Afghanistan: Is It Like Everything Else, About the Money?
By Hwaa Irfan
2003 is the year that marks the beginning of the war-on-terror perpetuated by state terrorism, and the year that Afghanistan became embroiled in a bloody struggle with the U.S., NATO, and allies. The seeds of that bloody struggle were not sown in 2001, the year that marks the date known only by the number 9/11, but in 1997 with the formation of CentGas. CentGas was formed to build the Caspian Sea oil pipeline. The U.S. oil company Unocal has had a 46.5% stake in the pipeline, the director of which at the time was Dr. Rice , former Secretary of the Air Force under the Bush Administration, and before that as deputy assistant secretary of the U.S. Defense Department. In a 1998 meeting of the U.S. House of Representatives as follows:
“The U.S. Government’s position is that we support multiple pipelines… The Unocal pipeline is among those pipelines that would receive our support under that policy. I would caution that while we do support the project, the U.S. Government has not at this point recognized any governing regime of the transit country, one of the transit countries, Afghanistan, through which that pipeline would be routed. But we do support the project.”
That pipeline also known as the Trans-Afghanistan pipeline or TAPI was planned to go through Iran!
Two thousand eight hundred and eighty three fatalities of occupation troops later, and U.S$1,299,645,270,576 tainted with blood of Afghanistan and Iraq it is no longer just about the oil, and has not been for a while.
Oil and Gas
A 2011 U.S. Geological Survey, USGS under the World Petroleum Resources Project funded by the Pentagon’s Task Force for Business and Stability Operations estimates on reconnaisance that there is:
- 962 million barrels of crude oil
- 52 trillion cubic feet of natural gas
- 582 million barrels of natural gas liquids
In the Amu Darya Basin Province
- 946 million barrels of crude oil
- 7 trillion cubic feet of natural gas
- 85 million barrels of natural gas liquids
- In the Afghan–Tajik Basin Province
The Amu Darya Basin is mainly in Tajikistan, but includes Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, and supports 43 million lives, with the river (known in Islam as Jayhoun (جيحون) or he bibilical Gihon . The new highway for the pipeline was built and protected by the military runs from Herat to Kandahar. The tenders were offered in 2011 to:
– Buccaneer Energy, Australia
– CNPC International Ltd, China
– Petroleum Exploration, US (founded in 2003)
– Limited of Pakistan (a subsidiary of the Shahzad Group)
– Schlumberger Limited, France
– Tethys Petroleum, United Kingdom
Rich deposits 1 million metric tons of rare earth minerals have been discovered in South Afghanistan – the kind that is essential to the manufacture of modern tech products such as electrical cars, solar panels. These rare earth minerals include:
– Lanthanum is not rare in the true meaning of the word, but relative to other minerals. It is found in minerals like monazite and bastnäsite, and is used for electron scintillators,
– Cerium is also not that rare, and is used as a hydrocarbon catalyst
– Neodymium is used in astronomy and lasers.
Also, there are vast deposits of copper and iron around the capital Kabul, uranium, thorium, phosphate and limestone around the village of Khan Neshin, Helmand Province valued at U.S$7.4-bn
The accuracy of the above findings is to ber verified by Afghan scientists trained by USGS as Afghan scientists have more freedom to move around. As long as Afghan sovereignty remains compromised, they might as well continue as they started, and ignore how economically independent Afghanis could become.
“Coincidence or Corruption.” http://www.thedebate.org/thedebate/afghanistan.asp
Peace Corp “Caspian Pipelines – the real reason why the United States and NATO attacked and continues to occupy Afghanistan.” http://peace-corps.ca/2011/2010/12/27/caspian-pipelines-the-real-reason-why-the-united-states-and-nato-attacked-and-continues-to-occupy-afghanistan/
Press Release. http://www.amudaryaoiltender.com/press.php
Simpson, S. “Afghanistan Holds Enormous Bounty of Rare Earths, Minerals.” http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=afghanistan-holds-enormous-bounty-of-rare-earths
USGS. “Assessment of Undiscovered Oil and Gas Resources of the Amu Darya Basin and Afghan–Tajik Basin Provinces, Afghanistan, Iran, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, 2011.” http://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2011/3154/report/FS11-3154.pdf