Archive | September 23, 2013

Real Hip-Hop Versus the Music Industry*

Why does the Music Industry keep “Underground Hip-Hop Music” Underground?*

By Timothy Alexander Guzman

Music is everybody’s possession . It’s only publishers who think that people own it.  John Lennon

The Corporate Music industry has had a monopoly on what youths from all around the world listen to. 

They have been controlling the thoughts and beliefs of our youths and even adults through their control of the music industry.  The Music industry is a multi-billion dollar business. There are now “Big Three” record labels since 2012 that include Sony Music Entertainment, Warner Music Group and Universal Music Group that dominate the market.  They control the artist and set what percentage of the sales receipts they keep as profits.  They also keep the competition between the major record labels at a minimum since they are already a monopoly.

There are many underground hip-hop artists that the political and corporate elite don’t want the public to know about.  They control what kind of music is produced and sold to the public.  In an interview with Jay Woodson, organizer of National Hip Hop Political Convention (NHHPC) in Philadelphia with online news source The Final Call:

FINAL CALL (FC): A recent study of rap songs and music videos on BET and MTV found that several major corporations advertise their products or services during programs that often expose explicit lyrics and images to children. I remember the time when the music industry and society held that rap and hip-hop music was just a fad that would pass. What’s happening now that “everyone” seems to be on board?

JAY WOODSON (JW): What our options are in this political economy are options for profit, which benefits large corporations. This includes the entertainment industry. They give a very narrow message and image of what Black life is. It’s materialistic, about death, it’s about violence, and it’s about misogyny and any diverse or alternative messages and images of that, they don’t seem to support because they don’t find it profitable to have diverse aesthetics within the entertainment industry for people to purchase and to view on television. A lot of time when it comes down to critiquing BET and Viacom, we really need to look at the policy of communications. Like, we understand that the airways are owned by people, who give licenses through the Federal Communication Commission. With legislation that was passed in the mid-90s under Bill Clinton, Congress narrowed the plan for people to tap into the media. A lot of larger media bought up media in smaller markets and it narrowed the choices for smaller media or even public access to have cable programming or even local radio stations. So you have these large corporations such as Clear Channel giving such small packages of 20 songs that are played over and over again.

Lauryn Hill is a Grammy award winning singer, songwriter, rapper and a former member of the Fugees explains how the music industry operates in a letter she wrote on Tumblr to the public about the music business and her tax evasion case where a judge sentenced her to 3 months in prison earlier this year:

For the past several years, I have remained what others would consider underground.  I did this in order to build a community of people, like-minded in their desire for freedom and the right to pursue their goals and lives without being manipulated and controlled by a media protected military industrial complex with a completely different agenda.  Having put the lives and needs of other people before my own for multiple years, and having made hundreds of millions of dollars for certain institutions, under complex and sometimes severe circumstances, I began to require growth and more equitable treatment, but was met with resistance.  I entered into my craft full of optimism (which I still possess), but immediately saw the suppressive force with which the system attempts to maintain its control over a given paradigm.  I’ve seen people promote addiction, use sabotage, black listing, media bullying and any other coercion technique they could, to prevent artists from knowing their true value, or exercising their full power.  These devices of control, no matter how well intentioned (or not), can have a devastating outcome on the lives of people, especially creative types who must grow and exist within a certain environment and according to a certain pace, in order to live and create optimally.

I kept my life relatively simple, even after huge successes, but it became increasingly obvious that certain indulgences and privileges were expected to come at the expense of my free soul, free mind, and therefore my health and integrity.  So I left a more mainstream and public life, in order to wean both myself, and my family, away from a lifestyle that required distortion and compromise as a means for maintaining it.  During this critical healing time, there were very few people accessible to me who had not already been seduced or affected by this machine, and therefore who could be trusted to not try and influence or coerce me back into a dynamic of compromise. Individual growth was expected to take place unnaturally, or stagnated outright, subject to marketing and politics.  Addressing critical issues like pop culture cannibalism or its manipulation of the young at the expense of everything, was frowned upon and discouraged by limiting funding, or denying it outright.  When one has a prolific creative output like I did/do, and is then forced to stop, the effects can be dangerous both emotionally and psychologically, both for the artist and those in need of that resource.  It was critically important that I find a suitable pathway within which to exist, without being distorted or economically strong-armed.  During this period of crisis, much was said about me, both slanted and inaccurate, by those who had become dependent on my creative force, yet unwilling to fully acknowledge the importance of my contribution, nor compensate me equitably for it.  This was done in an effort to smear my public image, in order to directly affect my ability to earn independently of this system.  It took a long time to locate and nurture a community of people strong enough to resist the incredibly unhealthy tide, and more importantly see through it.  If I had not been able to make contact with, and establish this community, my life, safety and freedom, would have been directly affected as well as the lives, safety and freedom of my family.  Failure to create a non toxic, non exploitative environment was not an option.

As my potential to work, and therefore earn freely, was being threatened, I did whatever needed to be done in order to insulate my family from the climate of hostility, false entitlement, manipulation, racial prejudice, sexism and ageism that I was surrounded by.  This was absolutely critical while trying to find and establish a new and very necessary community of healthy people, and also heal and detoxify myself and my family while raising my young children.  There were no exotic trips, no fleet of cars, just an all out war for safety, integrity, wholeness and health, without mistreatment denial, and/or exploitation.  In order to liberate myself from those who found it ok to oppose my wholeness, free speech and integral growth by inflicting different forms of punitive action against it, I used my resources to sustain our safety and survival until I was able to restore my ability to earn outside of it!

When artists experience danger and crisis under the effects of this kind of insidious manipulation, everyone easily accepts that there was something either dysfunctional or defective with the artist, rather than look at, and fully examine, the system and its means and policies of exploiting/’doing business’.  Not only is this unrealistic, it is very dark in its motivation, conveniently targeting the object of their hero worship by removing any evidence that they ‘needed’ or celebrated this very same resource just years, months or moments before.  Since those who believe they need a hero/celebrity outnumber the actual heroes/celebrities, people feel safe and comfortably justified in numbers, committing egregious crimes in the name of the greater social ego.  Ironically diminishing their own true hero-celebrity nature in the process.

It was this schism and the hypocrisy, violence and social cannibalism it enabled, that I wanted and needed to be freed from, not from art or music, but the suppression/repression and reduction of that art and music to a bottom line alone, without regard for anything else.  Over-commercialization and its resulting restrictions and limitations can be very damaging and distorting to the inherent nature of the individual.  I Love making art, I Love making music, these are as natural and necessary for me almost as breathing or talking.  To be denied the right to pursue it according to my ability, as well as be properly acknowledged and compensated for it, in an attempt to control, is manipulation directed at my most basic rights!  These forms of expression, along with others, effectively comprise my free speech!  Defending, preserving, and protecting these rights are critically important, especially in a paradigm where veiled racism, sexism, ageism, nepotism, and deliberate economic control are still blatant realities!!!

Learning from the past, insulating friends and family from the influence of external manipulation and corruption, is far more important to me than being misunderstood for a season!  I did not deliberately abandon my fans, nor did I deliberately abandon any responsibilities, but I did however put my safety, health and freedom and the freedom, safety and health of my family first over all other material concerns!  I also embraced my right to resist a system intentionally opposing my right to whole and integral survival.  I conveyed all of this when questioned as to why I did not file taxes during this time period.  Obviously, the danger I faced was not accepted as reasonable grounds for deferring my tax payments, as authorities, who despite being told all of this, still chose to pursue action against me, as opposed to finding an alternative solution. My intention has always been to get this situation rectified.  When I was working consistently without being affected by the interferences mentioned above, I filed and paid my taxes.  This only stopped when it was necessary to withdraw from society, in order to guarantee the safety and well-being of myself and my family. As this, and other areas of issue are resolved and set straight, I am able to get back to doing what I should be doing, the way it should be done.  This is part of that process.  To those supporters who were told that I abandoned them, that is untrue.  I abandoned greed, corruption, and compromise, never you, and never the artistic gifts and abilities that sustained me.”

There are many “underground Hip-Hop artists that are politically conscious-driven such as Common, Flobots, Dead Prez, Rebel Diaz and many others.  Lowkey is another underground Hip-Hop artist, a former member of Poisonous Poets, lives in the UK and has traveled the world in support of Anti-war and human rights causes.  He announced last year that he will leave the Music Industry to pursue his studies.  Lowkey is a rapper that can easily be distinguished from main stream rappers.  He has numerous albums produced independently that include Dear Listener, Soundtrack to the Struggle and Uncensored.  One of his most popular songs is called ‘Obama Nation’.  He has toured the world with several rappers including Talib Kweli and Lupe Fiasco.  He is an influential part of the underground world of Hip-Hop music transforming how rap music can be used to inform and educate people not to turn them into consumers.  Lowkey is one of several rappers who are at the forefront.  The main stream media does not mention Lowkey, instead they continue to play Hip-Hop music from the likes of Kanye West, Jay-Z, Snopp Dog among many others.  Their Music has no substance or positive meaning behind the lyrics.  It is music that destroys the minds of urban youths.  But according to the media whether based in the United States, Great Britain and Israel, all criticize Lowkey.  The Jewish Chronicle Online describes in a 2011 article how Lowkey and other artists such as Elvis Costello can become a “Potential Nightmare” that can influence youths during an event organized by the Palestine Solidarity Campaign for the second anniversary of Operation Cast Lead and the Gaza conflict that killed thousands:

One expert studying anti-Israel activity described the increasing influence of performers such as Lowkey as a “potential nightmare,” and compared the impact of his backing for the campaign to the effect of artists such as Annie Lennox and Elvis Costello attacking the Jewish state.    

Lowkey was heavily criticized by the Jewish Chronicle when it said “At last week’s rally he spoke of his pride at being an anti-Zionist and called Israel a “terrorist state”. The event organisers and audience later successfully persuaded him to perform his track “Long Live Palestine”, written during the Gaza conflict. It accuses Israel of bombing hospitals and mosques and criticises everyone from Barack Obama to Coca Cola and Huggies nappies. Fox news jumped on the bandwagon with Glen Beck mocking Lowkey when he danced and showed gang signs to his song “Terrorist? 

Sometimes a story comes along and it’s almost impossible to find the words to really capture what’s happening. More often than not, the story involves tragedy, riots, and possibly some kind of new world order/Edward Bernays “conspiracy”. Sometimes Glenn just breaks down in tears because of, well, anything really. It could be the death of the Republic, uncensored pictures of the Alamo, or the latest Jennifer Aniston romantic comedy. And sometimes the stories that take the words away involve Glenn dancing and throwing up gang signs.

Is it a coincidence that big name rappers who are known throughout the world are sponsored by the biggest corporations in the world?  Hip-Hop music gets nominated for the Grammy awards based on the number of sales and popularity of the rappers.  Lowkey lives in London, the heart of the former empire known to support numerous causes especially the Palestinian struggle against Israel.  What drives Lowkey to focus his music on human rights issues?  In an interview conducted by ‘Ceasefire’ an independent political and cultural quarterly publication by Jody McIntyre, Lowkey was asked what has “hurt or inspired him the most?” He replied:

Well, I have been privileged enough to travel to many different countries, particularly doing what I do for a living, it is a real blessing. Recently I travelled to Australia, a nation founded upon the genocide of over 500+ separate nations, I heard some harrowing stories of what life has been like for the indigenous people of that land the last 223 years since Captain James Cook arrived there with a British flag. I learned that until the 1967 Referendum, the indigenous, native people of that land were considered “Fauna and Flora” ie Plants and Animals within Australian Law.  True justice can only come with acknowledgement of the historical context within which we live. The fact that his date of arrival on the land is still celebrated as “Australia Day” shows that justice for the indigenous people of that land is something we all must fight for, especially those of us who are British citizens. Travelling and touring throughout the United States alongside my friend Norman Finkelstein, showed me that despite the constant manipulation by the mainstream media in that country, there are millions of US citizens who do NOT believe US security is dependent upon on its supremacy and global dominance.

There are millions of US citizens who do not believe it is a good idea to have over 1,000 military bases worldwide from Japan to Colombia to Diego Garcia, these people are just so marginalised in the mainstream discourse that in the rest of the world it is easy to forget they even exist. Being detained twice in Ben Gurion Airport, Tel Aviv was an interesting experience; particularly the second time, when I was held for 12 hours. It made me realise that a state which is built upon the foundations of injustice will never feel secure.  The ever-changing and diverse citizens of Israel will always be united by one thing and one thing only; fear. The IDF are a colonial force of scared teenage supremacists who would shoot at their own shadow. The worst thing about that, is that they are supplied with the most sophisticated weaponry on the face of this planet by the United States and Britain. Israel is a colonial supremacist state which is rapidly expanding, and the Zionist dream which Theodor Herzl had is still yet to be reached.

Many rappers in the West come from poor neighborhoods where crime, drugs and high incarceration rates affects their communities and do rap about “life in the ghetto”.  But many rap about sex, drugs, prison and money.  I have seen rap videos where they have numerous women on multi-million dollar yachts as Jay-Z’s video called ‘Big Pimpin’.  According to Dr. Carolyn West, associate professor of psychology and the study of prevention of  violence at the University of Washington said “What’s changed over time is the greater sexualization of hip-hop. Initially, it  started off as a revolutionary form of music. Now, large corporations produce  images that sell, and there is a blatant link between hip-hop and pornography” in a  Pittsburg Post-Gazette article in 2008 called ‘Researcher cites negative influences of hip-hop.’  Rappers promote business agenda’s for the music industry where advertisements and propaganda prevail over young minds.  Lowkey raps about real issues that affect life on earth.  He wants his music to make a change in society.  Why does the main stream media (MSM) and the Music industry criticize Lowkey?

Why does the Jewish Chronicle Online call him and other musicians of consciousness a “Potential Nightmare?”  Can Lowkey’s music inspire youth to seek change or the truth for that matter?  Yes, the MSM and the music industry want to keep youths interested in issues that don’t matter.  They want them to follow “Uninspiring rappers” who are about nothing.  The majority of rappers are used by the major labels to sell propaganda.  They use rappers to further demoralize people who have no idea what is happening in their communities and the world.  Do music fans who follow main stream rappers know who Lowkey is?  I doubt it.  But I will bet that the state of Israel does.  In 2009, Lowkey was detained in Israel, when he arrived in Tel Aviv’s airport for 9 hours.  According to www.nme.com:

The musician had been travelling to Tel Aviv to take part in a series of charity shows in the country, including sites in Palestine and Palestinian refugee camps, to raise funds to help rebuild the Gaza Strip.

He told NME.COM that his passport was confiscated at Tel Aviv airport on February 27, after which he was questioned, detained for nine hours then released.

“As soon as I stepped off the plane with my AA guide to Israel tucked under my arm, I was pulled away to the side and interrogated as to why I was in Israel, by a man who wore no uniform identifying himself as any type of security but was clearly heavily armed,” Lowkey explained.

“After this I carried on through to passport control. After giving over my British passport it was confiscated. I was then detained for nine hours. During this time I was interrogated about many aspects of my life, what the purpose of my trip was, where my parents are from and where I planned to go in Israel.

“Eventually I was told my story was a lie and was subjected to a bout of the Israeli polices paranoid mind games. I was eventually released, knowing that no matter how frustrating what I just went through was, I knew that it was not even a miniscule fraction of the degradation Palestinian people are subjected to on a daily basis.”

Lowkey and many other underground Hip-Hop artists are controversial to the corporate music world and even to average people who follow the main stream rappers.  Some people may not like his style.  People do have different tastes, styles or other musical preferences.  All legitimate reasons.

Hip-Hop is controlled by major corporations, they have a monopoly on several record labels mentioned earlier.  Singer Cee-Loo even commented on how and why corporate influence is relevant to hip-hop music.  In an interview with The Daily Beast, platinum recording artist, Cee-Lo commented on the current state of Hip-Hop and what is the agenda behind corporate control of the industry:

We don’t judge, but we acknowledge that acting and performing music are very kindred spirits. You write something down, go into a recording booth, and reenact the emotion onstage. At one point in time, there was a code of conduct: creed and credential. And I’ve said this before on Twitter, but hip-hop was once an Ivy League institution, and now it’s become a community college—you don’t need any qualifications to come on in. And, quite frankly, it can be a little embellished-upon. There’s a low entry level, and it’s become monotonous and congested. All you need to do is be able to rhyme “cat” and “hat,” and you can become an MC. But executives have a lot to do with the larger agenda to emasculate and colonize. I believe hip hop is being used in some mass way to influence underachievement. Maybe these individuals may not be aware of the larger agenda, and how they’re being puppeteered, but if they are, that’s even more shameful.

He is correct to point out that corporations “colonize” youth through music which promotes “underachievement” and depicts women in a negative way.

Lowkey is an example of what major corporate record labels do not want people to listen to. Down below is one of Lowkey’s music videos which I recommend to those who never heard his music before.  It is worth a listen.

So I ask the question once again, why does the music industry keep “hip-hop underground music” underground?

Source*

Related Topics:  

MKUltra, Michael Jackson and Widespread Assassinations*

My Life

God Father of RAP is Dead!

The Redemption “Songs” of Muslim Youth

I’m Not Afraid

Classified Sane Today, Insane Tomorrow!

Are You in Control of Your Mind?

Mind Control Technologies

Asleep or Awake!?

50 Ways to Starve the Beast*

Don’t Play that Song!

Navigating 2013!

You May Have Felt It Your Entire Life!

Nairobi Mall Massacre a Set Up*

 Nairobi Mall Massacre a Set Up*

Crisis actors, moulage, blood paks: all over again?

Notice this woman. Notice the patterns in her shirt. Those red areas are largely rectangular in shape. Notice, too, the tie-around clothing. In all likelihood this woman is not injured and is, rather, a crisis actor paid for the role.

This is a major revelation, which means the entire claim of an Islamist attack against Nairobi mall shoppers is a categorical hoax.

A close-up view demonstrates the rectangular shape with the clothing tie acting to fix, that is to fix the blood packet against her white shirt. Same color, same fakery as the Boston hoax and more. As pointed out by one of our posters, too, it is the wrong color for blood.

Regardless, where are the entrance wounds from the gun-blasts? Even so, if she was shot in the abdomen in two places at relatively close range she wouldn’t be walking about for the Reuter’s camera shoot.

The rectangular shape, right screen, plus the use of the clothing tie is a give-away for the use of fake blood packs in this individual.

The following video is filled with evidence of set-ups, staging, fakery, fake fright, fake shock, and fake wounded. Watch it carefully. The evidence will be clear. The Zionist-controlled Kenyan media is all over the place, people with dozens of cameras, people showing no fright, fear, or caution about being shot or their being gunman on the loose, that is except the crisis actors, most of whom appear to be non-Kenyan.

These non-Kenyans are Zionist agents, many of whom are likely Kenyan-based Jews, Sayanim agents working for the Mossad. Therefore, if anyone was shot in that mall, it was the Mossad and its collaborators who did so, not any Muslim terrorists.

Yet, there is no proof of anyone being shot. Still images are insufficient. The real proof is in CCTV camera images. No such images have been shown.

Notice the immense and deliberate degree of staging and how they staged the fright scenes. Also, see how after the Jewish-appearing woman comes forth with her two children, behind her there is a woman acting as if injured. That woman in white, once again, is a crisis actor.

Note, again, the rectangular nature of the red color, both on the abdominal area (actually, mere fake color staining her sweatshirt) and the repeated shapes on her arm. Furthermore, if she really did have two gunshot wounds what was she doing casually walking behind the other crisis actress, the mother with the two children? This woman is not injured. It is a fake.

Once again, this is moulage, fake application of phony red coloring to imitate blood. See the fact that the Kenyans got wise from the Boston hoax. They stuffed the red packet underneath the clothing and, then, popped it. Same on the arm. This is 100% proof that the Nairobi mall shooting is a hoax; no one was injured; nobody died.

Did the Mossad combine crisis actors, fake grievers, fake shock victims, and other phonies with a real killing? Further analysis is needed to determine the plausibility of such a claim. Yet, thus far the evidence points to a fake event, a hoax, perpetrated by the Kenyan government in collaboration with the UK, the Zionist entity, and the Obama White House.

Regardless, there is no way in a real event that all such camera shoots could be so thoroughly staged, and they are obviously staged by any analysis. Therefore, the Nairobi mall shooting is a hoax, like all the others. Let anyone prove otherwise.

This man, a future presidential candidate, said he was right there, witnessing it all. ‘I saw a security guard shot it the head,’ who ‘died instantly.’ Really? Then, there should be a bit of CCTV camera footage available demonstrating the actual killing.

Then, there is always this, another non-Kenyan in on the act? Talk about hyper-realistic:

 

Oil, grease, tempura paint, fake blood, fake shock, and more: it’s a hoax, like the others, imposed upon the world by the criminal Zionist mob, this woman herself clearly being a non-Kenyan (non-black African) Zionist agent. It would appear, too,. that her shirt has been cut, also, that fake fluids have been spilled near her head and also above her. For this Zionist fraudster—Jewish woman with moulage on her face, hand, and fake dust-matting on her hair—there is no way that this could be anything other than an act: it is called, here, a fraud.

See any bullet wounds, anywhere? It is welcomed: prove these findings wrong.

This is further proof that the Nairobi mall ‘massacre’ is a Zionist plot and a hoax of unprecedented proportions.

Source*

From Chris Spivey

The Mall itself belongs to Westfield America, a major corporation with a fella called Frank Lowy at the helm. Lowy, a Zionist Jew, in partnership with Larry Silverstein’s, Silverstein Properties bought the lease on the World Trade Centre.
A deal that less than 2 months later would see the pair pocket over $5 billion Dollars between them.

Now, according to the excellent, aangirfan website, either Lowy has been very unlucky where terrorist attacks are concerned or he’s up for letting false flag operations take place on the various shopping malls and such like that he owns around the world:

Fifty days before 9/11, Larry Silverstein’s Silverstein Properties and Frank Lowy’s Westfield America secured a 99-year lease on World Trade Center Buildings One, Two, Four and Five. Silverstein already owned Building Seven.
Silverstein and Westfield America insured the WTC complex for $3.55 billion, but after the attacks of September 11 lodged a claim for $7.1 billion on the premise that each plane collision constituted a separate act of terrorism, doubling the payout.
-11 September 2001: New York, the WTC complex buildings 1, 2, and 7 along with Westfield Hotel were ruined in the 9/11 attacks, and consequently about $5.4 billion went into the pockets of Lowy and Silverstein.


-21 September 2005: Westfield Mall in Perth, Australia, bomb threat.
-17 May 2006: Westfield in Woden, Australia, bomb threat.
-21 July 2007: Court house adjacent Westfield Centre Derby, England, bomb threat, which caused evacuation of Westfield premises.
-01 March 2008: Westfield Old Orchard Mall, Skokie, Illinois, bomb threat.
-20 April 2009: Westfield Hotel Annapolis, bomb threat.
-20 September 2008: Marriott Hotel in Islamabad, Pakistan, bombing.
-17 July 2008: Marriott Hotel in Jakarta, Indonesia, bombing.
-August 2012: London… wait, that one didn’t quite happen for ya did it Frank!)

Hmmm!
Aangirfan has much more to say on the matter which you can read about by clicking   HERE
Now, whilst aangirfan joins all the dots, the equally excellent nodisinfo.com website puts forward proof of the usual crisis actors taking part in the scam as well as re-enforcing the point that it is all about manipulating public opinion towards hating Muslims via the MSM:
The attack in Kenya, as well as the attack in Pakistan, has revived the regime’s global plot to conquer the people of Islam on behalf of Zionist Jews. Jewry media is running at high speed after these two false flag acts. The Pakistan attack must also be thoroughly investigated. The timing puts the onus on the Mahyudi monsters of the Mossad, who are surely the force behind the Nairobi hoax.
As a client state of the Israeli entity, completely subservient to the Zionist powers, Kenya is an ideal facility for the commission of great crimes on behalf of the Zionist regime.
This was done in the 2004 American Embassy bombing, where the Zionists—Mossad agents—placed and detonated the bombs that blew the embassy to smithereens while killing 200 people. Compliant then as it is now the Kenyan rulership wrongfully blamed Muslims and Islam, thereby absolving real perpetrators, the Zionists, of responsibility.


There were no mad, vengeful Muslims rampaging through that mall, senselessly murdering people, specifically targeting non-Muslims. This was done by the enemies of Islaam, the Zionists, whether real or fabricated.

Related Topics:

The US Razing Hell through 35 African Countries*

AFRICOM’s Tentacles Across Africa*

Nun Exposes Syrian Chemical Hoax*

The Grand Scam: El-Baradei and his Liberal Elites*

Egyptian Military Trials of Civilians is Challenged*

Egyptian Military Trials of Civilians is Challenged*

Representatives of the ‘No to Military Trials for Civilians’ group took part in a consultation session with the sub-committee regulating freedom and rights on behalf of the 50-member constitutional amendment committee on Monday.

Ragia Omran, a human rights lawyer and a founding member of the group, told Ahram Online that they demanded article 198 of the constitution be amended.

Article 198 of the currently dissolved 2012 constitution [under Mursi] dictates that civilians are not to be tried before military courts, except for crimes that include direct assault on the armed forces, which are specified by law. The jurisdiction of military courts is also determined by law.

No to Military Trials are demanding that the law is altered, so that military courts are only concerned with crimes committed by members of the armed forces, a suggestion that Omran says was agreed on by some of the 20 members of the constitution committee in attendance at Monday’s meeting.

“Some of the attendees agreed with our demand to prohibit military trials for civilians with no exception, however there were also others who agreed but said there should be an exception for those who attack military institutes or vehicles,” said Omran, who stressed that her group is vehemently against “exceptions,” as it is used to legitimise the military trials of civilians.

The human rights lawyer, who has been recently appointed as a member of the National Council for Human Rights, also pointed out that the controversial article was not included in the annulled 1971 constitution, and that it was added to the 2012 constitution drafted under the rule of Mohamed Mursi.

Omran added the group has requested a new article is added to the constitution to grant compensation, including the right to sue, to civilians who have faced military trial since the rule of Hosni Mubarak until today.

Several Egyptian human rights organisations have condemned the military trials of civilians, saying that around 60 convictions have been passed by army tribunals since Mursi’s ouster on 3 July this year.

On 3 September a military court sentenced a Muslim Brotherhood member to life in prison for violence targeting the army in the port city of Suez last month. Forty-eight other members received sentences of between 5 to 15 years in prison.

In addition, Sinai-based reporter Ahmed Abu Deraa is currently on trial in a military court for charges of photographing the Suez Canal and other prohibited sites, in addition to trespassing on military land without a permit.

On Monday, Egyptian Foreign Minister Nabil Fahmy assured his American counterpart John Kerry that civilians arrested during recent protests across Egypt would not face military trials.

Source*

Related Topics:

Egypt Military Court Sentences 11 MB Members to Life in Jail*

Egyptian Arrested for Naming Donkey after General*

Egypt Journalist Faces Military Court Over ‘Lies’

Egypt: Despite Fear Rallies and Protests Ensue

President Mursi’s Economic Achievements Slips Out of the Misinformation Campaign*

Egypt Denies Entry to Nobel Peace Winner Tawakul Karman*

The Grand Scam: El-Baradei and his Liberal Elites*

Egypt Worsens Conditions for Gazans*

Sinai Bedouin and The Revolution – Video Statement

Egypt: There is No Easy Walk to Freedom!