Tag Archive | environment

Electricity Prices Fall into Negatives as Germany’s Renewable Energy Boom Occurs*

Electricity Prices Fall into Negatives as Germany’s Renewable Energy Boom Occurs*

A renewable energy boom in Germany has triggered a fall in price to negative figures. Coal and nuclear now accounts for only 15% of Germany’s energy demands.

 

By Amando Flavio

 

 

Since 2015, Germany has produced too much energy from renewable sources, selling the excesses to its neighbouring countries at a much cheaper price.

Taking a cue from the 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan, Germany shut down nine of its nuclear reactors. Combined, these nuclear reactors had the capacity of generating enough power for at least 20 million homes in Europe.

 

But due to the extreme dangers associated with nuclear power, Germany doesn’t want to gamble with the nation’s health. It is better to invest in ventures that are sustainable. The country has an ambitious target in renewable energy.

Sweden hopes to run entirely on renewable energy by 2040. Germany has set this target by 2050, 10 years behind Sweden. Since the target was set, the German government has invested heavily in renewables. The government has also set up what is known as Energiewende, an initiative to transition away from fossil fuels and nuclear power to a low carbon, environmentally sound, reliable and affordable energy supply by 2050.

 

 

Although Germany has over 30 years to the deadline it is set to fully transition to renewables; current development appears to suggest the country might reach an earlier target by decades than the original set 2050.

On Sunday, April 30, renewable energy from wind, solar, biomass and hydro power provided a record 85% of Germany’s total energy. According to the country’s energy officials, this was a new record set by the country in its energy sector.

Germany’s public broadcaster, Deutsche Welle reports that energy from coal has fallen to a record all-time low in the nation. The outlet added that coal-fired power stations were only operational between three and four on the afternoon of April 30. The plants generated only eight gigawatts of energy, well below their maximum output of around 50 gigawatts.

Patrick Graichen of Agora Energiewende confirmed the good news to the Australian news outlet RenewEconomy. He said:

 

“Most of Germany’s coal-fired power stations were not even operating on Sunday [April 30]. Nuclear power sources, which are planned to be completely phased out by 2022, were also severely reduced.”

 

Mr Graichen further added that due to the massive investment in renewables by the German government, he is sure that the country will shut down all of its coal and nuclear plants by 2030.

 

What happened on April 30 made electricity prices in Germany fall into negative figures. The renewable sources fed so much power into the national grid that supply far exceeded demand. The surplus was then sent to neighbouring countries.

This isn’t the first time energy supply has exceeded demand in Germany. In 2015, similar things happened. According to energy experts, Germany needs to start investing in a technology that can store energy for future use, due to how the country is over producing the commodity.

The current overproduction in Germany is being spilled into its neighbouring countries such as Poland, Austria and the Czech Republic. Experts have warned these countries that depend on surplus energy from Germany need to speed up the process of generating their own energy as a disruption in power supply in Germany would badly affect them.

Already, grid companies in Germany have started to invest in energy storage infrastructure; they have planned to invest some $24 billion to upgrade networks and modify existing high voltage power lines.

The German auto giant company, Audi — which became the first to use power to gas technology, converting excess electricity into gaseous energy, producing a zero carbon hydrogen gas and converting it into renewable methane, which can be used as an energy source in the future — is said to be making a concerted effort to help store energy in the country. Audi has already built a 6 MW power-to-gas facility in its home, Ingolstadt.

 

Apart from these ongoing developments in Germany, the country is also planning to do away with fossils in its transportation sector. Last year, the country announced that it will soon start operating hydrogen-powered trains in an effort to affirm its noble objective of boosting clean and renewable energy.

 

The train, known as Coradia iLint, will be the first train in the world to be powered with hydrogen. Currently, Germany runs around 4,000 trains. All are powered with diesel, polluting the atmosphere as they move along. Coradia iLint is developed by the French rail transport company, Alstom.

 

 

 

According to Alstom engineers, the hydrogen that fuels the train is held in huge battery cells on top of the train.  As the hydrogen is mixed and burned with oxygen, it produces remarkable amounts of heat, which in turn, cranks the turbines of the engine of the train for extreme amounts of electricity.  The only byproduct from this reaction is water vapor or steam, meaning the train doesn’t pollute the environment.

 

Source*

 Related Topics:

Germany Proving there is a Sustainable Energy Alternative

Stop E.U. from Hijacking Africa’s Clean Energy Future*

India Permits Free Energy Technology Despite Threats from U.K., U.S., Saudi Arabia*

Thousands Set to Die of Fuel Poverty this Winter, while Tories Makes a Killing from U.K.’s Energy Supply*

The World’s First Island Powered by an Off-Grid Renewable Energy System*

One Palestinian Man’s Mission to Make Urban Agriculture More Sustainable*

One Palestinian Man’s Mission to Make Urban Agriculture More Sustainable*

By Todd Reubold

Around the world, urban agriculture is playing a role in feeding a growing global population from mid-America to the Middle East.

The video above introduces Said Salim Abu Naser, a proponent of sustainable agriculture living and working in Gaza City, Palestine, along the Mediterranean Coast.

Abu Nasser has created a 200-square-metre (2,000-square-foot) micro-farm using a hydroponic system and homemade organic pest-control solutions consisting of garlic, pepper, soap and more.

Each year, he produces approximately 3,500 kilograms (7,700 pounds) of food — enough to feed 30 people. Perhaps more important, though, his urban farm may be a model for others hoping to grow food sustainably at smaller scales.

This video was produced, filmed and edited by Yasser Abu Wazna, a freelance filmmaker based in the Palestinian Territory

Source*

Related Topics:

Gaza Man’s DIY Solar Desalination Machine can Produce 2.6 gallons of Fresh Water Daily*

First Urban ‘Agrihood’ in U.S. Feeds 2,000 Households For Free*

Restaurant Turns Stalled Site Into Urban Farm

In a Broke and Crumbling City, this Woman is Building her Urban Paradise*

A Columbian City Used Urban Planning to fight Violent Cartels and Won*

Food Revolution: Urban Green Farming on the Rise

Global Warming Hoax Was Costing U.S. Taxpayers $4.7 Billion per Year*

Global Warming Hoax Was Costing U.S. Taxpayers $4.7 Billion per Year*

By Baxter Dmitry

By exposing the global warming hoax as the scam that it is, President Trump has saved the American taxpayer tens of billions of dollars that would have been used to line the elites’ pockets.

Climate alarmists and mainstream media are trying to convince everyone that President Trump condemned the planet to ruin by refusing to sign the expensive and pointless Paris Climate Accord, but one very influential man — John Coleman, founder of the Weather Channel — has hit back at the phonies and called them out on their self-serving lies. 

In a series of tweets and emails Coleman sent to Al Gore and various Democratic supporters and organizations, he called out climate alarmists with a barrage of facts based on actual science and not politically correct liberal groupthink.

As it turns out, if you chart global temperatures back into the ’70s, there is absolutely no sign of global warming.

There’s been less than one degree temperature change since 1978 and no warming to speak of since 1998. So where was the Democrats and their propaganda mouthpieces in the mainstream media getting their information from?

Weather Channel founder John Coleman reveals the truth about global warming:

Yovav Gad reports: It turns out that the government has been manipulating climate computer models. This means that the American taxpayers are being charged $4.7 billion a year in taxes that are being used to fund organizations that carry out meaningless studies based on bad science.

Basically, the American people are paying fake scientists to lie to them.

Spread this everywhere. Donald Trump deserves our support. He wants to help this nation. We can’t live in lies anymore. Trump’s move will save $100 billion and jobs! We can not afford luxuries now. Share this post if you support our President’s policy!

Al Gore predicted Arctic summer ice would disappear in 2013.

 

Gore said that on Sept. 21, 2007, “scientists reported with unprecedented alarm that the North Polar icecap is, in their words, ‘falling off a cliff.’ One study estimated that it could be completely gone during summer in less than 22 years. Another new study to be presented by U.S. Navy researchers later this week warns that it could happen in as little as seven years, seven years from now.”

Former Vice President Al Gore basically started the “Global Warming” movement after producing a documentary film in 2006 “An Inconvenient Truth”. According to Michael Bastasch at the DailyCaller.com Al Gore may have some other hidden incentives pushing his aggressive Global Warming agenda — Liberal billionaire George Soros gave former Vice President Al Gore’s environmental group millions of dollars over three years to create a “political space for aggressive U.S. action” on global warming, according to leaked documents. A document published by DC Leaks shows Soros, a Hungarian-born liberal financier, wanted his nonprofit Open Society Institute (OSI) to do more to support global warming policies in the U.S. That included budgeting $10 million in annual support to Gore’s climate group over three years.

U.S. Programs Global Warming Grants U.S. Programs became engaged on the global warming issue about four years ago, at George Soros’s suggestion,” reads a leaked OSI memo. “There has been a budget of $11 million for global warming grants in the U.S. Programs budget for the last several years,” the memo reads. “This budget item captures George Soros’s commitment of $10 million per year for three years to Al Gore’s Alliance for Climate Protection, which conducts public education on the climate issue in pursuit of creating political space for aggressive U.S. action in line with what scientists say is necessary to put our nation on a path to reducing its outsize carbon dioxide emissions.”

It’s unclear what year the memo was sent, but the Gore co-founded Alliance for Climate Protection (ACP) was established in 2006 and lasted until it became The Climate Reality Project in July 2011. In 2008, the Alliance launched a $300 million campaign to encourage “Americans to push for aggressive reductions in greenhouse gas emissions,” The Washington Post reported.

ACP got $10 million from the Open Society Institute (OSI) in 2008, according to the nonprofit’s tax filings. OSI handed over another $5 million to ACP in 2009, according to tax filings. The investigative reporting group ProPublica keeps a database that has OSI tax returns from 2000 to 2013. The DCNF could not find other years where OSI gave money to ACP.

Other reasons for changes in temperatures could also be related to things such as the Sun Solar variation and Aerosols forcing — scientists opposing the mainstream scientific assessment of global warming express varied opinions concerning the cause of global warming. Some say only that it has not yet been ascertained whether humans are the primary cause of global warming; others attribute global warming to natural variation; ocean currents; increased solar activity or cosmic rays. The consensus position is that solar radiation may have increased by 0.12 W/m2 since 1750, compared to 1.6 W/m2 for the net anthropogenic forcing.

The combined change in radiative forcing of the two major natural factors (solar variation and volcanic aerosols) is estimated to be negative for the past two, and possibly the past four, decades.

A few studies say that the present level of solar activity is historically high as determined by sunspot activity and other factors. Solar activity could affect climate either by variation in the Sun’s output or, more speculatively, by an indirect effect on the amount of cloud formation. Solanki and co-workers suggest that solar activity for the last 60 to 70 years may be at its highest level in 8,000 years.

Source*

Related Topics:

Climate Alarmists Have Been Wrong About Virtually Everything*

The Paris Climate Accord is GENOCIDE Against All Life on Earth*

Australian PM Advisor on the NWO Climate Change Hoax*

New Report Exposes Rockefeller Dynasty’s Role in “Climate” Scam*

Paris Climate Change Conference shows Road to NWO Weather Control*

Escape from Earth Forget it… Cancer Risks*

How World Leaders Were Duped Over Manipulated Global Warming Data*

Agenda: Redistribution of Global Wealth behind Global Warming Alarmists*

German Scientist Accused NASA of ‘Massive’ Temperature Alterations*

U.S. Places “Gag Order” on Weather Agency Employees, Inserts Geo-engineering Propaganda into ‘Common Core’ Syllabus*

West Finds New Pretext to Interfere and Extend the Syrian Conflict*

West Finds New Pretext to Interfere and Extend the Syrian Conflict*

The Syrian government army is launching simultaneous attacks in different directions, which are so successful that the attempts to slow it down won’t be long in coming, says Russian political analyst Evgeny Krutikov. He suggested that the West has found a new pretext for the extension of the conflict – the control over the borders with Syria.

From the beginning of summer, the Syrian government forces have been steadily maintaining their initiative on all ongoing military fronts, Evgeny Krutikov writes in his article for Russia’s online newspaper Vzglyad.

Russian aviation is being used to deliver selective strikes on the columns of jihadists, who are moving to the front lines from the rear, mostly from Raqqa.

The Syrian army is now able to move freely in the desert, which was earlier accessible only to the militants. Before, the Syrian Forces were able to move only along the highways, and it was very easy to cut off its supply routes.

These developments pose a threat to external political players, the political analyst says, who would try if not to stop the successful operations of the government forces, then at least will attempt to slow them down, “until further clarification.”

Krutikov then suggests how the U.S.-led coalition might be able to do it. For example, he says, the U.S. -coalition in Iraq voices its dissatisfaction that part of the Syrian-Iraqi border is now under control not of Damascus, but of its allied Shia units.

Baghdad sees it as Iran’s scheming, which is allegedly going to set up a military corridor from its territory through Iraq to Syria, thus seeking more favorable conditions at a new round of peace talks either in Astana, or Geneva.

“Those are the usual geopolitical fears of the Middle East. Similar claims are being laid by Ankara to the Kurdish units. Such bogus claims could have a serious influence on the western judgment of what is going on the ground in Syria and provoke its interference,” the political analyst says.

Hence it could use it as a formal pretext to return control over the borders with Syria, this time blaming not Assad, but Iran.

Source*

Related Topics:

U.S.-led Coalition Destroys pro-Government Forces within Deconfliction Zone in Syria – Pentagon*

Syria Opens Its First Solar-Powered Hospital*

Syrian Army Encircles ISIS Last Stronghold in Aleppo*

America’s New Syrian Army*

Int’l Coalition’s Strike on Syrian Forces is Flagrant Violation of Syria’s Sovereignty*

Childhood without Technology*

Childhood without Technology*

By Alexa Erickson

Do you remember a tech-free childhood? For the most part, I do, with the exception of television. I am thankful I didn’t grow up during the era of iPads and iPhones, and everything that comes with them — easy access to streamed movies and TV shows, YouTube, games, and endless social media feeds. I didn’t have a device to distract me at the fancy restaurant. When I was bored, my parents told me to read, to go outside, to play with my sister.

I was a nanny for a long time as a young adult, during the emergence of iPhones, iPads, and the social media hype. I can tell you that I saw firsthand its effects on children’s desire to go outside and play, to interact with their siblings, and to fill the void of boredom with books, board games, or even a tree outside rather than a screen.

While there is certainly a lot of opinions on today’s technology and our children, and I respect parents’ choices for their children, and I do believe iPhones, iPads, social media, and more are more than just unavoidable, but also beneficial in many circumstances. However, I also believe in the simplicity of life; in the power of getting dirty in nature; in using your creativity to make up games with your sibling; in getting lost in a book.

It seems New Zealand photographer and mother of four Niki Boon does too. In a series called “Childhood in the Raw,” she documented her children’s everyday lives, showcasing the joys of a tech-free world.

“This project came into being with our decision to educate our children alternatively, at home,” Boon told HuffPost.

As one might assume, there have been a lot of questions and criticism from friends, family, and strangers regarding the family’s lifestyle. Boon, her husband, and their children — a 12-year-old daughter and three sons, ages 7, 9, and 13 — live in a rural environment without modern electronic devices like TV and smartphones.

“In the beginning, the photos served as a visual document, to record things that the children were doing in a day, to reassure both others and ourselves that there was learning taking place,” Boon said.

“But as time went on, I became frustrated that the pictures weren’t really telling the story well enough for me. It just wasn’t with enough depth,” she continued.

“So I spent many hours and late nights trying to teach myself how to take better pictures, ones that depicted what I was seeing in front of me, and tell the story the way I saw it … and things just evolved from there.”

Boon’s tech-free childhood, in which she grew up on a farm with extended family, sparked her desire to give her children a similar experience.

“Like all parents we would love our children to be strong in who they are, confident, free thinkers, proactive, independent, resilient, empathetic and happy,” said Boon.

“I hope that, living with the land that we have, that they also gain a healthy respect for the earth, and for the animals and plants that live with us on it.”

Boon hopes, if anything can be taken away from the series, it is that her children have the opportunity to look back on it and smile.

Photos: Niki Boon Photography

Source*

Related Topics:

Bringing Adventure, Nature and Imagination Back into Children’s Play Time*

Technology-Free Play Still Available by the São Francisco River*

Childhood Play Decreasing as Childhood Mental Disorders Increases*

The Original Playstation

Inactive Teens Develop Lazy Bones*

Parenting in Dark Times*

Tribal Parenting – How to Heal Our Children*

Parents Told Five Times to Abort Boy with ‘no brain’ – Now He’s a Thriving 4-year-old*

Children Need the Outdoors Like Earth Needs Rain!

Texas School Triples Recess Time, Solving Attention Deficit Disorder*

The Swiss Resist Fear-based Childrearing – for Now*

Schooled in Nature: There’s a way to Teach Children Without Colonizing Their Minds*

Ten Differences in Growing Up in 1970s and Today*

Where Kids Learn More Outside Their Classrooms Than in Them*

Kids Rarely Had Allergies in the Old Days*

The Skies in Maryland will be Openly Sprayed with Toxic Metals by NASA*

The Skies in Maryland will be Openly Sprayed with Toxic Metals by NASA*

By Cassius Methyl

The skies in Maryland will be openly sprayed with toxic metals by NASA today, Saturday June 3rd.

Barium, strontium, and cupric-oxide are being sprayed off the coast of Maryland out of a sounding rocket being launched from Virginia. NASA claims they are doing tests with the ionosphere, disregarding the concepts of ionospheric heating or geoengineering, as if we don’t know what they are doing.

This pattern of metals precisely mirrors geoengineering patents, and rain tests conducted in areas that have seen heavy chemtrail spraying. This is the exact signature set of metals found in rain and soil samples where chemtrails have been sprayed, minus the central component aluminum oxide.

That makes this an unprecedented first step toward the government spraying the skies as a regular practice to “combat climate change,” as an army of corrupt academicians is pushing for.

They have been spraying for a while, but people who point it out are denigrated as conspiracy theorists. Now, they just want to spray us even worse without hiding it.

According to an article from Space.com titled “Bright Artificial Clouds from NASA Rocket Visible from US East Coast Early Saturday”:

“NASA intends to launch a sounding rocket from its Wallops Island Flight Facility in Virginia, currently planned for very early Thursday morning (June 1). If all goes according to schedule, many residents in the middle Atlantic and Northeast United States will be able to spot multicolored patches of light in the dark, early-morning sky sky. 

These conspicuous glows will be human-made features: clouds of barium, strontium and cupric-oxide vapor released by a two-stage Terrier-Improved Malemute sounding rocket.”

So they’re using NASA to push the geoengineering agenda: the beloved space agency is releasing colourful, pretty artificial clouds filled with toxic metals over the East Coast of the United States because the government loves us very much.

We summarized where they are trying to go with this in a past Mind Unleashed article titled “It’s Official: Sky Will Be Sprayed in Geoengineering “Experiment,” Blocking Sun for Climate Change”:

“This comes after a United Nations “geoengineering governance initiative” was launched, and the Carnegie Council announced the launch of a “Carnegie Climate Geoengineering Governance Initiative.” This comes after CIA director John Brennan proposed they spray the skies and do “solar radiation management” (SRM) to fight climate change in 2016.

Some powerful forces are pushing very hard for the ability to spray the skies with aluminum, to modify the weather and set a precedent where they can spray anything on us.

This precedent where we can’t identify what is sprayed on us could usher in a new era of chemical or biowarfare against citizens.

As victims of the U.S.’ long history with experimenting on citizens can attest to, this is a serious possibility. Just research the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiments, the spraying of San Fransisco in Operation Sea Spray, etc.

The forces pushing for spraying are not a mystery, and they’ve been at work on geoengineering for decades.

They are found at military industrial complex affiliated institutions such as MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), Harvard, MITRE Corporation, Raytheon, and others. If you want to know what “the system” is, it’s MIT. They are an academic limb of the military industrial complex.

Half a century of progress toward modifying the weather for military purposes (and to create a global warming false alarm to justify it) coming out of MIT and similiar entities was well documented in Peter A. Kirby’s book “Chemtrails Exposed: A New Manhattan Project.” Or, you could read his even more recent article on the topic. Or, you could listen to an interview with Peter Kirby about all of this.

However, the truth is geoengineering is obviously already happening in the U.S. and around the world: just look up at the sky. Those giant high altitude “chemtrails” that turn into haze in the sky and persist all day are active geoengineering efforts before they disclose it and take it to an even further level.

So what these people are really trying to do, is normalize geoengineering in the public’s perception.

David Keith is a pawn putting on a show of “experiments” for geoengineering, experiments that seem fairly redundant if you know how far the technology of geoengineering has been developed. Then they can say “we tested it and it’s safe,” and they will spray us much worse than they already are.”

Source*

Related Topics:

The Paris Climate Accord is GENOCIDE Against All Life on Earth*

Historic Chemtrails Lawsuit Filed in Canada*

A Renowned Nuclear Scientist Confirms that Humans are being Poisoned by Traces of Aluminium via Chemtrails*

Chemtrail, HAARP Space Fence and Weather Warfare*

Declassified Docs Reveal Genocide Caused by Chemtrail Testing‏

Geopolitics and Chemtrails

The Paris Climate Accord is GENOCIDE Against All Life on Earth*

The Paris Climate Accord is GENOCIDE Against All Life on Earth*

By Mike Adams

The primary goal of the Paris Climate Accord — the reduction of atmospheric carbon dioxide — is nothing less than genocide against all plant life across our planet.

That’s because all plants depend on CO2 for their very survival.

It’s the “oxygen” for plants, and right now trees, grasses and food crops are starving for CO2 because it sits at nearly the lowest level it has ever been in the history of the Earth (barely above 400 ppm now, when it used to be over 7,000 ppm in the past).

Humans attempting to eliminate CO2 from the atmosphere is equivalent to some evil, fictional “plant demon” attempting to eliminate oxygen from the atmosphere, causing the mass asphyxiation of the entire human race. Just as eliminating oxygen is genocide against humans, eliminating carbon dioxide is genocide against plants.

Much like everything else pushed by scientifically illiterate bureaucrats and globalists, climate change is a global narrative of the destruction of life.

If the climate change terrorists achieve their goals, they will DESTROY the planetary food chain and plunge all life on Earth — including human life — into a mass die-off.

Depopulation is the goal, you see. Eliminating CO2 from the atmosphere has always been about destroying human life in order to achieve the population reduction goals openly espoused by every liberal globalist from Bill Gates to Ted Turner.

As I explain in my science video below, you can’t “save” the planet by murdering all plant life.

The planet needs higher CO2 and more rainfall to support more reforestation, more food production and the transformation of deserts into food producing regions.

Increased rainfall is caused by warmer global temperatures which increase ocean water evaporation and make the land masses of the planet “wetter.”

A wetter, greener planet with more plant life supports more biodiversity, animal sustainability and self-reliant food production in developing nations.

A warmer, greener planet, in other words, solves most of the problems now plaguing humankind including food scarcity, desertification, and shortages of fresh water supplies.

No wonder the evil, destructive globalists don’t want the planet to be warmer with higher CO2 levels: They despise all life and they actively seek to depopulate the planet of humans.

The insane, anti-life globalists want Earth to be colder, dryer and devoid of the very plants and ecosystems that support the production of food and medicine.

(Why do they want more ice everywhere? Wouldn’t green ecosystems be better than frozen wastelands? Why do climate change alarmists hyperventilate when they hear that icebergs are melting?)

They all want Earth to be a dead planet, in other words, as a means to commit mass genocide against all life.

Real conservationists and scientists like myself want to increase sustainable life on our planet, which is why we support a warmer, greener and more lush planet with increased rainfall, faster food production and higher levels of CO2 in the atmosphere.

If you love nature, you will join us in supporting the molecule that Mother Nature needs to flourish: Carbon dioxide.

The Paris Climate Accord is a genocide treaty and a declaration of war against Mother Nature and planet Earth.

 

Source*

Related Topics:

U.S. Sky Will Be Sprayed in Geoengineering,Experiment,Blocking Sun for ‘Climate Change’*

Global Plant Growth Surging Alongside Carbon Dioxide*

U.N. Agenda 21 Still Advancing Worldwide*

The Alliance Managing Mexico’s Mayan Rainforest*

U.S. EPA Scientist Fired for Telling the Truth about Climate Engineering + Fluoridated Water*

New Report Exposes Rockefeller Dynasty’s Role in “Climate” Scam*

NASA Satellite Imagery Reveals Shocking Proof of Climate Engineering*

U.N. Plan to Make Legally Binding Climate Change Laws – Worldwide*

What They Haven’t Told You about Climate Change*

Paris Climate Change Conference shows Road to NWO Weather Control*

 

Severe Water Crisis in Cape Town Caused by Worst Drought in over a Century*

Severe Water Crisis in Cape Town Caused by Worst Drought in over a Century*

Theewaterskloof Dam near Villiersdorp, South Africa. Credit: Adam Spires

 

 

Cape Town, South Africa’s seat of Parliament and the legislative capital, is enduring its worst drought in over a century and severe water crisis. This forced officials to impose strict Level 4 water restrictions, effective as of Thursday, June 1, 2017. While the measures will have short-term effects, some experts warn them alone will not solve the problem.

Cape Town is using 5 dams to collect its drinking water, and as of May 29 those dams, collectively, are at 19.7%. This is 0.8% down since last week. However, since the last 10% of that water is not usable, Cape Town’s 4 million residents have only 9.7% of usable water left, less than 60 days of normal consumption.

City officials have therefore approved Level 4 water restrictions, limiting residents to only 100 litres (26 gallons) of water per person per day. The measure also bans all use of municipal water for outside and non-essential use.

Several factors are to blame for Cape Town’s stressed water supply, including a growing population, ENSO (El Niño Southern Oscillation) and a rapidly changing climate, according to the CNN meteorologists.

A long-term drying trend (also known as desertification) is evident in the decreasing levels of Cape Town’s parched reservoirs, which are intended to supply the city’s water. Winter cold fronts driven by strong westerly winds typically bring replenishing rains to Cape Town. But these rainfalls have become less and less frequent as an expansive area of high pressure in the Atlantic Ocean still dominates the weather in the region, acting as a barrier to wet weather systems.

University of Cape Town climate scientist Peter Johnston said officials are faced with a long-term problem. “What we’ve had now is three seasons in a row where the rainfall has been low, and that’s a one-in-a-hundred-year occurrence,” Johnston told AFP.

Although strong summer rains have seen much of southern Africa recover from drought, Cape Town receives most of its rain in the southern hemisphere’s winter – and scientists warn there is no guarantee of a good rainy season ahead.

What’s especially troubling is that even if the city gets a real wet winter this season, the dam levels would only go up by about 40 to 50% and this time next year, the city would be in the same problem. Experts say Cape Town needs at least 3 wet winters to replenish its water supplies, so city officials are forced to think about other solutions.

One of them involves recycling waste water and drilling into aquifers under the nearby Table Mountain landmark. This would only solve a part of the problem so the city is also trying to accelerate plans to build two desalination plants, a move already adopted by some of the driest towns in the region.

Past weather patterns suggest the drought will eventually end. And when it does, it will be a deluge.

Source*

Related Topics:

Hundreds Dying from Hunger as Severe Drought Grips Somalia*

Gov’t Warns Farmers to Sell Livestock in Face of Spreading Drought in S. Africa*

Flooding Submerges California’s Drought*

Encroaching Drought in Brazil and World’s Agricultural Regions*