Who Personally Owns the Land (Global) You Thought was Yours by Citizenry?*
Queen Elizabeth II, head of state of the United Kingdom and of 31 other states and territories. She is the legal owner of about 6,600 million acres of land, one sixth of the earth’s non ocean surface.
She is the only person on earth who owns whole countries, and who owns countries that are not her own domestic territory. This land ownership is separate from her role as head of state and is different from other monarchies where no such claim is made – Norway, Belgium, Denmark etc.
The value of her land holding. £17,600,000,000,000 (approx).
This makes her the richest individual on earth. However, there is no way easily to value her real estate. There is no current market in the land of entire countries. At a rough estimate of $5,000 an acre, and based on the sale of Alaska to the USA by the Tsar, and of Louisiana to the USA by France, the Queen’s land holding is worth a notional $33,000,000,000,000 (Thirty three trillion dollars or about £17,600,000,000,000). Her holding is based on the laws of the countries she owns and her land title is valid in all the countries she owns.
Her main holdings are:
- Canada, the 2nd largest country on earth, 2,467 million acres
All physical land in Canada is the property of the Crown, Queen Elisabeth 11. There is no provision in the Canada Act, or in the Constitution Act 1982 which amends it, for any Canadian to own any physical land in Canada. All that Canadians may hold, in conformity with medieval and feudal law, is “an interest in an estate in land in fee simple”. Land defined as ‘Crown land’ in Canada, and administered by the Federal Government and the Provinces, is merely land not ‘dedicated’ or assigned in freehold tenure. Freehold is tenure, not ownership. Freehold land is ‘held’ not ‘owned’.
Canada was colonised by the British from 1497. Subsequently, most of Canada fell under French control. In 1759, at the result of a single battle at Quebec, Britain took Canada from the French. In 1867 Canada became the first Crown colony to obtain self government within the Empire as a Dominion.
Throughout most of the 19th century, it was the stated policy of the American political parties to annex Canada. They were prevented from doing so only by the threat of British sea power. Canada is now, with Britain.
Canadians do not own land, they “hold” it, like in the U.S., and they are listed as “tenants” on the deed. All physical land in Canada is the property of the Crown, Queen Elisabeth II. There is no provision in the Canada Act, or in the Constitution Act 1982 which amends it, for any Canadian to own any physical land in Canada. All that Canadians may hold, in conformity with medieval and feudal law.
Australia, the 7th largest country on earth with 1,900 million acres
- In Australia, public lands are referred to as Crown land. Public lands includes land set aside for nature conservation and various government or public purposes, as well as vacant land. Public lands comprise around 23% of Australian land, of which the largest single category is vacant land, comprising 12.5% of the land.
Papua New Guinea with114 million acres
- Known as the British New Guinea Records, 1884–1906, the current monarch, since 16 September 1975, is Queen Elizabeth II, when Papua New Guinea (PNG) gained independence from Australia in 1975. At the same time Papua New Guinea became a member of the Queen’s Commonwealth. Their Constitution states:
- 2. The area of Papua New Guinea.
- (1) The area of Papua New Guinea consists of the area that, immediately before Independence Day, constituted what was then known as Papua New Guinea, together with all internal waters and the territorial sea and underlying lands, and, subject to disclaimer by resolution of the Parliament at or before the end of its next meeting, includes such neighbouring waters and such lands underlying any such waters, and such additional lands and waters, as are declared by the Head of State, acting with, and in accordance with, the advice of the National Executive Council, to be part of that area.
- The Head of State is Queen Elizabeth II.
- Land mass is under Indigenous customary ownership of 97% as decided in 1974, however their rights have been undermined due to its wealth in natural resources
New Zealand with 66 million acres
- Often a Māori chief would allow Europeans to settle on a piece of land in exchange for goods, but did not imagine that this meant granting them absolute ownership. Instead Māori saw it as a transfer of particular rights, while their own rights remained untouched. On eve of the Treaty of Waitangi (1840), Europeans claimed to own more than 66 million acres (27 million hectares) – more than the total area of the country.
- Before 1844 the Crown held pre-emption rights to the land, meaning that if a landowner wished to sell, they would first have to offer it to the Crown. . In the resulting case the Supreme Court ruled that the Crown had legal title to all land in New Zealand. Customary use was not enough to establish ownership.
- Hereditary monarch is the sovereign and head of state of New Zealand. he Crown is thus the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the New Zealand government. By 1939 only about 3.5 million acres (1.4 million hectares) of land remained in Māori title.
- From the Crown Minerals Bill (2012):
- The Bill amends the Crown Minerals Act 1991 with the aims of encouraging the development of Crown-owned minerals, streamlining and simplifying the regime and ensuring that better coordination of regulatory agencies can contribute to stringent health, safety and environmental standards in exploration and production activities.
U.K. with 60 million acres.
- The Crown Estate company hands all its profits to the Treasury, about 15% of which is then passed to the Queen according to the Guardian. The organisation began in 1760 when George II handed over management of the royal lands to the government.
- Fosse Shopping Park in Leicester
- All of the estate’s West End shops in London are let
- In Scotland farmland, coastal waters and the rights for renewable energy – wind, wave and tidal power plus carbon capture storage
- almost 120,000 hectares of agricultural land, plus the seabed around the U.K.
- Royal palaces e.g. Buckingham Palace, St James’s Palace, Kensington Palace and Windsor Castle, Balmoral and Sandringham
- Duchy of Lancaster (19,000 hectares), which made the Queen £7.3m before tax in 2000-01
- The Duchy of Cornwall (50,000 hectares)
- £800 million ($1.23 billion) worth of vacant properties in London
- The Bath Road Retail Park in Slough
And then of course there is the U.S.