Archive | May 18, 2016

S. African High Court Allows Largest Class Action for Miners*

S. African High Court Allows Largest Class Action for Miners*

By Dr. Marsha Coleman-Adebayo

Under colonialism and apartheid, South African miners have died by the tens of thousands from silicosis, and incurable lung disease. The rates of affliction “haven’t got any better since apartheid ended more than twenty years ago.” However, a High Court is allowing miners to sue for relief as a class.

“Up to a half-a million miners may be eligible to seek damages, a decision that could cost the mining industry millions.”

 “The claims involve not just South Africans but also thousands of former miners from neighboring countries such as Lesotho, Malawi and Swaziland.”

A South African High Court has paved the way for injured South African mine workers and families of those killed by illegal and brutal mining practices to file a class action suit against multinational mining concerns. This will be the largest class action suit in the history of South Africa.

The gold miners suffer from silicosis and tuberculosis. Up to a half-a million miners may be eligible to seek damages for potentially fatal lung diseases, a decision that could cost the mining industry millions.  This represents a substantial victory for South African mine workers who were the economic engine of the apartheid and post-apartheid South African economy. It is hoped that other mine workers, such as vanadium or platinum will be able to join the class action suit.

Judge Phineas Mojapelo’s courageous decision has financial analysts estimating that the lawsuit could cost the gold industry hundreds of millions of dollars.

Mojapelo’s ruling indicates that miners who died of diseases including silicosis and tuberculosis could be included in the suits – with any damages paid to their family members – and that each mining company should be held liable separately for any damages. This represents a small glimpse of justice for a beleaguered community that literally endured gruesome death to provide the West with minerals that fueled its economy. Judge Mojapelo wrote:

“We hold the view that in the context of this case, class action is the only realistic option through which most mine workers can assert their claims effectively against the mining companies.”

Silicosis is an incurable occupational lung disease caused by inhaling silica dust from gold-bearing rocks. It causes inflammation of scarring in the form of nodular lesions in the upper lobes of the lungs thus causing shortness of breath, a persistent cough, chest pains and makes people highly susceptible to tuberculosis.

“This represents a small glimpse of justice for a beleaguered community that literally endured gruesome death to provide the West with minerals that fueled its economy.”

The class action suits, which have little precedent in South African law, have their roots in a landmark 2011 ruling by the Constitutional Court that for the first time allowed lung-diseased miners to sue employers for damages.  The claims, which stretch back decades, involve not just South Africans but also thousands of former miners from neighbouring countries such as Lesotho, Malawi and Swaziland.

The defendants in the case include some of the world’s biggest extractive producers, such as: Anglo American, Africa’s top bullion producer AngloGold Ashanti, Gold Fields, Harmony Gold, Sibanye Gold and African Rainbow Minerals (ARM), all of which have together formed the Occupational Lung Disease (OLD) Working Group to deal with such issues.

Shamefully but predictably, the OLD issued a statement that the gold firms were studying the judgment and would decide at a later date whether to appeal the verdict.

For many of the miners who contracted fatal silicosis and tuberculosis in South Africa’s gold mines, this is a bitter -sweet victory.

Since 2012, 13 of the 68 mineworkers who brought this court case against the mining industry have died.

One case in point, “Matela Hlabathe and Vuyani Elliot Dwadube listen to the judgment in court. Hlabathe got sick with TB three times while working underground for 36 years. He received R39,000  which is equivalent to US  $2,942.62 compensation. Dwadube worked for Harmony Gold for 16 years before being retrenched [fired] in 1995. He has TB but has never received compensation.”

“Since 2012, 13 of the 68 mineworkers who brought this court case against the mining industry have died.”

As of 2007, the South African mining industry employs 493,000 workers. The industry represents 18% of South Africa’s $588 billion USD Gross Domestic Product.

Gold was found in the Witwatersrand in the late 1800s and sparked a gold rush that transformed South Africa’s largely agricultural economy into a powerhouse that fueled the industrial revolution in the West.  During the 20th century, the mining sector represented over 20 percent of South Africa’s GDP, including gold. The foundation of South Africa’s wealth was built on the backs of black miners and their families. South African apartheid was undergirded by the suffering of black miners who worked in the mines as cheap labor.

Racial segregation in the mining industry was a crucial element in the racist policies that culminated in decades of apartheid rule.  Despite the risks, millions of black migrant workers from rural South Africa and neighboring states flooded the mines as cheap labour.

Until 1993, white miners were paid higher compensation for silicosis-related illnesses. According to Jock McCulloch, a researcher on silicosis-related illness “silicosis rates were vastly underestimated among black miners for decades.”  Further, he offers “the rates haven’t got any better since apartheid ended more than twenty years ago.

South African physician advocate Dr. Rhett Kahn says companies were “motivated by greed” to underplay the impact of silicosis.  “It’s as bad as it was during apartheid,” says Kahn.

Marcus Low, head of policy at Treatment Action Campaign (TAC), expressed the horror of the situation: “Over the past five decades gold mining companies in South Africa sent hundreds of thousands of men into mines without taking the required steps to protect those men from inhaling dangerous levels of silicosis-causing dust… This case is about whether or not we accept a society in which such cruelties are perpetrated. It is about whether we will continue to turn a blind eye to this ugly scar that runs through our history. It is about whether there will be justice for the hundreds of thousands of men who died of silicosis or who got sick with silicosis because of the indifference of mining companies.”


Related Topics:

South African Miner’s Strike continues Despite Threats of More Layoffs

South Africa’s Platinum Miners Resume Rothschild’s Work*

A Reminder Why South African Mineworkers have a Right to Strike*

Rothschild’s Anglo American to Sell South African Mines*

South Africa Delays Court Decision on Black Ownership of Mines*

BRICS Under Attack: NWO Tentacles Extending into South Africa*

Queen’s Speech: Tories Push Ahead with Controversial Plan to Scrap Human Rights Act*

Queen’s Speech: Tories Push Ahead with Controversial Plan to Scrap Human Rights Act*

Britain’s Queen Elizabeth sits on the throne as she waits for members of the House of Commons to arrive before reading the Queen’s Speech during the State Opening of Parliament in the House of Lords in London, Britain May 18, 2016. © Alastair Grant / Reuters

Human rights groups have condemned Tory plans outlined in the Queen’s Speech to scrap the Human Rights Act (HRA) and replace it with a British Bill of Rights.

Queen Elizabeth II announced the government’s plans to ditch the HRA during the official state opening of parliament on Wednesday.

Proposals will be brought forward for a British Bill of Rights,” the Queen said, in the speech written by the Tory government.

Civil rights group Liberty described the move as “worthy of the Donald Trump campaign trail,” while Amnesty International U.K. urged the government to “leave the Human Rights Act alone.”

More than six years have passed since Prime Minister David Cameron first mooted the idea of scrapping the HRA. Despite gaining a majority of parliamentary seats in last year’s general election, the PM sidelined the British Bill of Rights in order to focus on holding a referendum on Britain’s membership of the EU.

Contrary to earlier plans, the bill will not result in Britain quitting the European Court of Justice (ECJ), located in Strasbourg. Rather, it draws from a compromise tabled by Justice Secretary Michael Gove.

Britain will continue to subscribe to the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), meaning foreign terrorists and criminals will retain the right to have their cases heard by European judges.

However, when British judges disagree with their counterparts in Strasbourg, the U.K. will retain the right to overrule Europe’s judgments.

In attacking the government’s announcement on Wednesday, civil liberties group Liberty quoted families of British servicewomen who died under suspicious circumstances and whose deaths were only investigated properly thanks to the HRA.

Des James, whose daughter Private Cheryl James was found dead with a bullet wound at Deepcut Barracks in 1995, said the HRA was crucial to securing the release of evidence and a “wide-ranging inquest.

“The state has every interest in preventing light from being shone into dark corners,” Des James said.

The act allows ordinary people to challenge the power of the state.”

The fact that the establishment doesn’t like that very much simply shows that the act is working,” he added.

Corporal Anne-Marie Ellement killed herself in 2011 after alleging two of her colleagues raped her.

Ellement’s family used the HRA to gain a fresh inquest into the death, which exposed the extent of bullying and harassment she endured prior to her death.

Her sister, Sharon Hardy, said:

I am one of the many relatives of servicemen and women who have used the act to secure justice for the loved ones we’ve lost. It is outrageous and disrespectful to all those who serve our country for this Government to use the language of ‘protecting our troops’ to sell shameful proposals that will do the absolute opposite.”

Kate Allen, U.K. director for Amnesty International, cited the role the HRA played in an inquest into the Hillsborough disaster, in which 96 football fans were killed due to police negligence.

Hillsborough shows how vital the Human Rights Act is to ordinary people when all other avenues of justice fail. We mustn’t let politicians tear up those hard-won protections,” Allen said.


Related Topics:

Quest to Kill Human Rights Act in U.K.*

The Pathological State of Britain*

Cameron et al Vote against Law to Ensure Housing ‘fit for humans’*

Get a Dose of Humanity from the Poorest President Worldwide*

Humanity at the Crossroads: The Crisis in Spiritual Consciousness

To be Fully Human*

Morgan Freeman’s Message to Life, Consciousness & Humanity

And One Ring to Bind Them All*