Archive | April 19, 2017

Your Brain is not a Computer*

Your Brain is not a Computer*

By Robert Epstein

No matter how hard they try, brain scientists and cognitive psychologists will never find a copy of Beethoven’s 5th Symphony in the brain – or copies of words, pictures, grammatical rules or any other kinds of environmental stimuli. The human brain isn’t really empty, of course. But it does not contain most of the things people think it does – not even simple things such as ‘memories’.

Our shoddy thinking about the brain has deep historical roots, but the invention of computers in the 1940s got us especially confused. For more than half a century now, psychologists, linguists, neuroscientists and other experts on human behaviour have been asserting that the human brain works like a computer.

To see how vacuous this idea is, consider the brains of babies. Thanks to evolution, human neonates, like the newborns of all other mammalian species, enter the world prepared to interact with it effectively. A baby’s vision is blurry, but it pays special attention to faces, and is quickly able to identify its mother’s. It prefers the sound of voices to non-speech sounds, and can distinguish one basic speech sound from another. We are, without doubt, built to make social connections.

A healthy newborn is also equipped with more than a dozen reflexes – ready-made reactions to certain stimuli that are important for its survival. It turns its head in the direction of something that brushes its cheek and then sucks whatever enters its mouth. It holds its breath when submerged in water. It grasps things placed in its hands so strongly it can nearly support its own weight. Perhaps most important, newborns come equipped with powerful learning mechanisms that allow them to change rapidly so they can interact increasingly effectively with their world, even if that world is unlike the one their distant ancestors faced.

Senses, reflexes and learning mechanisms – this is what we start with, and it is quite a lot, when you think about it. If we lacked any of these capabilities at birth, we would probably have trouble surviving.

But here is what we are not born with: information, data, rules, software, knowledge, lexicons, representations, algorithms, programs, models, memories, images, processors, subroutines, encoders, decoders, symbols, or buffers – design elements that allow digital computers to behave somewhat intelligently. Not only are we not born with such things, we also don’t develop them – ever.

We don’t store words or the rules that tell us how to manipulate them. We don’t create representations of visual stimuli, store them in a short-term memory buffer, and then transfer the representation into a long-term memory device. We don’t retrieve information or images or words from memory registers. Computers do all of these things, but organisms do not.

Computers, quite literally, process information – numbers, letters, words, formulas, images. The information first has to be encoded into a format computers can use, which means patterns of ones and zeroes (‘bits’) organised into small chunks (‘bytes’). On my computer, each byte contains 64 bits, and a certain pattern of those bits stands for the letter d, another for the letter o, and another for the letter g. Side by side, those three bytes form the word dog. One single image – say, the photograph of my cat Henry on my desktop – is represented by a very specific pattern of a million of these bytes (‘one megabyte’), surrounded by some special characters that tell the computer to expect an image, not a word.

Computers, quite literally, move these patterns from place to place in different physical storage areas etched into electronic components. Sometimes they also copy the patterns, and sometimes they transform them in various ways – say, when we are correcting errors in a manuscript or when we are touching up a photograph. The rules computers follow for moving, copying and operating on these arrays of data are also stored inside the computer. Together, a set of rules is called a ‘program’ or an ‘algorithm’. A group of algorithms that work together to help us do something (like buy stocks or find a date online) is called an ‘application’ – what most people now call an ‘app’.

Forgive me for this introduction to computing, but I need to be clear: computers really do operate on symbolic representations of the world. They really store and retrieve. They really process. They really have physical memories. They really are guided in everything they do, without exception, by algorithms.

Humans, on the other hand, do not – never did, never will. Given this reality, why do so many scientists talk about our mental life as if we were computers?

In his book In Our Own Image (2015), the artificial intelligence expert George Zarkadakis describes six different metaphors people have employed over the past 2,000 years to try to explain human intelligence.

In the earliest one, eventually preserved in the Bible, humans were formed from clay or dirt, which an intelligent god then infused with its spirit. That spirit ‘explained’ our intelligence – grammatically, at least.

The invention of hydraulic engineering in the 3rd century BCE led to the popularity of a hydraulic model of human intelligence, the idea that the flow of different fluids in the body – the ‘humours’ – accounted for both our physical and mental functioning. The hydraulic metaphor persisted for more than 1,600 years, handicapping medical practice all the while.

By the 1500s, automata powered by springs and gears had been devised, eventually inspiring leading thinkers such as René Descartes to assert that humans are complex machines. In the 1600s, the British philosopher Thomas Hobbes suggested that thinking arose from small mechanical motions in the brain. By the 1700s, discoveries about electricity and chemistry led to new theories of human intelligence – again, largely metaphorical in nature. In the mid-1800s, inspired by recent advances in communications, the German physicist Hermann von Helmholtz compared the brain to a telegraph.

The mathematician John von Neumann stated flatly that the function of the human nervous system is ‘prima facie digital’, drawing parallel after parallel between the components of the computing machines of the day and the components of the human brain

Each metaphor reflected the most advanced thinking of the era that spawned it. Predictably, just a few years after the dawn of computer technology in the 1940s, the brain was said to operate like a computer, with the role of physical hardware played by the brain itself and our thoughts serving as software. The landmark event that launched what is now broadly called ‘cognitive science’ was the publication of Language and Communication (1951) by the psychologist George Miller. Miller proposed that the mental world could be studied rigorously using concepts from information theory, computation and linguistics.

This kind of thinking was taken to its ultimate expression in the short book The Computer and the Brain (1958), in which the mathematician John von Neumann stated flatly that the function of the human nervous system is ‘prima facie digital’. Although he acknowledged that little was actually known about the role the brain played in human reasoning and memory, he drew parallel after parallel between the components of the computing machines of the day and the components of the human brain.

Propelled by subsequent advances in both computer technology and brain research, an ambitious multidisciplinary effort to understand human intelligence gradually developed, firmly rooted in the idea that humans are, like computers, information processors. This effort now involves thousands of researchers, consumes billions of dollars in funding, and has generated a vast literature consisting of both technical and mainstream articles and books. Ray Kurzweil’s book How to Create a Mind: The Secret of Human Thought Revealed (2013), exemplifies this perspective, speculating about the ‘algorithms’ of the brain, how the brain ‘processes data’, and even how it superficially resembles integrated circuits in its structure.

The information processing (IP) metaphor of human intelligence now dominates human thinking, both on the street and in the sciences. There is virtually no form of discourse about intelligent human behaviour that proceeds without employing this metaphor, just as no form of discourse about intelligent human behaviour could proceed in certain eras and cultures without reference to a spirit or deity. The validity of the IP metaphor in today’s world is generally assumed without question.

But the IP metaphor is, after all, just another metaphor – a story we tell to make sense of something we don’t actually understand. And like all the metaphors that preceded it, it will certainly be cast aside at some point – either replaced by another metaphor or, in the end, replaced by actual knowledge.

Just over a year ago, on a visit to one of the world’s most prestigious research institutes, I challenged researchers there to account for intelligent human behaviour without reference to any aspect of the IP metaphor. They couldn’t do it, and when I politely raised the issue in subsequent email communications, they still had nothing to offer months later. They saw the problem. They didn’t dismiss the challenge as trivial. But they couldn’t offer an alternative. In other words, the IP metaphor is ‘sticky’. It encumbers our thinking with language and ideas that are so powerful we have trouble thinking around them.

The faulty logic of the IP metaphor is easy enough to state. It is based on a faulty syllogism – one with two reasonable premises and a faulty conclusion. Reasonable premise #1: all computers are capable of behaving intelligently. Reasonable premise #2: all computers are information processors. Faulty conclusion: all entities that are capable of behaving intelligently are information processors.

Setting aside the formal language, the idea that humans must be information processors just because computers are information processors is just plain silly, and when, someday, the IP metaphor is finally abandoned, it will almost certainly be seen that way by historians, just as we now view the hydraulic and mechanical metaphors to be silly.

If the IP metaphor is so silly, why is it so sticky? What is stopping us from brushing it aside, just as we might brush aside a branch that was blocking our path? Is there a way to understand human intelligence without leaning on a flimsy intellectual crutch? And what price have we paid for leaning so heavily on this particular crutch for so long? The IP metaphor, after all, has been guiding the writing and thinking of a large number of researchers in multiple fields for decades. At what cost?

In a classroom exercise I have conducted many times over the years, I begin by recruiting a student to draw a detailed picture of a dollar bill – ‘as detailed as possible’, I say – on the blackboard in front of the room. When the student has finished, I cover the drawing with a sheet of paper, remove a dollar bill from my wallet, tape it to the board, and ask the student to repeat the task. When he or she is done, I remove the cover from the first drawing, and the class comments on the differences.

Because you might never have seen a demonstration like this, or because you might have trouble imagining the outcome, I have asked Jinny Hyun, one of the student interns at the institute where I conduct my research, to make the two drawings. Here is her drawing ‘from memory’ (notice the metaphor):

And here is the drawing she subsequently made with a dollar bill present:

Jinny was as surprised by the outcome as you probably are, but it is typical. As you can see, the drawing made in the absence of the dollar bill is horrible compared with the drawing made from an exemplar, even though Jinny has seen a dollar bill thousands of times.

What is the problem? Don’t we have a ‘representation’ of the dollar bill ‘stored’ in a ‘memory register’ in our brains? Can’t we just ‘retrieve’ it and use it to make our drawing?

Obviously not, and a thousand years of neuroscience will never locate a representation of a dollar bill stored inside the human brain for the simple reason that it is not there to be found.

The idea that memories are stored in individual neurons is preposterous: how and where is the memory stored in the cell?

A wealth of brain studies tells us, in fact, that multiple and sometimes large areas of the brain are often involved in even the most mundane memory tasks. When strong emotions are involved, millions of neurons can become more active. In a 2016 study of survivors of a plane crash by the University of Toronto neuropsychologist Brian Levine and others, recalling the crash increased neural activity in ‘the amygdala, medial temporal lobe, anterior and posterior midline, and visual cortex’ of the passengers.

The idea, advanced by several scientists, that specific memories are somehow stored in individual neurons is preposterous; if anything, that assertion just pushes the problem of memory to an even more challenging level: how and where, after all, is the memory stored in the cell?

So what is occurring when Jinny draws the dollar bill in its absence? If Jinny had never seen a dollar bill before, her first drawing would probably have not resembled the second drawing at all. Having seen dollar bills before, she was changed in some way. Specifically, her brain was changed in a way that allowed her to visualise a dollar bill – that is, to re-experience seeing a dollar bill, at least to some extent.

The difference between the two diagrams reminds us that visualising something (that is, seeing something in its absence) is far less accurate than seeing something in its presence. This is why we’re much better at recognising than recalling. When we re-member something (from the Latin re, ‘again’, and memorari, ‘be mindful of’), we have to try to relive an experience; but when we recognise something, we must merely be conscious of the fact that we have had this perceptual experience before.

Perhaps you will object to this demonstration. Jinny had seen dollar bills before, but she hadn’t made a deliberate effort to ‘memorise’ the details. Had she done so, you might argue, she could presumably have drawn the second image without the bill being present. Even in this case, though, no image of the dollar bill has in any sense been ‘stored’ in Jinny’s brain. She has simply become better prepared to draw it accurately, just as, through practice, a pianist becomes more skilled in playing a concerto without somehow inhaling a copy of the sheet music.

From this simple exercise, we can begin to build the framework of a metaphor-free theory of intelligent human behaviour – one in which the brain isn’t completely empty, but is at least empty of the baggage of the IP metaphor.

As we navigate through the world, we are changed by a variety of experiences. Of special note are experiences of three types:

(1) we observe what is happening around us (other people behaving, sounds of music, instructions directed at us, words on pages, images on screens);

(2) we are exposed to the pairing of unimportant stimuli (such as sirens) with important stimuli (such as the appearance of police cars);

(3) we are punished or rewarded for behaving in certain ways.

We become more effective in our lives if we change in ways that are consistent with these experiences – if we can now recite a poem or sing a song, if we are able to follow the instructions we are given, if we respond to the unimportant stimuli more like we do to the important stimuli, if we refrain from behaving in ways that were punished, if we behave more frequently in ways that were rewarded.

Misleading headlines notwithstanding, no one really has the slightest idea how the brain changes after we have learned to sing a song or recite a poem. But neither the song nor the poem has been ‘stored’ in it. The brain has simply changed in an orderly way that now allows us to sing the song or recite the poem under certain conditions. When called on to perform, neither the song nor the poem is in any sense ‘retrieved’ from anywhere in the brain, any more than my finger movements are ‘retrieved’ when I tap my finger on my desk. We simply sing or recite – no retrieval necessary.

A few years ago, I asked the neuroscientist Eric Kandel of Columbia University – winner of a Nobel Prize for identifying some of the chemical changes that take place in the neuronal synapses of the Aplysia (a marine snail) after it learns something – how long he thought it would take us to understand how human memory works. He quickly replied: ‘A hundred years.’ I didn’t think to ask him whether he thought the IP metaphor was slowing down neuroscience, but some neuroscientists are indeed beginning to think the unthinkable – that the metaphor is not indispensable.

A few cognitive scientists – notably Anthony Chemero of the University of Cincinnati, the author of Radical Embodied Cognitive Science (2009) – now completely reject the view that the human brain works like a computer. The mainstream view is that we, like computers, make sense of the world by performing computations on mental representations of it, but Chemero and others describe another way of understanding intelligent behaviour – as a direct interaction between organisms and their world.

My favourite example of the dramatic difference between the IP perspective and what some now call the ‘anti-representational’ view of human functioning involves two different ways of explaining how a baseball player manages to catch a fly ball – beautifully explicated by Michael McBeath, now at Arizona State University, and his colleagues in a 1995 paper in Science. The IP perspective requires the player to formulate an estimate of various initial conditions of the ball’s flight – the force of the impact, the angle of the trajectory, that kind of thing – then to create and analyse an internal model of the path along which the ball will likely move, then to use that model to guide and adjust motor movements continuously in time in order to intercept the ball.

That is all well and good if we functioned as computers do, but McBeath and his colleagues gave a simpler account: to catch the ball, the player simply needs to keep moving in a way that keeps the ball in a constant visual relationship with respect to home plate and the surrounding scenery (technically, in a ‘linear optical trajectory’). This might sound complicated, but it is actually incredibly simple, and completely free of computations, representations and algorithms.

we will never have to worry about a human mind going amok in cyberspace, and we will never achieve immortality through downloading

Two determined psychology professors at Leeds Beckett University in the U.K. – Andrew Wilson and Sabrina Golonka – include the baseball example among many others that can be looked at simply and sensibly outside the IP framework. They have been blogging for years about what they call a ‘more coherent, naturalised approach to the scientific study of human behaviour… at odds with the dominant cognitive neuroscience approach’. This is far from a movement, however; the mainstream cognitive sciences continue to wallow uncritically in the IP metaphor, and some of the world’s most influential thinkers have made grand predictions about humanity’s future that depend on the validity of the metaphor.

One prediction – made by the futurist Kurzweil, the physicist Stephen Hawking and the neuroscientist Randal Koene, among others – is that, because human consciousness is supposedly like computer software, it will soon be possible to download human minds to a computer, in the circuits of which we will become immensely powerful intellectually and, quite possibly, immortal. This concept drove the plot of the dystopian movie Transcendence (2014) starring Johnny Depp as the Kurzweil-like scientist whose mind was downloaded to the internet – with disastrous results for humanity.

Fortunately, because the IP metaphor is not even slightly valid, we will never have to worry about a human mind going amok in cyberspace; alas, we will also never achieve immortality through downloading. This is not only because of the absence of consciousness software in the brain; there is a deeper problem here – let’s call it the uniqueness problem – which is both inspirational and depressing.

Because neither ‘memory banks’ nor ‘representations’ of stimuli exist in the brain, and because all that is required for us to function in the world is for the brain to change in an orderly way as a result of our experiences, there is no reason to believe that any two of us are changed the same way by the same experience. If you and I attend the same concert, the changes that occur in my brain when I listen to Beethoven’s 5th will almost certainly be completely different from the changes that occur in your brain. Those changes, whatever they are, are built on the unique neural structure that already exists, each structure having developed over a lifetime of unique experiences.

This is why, as Sir Frederic Bartlett demonstrated in his book Remembering (1932), no two people will repeat a story they have heard the same way and why, over time, their recitations of the story will diverge more and more. No ‘copy’ of the story is ever made; rather, each individual, upon hearing the story, changes to some extent – enough so that when asked about the story later (in some cases, days, months or even years after Bartlett first read them the story) – they can re-experience hearing the story to some extent, although not very well (see the first drawing of the dollar bill, above).

This is inspirational, I suppose, because it means that each of us is truly unique, not just in our genetic makeup, but even in the way our brains change over time. It is also depressing, because it makes the task of the neuroscientist daunting almost beyond imagination. For any given experience, orderly change could involve a thousand neurons, a million neurons or even the entire brain, with the pattern of change different in every brain.

Worse still, even if we had the ability to take a snapshot of all of the brain’s 86 billion neurons and then to simulate the state of those neurons in a computer, that vast pattern would mean nothing outside the body of the brain that produced it. This is perhaps the most egregious way in which the IP metaphor has distorted our thinking about human functioning. Whereas computers do store exact copies of data – copies that can persist unchanged for long periods of time, even if the power has been turned off – the brain maintains our intellect only as long as it remains alive. There is no on-off switch. Either the brain keeps functioning, or we disappear. What’s more, as the neurobiologist Steven Rose pointed out in The Future of the Brain (2005), a snapshot of the brain’s current state might also be meaningless unless we knew the entire life history of that brain’s owner – perhaps even about the social context in which he or she was raised.

Think how difficult this problem is. To understand even the basics of how the brain maintains the human intellect, we might need to know not just the current state of all 86 billion neurons and their 100 trillion interconnections, not just the varying strengths with which they are connected, and not just the states of more than 1,000 proteins that exist at each connection point, but how the moment-to-moment activity of the brain contributes to the integrity of the system. Add to this the uniqueness of each brain, brought about in part because of the uniqueness of each person’s life history, and Kandel’s prediction starts to sound overly optimistic. (In a recent op-ed in The New York Times, the neuroscientist Kenneth Miller suggested it will take ‘centuries’ just to figure out basic neuronal connectivity.)

Meanwhile, vast sums of money are being raised for brain research, based in some cases on faulty ideas and promises that cannot be kept. The most blatant instance of neuroscience gone awry, documented recently in a report in Scientific American, concerns the $1.3 billion Human Brain Project launched by the European Union in 2013. Convinced by the charismatic Henry Markram that he could create a simulation of the entire human brain on a supercomputer by the year 2023, and that such a model would revolutionise the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease and other disorders, E.U. officials funded his project with virtually no restrictions. Less than two years into it, the project turned into a ‘brain wreck’, and Markram was asked to step down.

We are organisms, not computers. Get over it. Let’s get on with the business of trying to understand ourselves, but without being encumbered by unnecessary intellectual baggage. The IP metaphor has had a half-century run, producing few, if any, insights along the way. The time has come to hit the DELETE key.

Source*

Related Topics:

Your brain does not process information, or…*

The Brain-Shrinking Effects of a Junk Food Diet*

Neuroscientists Discover New ‘mini-neural computer’ in the Brain*

Parents Told Five Times to Abort Boy with ‘no brain’ and Now He’s a Thriving 4-year-old*

MRI Study Shows Spaceflight Physically Changes Astronauts’ Brains*

How Lying Takes our Brains Down a slippery slope*

Apple’s New ‘Wireless’ Headphones Emit Radiation … Right Next to Your Brain*

Mental Illness and the Gut-Brain Connection*

Common Drugs, Including Benadryl And Xanax, Cause Brain Atrophy And Increase The Risk Of Alzheimer and Dementia*

Dissected Open Brains of Nazi Victims Discovered in German Psychiatric Institute*

Music Training Speeds Up Brain Development in Children*

Scientists Discover what Traditional and Alternative Health Practitioners Know, the Immune System is Connected to the Brain*

MKUltra in Norway: Researcher Put Electrodes in People’s Brains for the U.S. Government*

CIA Mind Control: The Philadelphia Experiment on Americans

U.K. Scientists Use Brain Stimulation to ‘Make You Stop Believing In God’*

Study Finds Antipsychotic Drugs Shrinks the Brain*

’Brain-eating amoeba’ kills Texas Teen Training for the Olympics*

Modern Parenting is Preventing Brain Development*

Aborted Baby’s Heart was Beating as the Brain was Harvested*

Similarities between the Brain and the Universe*

$63 Million to Brain-Damaged Victims of Swine Flu Vaccine*

Media Multi-Tasking Shrinks the Brain and Causes Mood Swings*

Antidepressants Change the Functionality of the Brain*

It’s a Myth that We Only Use 10% of Our Brains*

 

Advertisements

U.K. Brexit Election 08 June 2017*

U.K. Brexit Election 08 June 2017*

A Very British Dictatorship

e.g. West Suffolk all 7 regions voted €U Out!

Tory MP Matthew Handcock campaigned to Remain. UKIP have no substantial representatives, nor leadership, but what other choice do I have? Corbyn’s a decent chap non war monger, but shadowed by LGBT political correctness gone mad and panders to the ever tedious anti-Semite lobby which is in effect international cultural Marxism. Lib-Dem Tim Farron is an odious joke.

The U.K. promotes freedom and democracy by interfering into foreign nation states and lies about Syria. Plus there’s incarcerating whistle blowers like Melanie Shaw who gets raped as a child and put imprison for talking about it.

Source*

Related Topics:

E.U. Military Union Is Budgetary Union*

U.K. Parliament Rejects Lords Amendments to Brexit Bill*

Brexit Officially Begins*

Global Power and the History of Trusts

U.K. PM Bows to Pressure to Spell out ‘Brexit Plan’ Details*

Sharp Increase in British Jews Applying for Portuguese Citizenship after Brexit*

The Lies of Brexit*

Brexit: 2 Minute Pound Crash ‘Suspicious’ Says Bank of England*

Legal Documents in High Court Case Reveal anti-Brexit Strategy*

Northern Ireland Activist Mounts Legal Challenge against Brexit*

E.U. Begins to Fracture post-BREXIT*

E.U. Blocks Brexit with a €25bn Debt*

Leaked E.U. Document Reveals Plans for Superstate after Brexit*

Brexit Hit the Perpetrators of Fukushima Meltdowns*

 

 

Proof that “World Government” is Banker Tyranny*

Proof that “World Government” is Banker Tyranny*

Rothschild agent Col. E.M. House with puppet Woodrow Wilson

 

We revisit the “Col. E.M. House Report”, (1919), a chilling 10-page document which proved the League of Nations was a facade for “British” (i.e. Masonic Jewish) imperialism. “The League is in substance the Empire with America admitted on the same basis as our other colonies.”

The report oozes contempt for Americans and reveals the “system of thought control” the bankers employed almost 100 years ago. These goals and methods have not changed. If ever we needed proof that democracy is a charade, this is it.

By Henry Makow Ph.D

In 1919, the Rothschild-dominated Bank of England planned to trick the United States into becoming a “British” colony again by joining the League of Nations. The League of the Nations, like the “British Empire”, was the bankers’ fiefdom, and this strategem would merely formalize a colonial status which already existed.

The bankers took over the U.S. during the Teddy Roosevelt Administration (1901-1909) when Rothschild front J.P. Morgan alone controlled 25% of American business.

The “Col. E.M. House Report”, is a chilling 10-page “progress report” dated June 10, 1919 which proves the League of Nations was an aborted attempt at world government and a facade for banker tyranny. The Report reveals the reality and the tactics behind the United Nations and globalization.

House writes: “We have wrapped this plan in the peace treaty so that the world must accept from us the League or a continuance of the war. The League is in substance the Empire with America admitted on the same basis as our other colonies.”

The report oozes contempt for Americans and reveals the deceitful methods international finance employed almost 100 years ago to bring about world government. These goals and methods have not changed. If ever we needed proof of an elite conspiracy to subvert and enslave us, this is it.

Puppet Master 

The author is Col. Edward Mandell House (1858-1938), the Rothschild agent who secretly directed U.S. affairs during the Woodrow Wilson administration. Col. House was known as Wilson’s friend and “alter ego.” (He had not served in the military and the term “Colonel” was merely honorary.) The report is addressed to British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, whose career was made as a lawyer for the World Zionist Organization.

Rep. Jacob Thorkelson (1876-1945) introduced The House Report to Congress in Oct.1939 and published it in the Congressional Record (Oct. 13 1939, pp.598-604). Attempts to delete it were thwarted. The complete text is available on line.
The report details Col. House’s progress in preparing “for the peaceful return of the American colonies to the dominion of the Crown.”

“Crown” refers to the owners of the Bank of England. Their identities are an official secret. According to E.C. Knuth, the “international financial oligarchy uses the allegoric ‘Crown’ as its symbol of power and has its headquarter in the ancient city of London…the giant Bank of England, a privately owned institution… is not subject to regulation by the British parliament and is in effect a sovereign world power.” (The Empire of the City, p. 59)

Col. House continues: The “peaceful return of the American colonies” can only be brought about with “the consent of the dominant group of the controlling clans.”

Col. House relates how these classes are being taught to accept “British” leadership. He details how the universities and press are staffed by “British-born” or Canadians.

“Through the Red Cross, the Scout movement, the YMCA, the church, and other humane, religious, and quasi religious organizations, we have created an atmosphere of international effort which strengthens the idea of unity of the English speaking world.”

The Overseas Clubs, service clubs, and war charities “enable us to pervade all sections and classes of the country.”

We “hold all American newspapers as isolated from the non-American world as if they had been in another planet instead of another hemisphere. The realization of this by the Associated Press and the other universal news gatherers, except Hearst, was most helpful in bringing only our point of view to the papers they served.”

He boasts that the United States “while still maintaining an outward show of independence” is identical with other colonies in its relationship to the Crown. “Has not President Wilson cancelled the big Navy program and dutifully conceded to us the command of the seas?”

He boasts that “the Anglo American alliance” has become “the unchallenged financiers of the world.”

He congratulates “our fiscal agents Messrs Pierpont Morgan & Company” for “putting this country into the war.” They exert “widespread influence on newspaper policy” through advertising and lent $200,000,000 to Japan to build a fleet to compete with America (making the U.S still more dependent on England.)

Col. House boasts that the “Crown” used money lent by the U.S. government for war purposes to buy up oil fields in California, Mexico and Latin America.

The war has made us custodians of the greater part of the world’s raw materials… [We] now largely control the oil fields of the world and thereby the world’s transportation and industry.”
The League of Nations Ruse

The pressing issue now is to “transfer its dangerous sovereignty from this colony to the custody of the Crown. We must, in short, now bring America within the Empire.”

The first step was Wilson’s plan for the League of Nations “which we prepared for him.”

“The plain people of this country are inveterate and incurable hero worshippers,” Col. House explains. They easily can be manipulated by a man with a slogan that expresses their “undefined aspirations.”

Afterwards, they will trust the sloganeer no matter what he does. Wilson has gained this trust and this accounts for “his exceptional usefulness to us.”

“Any abrupt change might startle the ignorant American masses and rouse them to action against it. And us. Our best policy therefore would be to appoint President Wilson the first president of the League… he will be able to satisfy [Americans] that far from surrendering their independence to the League, they are actually extending their sovereignty by it…”

Foreshadowing The Patriot Act, Col. House says Woodrow Wilson “alone can father an anti-Bolshevik act which judicially interpreted will enable appropriate punitive measures to be applied to any American who may be unwise enough to assert that America must once again declare her independence.”

Col. House goes into great detail about how Wilson must be massaged and manipulated. Many people think someone else wrote this Report but only Edward Mandell House knew Wilson this well.

For example he says Wilson “is easily slighted and remarkably vindictive.” The new British ambassador should be a “Wilson worshipper” and “a gentleman-in-waiting to the President.” He lists the gifts Wilson already has been given.
“Our Entire System of Thought Control” Is At Work

Col. House suggests staging the first session of the League of Nations in Washington.

“This will convince these simple people that they are the League and its power resides in them.”

He recommends a “series of spectacles by which the mob may be diverted from any attempt to think too much of matters beyond their province.”

“While awaiting these diversions for the vulgar, we are incessantly instructing them in the wonders of the league. Its praises are thundered by our press, decreed by our college presidents, and professed by our professors. Our authors, writers and lecturers are analysing its selected virtues… we have enlisted 8000 propagandists for the League. We have organized international and national synods, committees, conferences, convocations, conventions, councils…to herald the birth of the League as the dawn of universal peace.”

“Agriculturalists, bankers, brokers, accountants, chemists, and all other functional groups capable of exerting organized professional, business, financial or social pressure are meeting to endorse the League in the name of peace, progress and prosperity…Our film concerns are preparing an epoch-making picture…”

In short, our entire system of thought control is working ceaselessly, tirelessly, ruthlessly, to ensure the adoption of the League. And it will be adopted, for business wants peace, the righteous cannot resist a covenant, and the politicians, after shadow boxing for patronage purposes, will yield valiantly lest the fate of the wanton and wilful pursue them.”

Conclusion

Thanks to the valiant opposition of Republican Senators, the United States rejected the Peace Treaty and with it the League of Nations Nov. 19,1919. The plot was temporarily foiled.

But the secretive bankers’ covert campaign to impose world tyranny has not abated. They financed Hitler and engineered World War Two. The League of Nations was resurrected as the United Nations in 1945 and the “Cold War” initiated. Many believe we are in the early stages of “World War Three.”

All segments of society continue to be propagandized with the virtues of the U.N. National institutions are subverted. The press and education continue to be controlled. Politicians are figureheads.

Some of the tactics have changed. The American empire has replaced the British Empire as their instrument of world hegemony. But Americans should not think they are serving their own interests. They are building a ‘new world order’ and its master is “the Crown.” In Col. House’s words, Americans will be colonists who have to “petition at the foot of the throne.”

The references to control of oilfields suggest that oil is first and foremost an instrument of world domination. The final stage of world tyranny involves gaining complete control of Middle Eastern oil. This portends an invasion of Iran.

The threat can no longer be characterized as strictly “Jewish.” Through Freemasonry, the Rothschilds have received a degree of collaboration from the world’s financial, cultural and political elites as to render this point moot.

Lemming-like, Western elites have embraced a death-wish for civilization.

—–

Source*

Related Topics:

Between the State of the City of London and the Crown*

Judge Anna Von Reitz on NWO vs. the Rest of Us*

Rothschild Demands Western Nations Invade Syria*

Cheney, Rothschild, Murdoch Violate International Law By Drilling for Oil in Syria*

American Civil War: When Russia Blocked British-led Intervention against the Union

The Secret Oil War Has Begun*

Disturbing Message to All Americans from Former Defense Minister of Canada on the NWO*

World War 3: Trump Begins Paying His Penance to Rothschilds*

World Freemasons Gather in Tokyo to Select New Leader as Golden Age Dawns*

Pope Orders Purge of Freemasons from Knights of Malta*

Say Hi to the Head of your NWO Nightmare Baron Jacob Nathaniel Rothschild*

Major U.S. Politicians Are Being Blackmailed by the Deep State

Financing the New World Order*

Hitler Was Financed by the Federal Reserve and the Bank of England*

The U.S. Military Bid as a Global Force for Peace, and the Cabals Current Power Struggle *

The Three World Wars of Albert Pike*

The U.S. is At the Centre Of The Global Economic Meltdown*

War Is a Racket*

 

U.S. Embassy in London Insists on Interviewing Three Month Old Terror Suspect for Visa*

U.S. Embassy in London Insists on Interviewing Three Month Old Terror Suspect for Visa*

By Jim W. Dean

Tiny Baby’s Terrorism Interview Makes US Embassy Laughing Stock of the Internet

“You just can’t make stuff like this up” – Jim W. Dean

[Editor’s Note: This boggles the mind in its stupidity; that no one in the U.S. Embassy system wanted to draw attention to themselves by interfering in standard procedures. So a 3-month-old baby had to be brought down to London to be “interviewed” about poor grandpa mistakenly checking ‘yes’ instead of ‘no’ on the baby’s travel visa form about engaging in terrorism.

Sometimes our hunting down bad government is a long drawn out process of digging into dirty laundry to find what has been hidden there. But I chose this for publication for its wonderful simplicity.

We live in the age of computer processing and accountability of mid-level administration people being monitored by software for efficiency and the proper following of procedures. But what this case shows you is how easily the human common sense part of good admin work can totally disappear from the process.

And, if a simple situation like this got handled so badly, we have to ask ourselves, how many others that we don’t know about have been also, but over much more important issues… Jim W. Dean ]

U.S. Embassy in London

 

The U.S. embassy in London has become the butt of internet jokes after staff there interviewed a three-month-old baby on suspicion of terrorism. Young Harvey Kenyon-Cairns had been due to fly to Orlando, Florida with his parents and grandparents. His grandfather Paul Kenyon filled out his ESTA visa waiver application form, but made a mistake.

When he got the question of the form which asks, “Do you seek to engage in or have you ever engaged in terrorist activities, espionage, sabotage, or genocide?” Kenyon ticked yes instead of no.

As a result, Harvey, his mother Kaye and his grandfather Paul traveled with him on a ten-hour round trip from their home in Poynton, Cheshire, to the embassy in London’s Grosvenor Square.

Harvey, who isn’t talking yet, passed the interview and was eventually given permission to travel to the U.S. However, he wasn’t given the all-clear in time to travel with the rest of the family and Kenyon ended up having to pay an extra £3,000 ($3,767) to re-book tickets for Harvey and his parents.

Hearing about Harvey’s story, users of social networks were astonished that the embassy required him to visit in person for the interview, despite being aware that he is just three months old and obviously incapable of terrorism.

His grandfather joked that Harvey “has sabotaged quite a few nappies in his time.”

​​​”Baby Harvey was good as gold for the interview and never cried once. I thought about taking him along in an orange jumpsuit, but thought better of it,” Kenyon told the Guardian.

Others agreed with a point made by the child’s grandfather Paul Kenyon and criticized the inclusion of a question asking whether the visitor had ever engaged in terrorism.

“If you were a terrorist, I suspect you’d not be ticking yes on the ESTA form anyway,” the baby’s grandfather added.

Source*

Related Topics:

First U.S. Female Muslim Judge Found Dead in Hudson River*

Police Hold Children at Gunpoint in Muslim House Raid*

New Settlement Aims to Protect Muslims from Discriminatory NYPD Surveillance*

Why is the Holiest Shrine in Christianity Guarded by Two Muslim Families?*

U.S. Bans Most Electronic Devices on Flights from 8 Muslim Countries*

Jury Convicts Former Congressional Candidate Robert Doggart for Plot to Attack Muslim Community*

Homeless Eat Free at Muslim-Owned Restaurant In Washington, D.C.

Muslim Postmaster Saves Elderly Customer after Foiling MoneyGram Scam*

U.K Gov’t Announces its own ‘Muslim ban’*

Jews give Muslims Key to their Synagogue after Town’s Mosque Burns Down*

Muslim Schoolboy Rejects £5mn from American Investors for Money-Saving Website*

Blackburn Muslim Schools Come Top of U.K. Education Progress Table*

Muslims in Florida Open Free Health Clinic for the Poor and Uninsured*

Idlib Gas Attack Fakers Murder 68 Kids in Bus Slaughter*

Idlib Gas Attack Fakers Murder 68 Kids in Bus Slaughter*

By Gordon Duff

(fake photo) Abd Alkader Habak rushes a wounded boy to an ambulance after a bomb attack Saturday in Syria

 

Photographer Abd Alkader Habak calls himself an “anti-Assad” activist.  He works in areas controlled by al Qaeda and turns out “fake news” photographs of Russian bombing victims and other minor holocausts staged for western audiences.  This is false flag terrorism at is sickest.  He works closely with a CNN producer named Waffa Munayyer, who we know to be an officer in Israeli  intelligence.

The children on who were killed with their families were fleeing those Habak works for.  His people killed them.  He was there to be part of it.  As Jim W. Dean so often says, “You just can’t make this stuff up.”  Habak and his friends had been shelling these kids and their families since 2014, had cut off their food supplies and water, had made their lives a misery because they continued to hold out against terrorist rule.

CNN misses this part of the story, we don’t.

We see him in the photograph above running with a child, identified in the CNN article below as a dead child.  Problem is, Habak works for the people who killed the child, he is a paid propagandist for Jabat al Nusra that blew up the bus.  He was brought there with the bombers themselves who couldn’t resist one last terror outrage, this time dragging one of the bodies of their victims out of the wreckage and defiling it for propaganda purposes, something done all the time in Syria.

You see, we know Habak very well, we have followed his work and that of his network of friends, some Israeli trained, others paid by Qatar/al Jazeera, some paid by MI6 and the CIA, that being the White Helmets.

Every bomb that hits an al Qaeda command centre is depicted by Habak to hit a school or orphanage.  We have confirmations that, in order to get needed photographs, al Qaeda will butcher locals and throw their bodies around and we also have confirmations that this is done with full cooperation of the photographers who work safely in their region.  Any real independent journalist who got near al Qaeda would be beheaded instantly, let’s be clear about that.  Those that work with them are al Qaeda.

Last week there were two major terror attacks, one very real, a convoy filled with families blown up on the way to Aleppo, Syrians loyal to President Assad escaping years of encirclement by US backed al Qaeda jihadists.  68 children died there as a suicide car bomb was detonated by a member of al Nusra.  The other attack, according to, among many others, Russian President Vladimir Putin, was staged by “fake new” photographers like Abd Alkader Habak, who is seen above in what we deem to be a fake news photo.  The photographs below were taken by our photographers and will be genuinely disturbing.  These are not CNN fakes:

 

 

 

 

There is nothing unusual for two unscrupulous media types to drag a dead child around, photograph themselves running with it, sometimes over and over, just to get it right, then toss the body in a trash can.  This is what the White Helmets do all the time, we are even told they hire kids to play dead or even kill them if they need a convincing closeup.  Don’t believe us, we have evidence.  View the video.

The other attack, the one President Trump talked about, has not produced any evidence, and sources tell us it was staged by news photographers from al Jazeera, Reuters and CNN, working closely with Israeli and Turkish advisors and partnered with Jabat al Nusra, the U.S. backed al Qaeda “franchise” for Syria.

The story here is a sad one.  We have a photograph just exactly like so many that came out of Idlib, some of them taken by Abd Alkader Habak.  Here Habak is carrying a dead child in a staged photograph exactly like so many we have seen.  You see, he is one of the White Helmets favourites, one of those who took the photos that Swedish Doctors for Human Rights say depicts people pretending to save children actually murdering them.

The story below is CNN.  Though 3 writers are listed, it is Waffa Munayyer who we tracked down as a handler of propagandists working with al Qaeda and the White Helmets.  There is a long and sick story about this individual as well.

Appendix I, CNN’s Propaganda Outrage

Syria photographer puts down camera, picks up injured boy

By Donie O’Sullivan, Waffa Munayyer and Hamdi Alkhshali, CNN

This story contains extremely graphic imagery.

(CNN)Every so often, a photograph cuts through the grim cacophony of the war in Syria and pierces viewers’ hearts.

It happened in 2015 with an image of the lifeless body of Alan Kurdi, face down on a beach in Turkey, who drowned in the Mediterranean fleeing the war.

It happened last year when a photographer captured little Omran Daqneesh sitting in an ambulance, his body bloodied and dusty after his home was bombed in Aleppo.

And it happened again last weekend, when a bomb hit a convoy of buses carrying evacuees from besieged Syrian villages, killing 126 people.

Photographer Abd Alkader Habak captured this image of the bombing aftermath

.

Photographer and activist Abd Alkader Habak was there working and was briefly knocked out by the blast. When he came to, he began trying to help the wounded.

“The scene was horrible — especially seeing children wailing and dying in front of you,” Habak told CNN.

“So I decided along with my colleagues that we’d put our cameras aside and start rescuing injured people.”

The first child he checked on was dead.

He ran towards another. Someone shouted at him to stay away — the child was already dead, they said.

But he wasn’t. Habak could see the boy was barely breathing.

He picked him up and began to run towards safety. His camera was still on, recording the chaos.

“This child was firmly holding my hand and looking at me,” he said.

An image taken by another photographer, Muhammad Alrageb, shows Habak dashing towards an ambulance, the child and his camera in his arms.

Algareb said he also helped some of the injured but then began taking photos.

“I wanted to film everything to make sure there was accountability,” he said.

Also, he added, “I feel proud that there was a young journalist there helping save lives.”

Habak said he left the injured boy, who must have been only 6 or 7, at the ambulance. He doesn’t know if the boy survived.

Then he ran back to scene of the bombing to help others. He came across another child on the ground. This one, too, was dead — one of 68 children killed in the attack.

After rescuing one boy, Habak is overcome with grief beside the body of another victim.

Overwhelmed, Habak collapsed.

An image, shot by another photographer, shows him on his knees sobbing near the boy’s body.

“I was overcome with emotion,” he told CNN.

“What I and my colleagues witnessed is indescribable.”

 

Appendix II VT Busts Habak and his gang

 

 

Introduction by Gordon Duff

 

President Trump is now threatening to take America into a war against Syria, Iran and even Russia, a war he says is justified by “evidence” he has received from the Syrian White Helmets.  We will prove beyond any doubt that this is a “Deep State” organization, a melding of CIA, al Qaeda and Britain’s intelligence services.  We now have “slam dunk” proof that Trump and the “fake news” MSM are and always have been in lockstep, playing us all.

Actor George Clooney knew that the organization Swedish Doctors for Human Rights had cited the “White Helmets” as child killers when he produced the Oscar winning propaganda video that may well have led to this latest outrage.  The organization, SWEDHR is very real, their work authoritative and their indictment of the White Helmets for killing children in order to stage propaganda videos would have been known to Clooney and Netflix.  They went ahead anyway.  Why?

George Clooney: Accused by Swedish medical group of promoting child murder videos

Moreover, Google itself is involved, at war with this group and others, censoring them from their search engines.  The information here will be new to Americans.

Please note that at no time has the White House or any western media acknowledged the controversy regarding the White Helmets, which we allege is part of al Qaeda’s propaganda operations.  Nor is any mention of the dozens of proven gas attacks by FSA, ISIS and al Nusra which are suddenly “forgotten” as though by magic.

The White Helmets, supposedly an independent NGO, receives up to $100m from the CIA and UK Foreign Office, “dark project” funding.  Murdering children is their stock and trade as we will prove.  Sharing headquarters with Turkish Intelligence in Gaziantep, Turkey this organization is far more “death squad” than civil defense.  Please review the included videos.

____________

Children Murdered for Propaganda Videos

 

Swedish Doctors For Human Rights (swedhr.org) analysed videos, the rescue after an alleged attack by Syrian government forces. The doctors found that the videos were counterfeit, where even Arabic stage directions were overheard, and that the alleged “Rescue” in actuality is a murder. On first analysis, it looked as though the doctors working on the child assumed he was already dead.

 

However, after broader investigation, our team ascertained that the boy was unconscious from an overdose of opiates.  The video shows the child receiving injections in his chest, perhaps in the area of the heart and was eventually killed while a clearly fake adrenaline injection was administered.

This was a murder.

 

The doctors determined in its analysis:

  • The video should be life-saving measures after a chemical attack with chlorine gas (now claimed to be Sarin-not possible), including injection of adrenaline via syringe with a long needle into the heart of an infant. In no way were treatments correctly given for any potential chemical agent.
  • The handling and treatment of the child was done in a manner that was careless, dangerous and likely to cause serious harm.
  • Most telling is the fake repeated shots of adrenalin, supposedly into the heart.  The medical personnel, and I think we can safely call them actors at this point, failed to push the plunger on the needle. Thus, the contents of the syringe were never injected as is clearly visible in the video itself.
  • The visible diagnosis by a team of actual medical experts, based on what is observed in the video, indicates that the child was suffering from an injection of opiates and was likely dying of an overdose.  There is no evidence of any other agent, chemical or otherwise.
  • None of the children in the videos showed any sign of being a victim of a chemical attack.  From an earlier video by the White Helmets:

  • It was clear that the faked injection with the long needle administered through the stitches murdered the child in the video.  This was a purposeful killing staged to appear as medical treatment.
  • Behind the fake translation of the videos, the actual Arabic included stage directions for positioning the child for the video, not for medical treatment.

  • The videos were on the White Helmets-channel “Syrian civil defense in idlib province” uploaded. The videos were produced by the White Helmets, together with the organization “coordinating sarmin”, their logo a black jihadist flag (Al Qaeda). In the video are also white helmets to see.

God Bless the Swedes – Chairman de Noli

 

The Chairman of the association, Professor Prof. Marcello fer rada de Noli, published at the beginning of March 2017 a first article with an analysis of the case: “Swedish Doctors for Human Rights: White Helmets video, macabre manipulation of dead children and staged chemical weapons attack to justify a” No-fly Zone “in Syria”.

This was followed by more macabre discoveries in the videos not seen initially in the article White Helmets Movie: Updated Evidence from Swedish Doctors Confirm Fake Life Saving Practices Injure Children.

The collective findings of the Swedish doctors (swedhr) with regard to the propaganda and fakery by al-Qaeda in Syria: (Al Nusra) are in line with the findings of leading German and International Scientists for Syria War.

 

 

Ferrada de Noli is the founder and chairman of Swedish Doctors for Human Rights (SWEDHR), a non-governmental research organization integrated by a group of professors and doctors operating in health-related areas, aimed to the research and report of effects of war atrocities in civil populations, torture of prisoners and human rights transgressions.

The organization implements its endeavour in the following areas: country-scenarios were civil populations have been targeted by war crimes, transgressions by the part of governments on the human rights of individuals exposing war crimes, individual cases of doctors subjected to human rights violations, and research on the effects of torture in prisoners. See further description in the organization’s Manifest.

The first elected board of SWEDHR was composed by Leif Elinder, Marcello Ferrada de Noli (Chairman), Martin Gelin, Alberto Gutierrez, Ove B. Johansson, Lena Oske, Armando Popa, Anders Romelsjö (Vice-Chairman), Marita Troye-Blomberg, and Luz Varela. In 2015 Ferrada de Noli founded with a group of European academics and publishers the magazine online The Indicter, being elected editor-in-chief

 

Swedish Professors & Doctors For Human Rights (SWEDHR) is an independent, non-profit, non-partisan, non-governmental organization engaged in the research and reporting on the effects of war-crimes, torture and human-rights transgressions on civilian populations or on individuals.

Additionally, we oppose governmental assaults on the human rights of individuals who have denounced war crimes or exposed serious infringements to the civil liberties of the population. Unlike other established Swedish human-rights organizations, Swedish Doctors For Human Rights is not sponsored neither fully nor partially financed by Swedish governmental institutions.

 

 

SWEDHR is a team formed with the participation of a number of Swedish professors, PhDs, medical doctors and university researchers in the medical sciences and health-related disciplines. This participation is purely voluntary and made on a private basis.

SWEDHR statements represent solely the members of this organization, not all Swedish doctors or any other institution or professional/academic association that the participants in SWEDHR are associated with. SWEDHR follows both the United Nations doctrine on Human Rights and ethical norms according to the World Medical Association’s Ethical Declaration of Helsinki. Read on our organization’s aims and rationale for its foundation at Swedhr’s Manifest.

At difference with other organizations of this type in Sweden, SWEDHR a) do not administrate funds of any kind, b) it does not hold neither asks economic sponsoring from any governmental, corporative or private institution; c) it does not collect fees (meddlemsavgift) from its supporters; d) it does not campaign on economic-related issues associated with our HR endeavours. We also believe that abstaining from the aforementioned possibility of external contributions is one way of maintaining absolute independence and credibility regarding unbiased reporting of HR issues.

SWEDHR is open for the altruistic participation of any interested doctor sharing the aforementioned research interests. Membership forms (full member or associate member) are described in our Bylaws. For questions, comments, or if you wish to contribute in our publications online, contact: info@swedhr.org

Source*

Related Topics:

New Studies Confirm Syrian Building Struck by U.S. Drones was a Mosque*

Libellous Attack by Mainstream Journalists Angered by SWEDHR Denounce of Unethical anti-Syria Propaganda*

Putin: ‘95% of World Terrorist Attacks are Orchestrated By The CIA’*

ISIS Launches 2nd Chemical Attack in Mosul in 2 Days, Injures 6 Iraqi Soldiers*

Horrific Onslaught on Aramaic Christian Community of Ma’aloula at Hands of Western Backed “Moderate” Terrorists*

A Father Describes Saving His Daughter from U.S. Bombardment of Mosul*

Israeli Submarine Set-up for Syrian Gas Attacks*

U.S. Kills Hundreds in Chemical Strike on Der ez-Zor*

Inside Syria Life Goes on*

Rothschild Demands Western Nations Invade Syria*

Syria Shoots Down 34 of 59 Cruise Missiles, Russia to Upgrade System*

Cheney, Rothschild, Murdoch Violate International Law By Drilling for Oil in Syria*

U.N. Confirmed Syrian Rebels, Not Assad, Were Using Sarin*

Living in the Moment and Our Duty to Serve Creation

Living in the Moment and Our Duty to Serve Creation

 

Related Topics:

Muslims in Florida Open Free Health Clinic for the Poor and Uninsured*

Homeless Eat Free at Muslim-Owned Restaurant In Washington, D.C.

When a Prayer is Answered with a Test*

Jews give Muslims Key to their Synagogue after Town’s Mosque Burns Down*

A Field View of Reality to Explain Human Interconnectedness*

Why Food is Actually INFORMATION*

On the Rights of Nature*

Muslim Postmaster Saves Elderly Customer after Foiling MoneyGram Scam*

“Deadly Facts”: How So-Called “Objectivity” Created a Culture of Conformity*

Plant Neurobiology Shows How Trees are Just Like Humans*

How to Resist From a Place of Love: Self-Care for the Long Haul*

The Journey Beyond Yourself: On Welcoming Who You Truly Are*

I’tekaf – The Gem of Worship that you May not Know About*

The Connected Universe*

Why is the Holiest Shrine in Christianity Guarded by Two Muslim Families?*

Prophet Muhammed (SAW) on Ramadhan

Turning the Tide — Our Time is Now*

The aql is not Reason – it’s Consciousness*

In the Beginning was/is Consciousness*

The Centre of Consciousness is One’s Heart*

Consciousness the Last Stand*

Humanity at the Crossroads: The Crisis in Spiritual Consciousness

“I came so close to taking my own life again, that I knew it was time to change things”

Our Conception of God isn’t Big Enough*

Deep Thinking