Tag Archive | Germany

Libellous Attack by Mainstream Journalists Angered by SWEDHR Denounce of Unethical anti-Syria Propaganda*

Libellous Attack by Mainstream Journalists Angered by SWEDHR Denounce of Unethical anti-Syria Propaganda*

By Prof Marcello Ferrada de Noli PhD, SWEDHR chair

Our article-series in The Indicter, denouncing videos for propaganda aims by the organization “White Helmets”, had a wide spread. The SWEDHR report was ultimately cited in the session of the United Nations Security Council, as evidence contesting sources on the alleged gas-attacks imputed to the Syrian government (April 12, 29017). We will soon be publishing a new, updated report on the White Helmets propaganda videos regarding the purported chemical attacks.


The reaction in the Western media on those revelations could be expected. The Western powers, which maintain the war against Syria by using proxy jihadist forces, have invested vast resources in the operation aimed to promote those proxy forces’ propaganda machine “White Helmets” which operate mainly in the al-Nusra Front (formerly al-Qaeda) held areas. The U.S. has provided to those ends 23 million dollars, added £32 million [US$39.78 million] funding assigned to the White Helmets propaganda project by the UK government. Germany and France have supplied equipment. Germany has raised its financial support to the White Helmets from $5.61 million $7.85 million”. And Sweden has been active in constructing for that organization a ‘human rights’ façade by means of bestowing the “White Helmets” the alternative Nobel Prize.

Hence, our revelations on the macabre using of children corpses for propaganda aims have produced bitter reactions from the part of the mainstream media of the above-mentioned Western powers. For instance, state-owned German TV network ARD/BR contacted me with the hypothesis that Russian Television RT would have indulged in “fake news” while reporting an interview I had with that network around our exposure of the White Helmets videos [See “Swedish Doctors for Human Rights Reply to German ARD/BR-Television ‘Verification Team’ ref. RT interview on White Helmets video“].

The response of Western media journalists have also in occasions taken a bizarre, seemingly desperate character. This is the case of a report published yesterday (April 14, 2017) by Le Figaro, and authored by its correspondent in Moscow, Mr Pierre Avril  [photo at left]. In the article En Russie, une curieuse thèse reprise pour exonérer Damas, Le Figaro indulges in a series of libellous statements ad-hominem against the messenger of the objective research-conclusions they dislike.

Clearly, Le Figaro article carries none whatsoever argument in disputing the conclusions reached by the SWEDHR investigation on the White Helmets. In the absence of arguments based on facts, The Figaro journalist throw instead an slanderous, offensive attack on the author signing the SWEDHR report. I rebut here below the lies posted by The Figaro. I also comment the supportive statement  –likewise untruthful– done on behalf of the Le Figaro libel by a journalist of the Swedish TV, Mr Bert Sundström, formerly Swedish TV correspondent in Russia. Sundström is referred by Swedish Television as an currently active SvT correspondent.

This article is a first respond to the libellous attack in-persona against the chairman of Swedish Doctors for Human Rights (SWEDHR), perpetrated by Le Figaro correspondent in Moscow. According to Swedish legislation, the statements described below would clearly constitute a criminal offence. In my view, these attacks also show the level of corruption that Western mainstream journalists have reached with regards to journalism professional-ethics and to ethics generally considered.

In rebutting the lies referred to my person, partly regarding claims of an non-existing participation in the Swedish public debate, and partly on my positions on dictator Pinochet, I was obliged to use a profusion of public images of my person, literary portraying different episodes of my public life that are  covered by the libel. I hope that this image-reiteration will not result too annoying to the reader.

Screenshot above is from https://www.pressreader.com/france/le-figaro/20170414/281732679352668 

(1) Le Figaro libel: “M Ferrada de Noli attributes himself a professor title” [“se targe du titre de professeur“]

See my documented academic CV,  including facsimile of diplomas and certificates, and links. Here below a sample referred to only Professor titles (profesor titular = full professor):

1969, Professor of Psychology (profesor titular de psicología) at the University of Chile in Arica –to the best of my knowledge, at age 26, the youngest appointed full professor in Chile at that moment. 1971, Professor of Psycho-social methods at the University of Concepción. 1972, Invited Professor at Universidad Autónoma of Nuevo León, Monterrey, México. In Europe: 1997, Professor stipendiat of Social Psychology at Tromsö University, Norway. 2002, Professor of Public-Health Epidemiology at Gävle University College, Sweden. 2005, Professor Head of Research Unit of Trans-cultural Injury Epidemiology at Karolinska Institute, Dept of Social Medicine. 2004, title “Invited Professor” awarded by the Medical University of Havana, Cuba. 2006, Affiliate Professor, Faculty of Medicine, University of Chile. 2007, Professor of International Health, Gävle University College. 2006-2011, Professor member of the Swedish Ethical committee for scientific research, alternative member, Uppsala region (Swedish government appointment). 2007, “Title of Distinction, Professor Emeritus of Public Health Sciences”, Gävle University College, Sweden.

(2-3),  Deceitful statement by Swedish TV journalist Bert Sundström:

Swedish TV (SvT) journalist Bert Sundström, whose reports are often broadcasted at SvT News, declares in Le Figaro smear report:  “In Sweden, nobody has heard about M Ferrada de Noli [“En Suède, personne n’entend parler de Marcello Ferrada de Noli.“]

Let me put it mildest. Nobody has hear about me in Sweden? Fine…except at the Swedish Television’s main news program “Rapport”, where Mr Bert Sundström actually works! [See screenshots below]. Not to mention exclusive interviews covering even personal aspects of my life done by Dagens Nyheter (DN), Ystad Allehanda, Arbetabladet, and other newspapers. And not to mention a variety of op-ed articles published in DN, signed by my own in capacity of Swedish professor and/or medicine doktor. And several exclusive interviews only on my research findings in DN, Svenska Dagbladet, Aftonbladet, Expressen, etc.

And nobody has read in Sweden about Swedish Doctors for Human Rights? Fine…except for the readers of the main Sweden’s newspaper Dagens Nyheter (DN) , which has published op-ed articles signed by Swedish Doctors for Human Rights board members. And except for all Swedish physicians members of the Swedish Medical Association and academics or journalists following the Swedish Medical Journal [Läkartidningen], or “Daily Medicine”|Dagens Medicin],  where it is found publications done and signed both by SWEDHR, or separately by my own.

Sample of screenshots of different interviews I have had with Swedish Television along my participation in the Swedish public debate.

Most of the depicted personal interviews in the images below were conducted at the same news program or SvT network where Bert Sundström worked as SvT correspondent in Russia

In TV 4, Sweden’s second largest network


In Swedish TV Rapport – same News program in which Sundström’s currently works, and worked at the time


Documentary, SvT



Rapport News



Rapport News



Below, SvT


Below, Channel 4


(4) “Pinochet’s old companion”

The insulting crusade by journalist Pierre Avril crosses here very many “red lines”. He refers to my person as “Ancient compagnon de route de Pinochet”. At first glance I refuse to believe that what I am reading is actually written that way. To be totally sure, I look confirmation in dictionaries with my expectation it will say I read wrong. Nevertheless the insulting is clear, in both expression and intention:

The journalist says also he has read an article in Wikipedia about this author.  He then, could not ignore the reports documenting that I have instead been fighting Pinochet, been a prisoner of Pinochet, tortured by Pinochet forces, and that finally, I tried to take Pinochet to an International Criminal Court.

This one and only libel is more than enough for constituting a court case. As I anticipated above, according to Swedish legislation, and also according to Italian legislation, this is not only a terrible insult; it would constitute defamation, which is a criminal offence.

The reader may wish to visit these sites, containing my direct witness report as protagonist in different episodes of the resistance against the fascist Pinochet- Click on the images below (or captions) for each chapter.

PART I. That morning of September 11, 1973. A personal testimony

PART II. The Resistance aftermath. Prisoner at the Stadium

PART III. My life as Pinochet’s prisoner in Quiriquina Island

Part IV. Professor files VS. Pinochet, “Bring Pinochet to European Court of Justice”

(5) The “spying”

The libellous journalist Pierre Avril writes that I would have tasted espionage endeavours in Sweden [“En plus d’avoir goûté à l’espionnage“], a statement that he put forward immediately after his blunt lie about me being “Pinochet’s companion”. For the sake of the deception,  he deliberately omit that I was in fact in charge of the counterespionage unit of my former organization Movement of the Revolutionary Left, at that time fighting in Europe the macabre Operación Cóndor created by Pinochet and his tyrant-colleagues at the government of countries of Latin America’s southern cone.

A brief description of my activity in this front is found in my article “The Swedish collaboration with US/NATO spying“.

(6) Le Figaro questions to whom?

The journalist states that I have not answered questions to Le Figaro. I say that Le Figaro has never approached me in any form, or posed no questions whatsoever for me to reply.

(7) Assange and Donbass

Pierre Avril put forward a final “accusation” , that would have spend much time in my blog (The Professors’ Blog”) in the defence of Julian Assange and the denounce of fascists in Ukraine, for instance those that perpetrated the massacre in Odessa, three years ago.

The above is one thing that the otherwise libellous journalist got right. And I am proud of both have taken the defense of Julian Assange and I will continue denouncing the fascist in Ukraine.

My book “Sweden Vs. Assange – Human Rights Issues” published Libertarian Books, Sweden, is for free download.


Related Topics:

White Helmets Killing Babies in PR Stunt to Start War in Syria*

Russian Bunker Buster Takes Out al Qaeda and White Helmets Hideout*

U.S.-U.K. Paid White Helmets to Help Block Water to 5 Million Thirsty Syrians*

Products of Genome Editing, Synthetic Biology are GMOs – German environment minister*

Products of Genome Editing, Synthetic Biology are GMOs – German environment minister*

Minister Dr Barbara Hendricks’ assurance will come as blow to GMO industry and its allies


The products of synthetic biology and organisms generated by genome editing are GMOs and fall under E.U. GMO law, says Dr Barbara Hendricks, the German federal minister for environment, nature conservation, building and nuclear safety. As such, Hendricks is convinced that they must be subjected to a risk assessment within the framework of that law.

The minister’s assurance will come as a blow to the GMO industry and its allies, who are attempting to get the products of the new genome editing techniques exempted from the E.U.’s GMO regulation and labelling requirement.

Hendricks’ view was set out in a letter to the research organisation Testbiotech from Dr Elsa Nickel, director of the ministry, which is known in Germany as the BMUB. Dr Nickel was asked by Dr. Hendricks to respond to Testbiotech’s questions about the new GM techniques.

Dr. Nickel adds in her letter, “Although we have some criticism of the environmental risk assessment in some areas and need to be continually adapted to new challenges, I believe that the genetic engineering regulation is a suitable tool to regulate these new techniques and, if necessary, to ban them if a risk to the environment is established.

“The BMUB will continue to apply genetic engineering legislation for the classification of genome editing and further new breeding procedures. The BMUB is also committed to the further development of risk assessment in the approval process.”


Related Topics:

New Gene Editing Technique on Human Embryos*

160 Global Groups Call for Moratorium on New Genetic Extinction Technology at U.N. Convention*

Genetic Engineering to Clash with Evolution, Naturally*

Genetically Modified Human Embryos Allowed in U.K.*

U.S. Experts Call for Ban on Genetic Modification of Children*

Powerful DNA Editing Has Arrived*

Biotech’s Dark Promise of Involuntary Cannibalism for All*

Germany Bans Alternative Media for Good*

Germany Bans Alternative Media for Good*

By Sean Adl-Tabatabai

Germany has approved a new bill giving them the power to erase alternative media websites from the internet by forcing social media sites to ban them.

Germany’s Cabinet approved a bill on Wednesday that will see social media sites such as Facebook and Twitter face fines of up to $53 million dollars if they fail to remove content deemed “unacceptable” by Angela Merkel’s team.

German Justice Minister Heiko Mass says the harsh new laws are part of an effort by the German government to tackle “fake news” and “hate speech” online.

Yahoo News reports:

Germany poses a particular problem for U.S.-owned social networking sites accustomed to American standards of free speech. Due to its Nazi past, Germany bans public Holocaust denial and any overt promotion of racism.

The issue has come to the fore amid the recent influx of migrants to Germany, which has sparked a backlash among some Germans including a rise in online vitriol.

Social networks need to ensure that obviously criminal content — as defined by German law — will be deleted within 24 hours and other illegal content after seven days.

“Just like on the streets, there is also no room for criminal incitement on social networks,” Maas said.

“The internet affects the culture of debate and the atmosphere in our society. Verbal radicalization is often a preliminary stage to physical violence,” he added.

The minister pointed out that social networks don’t delete enough punishable content, citing research that he said showed Twitter deletes just 1% of illegal content flagged by users, while Facebook deletes 39%.

Maas also said that measures to combat hate speech and so-called fake news will ultimately have to be taken at the European level to be effective.

The bill still needs parliamentary approval.


Related Topics:

Top German Journalist: We All Lie For the CIA*

German Newspaper Editor Who Exposed CIA Found Dead*

Mass Sexual Assault by Refugees in Germany was Fake News*

Germany To Cut Off Welfare Benefits For E.U. Citizens*

France, U.K., and Germany produce the most ISIS Terrorists from Europe*

Germany in the Poison Gas Business, with ISIS*

Bush Family Fortune Made in Nazi Germany*

U.S. Sends 5,000 Tons of Ammunition to Germany ‘to help NATO alliance’*

‘Wish you well against Jewish invaders’: Himmler’s Letter to Palestinian Arab Leader Discovered*

‘Wish you well against Jewish invaders’: Himmler’s Letter to Palestinian Arab Leader Discovered*

German Fuhrer Adolf Hitler and Grand Mufti of Jerusalem Mohammad Amin Al-Husseini meet in Berlin, 30 November 1941.


An old telegram uncovered by the National Library of Israel shows a letter from Nazi SS chief Heinrich Himmler to Palestinian Grand Mufti Amin al-Husseini, voicing his support for “freedom-seeking Arabs” against “world Jewry.”

The telegram, dating back to autumn 1943, appears to show how in their hatred for Jews, Nazis in Europe have been seeking to support Palestinians against the “Jewish invaders.”

“To Grand Mufti Amin al-Husseini,” the letter read.

“From the outset, the National Socialist [Nazi] movement of Greater Germany has been a standard-bearer in the battle against world Jewry. For this reason, it is closely following the battle of freedom-seeking Arabs, particularly in Palestine, against the Jewish invaders.

The shared recognition of the enemy and the joint fight against it are creating the strong base [uniting] Germany and freedom-seeking Arabs around the world. In this spirit, I am pleased to wish you, on the anniversary of the wretched Balfour Declaration, warm wishes on your continued fight until the great victory.”

The telegram was sent on 2 November 1943, marking the 26th anniversary of the 1917 Balfour Declaration by the British government, which then controlled the Palestinian territories and expressed support for the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine.

The document was first confiscated by U.S. Army in Germany, before falling into the hands of a member of the Jewish Haganah paramilitary group (which later went on to form the core of the IDF), who then donated it to the National Library. It was rediscovered after library staff was asked to look for materials about the 1917 declaration.

Amin al-Husseini was considered to be one of the ringleaders of the Jerusalem riots in the 1920’s, which followed tensions between Arab and Jewish communities, and was sentenced to ten years imprisonment by the British. Despite later being granted a pardon, al-Husseini continued with his hardline rhetoric, stopped co-operating with British authorities and took an uncompromising position against the Jews, objecting to any notion of Jewish statehood.

In November 1941, the Grand Mufti visited Nazi Germany where he told Hitler that Arabs and Germans were natural friends as they had common enemies in the Jews and the British. Al-Husseini wanted Hitler’s backing for an Arab revolt against French and British rule in the Middle East but did not get it.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu claimed in 2015 that Hitler didn’t initially want to exterminate the Jews until he was talked into it by al-Husseini.

“Haj Amin al-Husseini went to Hitler and said to him: ‘If you expel them [the Jews], they will all come here [to Palestine],'” Netanyahu said in a speech before the World Zionist Congress in Jerusalem.

In Netanyahu’s version of events, Hitler then asked, “So what am I supposed to do with them?” and the mufti allegedly replied: “Burn them.”

The statements caused a wave of criticism from Palestinians, German politicians, opposition leaders and Holocaust experts, who accused Netanyahu of twisting historical facts.


Related Topics:

When Palestine was 85% Arab, 15% Israeli and U.K. and U.S. Paid the Jews from the Caucasus to Live There*

The Heart of the Beast: The Sykes-Picot Agreement and Europe’s Colonial Partition of the Middle East*

Israeli Geneticist: Ashkenazi Jews come from Turkey, not Palestine*

How Fear was Instilled to Make Jews Leave for Israel

“Deadly Facts”: How So-Called “Objectivity” Created a Culture of Conformity*

As Netanyahu and May Chat, a Large Nest of Israeli Spies in London Exposed*

Neo-Nazis Help Israel Block Recognition of Palestine*


Imminent Starvation Resulting from U.S. Led Wars: U.N. Officials Warn of Worst Famine Crisis Since World War II*

Imminent Starvation Resulting from U.S. Led Wars: U.N. Officials Warn of Worst Famine Crisis Since World War II*

By Patrick Martin

More than 20 million people face imminent starvation in four countries, United Nations officials warned over the weekend, the largest humanitarian crisis since the end of World War II. All four countries—Yemen, Somalia, South Sudan, and Nigeria—are wracked by civil wars in which the U.S. government is implicated in funding and arming one of the contending sides.

U.N. emergency relief coordinator Stephen O’Brien gave a report to the U.N. Security Council Friday detailing the conditions in the four countries, and the UN issued published further materials on the crisis Saturday, seeking to raise $4.4 billion in contributions for emergency relief before the end of March. So far, according to UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, only $90 million has been pledged, barely two percent of the total needed.

As outlined by U.N. officials, the populations most immediately at risk number 7.3 million in Yemen, 2.9 million in Somalia, 5 million in South Sudan, and 5.1 million in Nigeria, for a total of 20.3 million. The number of children suffering symptoms of acute malnutrition is estimated at 462,000 in Yemen, 185,000 in Somalia, 270,000 in South Sudan, and 450,000 in Nigeria, for a total of nearly 1.4 million.

While adverse weather conditions, particularly drought, are a contributing factor in the humanitarian disasters, the primary cause is civil war, in which each side is using food supplies as a weapon, deliberately starving the population of the “enemy.”

U.S.-backed forces are guilty of such war crimes in all four countries, and it is American imperialism, the principal backer of the Saudi intervention in Yemen and the government forces in Somalia, South Sudan and Nigeria, which is principally responsible for the danger of famine and the growing danger of a colossal humanitarian disaster.

The worst-hit country is Yemen, where U.S.-armed and directed military units from Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and other Gulf monarchies are at war with Houthi rebels who overthrew the U.S.-installed president two years ago. Some 19 million people, two-thirds of the country’s population, are in need of humanitarian assistance.

The Saudi forces, which fight alongside Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, control the country’s major ports, including Aden and Hodeida, and are backed by U.S. Navy units in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden in imposing a blockade on the region controlled by the Houthis in the west and north of the country.

U.S. forces operations range throughout the country, with drone missile strikes and occasional raids, like the disastrous attack on a village at the end of January in which at least 30 Yemeni civilians were killed, many of them small children, and one U.S. Special Forces soldier was shot to death.

In Somalia, the protracted civil war between the U.S.-backed government in Mogadishu and Al Shabab militias, who control most of the country’s south, has laid waste to a country which already suffered a devastating famine in 2011, and has been ravaged by civil war for most the past quarter-century.

At least half the country’s population, more than six million people, is in need of humanitarian aid, according to U.N. estimates. Drought conditions have killed off much of the country’s animal population. In Somalia, too, U.S. military units continue to operate, carrying out Special Forces raids and drone missile strikes. There is also an extensive spillover of Somali refugees into neighboring Kenya, where another 2.7 million people are in need of humanitarian aid.

The civil war in South Sudan is a conflict between rival tribal factions of a U.S.-backed regime that was created through Washington’s intervention into a long-running civil war in Sudan. After a U.S.-brokered treaty and a referendum approving separation, South Sudan was established as a newly independent state in 2011.

Tribal conflicts within the new state have been exacerbated by drought, extreme poverty, and the struggle to control the country’s oil reserves, its one significant natural resource, which is largely exported through neighboring Sudan to China. The country is landlocked, making transport of emergency food supplies more difficult.

The crisis in South Sudan was said to be the most acute of the four countries where famine alerts were being sounded, with some 40% of the population facing starvation. Last month, U.N. officials declared a full-scale famine alert for 100,000 people in South Sudan. A cholera epidemic has also been reported.

The famine crisis in Nigeria is likewise the byproduct of warfare, this time between the Islamic fundamentalist group Boko Haram and the government of Nigeria, which has military support from the US and Britain. The focal point of this conflict has been the Lake Chad region, where Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger share borders. This is the most densely populated and fertile of the four areas threatened with famine.

A recent offensive by Nigerian government forces pushed backed Boko Haram and uncovered the extent of the suffering among the local population in the region, where food supplies were cut off as part of the U.S.-backed military campaign.

U.S. military forces range throughout the Sahel region, the vast area on the southern edge of the Sahara Desert which encompasses much of western Africa. The armed forces of French and German imperialism are also active in former French colonies like Mali and Burkina Faso, as well as further south, in the Central African Republic.

According to the U.N. reports, the humanitarian disaster in Yemen has accelerated in recent months. The number of Yemenis in immediate danger of starvation jumped from four million to seven million in the past month. One child dies every 10 minutes in Yemen from a preventable disease.

When the U.N. humanitarian chief’s mission was in Yemen last week, it was able to secure safe passage for the first truckload of humanitarian supplies to the besieged city of Taiz, the country’s third largest, which has been blockaded for the past seven months.

The debate on O’Brien’s report to the UN Security Council featured one hypocritical statement after another by imperialist powers like the US, Britain, France, Japan and Italy, as well as by China and Russia, all bemoaning the suffering, but all concealing the real cause of the deepening crisis.

Typical were the remarks of the U.S. representative, Michele Sison, who declared,

 “Every member of the Security Council should be outraged that the world was confronting famine in the year 2017. Famine is a man-made problem with a man-made solution.”

She called on the parties engaged in fighting in the four countries to “prioritize access to civilians” and “not obstruct aid”—although that is exactly what the U.S.-backed forces are doing, particularly in Yemen, and to a lesser extent in the other three countries.

The U.N. report does not cover other humanitarian crises also classified by the World Food Program as “level three,” the most serious, including Iraq, Syria, Central African Republic and the Philippines (the first three due to civil war, the last due to the impact of several Pacific typhoons). Nor does it cover the devastating civil conflict in Libya or Afghanistan, ravaged by nearly 40 years of continuous warfare.

Nor does it review the worldwide total of people in acute need of food assistance, estimated at 70 million in 45 countries, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network. This figure is up 40 percent since 2015, as a result of escalating civil wars, drought and other climate-driven events, and rising food prices.

The World Food Program experienced a shortfall in contributions of nearly one-third in 2016, receiving only $5.9 billion from donors towards a total outlay of $8.6 billion, forcing the agency to cut rations for refugees in Kenya and Uganda. Total unfunded humanitarian aid appeals came to $10.7 billion in 2016, larger than the combined total of such appeals in 2012.

While these sums are gargantuan in terms of the need, they are a drop in the bucket compared to the resources squandered by the major powers on war and militarism. The total deficit in humanitarian aid amounts to less than three days’ worth of global military spending. The $4.4 billion in aid sought for the famine crisis is half of what the US Pentagon spends in a typical week.


Related Topics:

U.S. World Population Control Programme Revealed Creates War and Famine*

‘No Food, No Medicine, No Money’ in Yemeni Town Just Death by Starvation*

US-Saudi Man-Made Famine Threatens 20 Million Yemenis*

Hundreds Dying from Hunger as Severe Drought Grips Somalia*

Starvation Is an Imperial Resource for Britain*

Indigenous Australians being Starved by their Occupiers*

Fallujah’s Residents Starving, Murdered, Besieged by U.S. Backed Government Forces and ISIS*




Germany Gets the ‘Wrong Suitcase’ While Repatriating Its Gold Reserves from U.S.*

Germany Gets the ‘Wrong Suitcase’ While Repatriating Its Gold Reserves from U.S.*

Germany has completed repatriation of 300 tons of gold bars from the United States. According to Russian economist Vladimir Katasonov, initially the American side was not ready to give the bullion back, but finally came up with a plan.

The Deutsche Mark was introduced in 1871, a new monetary coinage system backed by gold.

The Deutsche Mark was introduced in 1871, a new monetary coinage system backed by gold.

Germany’s central bank has established the return of its gold reserves to domestic vaults by the end of 2017, three years ahead of schedule.

Earlier this week, the Associated Press reported that the Bundesbank had completed relocation of 300 tons of gold from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

“The transfers were carried out without any disruptions or irregularities,” Carl-Ludwig Thiele, a member of the Bundesbank’s Executive Board, was quoted as saying by Bloomberg.

According to the bank, 111 tons of gold were repatriated from the U.S. in 2013. It also returned 105 tons from Paris.

According to data from Marketwatch, by the end of 2016 47.9% of Germany’s gold reserves had already been stashed in vaults in Frankfurt, with 36.6% remaining in New York, 12.8% at the Bank of England in London and 2.7% at the Banque de France in Paris.

In January 2013 Berlin announced that it was planning to store half of Germany’s 3,378 tons of gold reserves in its own vaults, with the other half remaining in New York and London. According to the original plan, the Bundesbank would transfer 300 tons of the precious metal from New York and 374 tons from Paris to a facility in Frankfurt by 2020.

Valentin Katasonov, a professor at the International Finance Department at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), suggested that the U.S. disposed of Germany’s gold bars at its own discretion.

“There are a lot of signs that the gold was not physically presented in the New York vaults when Germany called it back. Of course, the U.S. began to return it to Germany but there is one interesting detail. When you leave your suitcase in the luggage storage you expect to get back the same suitcase. But Germany took the wrong ‘suitcase,’” Katasonov told Radio Sputnik.

According to the economist, the gold bars that Bundesbank repatriated have different labels. He suggested that the U.S. might have replaced the German bullion with different gold bars bought from the market.

Katasonov explained that the U.S. managed to return the yellow metal thanks to favourable conditions in the precious metal market.

“I think there was a favourable environment in the market and the Americans managed to quickly buy the gold and give it back to Germany. They were not ready for this, but finally managed this replacement,” he concluded.


Related Topics:

After not Returning Most of Germany’s Gold, Federal Reserve Refuses Again not to be Audited*

Federal Reserve Returns Only Five Percent of Germany’s Gold*

Germans Lose Faith in Banks Rush To Buy Safes*

The World Leader Who Stole His Citizens Gold*

Namibian Indigenous Groups Sue Germany for Genocide*

Tanzania Demands Reparations for German Colonial Atrocities*

Tanzania Demands Reparations for German Colonial Atrocities*

Tanzania Demands Reparations for German Colonial Atrocities*

By Abayomi Azikiwe


Germany’s colonial role in Africa has been highlighted again as the Tanzania government placed the European state on notice that it will file an official complaint over the atrocities committed during the early 20th century.

This report comes in the aftermath of a similar effort by representatives of the Herero and Nama peoples of the Republic of Namibia, formerly known as South-West Africa under imperialism. Approximately 80% of the population of these two groups died as a result of a German extermination order issued by General Lothar von Trotha during the anti-colonial revolt of 1904-1907.

In the East African state of Tanzania, the government informed the National Assembly on February 9 that it would pursue an apology along with monetary damages for the crimes carried out in the years of 1905-1907 when an uprising occurred in the southern region of the country. Dr. Hussein Mwinyi, who serves as Minister for Defense and National Service, informed the Parliament of its intentions to work with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to develop the proper approach to the issues involved.

The Maji Maji War (1905-1907)

Colonial authorities under the direction of Karl Peters, the founder of the German East Africa Company, imposed a draconian system of land theft, forced labour, economic exploitation and unjust taxation. Africans were forced from their traditional societies in order to make way for the European military and administrative apparatus.

Africans were mandated to leave their villages to produce wealth for export to other European nations. The levying of a tax on the people was designed to compel men to work for the colonial firms in the sectors of agricultural commodities, mining and railway construction.

Resentment quickly grew and an uprising erupted in July 1905. It was led by Kinjikitile Ngwale, also known as Bokero. The first wave of Africans attacked German garrisons as well as cotton fields from the Matumbi Hills utilizing traditional weapons and a formula composed of water, castor oil and millet.

Bokero believed that the formula spread over the bodies of the warriors would protect them from the high-powered German weaponry. The uprising was not just limited to the Matumbi and in a matter of weeks other ethnic groups including the Mbunga, Kichi, Ngoni, Ngindo and Pogoro joined in the campaign to eliminate European rule. This anti-colonial movement represented a significant development in that it transcended sectional divisions embarking upon a Pan-African approach to the national liberation struggles that would reach fruition decades later in the mid-to-late 20th century.

According to an entry published by the Black Past website:

“The apex of the rebellion came at Mahenge in August 1905 where several thousand Maji Maji warriors attacked but failed to overrun a German stronghold. On October 21, 1905 the Germans retaliated with an attack on the camp of the unsuspecting Ngoni people who had recently joined the rebellion. The Germans killed hundreds of men, women, and children. This attack marked the beginning of a brutal counteroffensive that left an estimated 75,000 Maji Maji warriors dead by 1907. The Germans also adopted famine as a weapon, purposely destroying the crops of suspected Maji Maji supporters.” (blackpast.com)

Bokero, the spirit medium whose propaganda inspired the war, was captured and executed for treason on August 4, 1905. Nonetheless, the struggle continued for another two years under the renewed and expanded leadership.

Superior military weapons and reinforcements by the German government crushed the uprising by August 1907. Not satisfied with this military defeat of the Africans, the colonial authorities deliberating withheld food from the people leading to widespread deaths from starvation, thirst and disease.

German Colonialism in Africa

With the failure of German imperial ambitions at the conclusion of World War I, the role of this European nation in the rise of colonialism on the continent became obscured. Other imperialist states such as Britain, France, Portugal, Belgium, Spain, the United States and Italy would continue their economic plunder of Africa past the conclusion of the War in 1918 earning enormous wealth for the multi-national corporations and international finance capital.

However, it was in Germany under Chancellor Otto von Bismarck that the gathering known as the Berlin West Africa Conference was held from November 15, 1884 to February 26, 1885. The aim of the meeting, called for by Portugal, was to bring together the leading European colonial powers and the U.S. to divide the continent in order to facilitate greater cooperation and consequent profit-making for the imperialists.

An article by Elizabeth Heath published in Oxford Reference notes:

“Rivalry between Great Britain and France led Bismarck to intervene, and in late 1884 he called a meeting of European powers in Berlin. In the subsequent meetings, Great Britain, France, Germany, Portugal, and King Leopold II (Belgium) negotiated their claims to African territory, which were then formalized and mapped. During the conference the leaders also agreed to allow free trade among the colonies and established a framework for negotiating future European claims in Africa. Neither the Berlin Conference itself nor the framework for future negotiations provided any say for the peoples of Africa over the partitioning of their homelands.”

Resulting from the imperialist consultations was the German Act of the Berlin Conference. The document sought to guide the Europeans away from conflict in order to guarantee a workable process of super-exploitation of African resources and labor.

Germany was awarded colonial territories not only in East Africa which encompassed modern-day Rwanda, Burundi and Tanzania but also Togo and Cameroon in West Africa and Namibia in the sub-continent. Additional settlements in Guinea and the area around Ondo state in Nigeria were attempted without success. Other locations within contemporary Chad, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, the Central African Republic and the Republic of the Congo were also under the control of German imperialism during various periods between the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

The collapse of the German imperial state in the years of 1915-1918 prompted the invasion and occupation of their colonies by the military units of the so-called Allied Powers during World War I. By 1919 these territories had been wrested from German colonial domination at the aegis of the League of Nations and soon parceled over to Belgium, France, Portugal, South Africa and Britain.

Reparations Needed to Renew African Development and Unity

African Union (AU) member states are more than justified in demanding official apologies and compensation for the enormous damage done by imperialism in the 19th and 20th centuries. In fact it was the Atlantic Slave Trade beginning in the 1400s and extending into the 1800s that created the conditions for the rise of colonialism in Africa.

Even today the economic dependency of independent states is rooted in the colonial period of relations with Europe. Although African nations won formal national independence over a period of decades between the 1950s and the 1990s, with the exception of the Western Sahara still under Moroccan occupation inherited from Spain four decades ago, these post-colonial governments are limited by the develop model based upon supplying raw materials, agricultural crops and cheap labor to the industrialized countries.

Consequently, the debt owed to the capitalist financial institutions including the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank remains an impediment to both national reconstruction and continental unification. If the African continent speaks with one voice on this question it will serve as a mechanism for acquiring the necessary resources to break with the imperialist system of resource extraction and labor brokerage.

Africa must build its own internal industries and economic system which serves the interests of the majority of workers, farmers and youth. The enormous wealth of the continent should be harnessed for the benefit of the people.


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