muslim Tradition*

Islam and Martial Arts: China’s Hui Muslim Tradition*

By Eissa Da

Western media has always been saturated with images of Bruce Lee, Jackie Chan and Jet Li, but what we don’t hear about as often is the relation between Islam and martial arts. The early trade that led to a great relationship between Arab Muslims and the Chinese acted as a pivotal role in the spread of Islam in the Far East as well as cementing the Muslim-Chinese identity. Dating back to the 1200s, the roles early Chinese Muslims played in military leadership positions forms the beginning of this most unique connection.

Islam in China is well documented with the Hui people acting as the largest Muslim minority within the country. From approximately 19 years after the death of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ a relationship between China and Arabia was already in place. It was the third Khalifah (Caliph) ‘Uthman who initiated the first conscious efforts to spread Islam in the region, with subsequent trade missions also contributing to the spread of Islam.

The Hui Muslims came from this lineage, a unification of Arabia and China to form this unique position of authentic Chinese culture, infused with the Islamic tradition, the likes of which can still be seen to this day in various parts of the country, though mostly concentrated in the northwestern parts of China. The practice of martial arts still takes place in various Masajid (mosques) around the country, with Islamic sciences being taught at the same time.

Not only did martial arts combine with practical aspects of defence for long seafaring trade missions, but it also was a spiritual tool of many Muslim masters. The need for self-control and restraint reflect in both martial arts and traditional Islamic teachings.

The concept of Islamic self-control was used by martial art masters in the physical realm as well. With practitioners putting emphasis on both spiritual and physical aspects of training. The need for calm and collected decision making is a tradition upheld by Muslims, as seen in the tradition of The Prophet ﷺ , “The strong is not the one who overcomes the people by his strength, but the strong is the one who controls himself while in anger.” The essence of Ijtihad (diligence) in maintaining self-discipline is integral in both paths.

Various art forms such as Silat and Wushu have been perfected by Muslims of the last few hundred years, with many original martial arts being either created or adapted by Muslims as well, such as Zhaquan and Piguquan. These original developments were tools that were created often by army officials or to safeguard Muslims in China, being passed down in secret through generations.

In the history of this marriage between martial arts and Islam, there are many names to consider. We can see examples of masters such as Wang Zi Ping (1881 – 1973) and Chang Tung Sheng (1908 – 1986) who trained in their discipline while retaining their faith and using it as a means to come closer to Allah and the teachings of their religion.

Master Wang Zi Ping, acknowledged as a master of Wushu was also a learned man in relation to the Religion. He was known to lift heavy stones while reciting the Qur’an. A notable story tells of his opposition to German forces who attempted to obtain the doors of Qinzhou masjid that was inscribed with the history of the Muslims in China. Master Wang was not one to let a priceless part of Muslim identity be taken away, and so challenged the soldiers to a weight lifting competition and subsequently won.

Also, a master of various other disciplines, Wang Zi Ping was an inspiration to people, Muslim and non-Muslim alike. His mastery of a variety of martial arts allowed him to gain victory over various foreign opponents, leading to a great following of students, thus also spreading the reach of Islam amongst Chinese people.

In reality, martial arts and the Islamic tradition share a unique bond and history that within them both contain means to achieve a greater purpose. Acting as reflections of each other, the history of Islam in China led to the expansion of the Religion to the far eastern corners of the world, and the practical nature of martial arts helped defend this tradition in a way that kept the uniqueness of Chinese culture, with the absoluteness of the religion of Islam.

Amjid Ali is Wing Chun instructor and also a practicing Muslim. In the video below he relates his journey of learning, from travelling to Hong Kong and training with legendary martial artist Ip Man and close friends of the late Bruce Lee. He provides an interesting insight into the similarities between Islamic and martial art teachings.

Source*

Related Topics:

Developing the Muslim Self Through Martial Arts

Mexican Martial Art Based on Traditional Mayan Culture*

Modern Day Colonnialism: The Uyghurs versus China*

French Man Charged with Abusing 4 Migrant Minors*

French Man Charged with Abusing 4 Migrant Minors*

Greek police say they have arrested a 52-year-old French man on suspicion of sexually abusing four Pakistani boys he had sheltered in his home in the northern city of Thessaloniki.

Police said Wednesday the man was arrested Tuesday. He allegedly abused the boys, aged 14-17, in January after offering them housing as they were homeless.

According to police, the man presented himself as a volunteer to various organizations helping refugees. One of the boys was later housed in a shelter for young migrants and told staff about the abuse.

Police confiscated six hard drives and one USB stick from a search of the man’s home, as well as unspecified drugs. The man appeared in court and has been charged with sexual abuse and possession and use of drugs.

In addition to AP report above, some Greek media report that the French man was a priest or a monk and has been living in Greece since 2012.

Source*

Everything started when the 52-year-old offered to put up unaccompanied minors, providing them with food and shelter, through an acquaintance working with a refugee and migrant hospitality centre in the Thessaloniki area. He subsequently hosted a succession of four teenage boys, aged between 14 and 17, in his home.

During that time, he also contacted a non-governmental welfare organisation involved in the support of children and young people, requesting legal aid regarding the residence status of the unaccompanied minors in his care and their right to stay in Greece.

When a child psychologist from the NGO contacted one of the refugee children, the boy revealed that he did not wish to return to the 52-year-old’s home because he did not feel comfortable there. He confided that the suspect gave him pills, saying they were treatment for itching, that made him lethargic and sleepy. The older man apparently committed the lewd acts when the boy was drugged in this way, while similar claims have been made by the other three boys that stayed with him.

The organisation then notified the police, who conducted a raid on the French man’s home on Tuesday and, in additional to the narcotic pills, also confiscated six hard disks and a digital data storage device that were sent to police labs for further investigation.

Source*

Related Topics:

Children Sexually Assaulted at E.U.’s Official Refugee Camps*

Teenage Girl Admits Making up Migrant Rape Claim That Outraged Germany*

Syrian Refugees Protect Woman from Sexual Harassment in Germany*

Thirty Syrian Boys Raped in Turkish Refugee Camp*

Mass Sexual Assault by Refugees in Germany was Fake News*

Bottled Water Containing Fluoride*

Bottled Water Containing Fluoride*

The world is slowly waking up to the fact that fluoride, a by-product of the phosphate fertilizer industry, wreaks havoc on the brain and body. Despite peer-reviewed scientific evidence against it, fluoride is still added to 70% of U.S. public drinking water supplies.

What’s more is that processed beverages and food, tea, and even bottled water contain fluoride. That’s right, many popular brands of bottled water have a known neurotoxin added to them.

It’s no wonder that dental fluorosis has skyrocketed in the U.S. over the past 60 years (image above). Dental fluorosis is a side effect of fluoride ingestion that typically effects children. And it’s awful. Click HERE to see what it looks like, but you might want to take my word for it because it’s not a pretty sight.

Additionally, the aforementioned peer-reviewed evidence against fluoride includes a recent publication in the world renowned, weekly peer-reviewed Medical Journal, the Lancet. This report classifies fluoride as a neurotoxin and concludes that it notably decreases the IQ of children.

Fluoride is a toxic waste from the phosphate fertilizer industry

In the 1950’s it was determined that phosphate factories emitted toxic gases that were destroying the environment. Crops were scorched, destroyed, and cattle became crippled. Chemical and environmental engineers were employed with the task of filtering this toxic waste so that it would not escape into the atmosphere.

My former chemistry professor was once one of these engineers and would often reminisce of his days developing and designing what the industry later referred to as scrubbers. Scrubbers were installed to filter out this toxic waste thus protecting communities from harmful gases that when leached into the atmosphere would destroy their health and ecosystem. But were citizens ultimately being protected?

Chances are that you are currently a victim of the industry’s fluoride emissions although you may not live anywhere near a phosphate plant. For you see, when the scrubbers clean these emissions, hydrofluorosilicic acid, a classified hazardous waste is collected and barreled up. It is then sold to communities across America to be added to the public water supply as the primary fluoride chemical for water fluoridation.

Of course many people know this disturbing fact and avoid drinking from the tap. But what if I told you that the very water you’re spending a pretty penny on to avoid fluoridation, is too fluoridated. You might be surprised which brands contain fluoride, but when you see who owns them it will all make sense.

The list below contains data provided by the International Bottled Water Association that you can use to make sure you’re not feeding fluoride to yourself and your family.

If you would like a copy of this list for future reference click the letter sized image above then either right click and save the file or select “print” in your browser menu.

Source*

Related Topics:

U.S. EPA Scientist Fired for Telling the Truth about Climate Engineering + Fluoridated Water*

Doctors List 50 Reasons Why You Must Stop Drinking Fluoridated Water Now*

Scientists Find Fluoride Causes Hypothyroidism Leading To Depression, Weight Gain, and Worse…*

U.K. to Put Fluoride in Milk for School Children*

The Public Awareness about Fluoride, has our ‘Betters’ Looking to Adding Lithium to our Drinking Water*

What’s Behind a Mysterious Nuclear Radiation Spike across Europe*

What’s Behind a Mysterious Nuclear Radiation Spike across Europe*

Small amounts of nuclear radiation spread across Europe last month, and no one can figure out why.

First detected over the Norway-Russia border in January, the radioactive Iodine-131 bloom was then found over several European countries, and while unsubstantiated rumours of nuclear testing by Russia have been cropping up, officials say it’s most likely linked to an unreported pharmaceutical mishap.

While the radiation spike happened in January, officials in Finland and France have only just gone public with information on the incident, announcing that after the spike was detected in Norway, it appeared in Finland, Poland, Czechia (Czech Republic), Germany, France and Spain, until the end of January.

When asked why Norway didn’t inform the public last month, when it was the first to detect the radiation in its northernmost county, Finnmark, Astrid Liland from the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority told the Barents Observer:

“The measurements at Svanhovd in January were very, very low. So were the measurements made in neighbouring countries, like Finland. The levels raise no concern for humans or the environment. Therefore, we believe this had no news value.”

Radiotoxicity of iodine 131 The radioactive toxicity of iodine 131 is measured by an ‘ingestion dose conversion factor’ which allows to calculate the effective dose resulting from the ingestion of a given activity of a radioelement. Ingested Iodine-131 is dangerous because it primarily affects the thyroid gland that plays a fundamental role in childhood development. Radioactive iodine toxicity varies greatly with age, with toddlers, young children and adolescents being far more sensitive than adults. IN2P3

Radiotoxicity of iodine 131 The radioactive toxicity of iodine 131 is measured by an ‘ingestion dose conversion factor’ which allows to calculate the effective dose resulting from the ingestion of a given activity of a radioelement. Ingested Iodine-131 is dangerous because it primarily affects the thyroid gland that plays a fundamental role in childhood development. Radioactive iodine toxicity varies greatly with age, with toddlers, young children and adolescents being far more sensitive than adults. IN2P3

As France’s nuclear safety authority, the IRSN, announced last week, the actual amount of radioactive Iodine-131 in Europe’s ground-level atmosphere in January “raise no health concerns”, and has since returned to normal.

But what’s most disconcerting about the event isn’t the level of radiation that spread through Europe – it’s the fact that no one can say what actually happened.

Iodine-131 (value +/- uncertainty) in the atmosphere. Credit: IRSN

Iodine-131 (value +/- uncertainty) in the atmosphere. Credit: IRSN

Iodine-131 (value +/- uncertainty) in the atmosphere. Credit: IRSN

What we do know is that Iodine-131 has a half-life of just eight days, so detecting it in the atmosphere is proof of a recent release.

“The release was probably of recent origin. Further than this, it is impossible to speculate,” Brian Gornall from Britain’s Society for Radiological Protection told Ben Sullivan at Motherboard.

Right now, the best bet is that the origin of the radioactive Iodine-131 is somewhere in Eastern Europe – something that conspiracy theorists have latched onto as evidence that Russia performed a nuclear test in the Arctic.

But there is no evidence of this taking place, and the fact that only Iodine-131 – and no other radioactive substances – were detected strongly suggests this is not the answer.

“It was rough weather in the period when the measurements were made, so we can’t trace the release back to a particular location. Measurements from several places in Europe might indicate it comes from Eastern Europe,” Liland told the Barents Observer.

Based on the particular isotope, experts are saying it’s far more likely that the radiation spike is the result of some kind of pharmaceutical factory leak, seeing as Iodine-131 is used widely in treating certain types of cancer.

“Since only Iodine-131 was measured, and no other radioactive substances, we think it originates from a pharmaceutical company producing radioactive drugs,” Liland told Motherboard. “Iodine-131 is used for treatment of cancer.”

And, oddly enough, the case for pharmaceuticals being behind the mess has a surprisingly similar parallel to back it up – an almost identical event occurred in 2011, when low levels of radioactive Iodine-131 were detected in several European countries for a few weeks.

At the time of the announcement, officials were also at a loss to explain the spike in Iodine-131, but quickly ruled out a link to nuclear power plants.

“If it came from a reactor we would find other elements in the air,” Didier Champion, then head of environment and intervention at the IRSN, told Reuters in 2011.

Interestingly, a paper came out just last week confirming that the source of the 2011 Iodine-131 leak was a faulty filter system at the Institute of Isotopes Ltd in Budapest, Hungary, which produces a wide variety of radioactive isotopes for medical treatment and research.

The investigation is still ongoing for the 2017 leak, with the U.S. Air Force deploying its WC-135 nuclear explosion ‘sniffer’ aircraft to the U.K. last week to help narrow down the source.

Hopefully researchers can nail down what exactly happened here, so factory owners – if they are to blame this time around – can ensure these kinds of leaks don’t continue.

Because while both events posed no health risk to humans, it’s really not something any manufacturer should be risking.

Source*

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Radiation Fall-out from Fukushima Causing Mass Animal Die-offs in U.S.*

A Case against Microwave Technology*

Department of Homeland Security Issues Expanded Deportation Rules*

Department of Homeland Security Issues Expanded Deportation Rules*

People attend an afternoon rally in Battery Park to protest U.S. President Donald Trump's new immigration policies on January 29, 2017, in New York City.  Photo: Spencer Platt/Getty Images

People attend an afternoon rally in Battery Park to protest U.S. President Donald Trump’s new immigration policies on January 29, 2017, in New York City. Photo: Spencer Platt/Getty Images

People attend an afternoon rally in Battery Park to protest U.S. President Donald Trump’s new immigration policies on January 29, 2017, in New York City.
Photo: Spencer Platt/Getty Images

John Kelly, secretary of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), just took steps to support President Donald Trump’s plan for deporting undocumented immigrants. Kelly issued two memoranda today (February 21) that are meant to provide DHS with guidance for implementing three executive orders signed by the president: Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements, Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States and Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry Into the United States.

Dated February 20, the implementation memos represent a shift in how the federal government enforces immigration laws. As The New York Times reports, under President Barack Obama, undocumented immigrants with convictions for serious crimes were prioritized for deportation. Now, agents are charged with arresting anyone who has been convicted of any criminal offense—or even just suspected of one:

Additionally, regardless of the basis of removability, Department personnel should prioritize removable aliens who:

(I) have been convicted of any criminal offense;

(2) have been charged with any criminal offense that has not been resolved;

(3) have committed acts which constitute a chargeable criminal offense;

(4) have engaged in fraud or willful misrepresentation in connection with any official matter before a governmental agency;

(5) have abused any program related to receipt of public benefits;

(6) are subject to a final order of removal but have not complied with their legal obligation to depart the United States; or

(7) in the judgment of an immigration officer, otherwise pose a risk to public safety or national security.

The new rules also order the immediate hiring of 10,000 Immigration Customs Enforcement (ICE) agents, 5,000 Customs and Border Protection agents and 500 air and marine agents.

They also expand the 287(g) Program, which currently grants local and state law enforcement officers in 32 jurisdictions the power to carry out the duties of an immigration officer “in relation to the investigation, apprehension or detention of aliens in the United States.”

The new rules also order the immediate hiring of 10,000 Immigration Customs Enforcement (ICE) agents, 5,000 Customs and Border Protection agents and 500 air and marine agents. They also expand the 287(g) Program, which currently grants local and state law enforcement officers in 32 jurisdictions the power to carry out the duties of an immigration officer “in relation to the investigation, apprehension or detention of aliens in the United States.”

The memos also commission a study of the security on the nation’s southern border to “identify vulnerabilities and provide recommendations to enhance border security” and order that construction be started on the border wall immediately. In addition, the memos establish an ICE office dedicated to people it identifies as victims of crimes committed by immigrants, to be funded with resources “that are currently used to advocate on behalf of illegal aliens.”

Anonymous officials told reporters that the new directives will not impact the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, which protects DREAMers who immigrated as children.

Source*

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Decades of Evidence Finds No link Between Immigration and Increased Crime*

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Immigrant Designer Goes From Homeless to Wealthy, Then Sells Everything to Help Others*

Homeless Eat Free at Muslim-Owned Restaurant In Washington, D.C.

Trump Will Sign Order to Build Wall, Ban Refugees, Muslims*

The American Iron Curtain

100 Mile Border Around the U.S.

The Caribbean: U.S.’s Third Border*

Ninth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Rules in Favour of Hoopa Valley Tribe*

Ninth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals Rules in Favour of Hoopa Valley Tribe*

On Tuesday, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld water releases to the Trinity River to prevent salmon die-off downstream. Since the horrific 2002 salmon kill on the Lower Klamath River, the Bureau of Reclamation has released supplemental water from the Trinity River Reservoir on numerous occasions to prevent similar fish kill. Reversing the Eastern District Court’s judgment, the appeals court ruled that federal and state laws authorized the Bureau of Reclamation release water from its reservoirs to protect migrating fish in the Lower Klamath River, downstream of the Trinity River confluence.

The Bureau’s over diversion of water from the Klamath River in Oregon had killed as many as 70,000 adult salmon in 2002.  Six times since then, the Bureau of Reclamation, at the request of the Hoopa Valley Tribe, has released extra water from the Trinity Project to augment flow in the Lower Klamath and avert repetition of the fish epizootic.

Once again, the Court of Appeals has acted to uphold our property rights in the Klamath Trinity fishery. We are happy to see the Court of Appeals enforce federal reclamation laws and recognize the United States’ trust responsibility to our people,” said Hoopa Chairman Ryan Jackson.

As in the past, Westlands Water District, 400 miles distant from the Trinity River  (see attached map), and the largest irrigation district in the United States, sued to block the Bureau of Reclamation’s actions to protect Klamath River Basin fish and wildlife.  The Court reversed a lower court’s ruling that limited releases to the Trinity River in favour of increased diversions to the Central Valley. The Court made clear that the Trinity basin has priority in the use of Trinity water stored in Reclamation’s reservoir.

The court also observed that the releases complied with a  California Fish and Game Code requirement that dam owner must “allow sufficient water at all times to pass” a dam “to keep in good condition any fish that may be planted or exist below the dam,” independently authorized flow releases

CLICK HERE to see Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals decision.

Source*

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GM Salmon Susceptible to Disease*

Drought Riddled California Bans GM Salmon*

U.S. Lawmakers Introduce Legislation to Unleash Nuclear Arms Race in Europe*

U.S. Lawmakers Introduce Legislation to Unleash Nuclear Arms Race in Europe*

By Andrei Akulov

The INF Treaty was a major breakthrough to halt and reverse the Cold War-era nuclear arms race in Europe. There are growing signs that the treaty is in jeopardy. A possible U.S. unilateral withdrawal and failure to resolve the compliance dispute could impede efforts to save the arms control regime from being eroded.

On February 16, Senator Tom Cotton (R-Arkansas), along with Senators Ron Johnson (R-Wisconsin) and Marco Rubio (R-Florida) introduced the Intermediate-Range Forces Treaty (INF) Preservation Act, legislation that would allow the United States to develop new intermediate-range missiles. Congressmen Ted Poe (R-Texas) and Mike Rogers (R-Alabama) introduced companion legislation in the House of Representatives.

The accusations of Russia violating the INF Treaty not backed up by any evidence were used as a pretext for introducing the measure. For instance, the New York Times has recently published report saying that Russia «has secretly deployed» a new nuclear-capable intermediate-range cruise missile, the SSC-8, in apparent violation of the 1987 treaty.

«This legislation will give President Trump the tools he needs to show our friends and adversaries alike that ‘peace through strength’ is back», said Mike Rogers.

The INF Treaty is a key agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union which put a seal on the Cold War era. It eliminated all nuclear and conventional ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with intermediate ranges, defined as between 500-5,500 kilometers (3000-3400 miles).

If the bill becomes a law, it won’t add to U.S. or NATO security. America has real interest in preserving the treaty in force. It has sound reasons for doing so. One of them is that U.S. – NATO allies greatly value the INF and want it to remain effective. A U.S. withdrawal would raise concern on their part.

With no hard evidence of non-compliance produced, the U.S. will be held responsible by international community for ending the treaty. If Washington possessed facts to substantiate the claim that Moscow is in violation of the treaty, it would have been provided them a long time ago.

The bill says the U.S. is to ‘develop» new systems. But even if a decision were taken to return obsolete Pershing-2s and long-range Tomahawks, it would take time and effort. On its part, Russia can easily increase the range of existing Iskander missiles.

Developing U.S. new systems would impose a new burden on an already stretched defense budget. Funding an new expensive program would make draw funds from other accounts, such as new conventional weapons, the upgrade of strategic nuclear forces, the ballistic missile defense (BMD), you name it. Today, the U.S. national debt is about $20 trillion and the clock is ticking.

Even if the provision of the bill is carried out and a new intermediate range system is in place, the U.S. will face a tall order in finding an ally willing to host it and become a target for a pre-emptive strike by Russian armed forces. Such deployments would be viewed as extremely provocative to Moscow.

Even in the 1980s it was a close thing. Those days the plans to deploy INF forces met fierce domestic political and public opposition. A controversial decision would tear NATO apart at the time the US and its European allies don’t see eye to eye on many issues.

The same applies to deployment plans in the Pacific. Japan would worry about deteriorating the relationship with Russia and China. South Korea would fear such a deployment would might disrupt its improving relations with China.

The times have changed. Today, Russia possesses cutting edge S-400 aid defense systems capable of countering not only ballistic but also cruise missiles with an operational range of 3,000−3,500 km (1,864-2,174 mi).

The Russian military is gearing up to test the first prototypes of its next-generation S-500 Prometey air and missile defense system. The weapon has no analogues in the world. S-500 is the fifth generation system capable of destroying intercontinental ballistic missiles and spacecraft, hypersonic cruise missiles and airplanes at speeds of higher than Mach 5. Its response time is only 3-4 seconds, just think about it! It can detect and simultaneously attack up to ten ballistic missile warheads out at 600 km flying at speeds of twenty-three thousand feet per second. The system can engage targets at altitudes of about 125 miles, including incoming ballistic missiles in space at ranges as great as 400 miles. Evidently, Russia has means to counter the threat. It puts into doubt the effectiveness of any future intermediate range weapon the US would develop in accordance with legislation in question.

The end of INF treaty would provoke other states into an arms race the U.S. cannot control.

The bill is introduced at the time the world is facing the most serious and comprehensive crisis in the fifty-year history of nuclear arms control. Since pulling out from the 1972 ABM Treaty, the US has been taking one step after another to undermine the arms control regime that has served as a pillar of international security for dozens of years. Now the US Congress is on the brink of unleashing an arms race with dire consequences for America itself.

Does it all make sense? Russia has recently announced its goal to shift from nuclear to conventional deterrence to make the world safer.

The recent initiative Germany, supported by leading the leading European partners, provides a new chance to address the problems of European security. With so many controversial issues on the agenda, Helsinki-2 would be the right way to launch discussions on creating a security regime from Lisbon to Vladivostok – something Moscow proposed a few years ago.

There are opportunities to seize and turn the tide as arms control is unraveling. Instead, a group of U.S. lawmakers has introduced a legislation to quash all hopes for a better world. Never before the arms control regime had been threatened so much. Voting for the bill means shooting yourself in the foot. The U.S. will undermine its own security and create huge problems to overcome. Hopefully, there will be enough sober-minded members of Congress to prevent the measure from becoming a law.

Source*

Related Topics:

Iran Sticks to Nuclear Deal in Spite of Threats from Warmongers*

E.U. to Take Control of British Nuclear Deterrent*

Files linking Britain to Israel’s nuclear weapons go missing from National Archives*

The Russia-Turkey Agreement that is Causing the CIA to Launch Nuclear Weapons against Turkey*

FBI Raids European International Adoption Agency*

Sixteen European States Want Arms Control Agreement with Russia*