Archive | January 13, 2012

Vulture Investors Playing Monopoly with Africa!

Vulture Investors Playing Monopoly with Africa!

American “vulture” investors have demanded that African nations pay over half a billion dollars for old debts — for which the investors paid only a few million dollars.

Greg Palast reports from the Congo, Bosnia and New York in the joint investigation by the BBC, the Guardian and Democracy Now!

Related Topics:

Our Africa: Europe’s Debt

After Cancun: Fair Trade for Africa!?

Land Grab Steals Homes from 162,000 People

G-20 and Their Security vs. African Food Security

Why Africa Will Lose if it Says Yes to Biofuels

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Indonesia: People’s Statement Against Land Grab and for Ecological Justice

deforestation changing the landscape in Brazil

MIDDLE LAND, STATE OF PARA, AMAZON, BRAZIL September, 2004 Illegal deforestation and land grabbing (grilagem) in the Middle Land, State of Pará © Greenpeace/ Alberto César

Statement Of Mass Protest Over Land Grabbing – Joint Secretariat Of The Indonesian Movement For Recovering People’s Rights

 

 “Agrarian Reform, Village Reform and Ecological Justice: Indonesia Way for Social Justice”

We of the “Joint Secretariat of the Indonesian Movement for Recovering People’s Rights”, is an alliance of Farmers, Workers, Indigenous People, Women, Youth, Students, Village Governance, and NGOs.

Today, Thursday, January 12, 2012 to act in unison in Jakarta and 27 provinces in Sumatera, Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Bali and Nusa Tenggara.

Today, we declare resistance and pledge our alliance against land grabbing facilitated by the SBY-Boediono regime throughout Indonesia.

We view that the agraria (land, water, and natural resources) main problem in Indonesia is the concentration of ownership, control and exploitation of agrarian resources including land, forest, mining and water in the hands of a few people and large corporations, in the middle of millions of small holder farmers and landless people. Ironically, in the midst of that inequality, expropriation of people’s land is still happening.

Expropriation occurred because of the malign conspiracy between the government, house of representatives and corporations. They use their power to pass the Laws such as: Law No.25/2007 on Investment, Law No.41/1999 on Forestry, Law 18/2004 on Plantation, Law No.7/2004 on Water Resources, Law No. 27/2007 on Management of Coastal Areas and Small Islands, Law No. 4 /2009 on Mining, and the recent enactment of Law on Land Acquisition. The overall legislation has legalized the expropriation of people’s rights over land, forest, mining, fishing areas, indigenous and villages area and territory, all for the mere benefit of investors.

Expropriation of the people also occur easily because of the central and local government and corporations do not hesitate to deploy the police and paramilitary to kill, shoot, detain and other forms of violence if people resist and fight the land grabbing.

The current cases in Mesuji and Bima are evidence that police did not hesitate to kill people who resist the land grabbing. The National Police is clearly and openly has become mercenary for plantation, mining, and forestry companies.

The cases in Mesuji and also Freeport in Papua prove how the police get paid and become companies’ apparatus.

SBY-Boediono administration ways and means in land-grabbing by using the state apparatus, undemocratic law-making to army and national police deployment are in fact congruent with the Fascist New Order regime.

We assess that the current expropriation of people’s rights over land, forest, mining, fishing areas, indigenous and villages area and territory is the real form of deprivation. A clear deprivation of people’s sovereignty.

For us Peasants, Fisher Folk, Indigenous People, and Women, the deprivation has made us lose the land which is the source of our sustainable livelihoods.

For Workers, land grabbing and rural poverty are the source of political catastrophe of low wages and outsourcing system that continuously oppressing us. Low wages and outsourcing also rely on unemployment that derived from land grabbing. Furthermore, land grabbing in rural areas consequently creating cheap migrant workers because there are no jobs available in the country.

Looking at these facts, we conclude that the main foundation of the implementation of neoliberal policies of SBY-Boediono administration is land and natural resources grabbing with the acts of violence.

We believe that in order to recovering people’s rights we must immediately implement Agrarian Reform, Village Reform for Ecological Justice.

Agrarian Reform is restructuring the ownership, control, and use of agrarian resources, for the interests of peasants, agricultural workers, and the economically weak or people in general, as summarized in UU No. 5/1960 on Basic Agrarian Law article 6,7,9,10,11,12,13,14,15, and 17. Agrarian Reform is a mainstreaming for peasants, small-holder farmers, fisher folk and other vulnerable community groups to manage their land, forest and water as cornerstone to national prosperity and sovereignty.

Village Reform is the restoration of the rights and authority in the village or other similar name, which had been crippled and made alike by New Order through Law No.7/1979 on Village Governance. We intend to restore the original institution of rural communities with the priceless “Unity in Diversity”.

Village Reform is restoring the rights and authorities of the village in arranging agrarian resources in by managing agrarian resources for the wealth of the people, providing just proportion from the state budget, and growing the Village-Owned Enterprise in order to accelerate rural economies.

The main framework of Agrarian Reform and Village Reform is toward Ecological Justice. Thus, the overall recovery of the village and agrarian rights of people, is to restore the ecological damage caused by neoliberal policies over the years.

Through this action, we call to all Indonesian people, organizations and movements to occupy and reclaim our land and rights that have been seized by the government and corporations. We invite all the people of Indonesia to form organizations of resistance to all forms of land-grabbing.

We also invite scholars, humanists, religious leaders, and professionals to condemn and oppose all forms of serious violations of human rights carried out systematically by the government in land-grabbing.

The Joint Secretariat of the Indonesian Movement for Recovering People’s Rights demand:

1. To stop all forms of land grabbing and to return and the land for the people.

2. To implement genuine agrarian reform in accordance with the 1945 Constitution and UU No. 5/1960 on Basic Agrarian Law

3. National Police/ Army to retreat from agrarian conflicts, release the people who are detained in land grabbing cases.

4. To conduct legal audits and socioeconomic against permits and the rights to use agrarian resources both to private corporations and state enterprises.

5. To disband The State-Owned Forest Enterprise (Perhutani) and give broader rights to the small-holder farmers, landless people, village inhabitants and indigenous communities in managing forest.

6. To recognize and protect the rights of peasants through passing the Law on Protection of Peasants’ Rights and the Law on Food Sovereignty as per people’s demand.

7. To recognize and protect the rights of Indigenous People through legalization of the Law on Protection of Indigenous People

8. To restore the village rights and authority by immediately drafting the Law on Village.

9. To enforce workers’ rights by stopping cheap wages politics and outsourcing system, and to build the national industrialization.

10. To enforce the rights of artisanal fisher folk through the protection of fishing areas.

11. To revoke several laws that facilitate land grabbing, namely: Law No.25/2007 on Investment, the Law No. 41/1999 on Forestry, Law No. 18/2004 on Plantation, Law No. 7/2004 on Water Resources, Law No. 27/2007 on Management of Coastal Areas and Small Islands, Law No. 4 /2009 on Mining, and the currently-enacted Land Acquisition Law.

*The Joint Secretariat of the Indonesian Movement for Recovering People’s Rights:*

*Serikat Petani Indonesia (SPI), Aliansi Gerakan Reforma Agraria (AGRA), Serikat Petani Pasundan (SPP), Konsorsium Pembaharuan Agraria (KPA), Persatuan Pergerakan Petani Indonesia (P3I), Serikat Petani Kelapa Sawit (SPKS), Asosiasi Tani Nusantara (ASTANU), Serikat Nelayan Indonesia (SNI), Badan Perjuangan Rakyat Penunggu Indonesia (BPRPI), Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara (AMAN), Serikat Hijau Indonesia (SHI), Petani Mandiri, Paguyuban Petani Hutan Jawa (PPHJ), Serikat Petani Merdeka (Setam- Cilacap), Rumah Tani Indonesia (RTI), Aliansi Petani Indonesia (API), Serikat Pekerja Tekstil Buana Groups (SPTBG), Sawit Watch, Koalisi Rakyat Untuk Keadilan Perikanan (KIARA), Konsorsium Pendukung Sistem Hutan Kerakyatan (KpSHK), HuMA, RACA, Greenpeace, Jaringan Advokasi Tambang (JATAM), Pusaka Indonesia, Bina Desa, Institute Hijau Indonesia, JKPP, Yayasan Lembaga Bantuan Hukum Indonesia (YLBHI), LBH Jakarta, KONTRAS, IMPARSIAL, IHCS, ELSAM, IGJ, Parade Nusantara, Koalisi Anti Utang (KAU), Petisi 28, ANBTI, REPDEM, LIMA, Forum Pemuda NTT Penggerak Keadilan dan Perdamaian (Formada NTT), Front Mahasiswa Nasional (FMN), PB Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam (HMI), Serikat Mahasiswa Indonesia (SMI), Front Perjuangan Pemuda Indonesia (FPPI) Pergerakan Mahasiswa Islam Indonesia (PMII), Liga Mahasiswa Nasional Untuk Demokrasi (LMND), Perhimpunan Mahasiswa Katolik Republik Indonesia (PMKRI), Front Aksi Mahasiswa (FAM Indonesia), LSADI, SRMI, Persatuan Perjuangan Indonesia (PPI), Liga Pemuda Bekasi (LPB), Gabungan Serikat Buruh Independent (GSBI), Konfederasi Serikat Buruh Indonesia (KASBI), Federasi Perjuangan Buruh Jabodetabek (FPBJ), Konfederasi Serikat Buruh Sejahtera Indonesia (KSBSI-Tangerang), Asosiasi Tenaga Kerja Indonesia (ATKI), , KPO- PRP, Konfederasi Pergerakan Rakyat Indonesia (PERGERAKAN), Serikat Buruh Migran Indonesia (SBMI), Komite Serikat Nasional (KSN), INDIES, SBTPI, Gesburi, Serikat Pekerja Kereta Api Jabodetabek (SPKAJ), GMPI, SBTNI, Punk Jaya, PPMI,Perempuan Mahardika, SPTBG, Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia (WALHI), **Konferderasi Serikat Nasional (KSN), Indonesian Corruption Watch (ICW).*

3 Jan 2012

Indonesian activists gather sandals at the office of Indonesian Commission for Child Protection in Jakarta to protest the prosecution of a 15-year-old boy for stealing an old pair of sandals from a police officer.

The trial of the boy, referred to by only his initials, AAL, in local media, has been going on since last month and continues Wednesday.  It has sparked the anger of Indonesians frustrated with a justice system that sometimes seems too tough on citizens even as government officials accused of extorting millions escape heavy sentences.

The National Commission for Child Protection announced last week that it would take donations to buy the police officer new sandals, but people started showing up with used footwear instead. The government-financed child protection organization, which is urging the boy’s timely acquittal, now plans to collect and deliver thousands of pairs of shoes to the officer.

13 Jan. 2012

In Jakarta, around 4,500 demonstrators from 77 NGOs held protests at several locations across the city, demanding the government cease all forms of land expropriation throughout the country.

The demonstrations were held in front of the State Palace and the Supreme Court on Jl. Medan Merdeka Utara, as well as in front of the House of Representatives on Jl. Gatot Subroto, all in Central Jakarta, bringing traffic to a standstill on major thoroughfares.>>>

 

Related Topics:

Time to Ban Land Grab

Colombia: Manifesto for the Land and Peace

An Ancient Kingdom Demands Reparation from the Queen of England

Land Grab Steals Homes from 162,000 People

Ethiopia: Selling the Sacred

A River Runs Through Us

The International Elite vs. Communal Democracy of Ivory Coast

Why Africa Will Lose if it Says Yes to Biofuels

Ethiopia: Selling the Sacred

Ethiopia: Aid as a Weapon of Oppression

Eating Away at Our Earth

Law of Mother Earth: Downing Elwha Dam

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Kale (Brassica oleracea)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Kale (Brassica oleracea)

By Hwaa Irfan

The use of Kale is found in records dating back to 400 BC Greece, but it is only in recent years that kale has regained its place as a part of the winter European diet with its own distinctive bitter flavor, and cooking time. Traditionally used in soups, stews, and tossed with pasta, kale, Brassica oleracea is packed with valuable nutrition, and as such was quite popular during WWII due to the “Dig for Victory Campaign” launched by the then British Ministry of Agriculture, to encourage private plots and home gardens. Being a hardy plant that suffers little from pests and diseases. By 1943 a million tons of vegetables was being produced by gardens and allotments.  By ensuring a healthy diet, and food security, certain countries today could benefit more from such a campaign instead of bringing into law, methods to prevent such initiatives.

Described as a headless cabbage, kale is a member of the Cruciferae (Mustard) family of the plant kingdom, along with broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Kohlrabi, cauliflower, and collards for instance. There are many varieties, including the Scottish variety, borecole, and the oriental variety, but in the main, kale grows upright, with coarse curly edges, from green to a deep blue-green.

Requiring well drained soil for good growth, Brassica oleracea prefers cold climates, and can even survive in frost, which actually improves the flavor, but by nature, it is a biennial plant not an annual for which it is grown for common consumption. In Europe Brassica oleracea is grown for summer and winter production. In the U.S., Brassica oleracea is grown and harvested throughout the winter where it is cooked like collard greens, a popular food in the African-American diet, and is also grown as feed for livestock.

Chemical Properties

The phytochemical properties include:

  • Indole-3-carbinol
  • Kaempferol
  • Lutein
  • Omega-3
  • S-methyl cysteine sulfoxide
  • Sulforaphane
  • Zeaxanthin

Sulforaphane is present in Vitamin C, and acts as a powerful antioxidant that also detoxifies the enzymes of the body, however S-methyl cysteine sulfoxide led to Kale poisoning in European cattle in the 1930s.

Di-indolyl-methane present in Indole-3-carbinol has proven to be effective modulator for the immune system, and acts as an anti-bacterial and antiviral agent,

effective immune modulator, anti-bacterial and anti-viral agent

Lutein , and Zeaxanthin are flavanoids that filters out the ultraviolet rays from the sun, thus protecting the eyes

Antibacterial – Researchers of the Indian Institute of Technology found that the mesocarp, which is what we usually see in pot pourri, the fibrous outer layer, to exhibit strong inhibitive properties against the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 as a result of the dicaffeoylquinic and  chlorogenic acids.

Antioxidant – Kale is well known for its antioxidant properties has it contains 45 different flavanoids, thus preventing the early death of healthy cells, and it also contains strong anti-inflammatory properties.

Nutritional Content

Coconut vegetable oil (processed)

  • Calcium
  • Copper
  • Iron
  • Manganese
  • Magnesium
  • Phosphorus
  • Potassium
  • Selenium
  • Sodium
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin K
  • Zinc

Raw kale also includes:

  • Vitamin B₁₂ (thiamin)
  • Vitamin B₂ (Riboflavin)
  • Vitamin B₃ (Niacin)
  • Vitamin B₅ (Pantothenic acid)
  • Vitamin B₆
  • Vitamin B₉ (Folate)

Brassica oleracea is rich in calcium has found in the research by the Department of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Nigeria. Calcium is not only responsible for strong healthy bones and teeth, but plays an important role in the contraction and relaxation of muscles, blood clotting, transmission of signals from nerve-to-nerve, and the absorption of Vitamin B₁₂.

Far too often today, when we think of iron intake, we think of supplements when it would be far better for the proper functioning of our bodies to think of natural foods that contain iron. Brassica oleracea is rich in iron, which is needed in minimal amounts by the human body for the binding of oxygen in the hemoglobin in our blood, as well as the formation of hemoglobin and as acts as a catalyst for certain enzymes. Iron also plays an important role in the growth of our body tissue and organs.

Vitamin A is full of beta carotene, which supports the lungs and the eyes by maintaining healthy mucous membranes.

Vitamin K promotes bone formation and prevents nerve damage in the brain.

Zinc plays an important role, synthesizing certain processes in the body like that of carbohydrates, and proteins for instance. Zinc also metabolizes certain micronutrients, and stabilizes certain structures of cells.

Contraindications

The high Vitamin K content, makes kale a no go for those on anti-coagulant medication which increases Vitamin K levels in the blood – contrary to anti-coagulant action. The tendency then is to increase the effective dosage which in turn increases toxicity in the blood. The high oxalate content has proven to eb a problem for those with kidney and gallbladder complaints, as oxalates crystallize in the blood stream. In the 1930s, hemolytic anemia, or Kale poisoning occurred in European cattle due to the S-methyl cysteine sulfoxide content.

Recipes

When buying look out for fresh green crispy leaves that have a bright green-blue-green colour. Bought fresh, the leaves can be refrigerated for up to 4 days, but after that they should be cooked.

In the Cameroon, West Africa, two glasses of juice from the leaves is used in treatment of diabetes.

In balance He gave us everything we needed, but as for what we want!

References:

“Dig for Victory.” http://www.homesweethomefront.co.uk/web_pages/hshf_dig_for_victory_pg.htm

Din, N. Et al. “Inventory and Identification of Plants Used in the Treatment of Diabetes in Douala Town (Cameroon).” European Journal of Medicinal Plants 1(3): 60-73, 2011

Emebu, P.K., Anyika J.U. “Proximate and Mineral Composition of Kale (Brassica oleracea)

Grown in Delta State, Nigeria.” Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 10 (2): 190-194, 2011

ISSN 1680-5194

Series:

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Lemons

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Garlic

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Oranges

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Almonds

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Shea Butter

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Turmeric (Curcuma Longa)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Strawberries (Fragaria vesca)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Dates (Phoenix dactylifera)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Pumpkin (Cucurbita Pepo)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Basil (Ocimum Basilicum)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Figs (Ficus Carica)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Fennel (Foeniculum Vulgare)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Pomegranate (Punica Granatum)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Acai Berries (Euterpe oleracea)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Beetroot (Beta vulgaris)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Tomatoes

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Fava Beans (Vicia faba)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Avocado (Persea Americana)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Aubergines (Solanum melongena esculentum)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Blueberries (Vaccinium corybosum)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Barley (Hordeum Vulgare)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Coriander (Coriandrum sativum)

Allah’s Medicine Chest: Coconut (Cocos nucifera L)