Tag Archive | Canada

Tribes Unite Across U.S. and Canada to Oppose Keystone XL in Declaration*

Tribes Unite Across U.S. and Canada to Oppose Keystone XL in Declaration*

It is intended as a message to President Donald Trump and may be sent to the United Nations.

By Yessenia Funes

Activists hold signs as they protest in front of the White House against the Keystone XL pipeline January 13, 2015, in Washington, D.C. Photo: Alex Wong/Getty Images

 

Today (May 17), tribal leaders are gathering in Calgary, Alberta to sign a 16-page declaration against the Keystone XL Pipeline.

From the United States are the Great Sioux Nation and Ponca tribes and from Canada, the Blackfoot Confederacy. They will sign the “Declaration Opposing Oil Sand Expansion and the Construction of the Keystone XL Pipeline” as a message to President Donald Trump, reports Native News Online.

“There is a historic union between first Americans in Canada and Native Americans in the United States,” said Casey Camp-Horinek, a councilwoman with the Ponca tribe in Oklahoma, to The Associated Press.

“Long before a border ever existed on a map, a fictitious line on a map, we were a united peoples in our approach to care of Mother Earth.”

Pipeline opponents seemingly won the battle against the 1,179 mile-long pipeline in 2015 when former President Barack Obama rejected developer TransCanada’s permit application. However, Trump entered the White House January 20 and signed a presidential memorandum to repeal that just four days later.

With this declaration, indigenous people across North America want Trump to know why this pipeline is destructive to their culture, safety and history. The preamble reads, per Native News:

“We, The First People, were and remain the stewards of the land and with this Declaration renew our vow to carry that sacred obligation in defense of our Mother, the Earth, and all born of her body and nurtured at her breast who are no longer heard amidst the dissonance of industrialization and corporate domination.”

One of the declaration’s strongest demands revolves around treaty rights. Tribal leaders want consultation processes to change and require consent. Currently, companies such as TransCanada may include a Native American Relations Policy or Aboriginal Relations Policy (both of which TransCanada has), but a tribe’s rejection doesn’t factor in significantly. Tribal members might send this declaration to the United Nations, the AP reports.

Currently, the $8 billion pipeline is not guaranteed to happen. Groups have sued the federal government for the permit it issued TransCanada. In Nebraska, the project has still not been approved. Opponents have been preparing to build camps—similar to what was seen in North Dakota against the Dakota Access Pipeline—along the proposed pipeline route.

Source*

Related Topics:

Indigenous and Environmental Groups Sue Trump over Keystone XL*

Keystone XL Foes Brace for Battle*

Trump Signing Executive Order Forcing Continuation of DAPL and Keystone XL*

U.S. Gov’t to pay Navajo Nation almost $200mn for water rights in Utah*

Judge Orders Removal of Gas Pipeline from Native American Property*

Among First Nations Youth, Hip-Hop Is a Tool for Self-Expression and Cultural Preservation*

Among First Nations Youth, Hip-Hop Is a Tool for Self-Expression and Cultural Preservation*

 

By Eduardo Avila

 

Recording session for the “Home to Me” song – Grassy Narrows First Nation.

 

Young people from First Nations communities across Canada are reflecting on issues that are important to them through hip-hop, thanks to a series of travelling workshops.

As part of the N’we Jinan tour, workshops leaders have been taking mobile music studios directly to schools and youth centers to teach songwriting, recording, audio and video production, and live performance to youth groups since 2014.

The original workshops were led by David Hodges, a Montreal-based educator, who worked with 10 Cree communities in Northern Quebec, and later started to collaborate with the Cree hip-hop group The NorthStars. The workshop model starts off with conversations with the young attendees to explore topics such as “cultural identity, language, struggle, love, self-acceptance,” or whatever else is on their mind. They then use these issues as inspiration for songs and videos, with the youth in starring roles. Due to the workshops’ popularity, the team also has been working with other First Nations communities in British Columbia, and was invited to organize a similar workshop with the Winnebago tribe of Nebraska in the United States.

For example, this video from the ‘Na Aksa Gyilak’yoo School in Kitsumkalum First Nation, British Columbia, tells the story of the Highway 16 or the “Highway of Tears,” a stretch of road in Western Canada where almost two dozen young women, mostly indigenous, have disappeared or have been murdered. The cases mostly remain unsolved.

This next video from Nemaska Cree First Nation uses a video game theme to communicate the importance of maintaining traditional customs and practices despite globalization’s influences.

And while there are varying degrees of First Nations language fluency among the youth that participate, many of the song titles are in the native language. In this song recorded in Whapmagoostui Cree First Nation, the song’s chorus is sung in the Cree language. The young people involved received some help from Gary Jolly from the Northstars hip-hip group, who lent them a verse in Eastern James Bay Cree.

On the N’we Jinan Facebook Page, a transcription of the verse was provided, along with the English-language translation:

Sometimes I feel like no ever cares about me,
but I’m still going to try to continue to walk my days on earth
this is the day you’ll hear our scream,
cause we lost our way in life as youth
but I believe that one day we will rise
I don’t want to see them live a bad life
so they can grow and lead our youth as well
so they can do as the creator destined them to

Within the same comments section, reader and Cree-language advocate Kevin Broussard also made a contribution of the transcription of the verse using the syllabics writing system (also published on his blog and republished with permission):

ᒬᐦᒡ ᐁᑳ ᒥᑐᓐ ᐁ ᐱᓯᔅᑳᑎᑲᐎᔮᓐ ᐁ ᐃᑌᔨᐦᑕᒫᓐ
ᓲᐦᒃ ᒫᒃ ᓂᑲ ᑯᒋᐦᑖᓐ ᐆᑕᐦ ᐊᔅᒌᐦᒡ ᒉ ᐱᒧᐦᑌᔮᓐ
ᐊᓄᐦᒌᔥ ᒋᑲ ᐯᐦᑕᐎᓈᐙᐤ ᐁ ᐊᔮᔑᐦᑴᔮᐦᒡ
ᒬᐦᒡ ᐊᓐᑌ ᐁ ᐗᓂᔑᓂᔮᐦᒡ ᑖᓐ ᐁᔑᓈᑯᓯᔮᐦᒡ ᐁ ᐅᔥᒋᓃᒌᐎᔮᐦᒡ
ᒥᒄ ᓂᑖᐺᐦᑌᓐ ᐯᔭᑯ ᒌᔑᑳᐤ ᒉ ᐸᓯᑰᑣᐤ
ᒨᔾ ᓂᐐ ᐙᐸᐦᑌᓐ ᓇᑕᐐᔾ ᐁ ᐃᔑ ᐱᒫᑎᓰᑣᐤ
ᒉ ᓂᐦᑖᐎᒋᑣᐤ ᐁ ᓃᑳᓂᔥᑲᐙᑣᐤ ᐅᔥᒋᓃᒋᐤᐦ ᑲᔦ ᐐᔭᐙᐤ
ᒉ ᑑᑕᐦᒀᐤ ᑖᓐ ᑳ ᐃᑕᔓᒥᑯᑣ ᒋᔐᒪᓂᑑᐦ

It was difficult to choose just three videos to feature that showcase the creativity of these First Nations communities. All of the songs from the project can be found on the N’we Jinan YouTube channel. Five compilation CDs from the various workshops have also been released.

Source*

Related Topics:

A Powerful, Emotional Uprising for Indigenous Rights*

The Redemption “Songs” of Muslim Youth

Canada’s Schools “To Take the Indian out the Child” – Commission Rules Cultural Genocide*

Real Hip-Hop Versus the Music Industry*

Canada’s Schools “To Take the Indian out the Child” – Commission Rules Cultural Genocide*

Canada’s Schools “To Take the Indian out the Child” – Commission Rules Cultural Genocide*

By Amando Flavio

When we say the Europeans contact with the Native Americans was nothing but a disaster, we’re not joking. In every corner of the Earth where Europeans set foot, they saw themselves as superior. European contact with the Africans is one example; over 15 million blacks were captured and turned into slaves to benefit European Imperialism.

In the so-called New World — today’s North, Central and South America — Europeans showed no mercy for the people when they made contact with them. In fact, when Europeans came into contact with the American Natives, it was a literal disaster.

In the years before Christopher Columbus and his band of desperados (criminals) arrived in the Americas, Europe was in economic turmoil. There were rampant wars, poverty, disease and famine. Therefore, when news spread in Europe that a new land had been found elsewhere, kings and queens gathered their forces to claim their take of the land.

Those early Europeans believed the Natives had no right to their lands. Europeans saw themselves as exceptional. Their worldview of cultural practice and an understanding of land ownership was based on what is known as the Discovery Doctrine. This doctrine supported Europeans in their claims to land – including the people they made contact with – as their legitimate property.

Natives who resisted the imperial doctrine were mostly massacred with impunity. Take note that Europeans by then had mastered warfare and weaponry. For example, from the colonial period of the early 1500s through to the twentieth century, American natives experienced vast massacres at the hands of Europeans. It is estimated that over 100 million natives were killed as a result of European aggression and impunity.

The massacre included torture, the spreading of deadly infectious diseases, terror, sexual abuse, systematic military occupations, removals from their ancestral territories, forced removal of Native American children into military-like boarding schools, allotment, culminating in an explicit policy of extermination. In short, Europeans committed genocide against Native Americans. 

It still is….

 

The killings and dehumanization of Natives continued even when the invaders fought their own European powers for independence.

Between 1874 and 1996, Canada instituted a damning residential school system, also known as the Indian residential school system for Natives. The system was a network of boarding schools for Natives only. It was funded by the Canadian government’s Department of Indian Affairs, and administered by Christian churches, including the Roman Catholic Church, the United Church of Canada, the Anglican Church of Canada and the Presbyterian Church.

The school system was created for the purpose of removing Native children from the influence of their own culture and assimilating them into the dominant Canadian white culture.

Over the course of the system’s existence, it is estimated that about 30% of Native children – equivalent to 150,000 children – were placed into the residential schools across Canada.

Of course, establishing such a school to rob people off their culture is completely despicable. But what made the residential school system more despicable is the level of abuse and torture meted out against Native children who were forced into the schools.

In the schools, there was an elevated rate of physical and sexual abuse. Corporal punishment was justified by a belief that it was the only way to save souls, civilize the savage, or punish and deter runaways. Overcrowding, poor sanitation, inadequate heating, and a lack of medical care led to high rates of influenza and tuberculosis among other diseases. It is estimated that over 6,000 Native children who attended the school, died. Many others too, disappeared without trace.

In 2015, a survivor of the heinous school system, Andrew Wesley, a Cree native from Ontario, told Al Jazeera in an interview he was abused in the residential school, as a child. His account of events during the period is nothing but gut wrenching. Wesley’s story makes the staunchest of people shed tears.

“What I remember, the abuse about St Anne’s, is the way I was treated as a little boy coming off the bush, especially when we had the first meal. I never ate corn in my life and I kind of threw up on the floor. The child-care worker came over and saw what happened, and so she told me to eat my vomit on the floor, and she was hitting me at the same time. So I did that and of course it tasted awful so I threw up again for the second time, so I again had to eat my vomit. It was terrible. I wasn’t the only student that was treated like that, there were many of the boys. There was also sex abuse but I never faced that kind of abuse, but I know other students had, including my younger brother that suffered sexual abuse,” Wesley narrated his residential school ordeal.

Mr. Wesley further revealed the school system was meant “to take the Indian out the child,” and to assimilate them into Canada’s “white” mainstream, adding that the negative effect of the system is still being felt today in Native communities across Canada.

In 2008, the Canadian government set up the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) to look into the heinous crimes and abuses committed during the school system.  In 2015, the TRC concluded its work, publishing a six volume 4,000-plus-page report detailing the testimonies of survivors, and historical documents of the school. The TRC stated equivocally that the Canadian government committed “cultural genocide” against Native people. It recommended that all Canadians should be educated and made aware of the residential school system that occurred.

However, we can report that two years after the publication of the report, not even a fraction of Canadians are aware of the brutal past against Native Americans. That is how the system is: It is built on lies and deception; a system constantly preventing us from knowing the truth.

Source*

Related Topics:

Messing with a Black Man’s Hair!

The Doctrine of Discovery

The Stolen Generation

The Annual March Demand Justice for Missing, Murdered Indigenous Women in Canada*

Disappearing and Murdered: Canada’s Indigenous Women*

Canada’s Bishops blast Trudeau: $650M Global Abortion Fund as ‘cultural imperialism,’ ‘exploits women’*

Nestlé to Control Canadian Water Supply that Effect 6 Indigenous Tribes*

Canada under Criminal Investigation for Murders, and Child Trafficking*

The Case of Genocide in Canada

The Neo-Colonial Context of Canada’s Multiculturalism*

Indigenous Canadians Sue Government over White Adoptions*

Canada and Israel Partners in Racial and Humanitarian Crimes*

 

The Aftermath of the Ninth Circle Disruptions and Arrests of April 30*

The Aftermath of the Ninth Circle Disruptions and Arrests of April 30*

ITCCS Special Communique of May 5, 2017

Brussels:

All of our special action teams have reported in. This Communique is a compilation of their separate reports, excluding information that must be kept confidential for now in the interest of the safety of children or witnesses, or impending legal action.

  1. The nineteen cult members arrested by our teams and local police in Zwolle Holland, Dijon France and Lucerne Switzerland are presently in custody in police facilities in those cities. We do not know if the detained have been formally charged by local prosecutors yet. However, the police recovered considerable evidence of cult activity at the arrest sites, including Satanic regalia, blood-marked torture devices and children’s clothing, and in the case of the Zwolle site even the physical remains of dead and mutilated children held in cold room containers.

 

  1. Our teams in these three towns have retained their own record of this evidence, including the photographs and recorded statements of the cult members. Some of them have positively identified more senior members of the Ninth Circle cult, including Catholic Cardinals and European Union politicians and military leaders. One of the arrested men, who claims to be a secondary level leader of the cult, has agreed that for certain benefits he will provide detailed evidence against the cult including by naming those who are heading its organization.

 

  1. The eight children who were liberated and saved by our teams in these three towns have either been returned to their families of origin, if they were kidnapped from them, or held under protection in independent safe houses until they can be relocated with safe and caring families. Three of the children were immigrants from Romania or Tunisia, and five were native to France and Holland. None of them were older than six years old. They are all still in a state of shock and recovery after having been starved and beaten, and confined in small padlocked cages that were recovered in our raids.

 

 

  1. The teams in the other cities, save Washington DC and Montreal and Vancouver Canada, have had nothing else to report besides the general fact that the cult sites they had targeted were heavily protected by paramilitary personnel. However, our sources tell us that their ritual killings were relocated or suspended as a result of the announced disruptions. These other cities were Rome, London, Paris, Frankfurt, Brussels and Geneva. The suspected Ninth Circle ritual at the Opus Dei centre in Tara, Ireland was also suspended and no activity was detected there.

 

  1. Three of our action teams, in Vancouver and Montreal Canada and Washington DC, were halted and arrested by plain clothed security forces who refused to show any identification. All of our team members were released the next day except for one individual in Vancouver who remains incommunicado. We assume the cult killings in these cities – in a sub-basement crypt at the Vancouver Club, in a sub-basement hall at Marie Reine du Monde Cathedral in Montreal and within the interior of the St. John’s Episcopal Church near the White House – proceeded as scheduled.

 

  1. The day after these raids our Executive received a back-channel communication from a party claiming to represent “an element” within the Roman Catholic Curia, the so-called College of Cardinals. This party carried a message requesting a meeting between “influential officials” at the Vatican and the ITCCS leadership. We have stated to this messenger that any such meeting must occur outside Italy and be subject to monitoring and recording in the presence of our security staff and legal counsel. We are awaiting a reply.

 

  1. One of our sources close to the Ninth Circle leadership has indicated that the Circle is moving its dual headquarters from the Club Lorraine in Brussels and a private chateau in Belgium to an undisclosed location in North America. This shift may explain the rapid shut down of our North American teams. We have also learned that Cardinal Gerald Lacroix of Quebec, the senior Roman Catholic official in Canada who was appointed to that position by the criminally convicted Pope Benedict / Joseph Ratzinger, was present during March of this year at secret high level coven gatherings of the Ninth Circle in Brussels and Rome. Both Lacroix and Ratzinger were reported to be active participants in a Ninth Circle ritual killing of a young boy on February 22, 2014 at the San Lorenzo Jesuit Church in Rome along with Pope Francis, Jorge Bergoglio, and Denis Lebel, a federal cabinet minister in the Canadian government of former Prime Minister Stephen Harper. (see http://itccs.org/2014/11/04/ottawa-false-flag-killings-covered-huge-scandal-itccs-breaking-news-november-4/ – note that the videos connected to this report were banned from the internet within days of their posting). This suggests that the relocated Ninth Circle headquarters may be near to Montreal or Ottawa, Canada, both of which have had a long history of Satanic ritual killings and military MKULTRA/mind control programs closely tied to the Ninth Circle cult.

 

  1. In response to our actions, police and judges associated with the Ninth Circle have escalated their attacks on our organization and clinical counselors allied with us who have diagnosed and publicly named Satanic Ritual crimes. Three of these counselors (in Canada, the USA and England) are now suddenly facing professional discipline and possible criminal charges, along with the usual public smear campaigns. But of related and even greater concern is that our top Field Secretaries have been targeted for elimination by the Ninth Circle. Here are the details:

 

  1. Our Ninth Circle source reports a “private” discussion of the top Ninth Circle leaders that occurred on May 2 in Rome. The details were passed on by a disenchanted Catholic priest who is placed closely to a senior Cardinal and Ninth Circle member. At this private meeting it was stated that the highest priority for the Circle had to be “eliminating” once and for all the operational leaders of the ITCCS, namely the three Field Secretaries for North America, Europe and Australia. The latter include Kevin Annett, “John Street” and the Australian secretary. Our source was unable to discover whether the Vatican’s normal channel for assassinations – the espionage agency known as the Holy Alliance – would be handling these killings or whether they would go to contracted “local assets” from their partner the Mafia Ndrangheta. Regardless, since of our Field Secretaries Mr. “Street” and Kevin Annett have been especially public and visible leaders of our campaigns, their safety is of the highest importance. We have directed them and the Australian Field Secretary to go underground for now and to follow the normal protocols of those who are in protective custody.

 

  1. These expected counter-attacks are in fact a sign that the Ninth Circle and its Vatican/corporate backers are beginning to panic and are resorting to fearful self-defensiveness. We expect more cracks to appear in the ranks of their cult and for more defectors and informants to emerge. We are optimistic that this murderous three century old Jesuit cult is in collapse, which means that our efforts must intensify.

 

  1. We urge all people of conscience to join us, receive common law Sheriff training, and mobilize your communities to arrest the Catholic clergy and others who are funding and aiding the Ninth Circle. Follow our updates at itccs.org and every Sunday at 3 pm pacific, 6 pm eastern and 11 pm GMT on Radio Free Kanata at www.bbsradio.com/radiofreekanata .

 

Source*

Related Topics:

Disruption of the Ninth Circle Cult’s Sacrificial Rituals in April*

Nicole Kidman’s Father Silenced by Ninth Circle Satanic Cult*

A Canadian Cabinet Minister and the Ninth Circle Cult*

Trump Campaign Chair Charged with Paedophilia and Sex Trafficking*

3000 Elite Paedophiles Arrested – Media Silent*

Int’l Banking Whistleblower Reveals High Level Paedophilia and Child Sacrifices*

The Desecration of Childhood

Protecting Elite Paedophiles

Children in Scotland Murdered in Paedophile Snuff Movies*

Ontario give Doctors no Choice but to Refer Patients for Assisted Death*

Ontario give Doctors no Choice but to Refer Patients for Assisted Death*

MPP Jeff Yurek proposes a conscience rights amendment for Ontario physicians

 

By Lianne Laurence

A Liberal-dominated committee has refused to add conscience rights protection to Ontario’s bill regulating euthanasia and assisted suicide.

The finance and economic affairs committee voted down Progressive Conservative health critic Jeff Yurek’s proposed conscience rights amendments to Bill 84 on Tuesday.

The Liberal move leaves conscientiously objecting doctors with no protection against a College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario’s policy forcing them to give patients requesting euthanasia an “effective referral” — that is, to a willing and accessible colleague for the purposes of accomplishing the act.

The CPSO policy also forces doctors to effectively refer patients who request “medical services” as abortion or abortifacient contraception.

Doctors who refuse can be disciplined by CPSO and could lose their license to practise.

“We were very disappointed,” says Larry Worthen, spokesperson for the Coalition for HealthCare and Conscience.

“We met with various politicians that were involved and we described for them the ways that people could access medical assistance in dying without affecting conscience rights and yet they still voted to not include the conscience amendment,” he told LifeSiteNews.

The Coalition for Conscience had also launched a massive lobbying campaign for conscience rights in Bill 84, and 25,000 people sent letters to MPPs, Worthen said.

Moreover, 31 of the 42 oral presentations to the committee also asked for a conscience right amendment to the bill, he said. That doesn’t include the written submissions to the committee.

The Liberal refusal to protect conscience rights will cost them, says Alex Schadenberg of the Euthanasia Prevention Coalition.

“This is a crucial item,” he told LifeSiteNews.

“Liberal backbenchers are going to find it awfully hard to get elected in the next election if they don’t start supporting conscience rights and issues that matter to doctors and people in Ontario.”

Liberal intransigence on this point is a bit surprising to Monte McNaughton, the first MPP to speak up for conscience rights at Queen’s Park.

“Ontario’s still the only jurisdiction in the world that is moving forward with effective referral protocol,” the MPP for Lambton-Kent-Middlesex told LifeSiteNews.

“You would think the government would look to other jurisdictions on how they protected conscience rights.”

Moreover, conscience rights protection has widespread support, he pointed out.

“I’ve raised this a number of times in the House, introduced petitions signed by thousands of concerned people right across Ontario,” McNaughton said, adding that there are

“a number of organizations and individual doctors who have been raising this for months now.”

That includes the Ontario Medical Association, which sent representatives to meet with McNaughton and other MPPs, and is “on the record wanting the government to move away from effective referral protocol and to ensure that conscience rights are protected.”

The OMA appeared before the the committee urging it adopt conscience rights protection, as did the Catholic Civil Rights League, the Assembly of Catholic Bishops of Ontario, and Cardinal Thomas Collins, who spoke on behalf of the Coalition for HealthCARE and Conscience.

The Concerned Ontario Doctors, which represents 20,000 physicians, also came out backing conscience rights at an April 11 press conference.

But the “Wynne government is determined to move forward with this globally unprecedented effective referral protocol,” McNaughton said.

In doing so, the Liberals are

stripping a basic freedom from these doctors and health care practitioners, that is freedom of conscience.”

Worthen said the committee passed an amendment to set up a care coordination service, which is patient-accessed and connects a patient seeking euthanasia with a doctor who is willing to kill him or her.

However, “until the requirement for effective referral is struck down that doesn’t really help us in terms of protecting conscience,” he said.

The Coalition is now focused on the legal challenge to the CPSO policy that will be heard in Ontario’s divisional court June 13 to 15 in Toronto.

Five Christian doctors and three groups are arguing that the CPSO policy violates a physician’s Charter protected rights of religion and conscience.

The doctors are co-plaintiffs with the Christian Medical and Dental Society of Canada, Canadian Physicians for Life, and the Canadian Federation of Catholic Physicians’ Societies

The Liberal government is intervening on behalf of the CPSO.

Meanwhile, MPP Yurek (Elgin-Middlesex-London) will table a private member’s bill on conscience rights on May 11.

Yurek’s amendments to Bill 84 would have protected doctors from civil liability and discipline by the CPSO.

Those amendments clarified that doctors with conscientious objections would not block patients’ access to euthanasia.

The amendments clarified that objecting doctors would provide, on request, information “about services that can provide access” to euthanasia; patient medical records, and would communicate “to the appropriate person in authority a patient’s request for a complete transfer of care so that the person in authority can facilitate the transfer.”

Worthen told the Catholic Register that the Coalition for Conscience backed Yurek’s amendments, which provided access to euthanasia “without negatively affecting conscience rights.”

“It’s important that people realize that we’re not trying to block patients from accessing this,” he told the Register. “What we’re trying to do is not be morally implicated in their decision.”

Source*

Related Topics:

Sex Abuse Victim Allowed Euthanasia as mental health problems Considered ‘INCURABLE’*

When Euthanasia Crosses the Line into Murder*

Canada’s Surgeons Harvesting Organs from Euthanised Patients*

VIDEO: Bioethics, Eugenics and the “after-birth abortion” of newborns

 

Canadian Company to Construct Brazil’s Largest Open-Pit Gold Mine—in the Heart of the Amazon*

A Canadian Company to Construct Brazil’s Largest Open-Pit Gold Mine—in the Heart of the Amazon*

Belo Sun’s Volta Grande Gold Project will source water from the Xingu River, some 20 km south of the Belo Monte Dam. Photo: Fred Almeida/Wikimedia

 

A Canadian company is planning to build the soon-to-be largest open-pit gold mine in Brazil, located in the heart of the Amazon forest on the banks of the Xingu River. Brazilian activists, NGOs and advocacy groups, however, are waging a legal battle over the land.

Belo Sun Mining Corp., which is headquartered in Toronto, is behind the Volta Grande Gold Project, which plans to extract 600 tons of gold over the course of 12 years. The mine will generate toxic waste two-fold the volume of Rio de Janeiro’s Sugarloaf mountain. A community of 300 families, who live off the land in Vila da Ressaca, Galo and Ouro Verde villages, will have to be relocated should the project go forward.

The company, which began researching the area in 2008, secured permission in early February from the Pará state government to begin construction, but on February 22 a state court suspended that permission for 180 days by upholding a suit filed by Pará’s public defender’s office.

In the ruling, judge Álvaro José da Silva Souza says he will refer the case to the federal public prosecutor’s office to conduct an investigation into whether the company engaged in land grabbing when it purchased federal public lands. The lands in question, Vila da Ressaca, Galo and Ouro Verde, make up an area called Ituna, which was destined in the 1980s by the federal government for the use of rural people in the context of agrarian reform.

The ruling also states that in the last three years, from the issuing of a preliminary permit in 2014 and up through the recent granting of a construction permit, the company did nothing to relocate the affected riverland peoples in a dignified way.

“I understand it to be completely absurd and unjustifiable that currently the families are still at the mercy of their own luck,” the judge’s decision reads.

The ruling gave the company 180 days to devise a plan to relocate the families and requires the company in the meantime to ensure the families’ access to the lands in question.

The location of the proposed mine has already been severely affected by an unrelated development project, the Belo Monte hydropower dam, which started its testing phase in late 2015. The dam has reduced the water flow of a 100-kilometre stretch of the Xingu River by 80%, in addition to having killed off fish, worsened water quality and drastically changed the way of life of many indigenous and riverland populations since its construction began in 2011.

Environmental fears surround the Belo Sun’s gold-mining project, given the recent tragedy near Mariana in the state of Minas Gerais. In November 2015, a dam burst at a mine belonging to Samarco — a joint venture of mining companies BHP and Vale — and poured billions of liters of waste in the Doce River, killing 19 people and leaving 700 homeless.

A technical note issued by Belo Sun in 2012, which addressed concerns brought about in a public hearing, was conducted by the same engineer who had attested to the safety of the Mariana dam four months before it burst. In November 2016, he, along with 20 other executives, was indicted for homicide by a federal court.

Consultations of indigenous communities

The indigenous communities directly affected by the Volta Grande Gold Project have not been consulted as is provided for in the 169 Convention of the International Labor Organization, of which Brazil is a signatory.

Six days after the issuing of the construction permit in early February, the mining company published on its website, only in English, a detailed exploration plan that encompasses 120 kilometres throughout the Xingu River. If the company were to implement the plan, at least four officially designated Indigenous Lands (Terras Indígenas) would be affected: Paquiçamba, of the Juruna people; Ituna/Itata, where isolated indigenous peoples live; Arara da Volta Grande, of the Arara; and Trincheira Bacajá, of the Xicrin peoples. Brazilian legislation states that constructions permits in this area should be done at the federal level (rather than by Pará state government) because it directly affects indigenous lands.

Belo Sun published on their website a map with their planned activities, without showing the adjacent indigenous lands. Instituto Socioambiental produced this map that does.

 

As of now, there hasn’t been any consultation of the peoples that could be impacted if the project moves forward.

“From the way it is on the map, it looks like there are no indigenous peoples there. For Belo Sun there is no one there,” says Mukuka Xicrin, a leader of the Xincrin people.

The permit granted by Pará state in February also bypassed a motion issued by Brazil’s public authority on indigenous matters (the National Indigenous Foundation, or FUNAI), which demands reassessment of the impact on indigenous peoples and considers a study presented by Belo Sun to be insufficient.

Both federal and state public defender’s offices filed a suit to halt the permit, with the latter’s suit being upheld by the state court. The federal prosecutor’s office also filed a motion directed at Pará’s environmental agency recommending against the permit. The prosecutor’s office had already filed two other suits against the project in the past.

Source*

Related Topics:

Brazil vs. the Indigenous Fight against the Belo Monte Dam*

Amazon Groups Fight U.S. Call for Forced Contact with Remote Tribes*

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Canada’s Surgeons Harvesting Organs from Euthanised Patients*

Canada’s Surgeons Harvesting Organs from Euthanised Patients*

By Michael Cook

Taking advantage of the country’s new law, Canadian transplant surgeons have harvested organs from dozens of euthanasia patients. According to the National Post, 26 people in Ontario who died by lethal injection have donated tissue or organs. This involved mostly corneas, skin, heart valves, bones and tendons.

The National Post’s report only covered Ontario. Bioethicists, Transplant Quebec and an ethics committee of the Quebec government in Quebec argued last year that euthanasia could be a good source of organs, so it is quite possible that similar procedures have been carried out in that province as well.

“If we accept people can make decisions to end life, and we accept the idea of cardiac death being sufficient for organ donation, this should be acceptable,” Dr James Downar, of Dying with Dignity Canada, told the Post, to allay fears that patients could be pressured into donating organs.

Oddly enough, this is a topic which did not emerge in discussions about euthanasia before the Supreme Court legalised it in 2015. An influential report by a Royal Society of Canada Expert Panel did not even mention it, for instance, nor the Supreme Court’s decision in Carter vs Canada.

Coordinating organ transplants with euthanised donors has been going on for several years in Belgium and the Netherlands. About 40 cases in the two countries have been reported. Last year Dutch physicians at the Maastricht University Medical Center and the Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam published a multidisciplinary manual for the complex procedure.

A recent article in the Impact Ethics blog by Professor Jennifer A. Chandler, of the University of Ottawa, pointed out that combining organ donation with euthanasia could lead to some tricky issues in ethics, law and conscientious objection:

  • What if a patient seeks euthanasia to direct his donation to a family member? The potential for abuse is obvious.
  • What if a next-of-kin is asked to approve organ donation after a person has been euthanised but has left no instructions?
  • What if the transplant surgeon has a conscientious objection to the procedure? Should he be forced to do it?
  • What if a recipient objects to receiving an organ from a euthanised patient?

Source*

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