The Great Flood & Noah’s Ark

By Hwaa Irfan

Well it seems Prophet Nuh/Noah’s Ark is back in the lime light again, with Chinese and Turkish evangelical archaeologists (wow what a combination of identities) digging around the one location where seems guaranteed to find it! Discovered 4,000 meters up the Turkish Mount Ararat, the finding of a wooden structure with compartments has been carbon-dated to 4, 800 years old – for the archaeologists, this is about the time when the great flood took place. The archaeological team are from the Noah’s Ark Ministries International based in Hong Kong.

Well let’s take a look back on a piece I wrote in September 2002!

The Great Flood and Noah’s Ark

Taking place in all continents currently, floods have always been a part of human existence. Seasonal floods increase soil fertility bringing nutrients and gave birth to the agricultural revolution, as well as the first permanent settlements on the riverbanks of Africa and Asia. However these is one flood that continues to intrigue soem adventurers and scientists alike.

Recorded history began approximately 3,00 years ago. The Qur’an was written in the 7th century A.D., 3,000 years after the Biblical scholars interpretations date Noah’s Ark landing in 2,350 B.C. The story of the Great Flood has passed on orally from generation to generation in 27 countries.

{And We perpetuated to him (praise) among later generations} (As-Saffat 37: 78)

Local History Revealed

Common to all stories are the torrential rains and walls of destructive water, rather descriptive of many tsunamis, bursting into valleys destroying everything on route. The most similar account to the Bible and the Qur’an is from Mesopotamia and China.

In Hawaii, Prophet Nuh was “Nu-u”, and in China “Nu-wah (Al-Hud 11: 25). All stories concur that The Flood came when the world had reached a dangerous point requiring the need to rid the world of evil.

Recent findings indicate that The Flood was indeed universal. Last year, explorer Robert Ballard found evidence that The Flood inundated the Black Sea in N. Turkey approximately 5,500 years B.C. with a local account of Prophet Nuh. Archaeological evidence confirms the same for the Tigris-Euphrates region. Other evidence revealed by sonar technology include the unusual formation of 1,900 – 2500 geometric blocks and crests in the deep waters of Cuba that remain unexplained. The oral history of Mayans and the native Yucatans of S. America speak of their ancestors vanishing beneath the sea. Similar structures have been found on the corresponding S. America coastline. Off the coast of S. India, local oral history refers to seven temples, six of which were swallowed by the sea. The seventh remains on the shores of Tamil Nadu. Local fishermen point to the location of the ruins consisting of foundation walls, broken pillars, steps and scattered gigantic blocks.

How Likely?

Many deem it impossible for our environment to create enough water to submerge even the highest mountain let alone survival under such conditions.

{And the heavens We raised it high with power, and most surely We are the makers of things ample. And the earth, We have made it a wide extent: how well We have then spread (it) out} (Az-Zariat 51: 47 – 48).

Scientists have indeed shown that two hundred million cubic miles of water is stored beneath the ocean’s floor. Biblical and Qur’anic accounts tell of torrential rains that began The Flood. Followed by the opening of the earth, it is believed the speed at which this volume of water was released, caused the separation of the continents into east and west triggered by a polar magnetic shift. Mountains submerged in water would explain the fish and animal fossils found in every mountainous region.

The Search…

The search for the location of Noh’s Ark is meant to be the final point for those who need it. The Biblical reference for the final resting-place of the Ark is cited as Mount Ararat. The CIA state Mount Ararat in Turkey as the “legendary landing place of Noah’s Ark.

“Ararat” comes from the Sumerian “Arrata”. They referred to The Flood in their poems as the place of rebirth after the deluge that fell upon Mesopotamia and “The Fertile Crescent”. However, Mount Ararat is a mountain range extending from the Armenian plateau to S. Kurdistan. To add to the intrigue, there is also a mountain called Mount Ararat. Mount Ararat consists of two peaks, Big and Little Ararat. Big Ararat is an inactive volcano 17,020 feet high. The peak is permanently snow-capped and covered in clouds and is the main source of headwaters of one of the divine waters in Islam, the Euphrates.

{And it was said. O earth, swallow down your water, and O cloud, clear way, and the water was made to abate and the affair was decided, and the ark rested on the Judi, and it was said: Away with the unjust people} (Al Hud 11: 44).

There is a Mount Judi in S. Arabia and was the name of the high ridge on Mount Ararat for 200 years. The Mount Judi referred to here is 200 miles south of Mount Ararat. In view are the Iraqi and Syrian borders. The River Tigris flows 25 miles from the base.

Ancient references call it “Cudi Dagh”, “Mount Quardi”, “Gordyene Mountains”, “Karduchian Mountains”, mountains of the Kurds, and “Mount Nipur”. Not identified on modern maps, it is 7,000 feet high. Nestorian Christians built monasteries on Mount Judi, and in 766A.D., Muslims built a mosque there.

Explorer Gertrude Bell in 1910 reported a stone structure in the sahpe of a ship at the summit that was locally known as “Sefinet Nabi Nuh” – “The Ship of Noah”. Every September 14th, Christians, Jews, Muslims, and Yezidis gathered to commemorate Noah’s sacrifice. Mount Judi was also once called Mount Ararat.

The Bible states the measurement of the Ark as 200 cubits x 50 x 30. The Babylonian cubit is equal to 19.8 ̋. The Egyptian short cubit is 17.6 ̋, and the longer 20.65 ̋. The Hebrew cubit is 17.5 ̋, and 20.4 ̋, whilst the American Biblical cubit is 18 ̋, which would make The Ark 450 ̒x 75 ̒x45 ̒ with 3 decks.

The search for Noah’s Ark has remain unabated since the 1950’s despite the strong possibility that The Ark has disintegrated with time or has moved location due to elemental forces. Renewed attempts to locate transpired from the CIA collection of satellite images of Mount Ararat. A top CIA official, George Carver at a Florida gathering stated:

    “… that there were clear indications that there was something up on Mount Ararat which was rather strange”.

For 20 years U.S. reconnaissance had routinely photographed what has been termed as the “Ararat Anomaly”. The intrigue was so great that it led to a CIA study by the National Photographic Interpretation Center in the 1970’s. The U-2 photographs were released, but the high-resolution KH-9 spy satellite images were not. Archeologist, Vendyl Jones, whose adventures gave life to the cinema character Indiana Jones, said it was “between maybe and probably” that they found Noah’s Ark. Many claims have been made.
The Turkish government in 1987 declared the site a national park and began work on a modern highway leading to “Nuh un Gemisi” – Noah’s Ark. In 1994, a claim was made, with The Ark located 32km from Mount Ararat, on the Turkish-Iranian border. Being in a politically sensitive area, Mount Ararat was declared a military zone. This had slowed down any further exploration, but in 2000, Robert Ballard’s team sponsored by the National Geographic Society identified a wooden structure off the coast of N. Turkey, which was submerged between 2 ancient riverbeds.

    “It consists of a single building with a hewn beam and wooden branches that formed the walls and roof of a structure most likely like a house. We have also found and photographed stone tools, possibly a chisel or an axe, and ceramic storage vessels, all untouched since the flooding of the Black Sea” said Ballard.

Using remotely operated vehicles, Ballard’s team identified a rectangular feature 12 meters x 4. Situated in deep oxygen-free waters it seemed well preserved. They used carbon-dating and samples from shells and sediment to estimate a time period of 7,500B.C. They received permission from the Turkish government to remove samples of wood for more accurate dating.

In 2002, the Turkish government denied all foreigners access to Mount Ararat due to the political nature of the borders it was said.

Referring to Robert Ballard’s discovery, expedition archaeologist Frederik Hiebert stated:

    “This is a major discovery that will rewrite the history of civilizations in this key area between Europe, Asia and the Middle East”

The significance then surely begs the question as to the development of civilization before The Flood. Have we done it all before, and if so are we only repeating our past mistakes?

{Do you then see of them one remaining? And Firon and those before him and the overthrown cities continuously committed sins. And they disobeyed the Apostle of their Lord, so He punished them with a vehement punishment. Surely We bore you up in the ship when the water rose high. So that We may make it a reminder to you, and that the retaining ear might retain it} (Al Haqqah 69: 8 – 12).

Whether The Ark exists or has been discovered, the frequency of reference to The Flood, and it’s importance in the Qur’an serves to remind us. We have yet to learn the interdependence of all life including humans regardless of race, religion, gender, or status depriving no one and the duty of everyone to uphold!

Sources:
AFP. Noah’s Ark Remains Found?” Accessed 04-27-10. http://www.straitstimes.com/BreakingNews/TechandScience/Story/STIStory_519658.html

C.I.A.gov “Turkey” Accessed 07-09-02. http:///www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/tu.html
Boyle, A. “Noah’s Ark Found? Not So Fast”. Accessed 04-27-10. http://cosmiclog.msnbc.msn.com/archive/2010/04/27/2280442.aspx?GT1=43001

Crouse, B. “Noah’s Ark: It’s Final Berth”. Accessed 07-03-02. http:// http://www.noahsarksearch.com//noah.htm
Handwerk, B. “News Finds Worldwide Support Flood Myths” Accessed 05-30-02. http://news.nationalgeopgrahic.com/news/602.05/0520020528_sunkencities.html

Krowse, L. “Traces of Ancient Structure Found 95 Meters Below Black Sea”. Ngnews.com. Accessed 09-30-02. http://www.rense.com.general14/blacksea.htm

Siegle, M. “World News and Prophecy”. United Church of God. 3:2(2000) 8 -12. Accessed 07-09-02 http://www.ucg/articles/wnp0002.htm#3

NASA. Earth Observatory – “Natural Hazards: Floods”. Accessed 07-10-02. http://64.4.30/250/cgi-bin/linkrd?Lang=EN&lah=a9e2bfd94967c97d79e433d720dab…

Nazaryan, G. “Armenia Cradle of Civilization Roots of Tree of Nations in Mountains of Armenia” Accessed 07-09-02. http://www.armeniahighland.com/cradle/chronicle110.html

News World Communications Inc. “Anomaly or Noah’s Ark”. Accessed 07-01-02. http://www.noahsarksearch.com/anomaly.htm

Wroe, M. “The Qur’an and Noah’s Ark. Accessed 07-01-02. http:///www.thetruereligion.org/ark.htm http://www.beconvinced.com/NOAHARK.htm

Xenohistorian “Noah’s Flood” Accessed 07-09-02 http://www.xenohistorian.faithweb.com/genesis/gen10.htm
Zahid, I. “Noah’s Ark”. Accessed 07-01-02. http://www.islam1010.com/archaelogy/noahark.html

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