Why Islam? The Story of Three Female Converts*

Why Islam? The Story of Three Female Converts*

By Sibilla Bondolfi

Nora Illi, an officer of the Islamic Central Council Switzerland (ICCS), at an event in May 2010.

 

With a burka ban coming into force in part of Switzerland on Friday, and anti-Islam sentiment running high, we asked three Swiss women why they decided to become Muslims.

Barbara Veljiji

Barbara Veljiji climbs the stairs up to a cosy room in her farmhouse. Flames are crackling in the wood-burning stove, keeping the room warm on this cool spring day.

Veljiji lives here with her husband, who is originally from Albania, their three sons, a daughter-in-law and her mother on the farm that used to belong to her parents in the rural countryside west of Bern. Veljiji converted to Islam in 1992 when she was 23 years old.

“I think it’s a good faith,” is her simple explanation.

She says that thanks to Islam she has found inner peace. She has worn a headscarf for the past nine years, prays, fasts and eats only halal products whenever possible.

She also takes a pragmatic approach to her and husband’s role. Since she earns more in her profession, she has been the breadwinner since the birth of their last child while her husband takes care of the household. Even though this model is not very Islamic, she says she can’t imagine it any other way since she enjoys her work.

Logical Islam

Natalia Darwich

 

Natalia Darwich has always been a very religious person and was active in her church community in central Switzerland. However, when she was about 30, she began to seriously question the Catholic church. She found it wrong to pray to both God and Jesus. She was also put off by the pomp of the Vatican, and was not convinced by the idea of confession, often as a child making up sins only to satisfy the priest.

That’s why she left the church and began to look closely at spirituality. She came upon the Quran and read it twice in its entirety. She took an intellectual approach to Islam.

“It showed me that it can answer questions logically,” Darwich says about the religion, which she considers a more “complete Christianity”.

She married a man from Lebanon and converted to Shia Islam. Her friends and family took her decision in stride. At the time of her conversion eight years ago, Darwich was over 40 years old. For the past three years, she’s worn a headscarf. She quit her job before she decided to begin wearing it every day.

Nora Illi

 

Enlightened in Dubai

Before she covered her head and face with the niqab, married a man who had converted to Islam, gave birth to five children, and spoke out in favour of polygamy (she has not denied reports her husband has a second wife), Nora Illi was a normal young woman from canton Zurich. She partied, experimented with Buddhism and was a vegetarian. Illi is now possibly the best known female convert to Islam in Switzerland.

On a trip to Dubai at the age of 18, the call to prayer from a Muezzin was an epiphany. In 2002 Illi converted to Islam, only two weeks after her boyfriend and now husband became a Muslim. Both are members of the radical Islamic Central Council of Switzerland, which has drawn controversy due to its contacts with extremists and radical preachers.

Illi explains that she herself once harboured prejudices against Muslims.

“I thought Muslim women were oppressed.” However, she came to the conclusion that inequality is often a cultural issue, and doesn’t come from Islam. She claims women can be active outside the home.

All three women believe in a literal interpretation of the Qur’an, but also try to reconcile it with western values. During our conversations, the three would find themselves searching for explanations or excuses for Islamic laws and bans, at times deflecting the questions or stonewalling.

Veljiji admits that the Qur’an permits a husband to beat his wife if she doesn’t obey.

“But hitting is always a sign of stress which has nothing to do with religion, and beatings are also mentioned in the Old Testament.”

And Illi trivialises the ban on homosexuality in Islam, saying it’s only forbidden in public. She says she supports the right of marriage for all, including homosexuals. “I’m tolerant,” she adds.

The three women appear to identify strongly with Swiss values, especially emancipation for women. They differentiate between religion and culture. For them, Islam fills a void in western society.

Source*

Related Topics:

Gender Equity in Islam

Islam is Not a Religion

Musician and Bollywood Actress Convert to Islam

‘Fitna’ Movie Producer Converted to Islam and Performs Hajj*

Former Playboy Model Converts to Islam*

Yuvan Shankar Raja: I Converted to Islam because of my Mother*

Guantanamo Prison Guard Converts to Islam*

Your Iman is Not Safe in the Hands of Just Your Intellect*

Freeing the Butterfly Within (Lec #3)

The Invention of Adolescence*

Islamic Spirituality and the Needs of Humanity Today*

Humanity at the Crossroads: The Crisis in Spiritual Consciousness

Love Misplaced By Capitalism*

Putin: Illuminati Plans to Use Islam To Spark World War III*

Iran Removes Chiefs of 4 Banks over ‘unusually high salaries’*

Iran Removes Chiefs of 4 Banks over ‘unusually high salaries’*

The chief executives of four of Iran’s major commercial banks have been sacked from their posts for receiving “unconventionally” high salaries. Iranian media reported on Thursday that Minister of Economic Affairs and Finance Ali Tayebnia had removed the heads of Bank Mellat, Bank Saderat, Refah Bank and Mehr.

“At the request of the president to investigate the issue of salaries, the heads of Mehr Iran, Mellat, Refah and Saderat banks have been replaced on the orders of the economy minister for receiving unconventional salaries and loans,” IRNA said.

The reports said the head of another bank was also to be fired, but the decision has been delayed for “further review.” The top bankers are accused of receiving large bonuses, interest-free loans and, in some cases, tax evasion. Investigations launched by President Hassan Rouhani’s government came after Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei last Wednesday called for immediate action.

“The issue of astronomical salaries is in fact an attack on our values, but everyone should know that they are among exceptions,” Ayatollah Khamenei said in an address to Rouhani and his cabinet on June 22.
“This issue must not be delayed. It should be seriously followed up and the people must be informed of the results,” the Leader added.

Earlier this month, the government launched an investigation into public pay following reports that executives at the state insurance regulator were earning more than 50 times the base government salary. Iranian law states that the top salary in the government should not be more than seven times that of the lowest-paid government employee. The paycheck leaks showed some senior managers at the Central Insurance Co. were paid up to 870 million rials ($28,339 at the official exchange rate) in March. The company said the paychecks were for the last month of the Iranian calendar year and therefore were unusually large, including arrears, loans and bonuses but its head resigned in May.
The publication of a document showed one manager at Bank Tejarat received the equivalent of about $230,000 last November. The bank said the media had misrepresented the document because it showed not only salary payments but also pension amounts and other arrears.  Then the salary of the managing director of the National Development Fund, Safdar Hosseini, was revealed to be $18,700 a month. Rouhani has pledged to investigate and punish government employees receiving excessive salaries. He has ordered his deputy Eshaq Jahangiri to seriously pursue the issue and report back any “decisive measures” taken in this regard.

“All cases of violation and abuse should be identified as soon as possible; the wages unlawfully paid should be returned to the public funds; the offending managers should be dismissed; and a report on the decisive measures should be given to me,” Rouhani said.

The government has made weeding out corruption a top goal. In March, Iranian tycoon Babak Zanjani was sentenced to death over fraudulently pocketing $2.8 billion.

Source*

Related Topics:

Hiding in the U.S Ireland to Prosecute Top Banker for Destroying Their Economy*

Mystery of New York Fed Robbery Has Central Banks Asking Who’s Next*

British Banking System the Pumping Heart of Terror Finance and Global Drug Trade*

BRICS Under Attack: Western Banks, Governments Launch Full-Spectrum Assault On Russia*

Global Bankster Mafia Caught Rigging Markets to Destroy Middle Class*

Anonymous Strikes the Heart of the Empire — Takes Down U.S. Federal Reserve Bank*

Brazil’s Coup Government Select an Israeli for President of Brazil’s Central Bank*

U.K. FCA given 24 hr Notice to accept Gold Currency offer of Swissindo in all U.K. Banks*

Bank Bail-outs Behind Behind U.K.’s Collapsing Public Services*

Rothschild Bank Now Under Criminal Investigation*

E-bracelets for Hajj Pilgrims*

E-bracelets for Hajj Pilgrims*

Muslim pilgrims joining this year’s Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia will have to wear an electronic safety bracelet after thousands of them died in a tragic crush last year.

According to a report by Saudi Gazette newspaper, the high-tech safety measure will help authorities provide care “and identify people.” The report added that the bracelets store each pilgrim’s personal information, including address and medical records. Wristlets are resistant and connected to a GPS location system, the newspaper noted.
In addition, Saudi authorities have installed more than 800 surveillance cameras at the Grand Mosque in the holy city of Mecca. The report does not explain how such spying measures can prevent accidents during this year’s Hajj rituals.

The measures come as Saudi Arabia has come under harsh criticism over its handling of the Mina incident and incompetent to host the annual Hajj rituals. The crush of last year occurred after two large masses of pilgrims converged at a crossroads in Mina during the symbolic ceremony of the stoning of Satan in Jamarat on September 24, 2015. Saudi Arabia claims nearly 770 people were killed in the incident, but Iranian officials say about 4,700 people lost their lives in the tragedy.

In this September 24, 2015 photo, Muslim pilgrims and first responders gather around bodies of people crushed in Mina, Saudi Arabia, during the annual Hajj pilgrimage. The number of the Iranian fatalities is at least 464, exceeding that of other countries.

Riyadh regime has also failed to publish a report on the tragedy. The tragedy came days after a massive construction crane collapsed into Mecca’s Grand Mosque, killing more than 100 people and leaving over 200 others wounded. According to the figures released by Iran’s Hajj and Pilgrimage Organization, 11 Iranian pilgrims were among the deceased and 32 of the injured were also Iranian nationals. Iran says Riyadh’s incompetence in handling safety at the rituals caused the deadly incident. Following the tragedy, Saudi King Salman even praised Saudi authorities for holding a “successful” Hajj.

This year, Iran has said it will not participate in the Hajj pilgrimage in Mecca because of “obstacles” created by Saudi Arabia, among them its failure to guarantee the safety of Hajj pilgrims. Iran’s decision came after Riyadh failed, following lengthy negotiations, to address the Islamic Republic’s concern regarding the safety and dignity of its nationals during the Hajj pilgrimage. Senior Iranian officials have slammed Riyadh for manipulating Hajj for its own “political” goals.

Source*

Related Topics:

Saudis and Israeli’s Stage Hajj Stampede*

New Leaked Document Shows 7,000 Hajjis Killed in Mina*

Wahhabism on Trial? How Islam is challenging Al Saud’s Custodianship of Mecca*

Before Britain Can Leave the E.U… *

Before Britain Can Leave the E.U…

By Erica Evans

Britain’s vote to leave the European Union last week has left many people wondering how exactly that exit will take place. No nation has left the E.U. before, and in order for Britain to do so, it must first sort through decades of legislation between itself and the other 27 member states, covering everything from the products U.K. citizens use to how they travel.

Although the unprecedented nature of “Brexit” makes the process uncertain, here are the basic steps Britain must take before it’s officially out.

Elect a new prime minister

Shortly after the announcement of the “Leave” outcome, Prime Minister David Cameron, who had strongly campaigned to stay in the E.U., announced that he would step down.  A change in leadership is not required for Britain to exit the E.U.., but Cameron decided it would be in Britain’s best interest.

I do not think it would be right for me to try to be the captain that steers our country to its next destination,” he said in his resignation statement.

He plans to leave office by October and let Britain’s next prime minister start the formal process of exiting the E.U.  Boris Johnson, London’s former mayor and a strong advocate of leaving the E.U., is among the top contenders to succeed Cameron.

Put together a Brexit plan

Currently, there is no consensus among Brexiteers about how to approach negotiations with the E.U.  By staying until the fall, Cameron is allowing the Conservative Party some time to flesh out the rough-sketch plan proposed by the Leave campaign.  Curbing immigration and establishing a U.K.-EU trade deal are among actions the campaign suggested.

Notify the European Council. 

The E.U. exit process is outlined in Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union and begins with the departing country formally notifying leaders from each of the E.U. member countries through the European Council.  It is unclear when Britain will do this, but it will not happen until after Cameron resigns in October.

Negotiate the terms of separation

Once the European Council is notified, Britain has two years to negotiate the terms of its exit.  During this period, Britain will still be treated as a member of the E.U and subject to all its rules and responsibilities.  Negotiations will determine whether the U.K. will still have access to the E.U. single market, and what to do with the 3 million EU citizens living in the U.K. and the 1.2 million British citizens living in other EU countries, among a myriad of other decisions. Jan Techau, director of Carnegie Europe, a foreign-policy think tank, told CNN that the E.U will probably be tough on the U.K. in negotiations to deter other countries from trying to follow Britain’s example.

“It’s quite clear they will have to unify around a position that will make it quite painful for the U.K. to negotiate this exit so that everybody sees what happens to you if you try to do the same thing,” Techau said.

Get the EU to approve the terms

The European Parliament needs to approve the terms with a simple majority vote, and the Council of the European Union needs to approve it with a qualified majority of 20 out of the 27 remaining E.U. members.

Get the British Parliament to approve the terms

Although not technically required by British law or Article 50, Britain’s political climate demands the negotiated terms of separation be brought before the nation’s Parliament before it can be ratified.

Do it all in 2 years.

From the time that Britain notifies the European Council of its plans to leave, it has two years to complete negotiations. When that deadline comes, Britain will lose its membership automatically, whether or not it has made arrangements for trade and other transactions with other European countries. The deadline can be extended, however, with unanimous agreement from the European Council.

Or … hold another referendum

Some British officials, including Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt, have suggested there should be a second referendum to let people accept or reject the terms of the EU exit deal.  Hunt told the BBC that the terms of negotiated trade deals are a “huge decision” and that citizens should be able to voice their opinions.  There is nothing legally preventing another vote if public pressure mounts for such a referendum.

Source*

Related Topics:

Lord Rothschild Demands Britain Stay in E.U.*

Brexit Strips World’s 400 Richest People of $127bn – Bloomberg*

After ‘Brexit’ Scotland, Ireland Referendum to Leave U.K.*

David Cameron Announces Resignation*

Brexit Hit the Perpetrators of Fukushima Meltdowns*

Brexit Hit the Perpetrators of Fukushima Meltdowns*

By Yoichi Shimatsu

As retold in kabuki and old Japan’s puppet theater, justice is never delivered by the law courts, those being just instruments of the powerful. Given gross perversion of law, karma must then weigh heavier and so over time evil-doers get caught in the snares of their own making.

This truth from theater was affirmed by Brexit. The Japanese and American corporate criminals walked away unpunished from their melted-down Fukushima reactors to start up nuclear power projects in England and Wales. These culprits failed to realize their path of escape led into the steel jaws of a karmic trap, which was triggered by British voters’ decision to exit the European Union.

The Brexit shock triggered a steep drop of the British pound in the world forex market, while the yen sky-rocketed, blowing apart the best-laid plans of Bank of Japan officials to export their nuclear-powered economy out of debt. Based on their reckoning, a strong pound promised a huge return on investment in British energy when converted to a weak yen, effectively bailing out major Japanese banks underwater with bad loans at home. Due to this past week’s currency gyration, the bank loans to Hitachi and Toshiba operations in the UK will probably never be recovered.

The Japanese-American nuclear industry will no doubt lobby the British government for higher electricity tariffs on households and industry. For a Parliament under close scrutiny by voters of all parties, however, it will be politically impossible for energy regulators to triple household electricity rates to compensate foreign corporations for their lousy bet on a strong pound. The loss-making Toshiba, which controls Westinghouse, has already been facing serious fraud charges in Japan and the U.S., and so is now seeking $8 billion in loans from HSBC. Fat chance of that, not when the Fukushima fraudsters sailed into Britain on borrowed money on a ship of fools that’s struck the rock of Brexit.

Of course, Hitachi, Toshiba and even TEPCO, the latter involved in decommissioning Sellafield, will keep up the pretense that nothing has changed. Japanese investment in Britain has introduced the corporate culture of denial, monopolist greed, political corruption and media disinformation that prevails in Japanese super-expensive energy market, as exemplified by imports of Fukushima pre-cooked rice into the UK. One of the agents of criminal-culture transfer is the Japan-UK Nuclear Dialogue. “Deranged” is about the only way to describe a bilateral committee that wants to recruit young British women to work inside reactors buildings. Before plumbing the depths of that bilateral sewage, the bright side of Brexit deserves congratulations.

Energy Independence

The majority of British voters deserve praise for seeing through the web of corporate-funded media lies about the agenda of the European Union, which is not a community in any charitable sense but a Trojan Horse for globablization. The denationalized British nuclear sector provides a clear example of undisguised favoritism for foreign investment from Japan, the U.S., France and Spain. The selling point to Britons is that foreign nuclear operators will create jobs. Most of that work, however, is during the construction phase.

Once operating, nuclear plants are capital intensive with few workers per megawatt output as compared with competing sources of electricity. Most of the profit accrues to foreign interests and is repatriated to banks like Mitsubishi-Tokyo, Sumitomo and Mizuho. While electricity tariffs are ratcheted up over the decades, harvesting an ever-larger share of monthly household income, much like how sheep are shorn in the springtime.

At last, Brexit has opened a new vista for sovereign energy development once the field is cleared of the Fukushima felons. The prospect for energy independence is emerging in this era of low worldwide oil-and-gas prices, along with the onset of more efficient renewables. The North Sea reserves contain an estimated 4.5 billion barrels of oil equivalent (probably a low figure), with more than half of it in natural gas. In contrast to highly centralized and capital-intensive nuclear plants, gas-fired turbines and renewable energy sources are locally based, creating more jobs in many more places, and these smaller players are amenable to public demands for reduced pollution and greater efficiency.

Many Brexit supporters tend to be skeptics of global warming theory who will not agonize over using North Sea gas to heat their homes and power their refrigerators. The pro-EU minority, in contrast, have tended to buy into a questionable climate-change theory without ever considering the fact that the primary funder of the inaugural 1997 summit for the Kyoto Protocol was the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO). From its inception, climate change theory was a propaganda ploy by the nuclear industry, which are now denying the truly lethal impact on human life and the environment of the ongoing Fukushima meltdowns.

None of the climate scientists dare broach the issue of Fukushima’s devastating impact on the atmosphere and waters of the Pacific Ocean, the Arctic now-fragmented icecap, North America and northern Europe. Radioactivity adverse effects have overwhelmingly surpassed by far the gradual changes attributed to carbon dioxide.

Bleak Horizon

Immediately after its Fukushima disaster, Hitachi-GE (GEH) purchased operating rights for two nuclear plants along the Irish Sea. As part of the NuGeneration consortium, Toshiba-Westinghouse is raising funds for a new site in Cumbria, on the northern edge of the Sellafield radioactive wasteland. In a sick joke that recalls Monty Python, TEPCO has signed an agreement with the UK Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) to “clean up” Sellafield, contributing their invaluable experience from the Fukushima death zone.

The sites for nuclear plants that serve urban centers are usually pastoral locations with unfamiliar names, which requires the dispossession rural folk with the de-facto suspension of local rights and  productive relationships with the natural environment. The monopolistic mind-set of the nuclear sector is disdainful to local initiatives, for example, the transformation of a northern Wales aluminum plant into a biomass power-generation facility.

Competition from the Hitachi-GE (GEH) at Wylfa on the nearby isle of Anglesey (Ynys Mon in Welsh) will surely undermine the biomass initiative while overshadowing the local economy under a dark cloud of anxiety. Then some day in the future, it will be determined that Welsh forests are too radioactive for burning biomass, and nuclear will be triumphant over a lifeless moonscape. As stated by a Welsh anti-nuclear protester: “We don’t want a Wylfa-shima on Ynys Mon.”

Hitachi, which purchased the Horizon project in 2012, has rights to build another advanced boiling water reactor (ABWR) at Oldbury-on-Severn, along the river that flows into the Bristol Channel, an inlet of the Irish Sea. Radioactive contamination of the Irish Sea by British Magnox reactors, including now-closed operations at Wylfa and Oldbury, is a contentious legal issue for Ireland, on the other side of those radioactive waters. Water-borne releases from the Hitachi-GE plants are inevitable, the dirty secret of every nuclear plant.

A previous attempt by Ireland to sue the British nuclear operator at Sellafield was blocked by the EU. Of course next time around, the EU will not be intervening against member-state Ireland to protect the nuclear operations of the Japanese and American operators in non-member Britain. The Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy went into force in 2014. The UK is a signatory to the treaty and the changes will allow anyone in Ireland affected by a nuclear accident that originates at a British site to sue for damages. So add a few more billion pounds to the coming losses for GEH and Toshiba-Westinghouse.

The Next Target for TEPCO

TEPCO at Sellafied, can nuclear get any more absurd? What can Tokyo Electric teach the British? The black arts of mass deception while secretly dumping nuclear waste on land and sea? One of the directors of TEPCO is Lady Barbara Judge, an American-born advocated for the British nuclear industry. Her stroke of evil genius was to link women’s right to work with nuclear energy, with a UK chapter of Women in Nuclear with a current membership of 1,000..

Why are the ovaries and minds of British women so important to the Japanese-American-French nuclear operators in the UK? Because the reproductive health of women of child-bearing age and girls is the first casualty of radioactive exposure. The campaign of diversion and denial is insidious and a taste of what’s to come from the Fukushima fanatics.

The Japanese nuclear presence is not simply business as usual; it is a strategic move to garner profits in a lucrative energy market and also to keep alive hopes for its own nuclear-weapons program, since the UK reprocesses plutonium for Japan. Therefore, after the destruction of Fukushima, the pro-nuclear Liberal Democrat government established a billion-dollar slush fund to facilitate global exports of Japanese nuclear technology.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe then urged his side-kick Haruhiko Kuroda at the Bank of Japan to offer zero-interest rates (Zirp) to the major banks that finance Hitachi, Toshiba, TEPCO and related construction giants like Kajima. Obayashi, Shimizu and Taisei. Earlier this year, Zirp was replaced by Nirp, or negative interest rates, essentially giving away yen at a loss to the banksters to the detriment of taxpayers and individual depositors.

On top of the fallout from Fukushima, the corrupt nuclear industry has enslaved the Japanese people to the big global banks. The same fate awaits the deluded who still have blink faith in globalism. “Independence Day” on June 23 was a new beginning, and it will be up to the British people cast off the remaining chains of rapacious globalism and chart a new course toward economic self-determination that will rid the British Isles of the curse of nuclear.
Source*

Related Topics:

Level of Radiation at Fukushima so High, not Even TEPCO Robots can Survive*

Rice from Fukushima to Be Sold in Britain*

Dozens of Earthquakes Strike as Japan Warns Southern Island May Split

Japan’s Sakurajima Volcano Erupts 50km from Nuclear Plant*

Strikes Spread to all Nuclear Plants in France*

The Sun Lost its Spots Twice this Month*

The Sun Lost its Spots Twice this Month*

The sun at the moment is completely blank. But don’t worry, everything’s going to be all right. Picture: NASA

YOU may not have noticed but our sun has gone as blank as a cue ball. As in, it’s lost its spots.

According to scientists, this unsettling phenomenon is a sign we are heading for a mini ice age.

Meteorologist and renowned sun-watcher Paul Dorian raised the alarm in his latest report, which has sparked a mild panic about an impending Game of Thrones-style winter not seen since the 17th century.

“For the second time this month, the sun has gone completely blank,” Mr Dorian says.

“The blank sun is a sign that the next solar minimum is approaching and there will be an increasing number of spotless days over the next few years.

“At first, the blankness will stretch for just a few days at a time, then it’ll continue for weeks at a time, and finally it should last for months at a time when the sunspot cycle reaches its nadir. The next solar minimum phase is expected to take place around 2019 or 2020.”

If you’re confused about what a “blank” sun is, below is a picture of what it normally looks like, in all its solar flare-and-blemishes glory.

Not blank: Plenty going on here. Picture: NASA

 

According to NASA, the sun goes through a natural solar cycle approximately every 11 years. The cycle is marked by the increase and decrease of sunspots — visible as dark blemishes on the sun’s surface, or photosphere. The greatest number of sunspots in any given solar cycle is designated as “solar maximum.” The lowest number is “solar minimum”.

“During Solar Max, huge sunspots and intense solar flares are a daily occurrence. Auroras appear in Florida. Radiation storms knock out satellites. Radio blackouts frustrate CB radio as well. The last such episode took place in the years around 2000-2001,” the space agency’s website

“During solar minimum, the opposite occurs. Solar flares are almost non-existent while whole weeks go by without a single, tiny sunspot to break the monotony of the blank sun. This is what we are experiencing now.”

Given that the sun is the main driver of all weather and climate, the sinister-sounding “blankness” to which Mr Dorian refers has some experts predicting a “Maunder Minimum” phase similar to one which began in 1645 and which is referred to as the “Little Ice Age”.

The Maunder Minimum, named after solar astronomer Edward Maunder, lasted for a brutal 70 years and was so cold the Thames froze over.

A slightly less intense ice age-like period called the Dalton Minimum — after British Meteorologist John Dalton — arrived decades later and lasted from about 1790 to 1830.

“If history is any guide, it is safe to say that weak solar activity for a prolonged period of time can have a cooling impact on global temperatures in the troposphere which is the bottommost layer of Earth’s atmosphere — and where we all live,” Mr Dorian says.

Mr Dorian’s findings back research by professor Valentina Zharkova of Northumbria University, who warned that a predicted sharp decline in solar activity between 2020 and 2050 was a sign another ice age was coming.

“I am absolutely confident in our research,” Prof Zharkova said.

“It has good mathematical background and reliable data, which has been handled correctly. In fact, our results can be repeated by any researchers with the similar data available in many solar observatories, so they can derive their own evidence of upcoming Maunder Minimum in solar magnetic field and activity.”

A graph showing the top ‘sunspotless’ days since 1849. The peach columns show when relatively brief solar minimums have occurred. In contrast, the ‘Little Ice Age’ of the 17th century coincided with a 70-year solar minimum

And there are other consequences of a sun without spots. Not least for astronauts who face the risk of having their DNA “shattered” by cosmic rays, whose potency surges during periods of solar weakness.

According to Mr Dorian, cosmic rays surge into the inner solar system “with relative ease” during periods of solar minimum.

“Solar wind decreases and sun’s magnetic field weakens during solar minimums making it easier for cosmic rays to reach the Earth,” he explains.

“This is a more dangerous time for astronauts as the increase in potent cosmic rays can easily shatter a strand of human DNA. Also, during years of lower sunspot number, the sun’s extreme ultraviolet radiation (EUV) drops and the Earth’s upper atmosphere cools and contracts.

“With sharply lower aerodynamic drag, satellites have less trouble staying in orbit — a good thing. On the other hand, space junk tends to accumulate, making the space around Earth a more dangerous place for astronauts.”

 Source*

Related Topics:

Pakistan Gv’t Warns the Country to Prepare for Global Cooling*

Government Quietly Admits Weather Modification*

Paris Climate Change Conference shows Road to NWO Weather Control*

U.S. Places “Gag Order” on Weather Agency Employees, Inserts Geo-engineering Propaganda into ‘Common Core’ Syllabus*

ISIS Targets Sheikh Hamza Yusuf*

 

Related Topics:

Nearly Every Western Country has an Israel Lobby*

Clinton’s Emails Reveals a Sunni-Shiite War Would be Good for Israel and the West*

Hack of Netanyahu Chief of Staff Shows Israeli Control of ISIS*

Interpol Reports 1 Percent of European Terrorism Was Carried Out by Muslims in 2014*

France, U.K., and Germany produce the most ISIS Terrorists from Europe*

FBI Running ‘Hundreds’ of ISIS Sting Operations*

Dajjal and the New World Order

U.S. Refused to Wipe out Daesh Column near Fallujah*

Freeing the Butterfly Within (Lec #3)