What Hillary Clinton Did To Haiti Should Scare any Voter*
What Hillary Clinton Did To Haiti Should Scare any Voter*
Slavery: The Anniversary of the Official Ending of a System that Bankrolled and Civilized Cameron’s British Empire*
By Garikai Chengu
Friday [25th March 2016] marks the anniversary of the Parliamentary abolition of the slave trade in the British Empire. Over the course of three centuries, Britain became the largest slaving nation in the world and the slave trade grew to become Britain’s largest and most profitable industry. Britain generated an estimated equivalent of four trillion pounds on the unpaid labour of slaves.
Britain owes its very existence as a first world nation to the African slave trade. Great Britain’s economic way of life was formed by slavery: about it revolved, and on it depended, most of Britain’s other industries.
Fathers became ostentatiously wealthy constructing slave ships or owning huge plantations in the Caribbean; when they died, their sons inherited that wealth and chartered banks that have endured to this day such as Barclays Bank, they built factories, British railroad enterprises, invested in government securities, and speculated in new financial instruments. In due course, they donated their slave profits to build libraries, museums, botanical gardens, and British universities.
Slavery did not only build Britain, it civilized her.
At the height of the British Empire, London was the cultural and economic capital of the world, and today London remains one of the world’s wealthiest and most influential cities.
However, before the British slave trade began in the 1500s, over 90 percent of medieval London’s population was illiterate and the city had largely forgotten the technical advances of the Romans some 900 hundred years before. There were no street lamps or paved streets in London and garbage and human waste were simply thrown into the streets.
Between 1348 and 1665, there were 16 outbreaks of the plague in London, at times killing almost half of the city’s inhabitants. Most houses were made of wood, mud and dung. All of this occurred at a time when the great empires of the world were Black African empires, and the educational and cultural centres of the world were predominately African.
Whilst Europe was experiencing its Dark Age, which was a long period of intellectual, economic and cultural backwardness, Africans were experiencing an almost continent-wide renaissance. The leading civilizations of this African rebirth were the Benin Empire, Kingdom of Ghana and the Mali Empires.
Between the early 1500s and the early 1800s, millions of slaves were kidnapped from Ghana, Mali and across West Africa. By the mid-18th century, Britain was the biggest slaving nation, and Britain’s major ports, cities and canals were built on invested slave money.
Beyond any doubt it was the slave trade that raised London from an uncivilized medieval city to be the richest and most prosperous city in the world.
Slavery was integral to Great Britain’s economy from the Royal family to the Church of England on downwards. Britain’s slavers were defended before god by the Archbishop of Canterbury, and before parliament by politicians, like William Gladstone, himself the son of a wealthy plantation-owner.
In his famous 1944 book Capitalism and Slavery, the Trinidadian scholar Eric Williams illustrates how profits from slavery “fertilised” many branches of London’s economy and spurred England’s industrial revolution.
The processing and distribution of produce such as tobacco, sugar and cotton produced on plantations resulted in massive investment in British quaysides, warehouses, factories, trading houses and banks. Banking is currently Britain’s biggest industry and apart from the Barclays Brothers, who were slave traders, we also know of Barings and HSBC, which can be traced back to slaver Thomas Leyland’s banking house. The Bank of England’s founding is also inextricably linked to slave profits. Sir Richard Neave, who was the director of the bank for half a century, was also the chairman of the plunderous Society of West India Merchants.
British historian Robert Blackburn calculates that in 1770, total investments in the domestic British economy stood at £4 million, (or about £500 million in today’s money). This investment included the building of roads and canals, of wharves and harbours, of all new equipment needed by farmers and manufacturers, and of all the new ships sold to merchants in a period of one year.
Around the same time, British slave-based plantation and commercial profits came to £3.8 million (or about £450 million in contemporary terms). Clearly, slave based profits were so significant that they literally bankrolled Britain’s development and ascent into a first world nation.
The modern civilized world owes its very existence to the most uncivilized institution of slavery. In fact, slavery is not a product of Western civilization; Western civilization is a product of slavery. By fuelling the industrial revolution and propelling the mercantile expansion of the British Empire, slavery built the foundations of modern British civilization.
Throughout the ages monuments have epitomized and defined civilizations. Slavery had a profound impact on the development of British architecture from the great many monuments and statues across London, which celebrates Britain’s deep involvement in transatlantic slavery to the construction of countless ostentatious country houses.
Famous London landmarks and areas are also deeply intertwined with slavery. For instance, Sir Hans Sloane, whose statue stands in Sloane Square, was a principle shareholder of the plunderous Royal Africa Company, whose sigils was an Elephant and Castle, which gave its name to an area in south London. Sloane was also the President of the Royal Society and founder of the British Museum.
Museums are a quintessential symbol of modern civilization. Prior to the era of British slavery, museums tended to be small and private, open only to the aristocracy of a given nation. During the height of British slavery in the 19th century, the modern museum as we know it began to take shape. With plunder streaming in from all corners of the British Empire, the modern museum was born. The British Museum was created largely as a repository for artefacts looted from Africa between the 17th and 19th centuries.
Arguably the greatest contribution that slavery made to British civilization was how slaves freed up time for British slave owners and their families to engage in social activities and sustained experiments that led to inventions that propelled the industrial revolution. For instance, slavery financed the experiments of James Watt, inventor of the first really efficient steam engine.
Many historians agree that slavery was also crucial in developing British democracy, since it allowed men greater time for public participation.
Slave ships were also the principle reason for Britain’s explosion in medical advances. British slave ships were essentially floating laboratories, offering medical researchers a chance to examine the course of various diseases in somewhat controlled, quarantined environments. British doctors and researchers gleaned priceless epidemiological information on a range of diseases including malaria, smallpox, cholera, yellow fever, dysentery, typhoid, and so on, from the bodies of dying and dead slaves. Conditions on slave ships were so bad that, in his 1789 speech opening the parliamentary debate on the slave trade William Wilberforce estimated that half of the slaves, or six million souls, transported never made it to their destination.
As Professor Eric Williams explains, Britain ultimately abolished slavery, not for moral reasons, but simply because abolition was now more profitable than continuing sugar plantations. A century of sugar cane raising had exhausted the soil of the islands, and the plantations had become unprofitable. It became more profitable for British slave owners to simply sell the slaves to the government than to continue operations.
In 1833 the British Government paid slave-owners the equivalent of £17 billion in compensation, or roughly 40 percent of the national budget. British Prime Minister David Cameron’s cousin Sir James Duff was one of many British slave owners who received his share of billions of pounds for having had the privilege of exploiting slaves to enrich himself. The slaves themselves received nothing by way of compensation.
The Caricom group of Caribbean nations has recently put pressure on David Cameron for Britain to formally apologize for slavery and pay reparations. Mr. Cameron’s recent response before the Jamaican Parliament was to refuse to apologize and to tell Jamaicans to simply “move on”.
According to one estimate by Harpers Magazine, slaves between 1619 and 1865, when slavery was ended performed 222,505,049 hours of forced labour. Compounded at interest and calculated in today’s currency, this adds up to trillions of dollars. In fact, more riches flowed to Britain from the slave economy of Jamaica than all of the original American thirteen colonies combined. It is little wonder why David Cameron is keen to ignore any discussion with Jamaica about fair reparations.
Every year representatives of the German Finance Ministry and representatives of European Holocaust survivors meet to discuss reparations.
So far, Germany has paid $89 billion in compensation to Jewish victims of Nazi crimes. The Jewish claim to reparations is clearly just and so too is the Caribbean’s claim to slavery reparations. So one wonders if Mr. Cameron would tell Jewish victims not to accept reparations money and to simply “move on” as he told Jamaicans?
The racial hypocrisy of the British government is clear: European Jews deserve billions in compensation but Africans deserve not even an apology, despite modern British capitalist civilization owing its very existence to slavery.
Nations must not be defined merely by what they decide to remember, but more importantly by what they choose to forget. During slavery, ordinary Britons may not have known the brutal subtleties of how sugar lumps arrived at their tables, but people today must not forget how the brutality of slavery not only built the prosperous Great Britain that we know today, but also how it civilized her.
Haitian People: Let Us Recover Our Dignity*
By Michel-Ange Cadet
Translated from the French by Dady Chery for Haiti Chery
Several Haitian cities rose up under strong tension in December 2010. The sky was black with smoke. The burning tires, the deafening noise of protesters in a common refrain of anger raged on the streets. The results of the presidential contests had just been announced. The word was that the people were demanding their legitimate right to vote. This thunder also rumbled in some provincial towns.
A community of foreign countries, which, due to their funding, lacked any respect and could not be bothered, entered peremptorily into the deepest bowels of the nation. These so-called Friends of Haiti expressed clearly and without diplomatic tact their hostility against the regime in place, which they accused of all the possible and conceivable ills of the degrading situation in which people lived, and the fraudulent nature of the elections. And this international community, did it not impose its own results on the Republic of Haiti? After this, we all saw the great benefits enjoyed by the high-level international staff in the country. For example, the illegal exploitation of the gold mines in the northeast region allowed us to see the meteoric speed at which various economic liberalization plans were effected. We all wondered where the reconstruction funds collected under the auspices of the Interim Haiti Recovery Commission (IHRC) had gone. And none of us ever got an answer.
Five years later, the same characters are on the other side of the barricade. The political atmosphere is no longer that of an antipathy toward a regime in place. It is no longer the determination to oust a candidate from the government. Just the opposite! It is an international community that wants, for the supposed stabilization of political life and the well-being of the Haitian people, to make the population swallow, at all costs, the fraudulent elections to maintain an illegitimate regime.
We find in 2016 an international community that wants by all means to maintain the status quo. The election process went well, it wants us to believe. All the troubles of August 9 and October 25, 2015 were the mere schizophrenic visions of a press eager for scoop and a sick population of “renmen zen” (gossips) and morons. But really, why are these countries so keen on these elections? Why do they want, at any price, the parliament, government, or president to issue from all these shenanigans?
Some Arab countries recently experienced turmoil and changes of autocratic regimes. Tunisia, Egypt, and Iraq successively experienced drastic swings of political regime in virtually no time. I am speaking, of course, of the Arab Spring. It is clear, however, that the famous invisible hand, of which Adam Smith spoke in his various economic theories, is no longer invisible today. For many decades everybody has been seeing it in every corner of political and economic life. The world has become aware of the roles of the imperialist powers from their interference in the internal politics of countries. Nowadays, to colonize people, one must first mentally colonize their leaders, those authorities who will hold the reins of power.
Everything happens under the cover of a kind of imposed democracy. The new form of colonization of the people passes through their representatives. When resistance is in order, their version of democracy and political and economic stabilization is at the cost of political turmoil, economic crisis, and bloodshed under various forms and pretexts. Syria can attest to this. Why couldn’t Saudi Arabia, a powerful ally of the United States and the West, have its own Arab Spring? In reality, everything is a matter of self interest, manipulation of public opinion and exploitation of wealth.
Since the 1980-1981 extermination of the creole pig, known as the “Pè APADEP” the imperialist powers have followed a strategy of systematic destruction of the Haitian economy. The U.S. and Canada have gradually substituted their production of meat for that of Haiti. They have struck at the heart of the actual capacity of the domestic production, to weaken the peasantry, the main engine of the economy.
Our small farmers have been those most affected by this slaughter of the pigs. In 1988, it was the turn of the rice sector to suffer the consequences of this economic policy of U.S. and Canadian dominance. The productions of rice, milk, cereals and many other foods were literally dismantled by unfair competition, with a requirement for an excessive relaxation of trade barriers. Farmers in the Artibonite Valley, the producers of creole rice, protested, fought, cried out against this dumping and predicted the imminent economic catastrophe, the destruction of the Haitian rice market and many other food products. Unfortunately the farmers have never had the support of Haiti’s elites. Intellectuals, universities, and civil society were too busy accounting for their purse, and they did not have their eyes sufficiently wide open to avoid the stampede on the country, concocted mainly by Uncle Sam’s most sordid misery and exploitation industry. Today, we can barely find creole varieties of rice like Madan Gougous, Rèpsoro, and Riz Soleil.
Under the pretext of a return to constitutional order, democracy, and economic reform, in 1995 a second opening of the Haitian market was imposed on various state structures of the Republic: the executive and parliament. We witnessed the free fall of almost all tariffs, the privatization of public enterprises, a program of voluntary departure of several public officials. Let us just say that this was a pure implementation of neo-liberalism that exposed our economy to another economy that was more powerful and heavily subsidized. This was in compensation for the return from exile of a president who had been the victim of a coup fomented by these same imperialist powers. And we are still there today. A little history will not kill us; rather, it allows us to understand and see who are our real enemies and who cleared their path to our destruction.
All this was only possible, however, because of the incompetence, carelessness, or cowardice of those who monopolized the highest offices in the nation: our presidents, our governments and legislators, who have never defended the republic. These kinds of men and women are needed to save the time, account, and expense that any direct war of occupation would cost. These people do not want to displease the white man. The white man is always a powerful ally, especially when they lack popular legitimacy. He is an asset for back-up power, calm and laisser faire when the clouds come to darken a political regime.
Joseph Arthur Gobineau was right about one thing. All men are not created equal. There is actually a hierarchy in the human species. It does not rely simply on skin pigmentation or region of origin. Everything is mental. Everything lies within the human subconscious. Some people are born with a mental condition of inferiority, and they spend their lives crawling on their knees. They believe in their subconscious that there is a class of men that is better, smart, and infallible. They do not esteem those of their own race, their compatriots, or even their own person. This inferiority complex prevents constructive judgment. They are those that history does not want to expose, for fear of infecting positive thinking in contemporary minds, except to show the kinds of men and women to avoid in any high office of a country.
On the other hand, there are those who refuse to believe that their destiny is tied to the existence of a chain of subservience, and that they should fear in their flesh the lash of the master. They are those who are born and live upright, stand and fight against all forms of adversity, who do not believe in the existence of a superior race, but that we are all people of flesh and blood. These are the Haitians who know that genius comes from this land as well as anywhere else, and that it is no coincidence that Toussaint L’Ouverture was able to dazzle a Napoleonic army, and it is natural that the genius of Dessalines defeated the French troops of Saint Domingue. The fact that Antenor Firmin became a major writer, by any world standard, proves that we are also worthy beings.
It is a shame that nowadays those who lead Haiti base all their hopes, all important decisions and directions of the republic on a community of foreign countries. Self-determination is nothing but an illusion. What happened to our dignity as a people? This community of countries, the so-called Friends of Haiti, say they understand the misery and problems of our people, even though our people have never seen the colour of the support funds that these countries claim to have granted us. To the extent that the figures express a whopping support, the social and economic conditions of the people follow the opposite trend. We become more impoverished, generation after generation. Many of those who still decide to promote honesty have only poverty to pass on to their offspring. The country is becoming poorer and the people more miserable, to the point that today an estimated 78% live below the poverty line. And so goes the country. It is in the midst of this economic and social contrast that the international stabilization boasts of its achievements on Haitian soil. To survive, the people practice the policy of the ostrich and get stuck in a series of popular aphorisms like: “Pito nou lèd nou la” (Better ugly than gone). Or better yet: “Lespwa fè viv” (Hope brings life).
In fact, what hope? What life? Why couldn’t we live in all beauty as a people, as a nation? We have seen very little in the last popular street protests about problems other than politics. Yet the crisis in Haiti is more social than political. On the sidelines of the political crisis is a major problem of social and economic class. It is not politics that creates the corrupt politicians, those butlers who destabilize republican institutions. We have issues of civic education, fuelled by an unprecedented economic crisis. Politics appears to be the only way out for many. Some of those who were ruined in the last U.S. subprime crisis came out well from their slump while the duped people were left to their daily lives of disarray. And the gap is increasingly widened between the people and the oligarchy. Observations of the recent months also express the bitterness from the lower middle class and poor. We see very little expression about the social divide that exists in the society.
Unfortunately the state, in its regal comportment through his officials, no longer serves the function of redistributing wealth, but instead teams up with the oligarchy and the imperialists to pull what it can out of the game. This makes the rich much richer, the poor much poorer, the imperialists more satisfied with their policy of exploitation, and the country much more confrontational.
Victims of the earthquake of January 12, 2010 and a disastrous economic policy in the last five years, and to top it all, an arbitrary increase of the tax burden on its back, the Haitian middle class hardly exists anymore. We can say that today our country taxes poverty. So goes the Republic! The statistics show how difficult the economy was for the Haitian people in 2015. These data are not satisfactory at all. In fact, they are catastrophic, especially considering the great social disparity in the distribution of wealth in the country, where 78% of the population live below the poverty line, and 58% are in extreme poverty. Only 20% of the population owned 63% of the country’s wealth, while the economy’s growth rate was 3.6% for 2015.
Growth Rate of Economic Activities
|Change in %|
|Agriculture / Forestry / Livestock and Fisheries||-3.5|
|Electricity and Water||-0.2|
|Trade / Restaurant and Hotel||3.5|
|Transport et Communication||0.5|
|Other Merchant Service||2.1|
Many have given up the ship, become fringes of our red-and-blue all over the world, fleeing poverty as the Jews fled Hitler’s fury. Those who still have the courage or have no other choice still fight for a better future. So goes their lives, and the fates of their children and grandchildren.
10 Examples of the CIA Using Secret Armies to Overthrow Foreign Governments*
By Justin King
As more and more evidence mounts that the U.S. government was secretly assisting ISIS, it might be time to point out a few instances when the Central Intelligence Agency created secret armies. The current theory suggests the U.S. secretly supported the ISIS so the Islamists would destabilize the government of Syrian President Assad. If that seems out of the question, remember the CIA once started a war over bananas… literal bananas.
Cuba: Probably the best known secret army. Castro nationalized the assets of western companies after his government took power, so the U.S. decided to overthrow the government of Cuba and install a puppet regime. As with most of the armies backed by the U.S. intelligence establishment, it failed. Miserably. The Bay of Pigs invasion saw 1400 US-trained Cubans surrender to Castro’s forces within 24 hours.
El Salvador: The U.S.-supported Salvadoran government faced opposition from communist rebels. U.S. intelligence saw an obvious and simple answer: establish death squads. U.S. intelligence trained and advised pro-government forces as they massacred villages and led the way to the displacement of over a million people. Immediately after the ceasefire, there was a general amnesty for people implicated in war crimes. This amnesty was ruled to be illegal, but remains in effect anyway. Those seeking justice are often burglarized and the evidence of CIA involvement is stolen.
The Independent newspaper ran this story on Osama bin Laden on December 6, 1993.
Afghanistan: The U.S. armed and trained the Mujaheddin fighters through Operation Cyclone. Later, many of these fighters would form the core of the fundamentalist Islamic terrorist groups we are fighting (or possibly supporting) today. Yes, Osama bin Laden was one of the fighters trained by the CIA in Afghanistan. The whole operation was carried out to stop the Soviet invasion.
Guatemala: This little CIA caper is the origin of the term “Banana Republic.” The democratically elected President of Guatemala decided to punish the United Fruit Company for decades of consorting with the country’s dictators. He began to propose legislation to end the U.S. multinational’s monopoly on almost everything in the country. So what else could the CIA do? The agency overthrew the legal government and triggered a war… over bananas.
Congo: In the 1960s, Belgium was ending its colonial rule over Congo. Rather than allow self-determination, the CIA staged assassinations, armed rebel forces, brought in European mercenaries, and even backed them up with a secret air force.
Nicaragua (the second time): In the 1980s, the leftist Sandinistas took power. The CIA backed the Contra militia that opposed them. The agency funneled them arms, ran cocaine for them, and trained the organization that become well known for child soldiers, massacres at literacy centres’, and war crimes of just about every imaginable kind.
Angola: The CIA hired French and South African mercenaries to assist right-wing groups in their fight against the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola. The group was competing with several other paramilitary organizations in a fight to take over the country after the Portuguese decolonized. The CIA’s mercenary army predictably lost.
Ukraine (the first time): During the Second World War, the Nazis set up a partisan group in Ukraine to harass and slow the advancing Soviet forces. At the end of World War II, U.S. intelligence began funding and assisting the partisan group. The Soviets wiped the partisans out in 1952.
Venezuela: In 2002, a group within Venezuela attempted to oust the government. The U.S. flatly denied involvement. Of course, there is more than enough evidence to tie the Bush Administration to the plot. There is even circumstantial evidence a more recent second attempt.
Ukraine (the second time): The most recent revolution in Ukraine may have started organically, however, it was seized upon by U.S. intelligence. The revolution became just another method of installing a U.S puppet regime. The U.S. chose to install literal Nazis. These facts are largely ignored by U.S. media.
U.S. and U.K. Flagrant Abuse of Int’l Law*
[ Editor’s Note: My, my…this was certainly a change of pace for starting the day with a Yellow Brick Road tour of Western hypocrisy and duplicity, brought to us by countries with very high education expenditures for which the return investment, in terms of protecting some reality as to having real democracies, has been reduced to travelling medicine show status.
Our current presidential election slate is a non-shining example of the wasteland that confronts the electorate where a political process seems to winnow out almost all but the bottom of the barrel and mediocre types, with the uber-gangsters getting more entrenched with each election and converting the country into a white collar mafioso plantation of sorts.
Fix a nice fresh cup of coffee and enjoy Mr. Churkin’s review of the wonders of Western democracy and the shining light it has been in terms of being used as a front by the most corrupt elements among us… Jim W. Dean ]
Russia has presented at the U.N. Security Council on Monday an “express review” of the most flagrant cases of disregard for international law by the United States and the U.K. The list covering events from the mid-20th century to the present day has been read out by Russia’s deputy permanent representative to the U.N. Pyotr Ilyichev in response to accusations against Moscow over developments in Ukraine and Crimea’s reunification with Russia.
“Some delegations have spoken today of violations of the principles of the U.N. Charter unsubstantially accusing Russia of this. To prevent this wishful thinking from creating the wrong impression, let me make an ‘express review’ of the most flagrant cases of disregard for international law, including the purposes and principles of the UN Security Council over the past few decades, the more so since they have apparently been forgotten,” the diplomat said at the debate dedicated to maintaining international peace and security.
He drew attention, in particular, to Britain’s bombing of the Yemeni city of Harib in 1946, noting that the U.N. Security Council condemned these actions in its Resolution 188 “pointing to the incompatibility of reprisals with the purposes and principles of the U.N. Charter.” “In 1983, the United States carried out an armed invasion of Grenada.
The General Assembly, in its Resolution 37/8, called these U.S. actions ‘a flagrant violation of international law.’ Many people probably know about the response by the then U.S. President [Ronald Reagan – TASS] to this document that the news did not spoil his appetite at breakfast,” Ilyichev said.
“According to him, in 1986 the United States carried out an attack against Libya and in 1989 invaded Panama. In both cases these actions were met with condemnation from the U.N. General Assembly, which qualified them as a violation of international law. The Russian diplomat noted that violations of the U.N. Charter were registered by the International Court of Justice as well.
“For example, in the first in its history decision on the 1946 case of Corfu Channel the court recognized that the U.K. had violated Albania’s sovereignty. The ruling on the 1986 Nicaragua vs U.S. case is well-known. The court pointed out bluntly that the U.S. had violated Nicaragua’s sovereignty and the norms of non-interference in internal affairs and non-use of force,” Ilyichev said.
From Yugoslavia to Syria
According to Ilyichev, “irresponsible attitude” of the U.S. and its allies to the U.N. Charter continued and resulted in the bombing of Yugoslavia in 1999 and the invasion of Iraq in 2003. Then came Libya where “with allegedly disinterested outside help the fire broke out that destroyed the state leaving ashes and chaos in its place,” the diplomat said.
He noted that “it was such unlawful interference in the form of illegitimate air strikes or arms deliveries to non-government armed groups” that led to the growth of radical sentiment in Syria that ultimately “resulted in the emergence and strengthening of such terrible phenomena” as the Islamic State (IS) terrorist group (banned in Russia).
“The effects of the invasion of Libya and Syria are striking in their scope. These are terrible suffering of civilians, the destruction of the cultural heritage of mankind and the unprecedented migrant crisis,” Ilyichev said.
He went on to say that 70 years after the end of World War II the basic principles underlying the system of international relations “are becoming an inconvenient obstacle for some and, as a result, are exposed to all sorts of interpretations or are just sidestepped.”
“Apparently, the presumption of their own exclusiveness have long made it possible for some countries to put themselves above the purposes and principles of the U.N. Charter,” the diplomat said referring to a well-known remark of U.S. President Barack Obama about the “exclusiveness” of the American nation.
Venezuelan Foreign Ministry: they are trying to split up Syria
The debate at the U.N. Security Council was chaired by Venezuelan Foreign Minister Delcy Rodriguez. She pointed to the need to respect the sovereignty of states and other fundamental principles enshrined in the U.N. Charter – the right of peoples to self-determination, peaceful settlement of disputes and promoting the spirit of cooperation and non-aggression.
Regarding the situation in Syria, Rodriguez pointed to the attempts to split this Arab country into pieces ignoring the will of its people. According to her, “certain countries for whom their national interests are a priority” are interfering in Syria’s internal affairs.
She drew attention to the fact that, while the developing nations are strictly abiding by the U.N. Charter, the rich powers are acting contrary to it resorting to “unilateral acts of aggression” and demonstrating determination to dominate the market of natural resources. According to Rodriguez, this has led to the growing economic inequality, discrimination, Islamophobia and the undermining of the peoples’ right to self-determination.
NATO is a military alliance with the purpose of collective defence. NATO conducts military operations of two kinds: peace keeping and peace enforcing ones. The difference is that peace keeping actions are realized with the mutual agreement of the parties involved. The ground base for interference in peace enforcing operations is a resolution of the United Nations security council. In reality, however, such operations have taken place without U.N’s approval: in 1995 NATO forces interfered in the conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina with no U.N approval, neither was sanctioned the 1999 NATO bombardment of Yugoslavia. The most widely known large-scale military operations of the NATO in this photo gallery by ITAR-TASS
Haiti Loses another Foul Clinton Picked President*
By Marcel Duret
Former Haitian Ambassador in Tokyo
He was elected! Yes by those who voted for him, and especially by those who did not vote at all. Guilty! I did not vote in 2010 because I thought none of the candidates really interpolated me with programs that could drastically change the tragic situation of the vast majority of Haitians. No one expects changes overnight, but at least the country must be placed on the rails of prosperity and well-being for its people. A Haitian of origin living in the U.S. told me,
“Since when is it the candidate’s programs which propel them to become president in Haiti?”
I should not perhaps feel guilty because, as everyone knows, and in all likelihood, Joseph Michel Martelly was chosen by Mrs Hillary Clinton, without further ado, to become president of Haiti. The interference of the United States in the internal affairs of the country is not new in our history. The impacts of the U.S. occupation from 1915 to 1934 are still ubiquitous in our society.
But Why Martelly?
One of the best Haitian musicians of our time, Michel Martelly, is charismatic and eloquent. He is one of the few Haitian musicians who are financially successful and he could live from his talent as a singer, composer, keyboardist and his ribaldry. A fan told me,
“We are always assured of a pleasant evening when we go to a Sweet Mickey party.”
Thousands of his fans have danced, cried and laughed listening to his music. The musician and his song can touch the heart of the faithful as only a pastor or a priest can. The chorus of some songs is etched forever in our memory. That’s what made the comparative advantage between Martelly and other candidates.
Initially, nobody thought that Sweet Mickey was going to be elected president. He reportedly did not believe it either. Then what motivated Hillary Clinton and OAS members to make that fateful choice that would mark negatively the future of an entire nation?
Michel Joseph Martelly was never a member of any political party with a platform or a program! He was not a member of any group that reflected on the major challenges facing the country! He may have spent more time outside the country than he did in Haiti! He looks at the country, like some foreigners do, with disdain and a distance!
Like many artists, many political leaders, many pastors, priests, voodoo priests, etc., he suffers from a disease that is common in this country: narcissism or narcissistic personality disorder. If I’m not a psychiatrist or psychologist, I found information on the subject. What are the symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder?
• Has a grandiose sense of self-importance (e.g., exaggerates achievements and talents, expects to be recognized as superior without commensurate achievements);
• Is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love
• Believes that he or she is “special” and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people (or institutions);
• Is exploitative of others, e.g., takes advantage of others to achieve his or her own ends;
• Lacks empathy, e.g., is unwilling to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others;
• Is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of him or her;
• Regularly shows arrogant, haughty behaviours or attitudes.
By Psych Central Staff
Unfortunately this is endemic in the urban and suburban zones in Haiti. Why? That is another debate!
Do you recognize yourself in this description? We understand better now why there were 54 candidates for the presidency! Imagine more than a million Haitians suffer from this disease!
So the question remains: in 2010, why did Mrs Hillary Clinton in conjunction with the OAS select Martelly?
Hypothesis abound: his weakness as a former drug addict and that his willingness to negotiate mining contracts, etc. In all, he was perceived as an easy target by the predators of the international community.
But the greatest weakness of Martelly was his lack of vision and his inability to surround himself with capable people who have. The narcissistic personality disorder, from which he suffers, does not allow him to have the humility to listen to dissenting voices.
President Michel Joseph Martelly can be proud of having kept his campaign promise to promote universal education by initiating the PSUGO program. Although already included in the constitution and though badly managed, it remains the flagship program of his administration.
After five turbulent years from crisis to crisis, from improvisation to improvisation, one would have bet he would be eager to hand over power. No! Before leaving he wants to make sure of several things:
– That the next interim government and the new Electoral Board are composed of his cronies so that he is free from all forms of persecution;
– That his handpicked successor Jovenel Moise wins in a runoff election with Jude Celestin;
– That he can continue to exercise some control over the country’s future because he is the only one able to understand and satisfy the needs of the people.
He is not necessarily conscious of it. A psychiatrist told me the first big step of a patient is to be aware that he or she has a problem. Mr Michel Joseph Martelly is far from reaching this stage. Within one day of the end of his term, all of his actions, his whole behaviour constitute the last spasms of the dying beast.
Zika Epicentre in Same Area GM Mosquitoes were Released in 2015*
By Claire Bernish
The World Health Organization announced it will convene an Emergency Committee under International Health Regulations on Monday, February 1, concerning the Zika virus ‘explosive’ spread throughout the Americas. The virus reportedly has the potential to reach pandemic proportions — possibly around the globe. But understanding why this outbreak happened is vital to curbing it. As the WHO statement said:
“A causal relationship between Zika virus infection and birth malformations and neurological syndromes … is strongly suspected. [These links] have rapidly changed the risk profile of Zika, from a mild threat to one of alarming proportions.
“WHO is deeply concerned about this rapidly evolving situation for 4 main reasons: the possible association of infection with birth malformations and neurological syndromes; the potential for further international spread given the wide geographical distribution of the mosquito vector; the lack of population immunity in newly affected areas; and the absence of vaccines, specific treatments, and rapid diagnostic tests […]
“The level of concern is high, as is the level of uncertainty.”
Zika seemingly exploded out of nowhere. Though it was first discovered in 1947, cases only sporadically occurred throughout Africa and southern Asia. In 2007, the first case was reported in the Pacific. In 2013, a smattering of small outbreaks and individual cases were officially documented in Africa and the western Pacific. They also began showing up in the Americas. In May 2015, Brazil reported its first case of Zika virus — and the situation changed dramatically.
When examining a rapidly expanding potential pandemic, it’s necessary to leave no stone unturned so possible solutions, as well as future prevention, will be as effective as possible. In that vein, there was another significant development in 2015.
Oxitec first unveiled its large-scale, genetically-modified mosquito farm in Brazil in July 2012, with the goal of reducing “the incidence of dengue fever,” as The Disease Daily reported. Dengue fever is spread by the same Aedes mosquitoes which spread the Zika virus — and though they “cannot fly more than 400 meters,” WHO stated, “it may inadvertently be transported by humans from one place to another.” By July 2015, shortly after the GM mosquitoes were first released into the wild in Juazeiro, Brazil, Oxitec proudly announced they had “successfully controlled the Aedes aegypti mosquito that spreads dengue fever, chikungunya and zika virus, by reducing the target population by more than 90%.”
Though that might sound like an astounding success — and, arguably, it was — there is an alarming possibility to consider.
Nature, as one Redditor keenly pointed out, finds a way — and the effort to control dengue, zika, and other viruses, appears to have backfired dramatically.
The particular strain of Oxitec GM mosquitoes, OX513A, are genetically altered so the vast majority of their offspring will die before they mature — though Dr. Ricarda Steinbrecher published concerns in a report in September 2010 that a known survival rate of 3-% warranted further study before the release of the GM insects. Her concerns, which were echoed by several other scientists both at the time and since, appear to have been ignored — though they should not have been.
Those genetically-modified mosquitoes work to control wild, potentially disease-carrying populations in a very specific manner. Only the male modified Aedes mosquitoes are supposed to be released into the wild — as they will mate with their unaltered female counterparts. Once offspring are produced, the modified, scientific facet is supposed to ‘kick in’ and kill that larvae before it reaches breeding age — if tetracycline is not present during its development. But there is a problem.
According to an unclassified document from the Trade and Agriculture Directorate Committee for Agriculture dated February 2015, Brazil is the third largest in “global antimicrobial consumption in food animal production” — meaning, Brazil is third in the world for its use of tetracycline in its food animals. As a study by the American Society of Agronomy, et. al., explained,
“It is estimated that approximately 75% of antibiotics are not absorbed by animals and are excreted in waste.”
One of the antibiotics (or antimicrobials) specifically named in that report for its environmental persistence is tetracycline.
In fact, as a confidential internal Oxitec document divulged in 2012, that survival rate could be as high as 15% — even with low levels of tetracycline present.
“Even small amounts of tetracycline can repress” the engineered lethality. Indeed, that 15% survival rate was described by Oxitec:
“After a lot of testing and comparing experimental design, it was found that [researchers] had used a cat food to feed the [OX513A] larvae and this cat food contained chicken. It is known that tetracycline is routinely used to prevent infections in chickens, especially in the cheap, mass produced, chicken used for animal food. The chicken is heat-treated before being used, but this does not remove all the tetracycline. This meant that a small amount of tetracycline was being added from the food to the larvae and repressing the [designed] lethal system.”
Even absent this tetracycline, as Steinbrecher explained, a “sub-population” of genetically-modified Aedes mosquitoes could theoretically develop and thrive, in theory,
“capable of surviving and flourishing despite any further” releases of ‘pure’ GM mosquitoes which still have that gene intact. She added,
“the effectiveness of the system also depends on the [genetically-designed] late onset of the lethality. If the time of onset is altered due to environmental conditions … then a 3-4% [survival rate] represents a much bigger problem…”
As the WHO stated in its press release, “conditions associated with this year’s El Nino weather pattern are expected to increase mosquito populations greatly in many areas.”
Incidentally, President Obama called for a massive research effort to develop a vaccine for the Zika virus, as one does not currently exist. Brazil has now called in 200,000 soldiers to somehow help combat the virus’ spread. Aedes mosquitoes have reportedly been spotted in the U.K. But perhaps the most ironic — or not — proposition was proffered on January 19, by the MIT Technology Review:
“An outbreak in the Western Hemisphere could give countries including the United States new reasons to try wiping out mosquitoes with genetic engineering.
“Yesterday, the Brazilian city of Piracicaba said it would expand the use of genetically modified mosquitoes …
“The GM mosquitoes were created by Oxitec, a British company recently purchased by Intrexon, a synthetic biology company based in Maryland. The company said it has released bugs in parts of Brazil and the Cayman Islands to battle dengue fever.”