Archive | September 15, 2015

Study Finds Antipsychotic Drugs Shrinks the Brain*

Study Finds Antipsychotic Drugs Shrinks the Brain*


by Julie Fidler

The authors of a new study are warning that long-term use of antipsychotic drugs, used to treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and other psychiatric illnesses, may negatively impact brain structure.

Dr. Antonio Vita, professor of psychiatry at the University of Brescia in Italy, and colleagues looked at how first- and second-generation antipsychotics affected the brains of 1,155 people with schizophrenia, and compared them with 911 healthy individuals. Scientists selected participants from 18 brain imaging studies.

The researchers found that schizophrenic patients treated with antipsychotics showed a progressive loss of gray matter in the brain, compared with the healthy controls.

First-generation antipsychotics, in particular, were linked with greater progressive loss of gray matter, while second-generation drugs “did not correlate with GM (gray matter) volume changes over time and was not associated with cortical tissue loss.”

The researchers wrote:

“[…] There is evidence to suggest that antipsychotic treatment may have a contributory role in reducing the volume of cortical GM in schizophrenia, but this effect cannot be generalized and appears to be far less evident for SGAs [second-generation antipsychotics], which results in being associated with less loss of brain tissue.”

First-generation antipsychotics include drugs like Haldol, Prolixin, and Stelazine. Also known as typical antipsychotics, dopamine antagonists, neuroleptics and classic antipsychotics, the drugs reduce opaminergic neurotransmission in mesocortical, mesolimbic, nigrostriatal and tuberoinfundibular dopamine pathways in the brain. All of the drugs are associated with a high risk of  severe side effects.

Schizophrenia affects about 1.1% of the U.S. population. There is no ‘cure’ for the disease, which is marked by dysfunctional and delusional thinking, hallucinations, and agitated body movements. Current treatments focus on alleviating the symptoms associated with the disorder. The exact causes of schizophrenia remain unclear.

First-generation antipsychotics were introduced in the mid-1950s. Second-generation antipsychotic drugs, including Abilify, Seroquel and Risperdal, are more expensive than their older counterparts, but have rapidly grown in popularity, as they cause fewer side effects.

Dr. Vita says it’s still unclear whether the effects of antipsychotics on the brain vary by a patient’s age or stage of illness, or whether a certain dose is catalyst to changes in brain structure.

Previous studies have also linked antipsychotics to loss of brain tissue. A 2013 study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry found that patients with schizophrenia have less brain tissue at their first episode of the disease than healthy people, and even less of it after taking antipsychotic medication.

The 2013 study looked at the MRI scans of 200 patients beginning with their first episode and continuing with scans at regular intervals for up to 15 years. The images showed that individuals with schizophrenia have smaller-than-average cranial size.

The MRIs also revealed that the higher the dose of antipsychotic dose, the greater the loss of brain tissue.

“The impact is painful because psychiatrists, patients and family members don’t know how to interpret this finding.

‘Should we stop using antipsychotic medication? Should we be using less?’” explained University of Iowa psychiatry professor Nancy Andreasen, Ph.D., the study’s author.

Andreasan went on to point out that, thanks to these medications, people with mental illness are no longer locked away in institutions, but living as members of the community; however,

“we must get the word out that they should be used with great care, because even though they have fewer side effects than some of the other medications we use, they are certainly not trouble-free and can have lifelong consequences for the health and happiness of the people and families we serve.”

Source*

Related Topics:

Psychiatric Drugs Involved in Nearly All Recent Mass-Shootings‏
Being Driven Insane!

‘She went on to Prove Psychiatry Wrong and became a U.N. Advisor*

Arrested and Held in Psych Ward Because Cops Didn’t Believe as a Black Woman She Owns BMW*

 

Psychology Research Really Is Just ‘Psycho-Babble’*

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“Pope Francis” to curtail his U.S. visit after Catholic Child Trafficking Event is Targeted for Disruption*

“Pope Francis” to curtail his U.S. visit after Catholic Child Trafficking Event is Targeted for Disruption*

A planned disruption of a notorious child trafficking event in Philadelphia on September 26 has forced Jorge Bergoglio, “Pope Francis”, to cut short his upcoming “diplomatic visit” to the United States, according to sources in the Vatican.

Local child abuse survivors and a special ITCCS team have targeted the “World Meeting of Families” event in Philadelphia for disruption after it was learned that the event will be a cover for a secret gathering of prominent child traffickers associated with the catholic Opus Dei and Knights of Columbus groups. These traffickers include at least one Cardinal and several Bishops associated with Pope Francis’ retinue.

According to one Vatican source, upon learning of the planned disruption of the event, Pope Francis insisted on a revision of his itinerary to avoid any contact with the site of the protest, and he will apparently be leaving Philadelphia for Rome “at a day earlier than originally planned”.

However, the Pope still plans to appear at a “special conference” with local Bishops, including those clergy associated with the Opus Dei-Knights of Columbus trafficking network, while he is in Philadelphia, according to the same source.

Special ITCCS Adviser Kevin Annett commented today from New York City,

“These ‘conferences’ often include the ritual rape and killing of children, according to a growing number of witnesses, including from within the church. We have learned that at least two children from the Navaho or Gila Indian reservations will be ritually killed during the Pope’s visit, by the very men with whom he will be meeting and ‘praying’ with, and perhaps even by Jorge Bergoglio himself.”

Other protests against the Pope during his U.S. tour will include an aboriginal convergence to oppose Bergoglio’s “canonization” of a genocidal California missionary, Junipero Serra, in Washington DC on September 23; and an ITCCS-sponsored action outside the United Nations on September 25. Spiritual elders will also be conducting public exorcisms at the site of Bergoglio’s catholic masses in New York and Washington.

Please tune in to Radio Free Kanata for a complete discussion of this breaking news, on Sunday, September 13 at 6 pm eastern, 11 pm GMT, at www.bbsradio.com/radiofreekanata

Issued 12 September by the ITCCS Brussels Central Office.

Source*

Related Topics:

Many have Asked this Question about Pope Francis*

Pope Francis Health and Resignation!?

This Month the U.N. Launches a Blueprint for NWO with the Help of the Pope*The New Pope!

U.S. Military to Reopen Base in Iceland?*

U.S. Military to Reopen Base in Iceland?*

By Eygló Svala Arnarsdóttir

The former U.S. Naval Air Station in Keflavík. Photo: Páll Stefánsson

 

The U.S. government has expressed its opinion to Icelandic authorities that considering increased Russian aggression there may be reason to reopen the U.S. Navy base in Iceland; the U.S. Armed Forces operated the Naval Air Station in Keflavík as a NATO base from 1951 to 2006. Its location was considered to be of great importance during the Cold War.

“The Russians have long done transit flights where they pass close by Iceland,” Work said,

“but they’ve recently made several circumnavigation flights.”

As a result, “Iceland is interested in increasing military cooperation,” U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense Bob Work said in an interview on DefenseNews.

Work is currently on a seven-day visit to the Nordic countries and northern Europe. He discussed Russian concerns with representatives of NATO members Denmark, Iceland and Norway, along with those of the neutral Finland and Sweden, in Oslo on Tuesday.

Before the meeting, Work came to Iceland to talk with Icelandic officials; the Icelandic Ministry for Foreign Affairs confirmed to RÚV that reopening the base in Keflavík had come up.

Work then toured the former U.S. military air base, which is now being used as a centre for education and innovation, student housing, concerts and other events.

“The hangar built there to support P-3s is still there,” Work said, adding that he wants to make sure it can be reactivated.

During the tour, which took place on Monday, commander of the airbase Jón Guðnason said it had been maintained, commenting.

“There is lots of empty space here … for new construction and facilities.”

“It’s clear the northern tier is very concerned with what the Russians are up to,” Work said, concluding,

“They’re anxious to have cooperative talks.”

Icelandic authorities have stressed that the idea to reopen the base did not come from them and that no discussions to that regard are taking place between the two governments.

In the budget bill, which was presented this week, it is suggested that contributions for defence issues be increased by ISK 213 million (USD 1.7 million, EUR 1.5 million), an amount earmarked for NATO.

Source*

Related Topics:

FBI not Allowed in Iceland!

Okinawa Governor Says No to US Base Relocation*

Russia Says No to One-World Government*

West Fabricated Reports about Russian Troops in Syria – Syrian Minister*

Iran and Greece Airspace Open for Russia to Send Humanitarian Aid to Syria*

The Earthquake that Stopped Before Hitting Ukraine and Russian Borders*

U.S. on Russia’s Borders Trying to Provoke War*

Doing the Netanyahu: A Russian fighter jet Intercepts U.S. Reconnaissance, but U.S. Accuses Russia*

China Warns Russia That “State Of War” Now Exists With the U.S.*

Senior Iranian Cleric Urges US to Stop Supporting ISIL*

U.S. Soldier: “The Real Terrorist Was Me and the Real Terrorism is This Occupation”

Drones That Shoot Tasers Are Now Legal for Police Use in North Dakota*

Drones That Shoot Tasers Are Now Legal for Police Use in North Dakota*

North Dakota has gone from a quite agricultural state to industrial boom just in 5 years, we know the boom as fracking. By the middle of 2012 North Dakota was producing about 660,000 barrels of oil a day, which benefits the indigenous communities very little.

The Ft. Laramie Treaty of 1851 affirmed a 12-million-acre reservation in the Great Plains, now only 400,000 acres of Indian land holdings. North Dakota is where children of the indigenous have been kidnapped, and a staggering number of rapes and sexual assaults of Native American women.

By Mark Karlin

The good news is that a new law that was passed this year in North Dakota requires police in the state to obtain a court order before using a drone for surveillance.

The bad news, however, is that according to an August 27 Ars Technica article, the same legislation allows local police to equip drones with non-lethal weapons such as tasers and utilize them for law enforcement:

Legal experts are very concerned that a new North Dakota law which allows law enforcement drones to be armed with so-called less-than-lethal weapons – including stun guns and beanbag rounds – could be highly problematic. The law, however, explicitly forbids lethal weapons.

Among other reasons, such weapons have been shown that they can, in fact, kill people.

According to research by The Guardian, 39 Americans have died this year alone at the hands of police wielding a Taser. Meanwhile, the Associated Press reported that more than 20 North American cities are pursuing large silicone-based projectiles as yet another alternative weapon.

North Dakota is believed to be the first state in the union to allow such weapons aboard state and local police drones.

In a grim irony, the use of drones for tasering people does not require a court order, while surveillance, which will not physically harm an individual, does. It’s a positive development to require the police to seek court approval to spy on people, but not when the trade-off is the unsupervised use of painful and potentially deadly “non-lethal” weapons.

Ars Technica quotes Brian Owsley, a former federal judge and current law professor at the University of North Texas, objecting to the new law that took effect in August:

“Drones, like stingrays [or cell-site simulators], were designed for military applications and are now being sold by manufacturers for use by local law enforcement because they need to expand their market,” he told Ars by e-mail.

“I question in what circumstance there would be a need for a use of force administered by a drone,” Owsley said.

Owsley makes a couple of points worth expanding upon.

Firstly, he asserts that drone use expansion is due, in large part, to the need of military drone manufacturers to create a new market for their product. This exemplifies the dangers of an unrestrained “free market” approach to selling weaponry. Because a military-industrial-complex company wants to increase its profit, it creates a perceived need for drones and “non-lethal” weaponry where none exists. In doing so, it exposes the public to an increased danger of the use of excessive force by police, now in the form of unmanned technology attacking from the sky.

Secondly, Owsley implies that because local police drones with “non-lethal” weapons are unnecessary, cops would probably use them when there is no need to do so. One can also speculate that police officers might find it more convenient to “patrol” their beats from a room with a joystick and drone camera monitor than in a squad car.

North Dakota State Rep. Rick Becker, who originally sponsored the bill with the intention of it focusing mostly on the requirement of a surveillance warrant, was allegedly horrified when the law enforcement lobby – goosed on by the drone industry – hijacked the legislation. Representative Becker told Arts Technica that he worries about the desensitization that such a drone policy will create:

The gist of why I don’t want the non-lethals allowed is the decision to use force on another citizen, the normal morals and process of thinking goes out the window when it’s like you’re playing a video game. It’s dehumanized, it’s depersonalized.

Mission creep is naturally a major concern here. Will the next step be permitting local law enforcement to use lethally armed drones?

We all know where that ends up. Just ask the relatives of the estimated 2,500 people who have been killed by drone strikes authorized by President Obama.

Source*

Related Topics:

Outsourcing the Killing Chain: Eleven Drone Contractors Revealed*

Eugenics: Kidnapping of the Indigenous Sioux in South Dakota*

Police Killing Indigenous Americans at Astounding Rate*

Apache Stronghold Convoy nears DC for Desecration of Oak Flat*

Indigenous Activists Chase McCain off the Navajo Land he intends to Mine*

EPA from Congress on Toxic Mine waste Spilt in Indigenous Waterways*

Obama Changes Mountain’s Name to Its’ Indigenous Name, but Continues to Steal Indigenous Land*

U.S. Drones Attack Syria’s Military, “Disguised as an Airstrike against ISIS”*

Arrested and Held in Psych Ward Because Cops Didn’t Believe as a Black Woman She Owns BMW*

Arrested and Held in Psych Ward Because Cops Didn’t Believe as a Black Woman She Owns BMW*

 

The story allegedly taking place in New York City sounds horrific. A black woman was held in a psychiatric hospital, made to take powerful drugs and convinced by doctors she doesn’t own her BMW after the NYPD pulled her over at a red light.

Kamilah Brock, 32, said in her first TV-interview to PIX11 she’s filed a lawsuit against New York city police for forcing her into a psychiatric hospital, where she was held for more than a week for therapy for claiming she was a banker, owned a BMW and that President Barack Obama follows her on Twitter – all of which is actually true.

Initially, police pulled her over in Harlem at a red light on September 12th, 2014, and asked why her hands were not on the steering wheel, according to Brock. She responded:

“I was dancing, I am at a light,” and was immediately asked to get out of the car.

Brock claims she was then taken into custody, brought to 30th precinct of NYPD and held there for hours without charges. On release, she says, Brock was told to pick up her BMW 325Ci the next day.

When she attempted to do so, police didn’t believe she was the owner of the vehicle.

“I just felt like from the moment I said I owned a BMW, I was looked at as a liar,”

Brock said on TV.

“They put me in handcuffs and said they just need to put me in handcuffs to take me to my car. And I said OK, whatever it’s gonna take to get to my car.”

After that, the banker was, if her story is true, transported to a Harlem hospital psychiatric ward, where for eight days she was forced to take lithium. Brock reported she was stripped naked to be injected with various powerful sedatives.

“He held onto me and then the doctor stuck me in the arm and I was on a stretcher and I woke up to them taking my clothes off, specifically my underwear,” Brock revealed in the interview.

Her attorney, Michael Lamonsoff, claims medical personnel many times attempted to persuade Brock she did not own her car or hold her current position and that she was not being followed by Obama on Twitter. But she did own the BMW, was a banker and the U.S. President follows her alongside 640,000 other people.

In the end, Brock said she received a bill from the clinic for $13,000 for her stay.

According to attorney Lamonsoff, Brock didn’t have any prior records of mental health problems was discriminated entirely on racial grounds.

If a white woman was trying to reclaim her BMW impounded by police, would she have been made a victim?” he told the HuffPost.

Source*

Related Topics:

The Public Awareness about Fluoride, has our ‘Betters’ Looking to Adding Lithium to our Drinking Water*

Black Wall Street*

Six African-American Women Found Dead in Jail in July*

Black Female Activist Falsely Accused of Lynching*

A Glorious Past Before Colonialism and the Oppression of African Women*

Democrats Hope to Bury Black Lives Matter in the Elections*

Obama Anaesthetizing Black Resistance*

ACLU At Odds With Activists*

Many have Asked this Question about Pope Francis*

Many have Asked this Question about Pope Francis*

… and some have been answered…

“Who is going to save our Church? Not our bishops, not our priests and religious. It’s up to YOU, the people. You have the minds, the eyes, the ears to save the Church. Your mission is to see that your priests act like priests, your bishops act like bishops, and your religious act like religious.”  – Archbishop Fulton Sheen

Claims where religion is professed become easily strained when doctrines conflict. Wars have been waged over matters of belief, while actually fought over political power. When the Catholic Church becomes the topic of discussion, the historic differences between Protestant dominations and the Papacy often become passionate. However, disputes within the Catholic Church hierarchy can become most bitter. Attitudes towards Pope Francis vary widely. Before examining the facts, why are so many observers proclaiming that this Pontiff is the False Prophet of Revelation?

One does not have to be a believer to acknowledge the significance of prophecy throughout cultures and centuries of time. Bible verses about False Prophets are cited amply in scripture.

Specific reference to Pope Francis is analyzed by Dr. Kelly Bowring lists of 12 Prophecies That Indicate Trouble Ahead for Papacy, and writes,

“The Church will know the hour of its great apostasy. The man of iniquity will penetrate into its interior and will sit in the very Temple of God, while the remnant which will remain faithful will be subjected to the greatest trials and persecutions.” Adding to this viewpoint is a quote by Fulton J. Sheen, which provides a prophetic warning:

“The False Prophet will have a religion without a cross. A religion without a world to come. A religion to destroy religions. There will be a counterfeit (Catholic) church. Christ’s (true Catholic) Church will be one. And the False Prophet will create the other. The false church will be worldly, ecumenical, and global. It will be a loose federation of churches. And religions forming some type of global association. A world parliament of churches. It will be emptied of all divine content and will be the mystical body of the Antichrist. The mystical body on earth today will have its Judas Iscariot and he will be the false prophet. Satan will recruit him from among our bishops.”

Dr. Bowring’s argument is critiqued by Jeannie Law.

“Bowring ends the blog with the statement that the Catholic Church may be on the verge of a split caused by apostasy led by their leader. In which there will be two groups, possibly divided into Francis Catholics and Pope Benedict Catholics who led before Francis.”

For an extensive discussion on New World Pope Francis – Fulfilled Prophecies, a second page on Forbidden History is devoted to present and archive the evidence. A critical review is well worth the time.

Pope Francis has conservatives talking schism but are such motivations over abandoning Catholic traditional doctrine or because of his social and political pronouncements?

Critics of the Roman Catholic Church warn about the fact that Jorge Mario Bergoglio is a Jesuit. Don Koenig offers this assessment in the article, Is Jesuit Pope Francis the Antichrist or the False Prophet?

“The end agenda of the Jesuits is to have a one world ecumenical system that is under the control of the Pope. There is good reason to believe that the Jesuits are behind globalist organizations and ideologies. Those that think world events are being orchestrated by a Masonic conspiracy probably should be looking a layer deeper for the Jesuit connection.”

Interjecting a political aspect to an end times forecast is the Jewish radio host, Michael Savage: Pope Francis Like False Prophet ‘Directing Mankind To Worship The Antichrist’

“The Pope is a Marxist,” Savage said.

“He is a wolf in pope’s clothing, he is an eco-wolf in pope’s clothing, he’s a stealth Marxist in religious garb.”

Savage continued that Francis “sounds just like the false prophet in Revelation, an ecumenical spiritual figure directing mankind to worship the Antichrist.”

“I think it is up to the Catholic people to turn their backs on this Pope before it is too late, before they wake up and find out that they are in chains, this man is a Marxist through-and-through,” Savage said, claiming that he was “picked by the New World Order the way Obama was.”

BREAKING ALL THE RULES addressed the New World Order Pope – Frankie the Fake in this Inherent Autonomy essay. It is important to take away from this subject that competing prophetic nuances and conflicting subtleties do not negate the fundamental disturbing course that the current pope is undertaking.

Listing all the dictums of an apostate pontiff would require its own treatise. The aspect that the global media, liberation theologians, collectivist progressives and godless socialists are so enamoured with this pope should cause every traditional Christian believer to condemn this Bishop of Rome.

The mere opposition to the religious direction and political alliances of Pope Francis is not enough. Understanding the authentic doctrine is essential and forgoing the heresy of false dogma is required.

When Christian-Zionists profess their dispensationalist sacrilege and devoted allegiance to a false Israel, the net result is that the true reason to oppose Pope Francis becomes diluted.

The example from Pope Francis Is The ‘False Prophet’ illustrates the misguided mindset that underpins so much of the confused thinking that has the world in a death spiral from critical thought.

“Evangelical Christians believe that the state of Israel is central to biblical end-time events that will usher in Armageddon, the final apocalyptic battle between the cosmic forces of good and evil. Biblical end-time conspiracy theorists also believe that left-leaning progressives who support the statehood of Palestine and criticize Israel’s policy in the Middle East are part of the coalition of the New World Order (NWO) forces of evil that will fight Israel and Jesus at the Second Coming.”

At the end of the last days, those who follow the pretend prophet will forgo their salvation.

For non-believers in the bible, the gospels or even in their divine creator; the reason to cheer Pope Francis might seem reasonable and optimistic. Such a standpoint will only hasten the globalist plan to place the world under the yoke of satanic rule.

The divination in scripture is under attack by the forces of universal governance. The absence of a comprehensive understanding in the history of religion is overwhelming. In another era the Medici chalice might be used to remove a pope. But when the poison drops come from the devil’s hand, the congregation gets the removal of faithful followers of Christ’s gospel.

When Francis addresses the United Nations and the U.S. Congress, he will have a world-wide audience to spread his Marxist economics and his global warming cult blasphemy.

Reflected from the Conservative dissent is brewing inside the Vatican, it becomes apparent that push back simmers under the surface.

“Conservatives counter that in the climate of rising liberal thought, they have been thrust unfairly into a position in which “defending the real teachings of the church makes you look like an enemy of the pope,” a senior Vatican official said on the condition of anonymity in order to speak freely.”

Is it not the function of a false prophet to teach an apostate version of doctrine? So what should the 1.2 billion proclaimed Catholics do when the current Pontiff goes off the rails from eternal practices?

Judging from the Pope’s public popularity, the throngs of the masses yearn for a message that creates an earthly paradise under the centralization of temporal authority. Missing in this seductive euphoria is that the devil is not just in the details, but that the Devil is actually the administrator of the consolidation of world government.

The temptation to eliminate cultural and national differences to subjugate societies, under an ecumenical regime for the entire planet, is the real meaning of an anti-Christ hell.

Pope Francis has marched to the beat of a Pharisee inspired methodology for a Luciferian controlled earth. If he is not the False Prophet of the apocalypse, he is making a fine effort to apply for the role.

The political significance of the turmoil within the Catholic conclave extends far beyond the walls of the Vatican. As the persecution of Christians accelerates around much of the world, the idea that Francis will be the saviour for mankind is preposterous.

Abandoning the true faith taught by Jesus Christ for social political correctness is a sermon preached by a sorcerer. Francis is more the vicar of Simon Magus than that of our Saviour. Beware of the enticement within the liberation theology of a Marxist cleric. The only way to reach redemption is by the grace of God through the blood of Christ’s crucifixion sacrifice.

The institution of the Catholic Church is less about spiritual salvation, but more about political power. Pope Francis is no John Paul II. Becoming a citizen of the world by deserting faith in God’s revelation is to worship the Tempter.

Source*

Related Topics:

This Month the U.N. Launches a Blueprint for NWO with the Help of the Pope*The New Pope!

Pope Criminalizes Vatican Leaks of Child Prostitution and Sexual Abuse*

Oh Dear Pope Francis*

Jesuit Pope Charged with Trafficking Orphans*

Fast-track Canonization of Popes John Paul II, XXIII and Francis Sponsored by the Financial Wing of the NWO*

Pope Francis Health and Resignation!?

Pope and the One World Religion?*

The Vatican and One World Government*

African Bishops against the Vatican Move to Destroy the Family*

Some Christians are Waking up to the Fact that they’ve been Had by Zionism*

Christians Are Going To Be Banned From Holding Many Jobs in America*

Parents Sue School over Son’s ‘Wi-Fi Allergy’*

Parents Sue School over Son’s ‘Wi-Fi Allergy’*

By Abby Haglage

High Low Frequencies Effect on the bodyA Massachusetts family is suing their son’s school because, they say, he has a condition called electromagnetic hypersensitivity. The thing making him sick, they claim? The school’s Wi-Fi.

In the spring of 2013, a young boy at a prestigious Massachusetts grade school began coming home with headaches, itchy skin, and a rash. It was a mild start to a mystery illness that would later bring serious symptoms—prompting his parents to sue the school over what, they believe, is making him ill: Wi-Fi.

According to the 45-page complaint filed this summer, G’s* symptoms always emerged during school hours, then slowly disappeared once he got home. On weekends and holidays, they were all but nonexistent; but as soon as he’d get back in the classroom, they would return. In 2014, they started to get worse. Headaches and itchy skin gave way to nosebleeds, dizziness, heart palpitations, and nausea.

When his condition stumped doctors, his parents “commenced research” of their own. According to the complaint, The Fay School, where G had been a student since 2009, had installed a stronger wireless Internet service in the spring of 2013—the same time he showed symptoms. After linking the two, his mother concluded that he had “electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS),” a host of symptoms allegedly caused by exposure to electromagnetic fields. Fay’s sophisticated Wi-Fi system, she decided, was making him sick.

G’s parents say Fay should switch to Ethernet or find a way to lower emissions in order to accommodate his EHS, which they argue is a disability. The case is unprecedented, not simply because two parents are suing a school over Wi-Fi, but that the condition at the crux of their case (EHS) remains, largely, a mystery. The decision has implications not just for New England schools’ Internet procedures, but the rest of America’s too.

***

EHS is an enigma, a condition that’s as controversial as it is vague. Many who suffer from it are self-diagnosed. Those that claim to have it exhibit a range of symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, rash, heart palpitations, digestive disturbances, and fatigue—all of which they attribute to electromagnetic fields.

Due to similar reactions that occurred when participants thought they were being exposed but were not, he hypothesizes that the problem may be more closely aligned with mental health.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has a “fact page” on its website that says, while EHS is not a “medical diagnosis,” that the symptoms are “certainly real,” and can cause people to “cease work and change their entire lifestyle.” Indeed, there have been stories worldwide of those with EHS being forced to retreat from society all together—like an Iowa woman whose husband built her a WiFi-free “cage” to live in West Virginia.

Overall, scientists don’t dispute that the symptoms are present. When patients who claim to have EHS are aware they are being exposed to EHS, they often do present negative reactions like the ones described above. Alone, those could be seen as proof that the condition is real. But in subsequent studies, when the patients are not told whether or not they are being exposed, the reaction is not the same.

In a 2010 paper published in the journal Bioelectromagnetics, Dr. James Rubin performed a systematic review of 46 different blind or double blind studies on 1,175 individuals who self-diagnosed as having EHS. He found “no evidence” that exposure to electromagnetic fields alone was the cause. Instead, due to similar reactions that occurred when participants thought they were being exposed but were not, he hypothesizes that the problem may be more closely aligned with mental health. “As sham exposure was sufficient to trigger severe symptoms in some participants, psychological factors may have an important role in causing this condition,” he writes.

In a February piece for The Guardian, Rubin attributes the symptoms to the “nocebo effect,” or the “tendency for people to feel unwell when they think they have been exposed to something hazardous.” For EHS he says that “believing that you are being exposed to electromagnetic fields (EMF)” is harmful, not the exposure itself. He blames this, in part, on the media, for perpetuating theories about EMF that have not been confirmed by science.

Bad Science Watch—an independent consumer protection watchdog in Canada—published a report on the topic in January 2013. Michael Kruse, chair of the organization’s Board of Directors, came to the same conclusion about symptoms.

“This is a condition that is mediated by the person’s perception of exposure, not actual exposure, which points to a somatoform, or psychosomatic in older terms, disorder,” Kruse tells me.

“This combined with no recognized mechanism for the physiological effects says that this condition is not caused by EMF, but has a different source.”

The diagnosis is not listed in the International Statistical Classification of Disease, the standard manual for accepted diagnoses, meaning that treatment options are limited. Krause says that some have had success treating the condition through cognitive behavioral therapy, but that many do not and must “continue to suffer and be socially isolated.”

Those who believe that EHS is caused directly by electromagnetic radiation, and not the perceived risk associated with it, point to a handful of studies. In the first, a study published in the International Journal of Neuroscience in 2011, researchers concluded that EHS is a “novel neurological syndrome.” “EMF hypersensitivity can occur as a bona fide environmentally inducible neurological syndrome,” the paper reads.

Another, also from 2011, is a study from European Journal of Oncology. In it, an electro-sensitivity expert named Dr. Magda Havas tested the effect of electromagnetic fields on the heart function of 25 individuals. In at least 10 of the subjects, exposure to EMF caused heart palpitations—one of the symptoms of EHS.

Several pages of G’s parents complaint against Fay revolve around the definition of EHS, and the proof that it is not a “speculative condition.” They note that the Indoor Environmental Quality by the United States Access Board has recognized electromagnetic sensitivities as a disability if they

“so severely impair the neurological, respiratory, or other functions of an individual that it substantially limits one or more of the individual’s major life activities.”

G’s situation, they write, should therefore qualify as a disability, and be given the same accommodations.

Isotrope concluded that Fay’s Wi-Fi emissions were “substantially less than one ten-thousandth of the applicable safety limits (federal and state).”

The lawsuit also cites a 2013 study from two Indian scientists that is mentioned in a book by Norm Alster titled Captured Agency. In the study, the authors concluded that:

“Based on current available literature, it is justified to conclude that… [electromagnetic fields]… can change neurotransmitter functions, blood-brain barrier, morphology, electrophysiology, cellular metabolism, calcium efflux, and gene and protein expression in certain types of cells even at lower intensities.”

Also included as evidence are multiple letters from doctors who believe that EHS is a direct result of electromagnetic fields, as well as one from Dr. Jeanne Hubbuch, officially diagnosing G with EHS. After noting his complaints of headaches, nausea, and dizziness—and the fact that his symptoms disappear at home—she writes:

“It is my opinion that G has electromagnetic fields hypersensitivity and should be accommodated in a reduced environment.”

Source*

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