Archive | November 15, 2010

Mudhalifah for Non-Hajji’s

Mudhalifah for Non-Hajji’s

By Hwaa Irfan

When was the last time that you were exposed to the elements that Allah (SWT) bequeathed to us as a roof over our heads, and the ground as our bed who else does one trust but Him? This is what our hajjis will be experiencing in Mudhalifah after descending the Mount of Mercy, Arafah

{ There is no blame on you in seeking bounty from your Lord, so when you hasten on from “Arafah”, then remember Allah near the Holy Monument, and remember Him as He has guided you, though before that you were certainly of the erring ones} (Al Baqarah 2: 198) 

Mudhalifah is a valley between Mina and Mount Arafah where El-Mash’ar El-Haram is located. It is where hajjis will spend the night until Fajr (dawn) of 10th Dhul Hijjah— the next morning. One will pray Maghrib (dusk), ‘Isha (evening), and Fajr prayers in the open, for the earth is our masjid. The aim is to gather pebbles (70) to throw at the pillars of Mina in the ceremony of Ramy. Seventy are the major sins in Islam:

1. Associating anything with Allah

2. Murder

3. Practising magic

4. Not praying

5. Not paying Zakat (charity)

6. Not fasting on a Day of Ramadhan without excuse

7. Not performing Hajj, while being able to do so

8. Disrespect to parents

9. Abandoning relatives

10. Fornication and adultery

11. Homosexuality(sodomy)

12. Interest(Riba)

13. Wrongfully consuming the property of an orphan

14. Lying about Allah and His Messenger

15. Running away from the battlefield

16. A leader’s deceiving his people and being unjust to them

17. Pride and arrogance

18. Bearing false witness

19. Drinking Khamr (alcohol)

20. Gambling

21. Slandering chaste women

22. Stealing from the spoils of war

23. Stealing

24. Robbery

25. Taking false oath

26. Oppression

27. Illegal gain

28. Consuming wealth acquired unlawfully

29. Committing suicide

30. Frequent lying

31. Judging unjustly

32. Giving and accepting bribes

33. Women imitating men and men imitating women

34. Being cuckold

35. Marrying a divorced woman in order to make her lawful for the husband

36. Not protecting oneself from urine

37. Showing-off

38. Learning and concealing knowledge of the religion for the sake of this world

39. Bertrayal of trust

40. Recounting favours

41. Denying Allah’s Decree

42. Listening (to) people’s private conversations

43. Carrying tales

44. Cursing

45. Breaking contracts

46. Believing in fortune-tellers and astrologers

47. A woman’s bad conduct towards her husband

48. Making statues and pictures

49. Lamenting, wailing, tearing the clothing, and related actions when an affliction befalls

50. Treating others unjustly

51. Overbearing conduct toward the wife, the servant, the weak, and animals

52. Offending one’s neighbour

53. Offending and abusing Muslims

54. Offending people and having an arrogant attitude toward them

55. Trailing one’s garment in pride

56. Men’s wearing silk and gold

57. A slave’s running away from his master

58. Slaughtering an animal which has been dedicated to anyone other than Allah

59. To knowingly ascribe one’s paternity to a father other than one’s own

60. Arguing and disputing violently

61. Witholding excess water

62. Giving short weight or measure

63. Feeling secure from Allah’s Plan

64. Offending Allah’s righteous friends

65. Not praying in congregation, but praying alone without an excuse

66. Persistently missing Friday prayers without any excuse

67. Unsurping the rights of the heir through bequests

68. Deceiving and plotting evil

69. Spying for the enemy of Muslims

70. Cursing or insulting any of the Companions of Allah’s Messenger

As the sunsets they will be expecting to spend the night out in the open with only a sheet to lie on, and a sheet to cover – more than the increasing many whose homes are the streets, and sometimes they have no one to turn to.

Wuquf means to “halt/stop”- it is also interpreted to mean to be present. The Wuquf of Mudhalifah is liken to the Wuquf of Arafah, to be present, and to be present means to not be in the past or to project oneself to an imaginary future. When one is present in the present, one’s energy is in focus and not dispersed, given credence to the present, and being open to what the present has to offer.

How many idols of the heart can one think of? How have those idols benefited you and/or others? 

We can spend this precious night in wuquf, away from the demands of life, thinking about those idols, and even making a list of them so that we can see them as clear as day like the pillars of Mina. In preparation for the pillars of Mina, we can collect balloons instead of pebbles, and in each balloon, blow one of those idols into one balloon. Then we can take each balloon out into the open air, and pop each balloon as the hajjis throw one pebble at the symbolic pillars of shaytan. Can you think of any other way of objectifying the shayateens of one’s life? The process of identifying helps to give less power over one’s soul – one is then more able to see one’s own weaknesses and how we turn them into virtues/excuses in one’s daily life, so it is worth trying to establish a method. Family members will know what those weaknesses are, and doing it as a family activity could help to heal the family if it has been going through some serious problems in connectedness/bonding. 


Islamic Thinkers Society

Related Topic:

Mount Arafah for Non-Hajji’s

Fasting for Change

Preparing for Life!


Mount Arafah for Non-Hajji’s

Mount Arafah for Non-Hajji’s

Through being in the state of Islam, Allah (SWT) has called on those able to make the journey of a life time, towards a greater unity, which is symbolic of the Unity in Him. The social aspects of tawhid  cannot be underestimated for as in a state of prayer we are all the same in the “eyes” of Allah (SWT), and as represented by the men and women pilgrims, every culture is represented on the pilgrimage and it remains unknown to the onlooker what their status in life is. As the hajjis are reminded as they focus on the nature of their relationship with our Creator, be reminded to of your relationship with our Creator, and that Islam came as a mercy to mankind as a whole, not mankind in part for in Him we are one.

Unity is emphasized in the traditions of the Arabs that state that Jebel Arafah was where Adham/Adam and Hawa/Eve separated after they were sent out from the Garden of Eden, and where they met again to unite. He made us not of flesh alone, but of spirit as well, so in spirit join in unity with our hajjis. While we are here in the world struggling with our nafs and the populist secular reaction to the veil, look at how we are doing with the veils of conceit, desire, deception, pride, selfishness, and tribalism (concern for our kith and kin only). We are reminded of this veil of tribalism in the ultimate sacrifice that Prophet Ibrahim/Abraham was asked to make of his son IsmailIshmael. IsmailIshmael too acted for the sake of Allah (SWT), when his father told him he was to be sacrificed on Jebel Arafah. Their faith was tested to the point that Prophet Ibrahim/Abraham drew a knife, to find that what was slaughtered was a ram, not his son.

These veils separate Muslims from Muslims, as we seek to forget that we are all on the same journey, with the same lessons, but with custom designed curriculums. When we seek to look only at what is different, and not focus on what is common, we create veils of separation when Allah (SWT) said:

{O mankind! We have created you of a male and a female, and made you tribes and families that you may know each other; surely the most honorable of you with Allah is the one among you most careful (of his duty)…} (El-Hujurat 49: 13)

{And no one has with him any blessing for which he should be rewarded, except the seeking of the pleasure of his Lord, the Most High} (El-Layl 92: 19-20)

When we seek his pleasure we act on behalf of mankind for all that is created is created by Him. He gives us the opportunity amongst ourselves and collectively to seek his Mercy and forgiveness for the veils of separation we have thrown over ourselves. Sometimes a veil is self-deceit and not veil of deceit of another, but a veil is still a veil. Jebel Arafah is about salvation from our sins, and seeking forgiveness so, which is liken to climbing/overcoming the mount of our own sins. We do not have the longevity of our ancestors, whereby it is said that Adham/Adam and Hawa/Eve were separated for 200 years wracked with guilt and penitence, and that Allah (SWT) out of forgiveness allowed them to meet on Jebel Arafah. Each day may be our last, so let each day count towards our salvation. We might not be present on Jebel Arafah on 9th Dhul Hijjah, to receive the blessings of collective worship, but our hearts can be with them for all of us from sunrise to sunset. Our hearts and our renewal can be with them when we reflect on the words of Prophet Muhammed (SAW) Last/Farewell Sermon (Khuṭbatu l-Wadā), which took place on the Day of Arafah in the Uranah valley of Jebel Arafah (632 A.C):

“O people, hear me well: I explain to you. For I do not know; I may well not meet you again in this place where I now stand, after this year of mine. 

“O people: your lives and your property, until the very day you meet your Lord, are as inviolable to each other as the inviolability of this day you are now in, and the month you are now in. Have I given the message? — O Allah, be my witness. So let whoever has been given something for safekeeping give it back to him who gave him it. 

“Truly, the usury of the Era of Ignorance has been laid aside forever, and the first usury I begin with is that which is due to my father’s brother ‘Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib. And truly the blood-vengeance of the Era of Ignorance has been laid aside forever, and the first blood-vengeance we shall start with is that which is due for the blood of [my kinsman] ‘Amir ibn Rabi‘a ibn Harith ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib. Truly, the hereditary distinctions that were pretensions to respect in the Era of Ignorance have been laid aside forever, except for the custodianship of the Kaaba [by Bani ‘Abd al-Dar] and the giving of drink to pilgrims [by al-‘Abbas]. 

“A deliberate murder is subject to retaliation in kind. An accidental death from a deliberate injury means a death resulting from [something not usually used or intended as a deadly weapon such as] a stick or a rock, for which the indemnity is one hundred camels: whoever asks for more is a person of the Era of Ignorance. 

“O people: the Devil has despaired of ever being worshipped in this land of yours, though he is content to be obeyed in other works of yours that you deem to be of little importance. 

“O people: postponing the inviolability of a sacred month [claiming to postpone the prohibition of killing in it to a subsequent month, so as to continue warring despite the sacred month’s having arrived] is a surfeit of unbelief, by which those who disbelieve are led astray, making it lawful one year and unlawful in another, in order to match the number [of months] Allah has made inviolable. Time has verily come full turn, to how it was the day Allah created the heavens and the earth. Four months there are which are inviolable, three in a row and forth by itself: Dhul Qa‘da, Dhul Hijja, and Muharram; and Rajab, which lies between Jumada and Sha‘ban. Have I given the message? — O Allah, be my witness. 

“O people: verily you owe your women their rights, and they owe you yours. They may not lay with another men in your beds, let anyone into your houses you do not want without your permission, or commit indecency. If they do, Allah has given you leave to debar them, send them from your beds, or [finally] strike them in a way that does no harm. But if they desist, and obey you, then you must provide for them and clothe them fittingly. The women who live with you are like captives, unable to manage for themselves: you took them as a trust from Allah, and enjoyed their sex as lawful through a word [legal ruling] from Allah. So fear Allah in respect to women, and concern yourselves with their welfare. Have I given the message? — O Allah, be my witness. 

“ O people, believers are but brothers. No one may take his brother’s property without his full consent. Have I given the message? — O Allah, be my witness. Never go back to being unbelievers, smiting each other’s necks, for verily, I have left among you that which if you take it, you will never stray after me: the Book of Allah. Have I given the message? — O Allah, be my witness. 

“O people, your Lord is One, and your father is one: all of you are from Adam, and Adam was from the ground. The noblest of you in Allah’s sight is the most godfearing: Arab has no merit over non-Arab other than godfearingness. Have I given the message? — O Allah, be my witness. 

— At this, they said yes. 

He said, Then let whomever is present tell whomever is absent. 

“O people:, Allah has apportioned to every deserving heir his share of the estate, and no deserving heir may accept a special bequest, and no special bequest may exceed a third of the estate. A child’s lineage is that of the [husband who owns the] bed, and adulterers shall be stoned. Whoever claims to be the son of someone besides his father or a bondsman who claims to belong to other than his masters shall bear the curse of Allah and the angels and all men: no deflecting of it or ransom for it shall be accepted from him. And peace be upon all of you, and the mercy of Allah.” 

Translated by: Nuh Ha Mim Keller

Related Topic:

The Idols of Our Lives

Hajj Changed My Life!