Tag Archive | Jews

Ashkenazi Jews are Genetically European

Ashkenazi Jews are Genetically European

This commonly known revelation seems to keep cropping up

By Tia Ghose

The origin of the Ashkenazi Jews, who come most recently from Europe, has largely been shrouded in mystery. But a new study suggests that at least their maternal lineage may derive largely from Europe.

Though the finding may seem intuitive, it contradicts the notion that European Jews mostly descend from people who left Israel and the Middle East around 2,000 years ago. Instead, a substantial proportion of the population originates from local Europeans who converted to Judaism, said study co-author Martin Richards, an archaeogeneticist at the University of Huddersfield in England.

Tangled legacy

Little is known about the history of Ashkenazi Jews before they were expelled from the Mediterranean and settled in what is now Poland (homeland of German Chancellor  Merkel’s father) around the 12th century. On average, all Ashkenazi Jews are genetically as closely related to each other as fourth or fifth cousins, said Dr. Harry Ostrer, a pathology, pediatrics and genetics professor at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York and the author of Legacy: A Genetic History of the Jewish People (Oxford University Press, 2012).

But depending on whether the lineage gets traced through maternal or paternal DNA or through the rest of the genome, researchers got very different answers for whether Ashkenazi originally came from Europe or the Near East.

Past research found that 50% to 80% of DNA from the Ashkenazi Y chromosome, which is used to trace the male lineage, originated in the Near East, Richards said. That supported a story wherein Jews came from Israel and largely eschewed intermarriage when they settled in Europe.

But historical documents tell a slightly different tale. Based on accounts such as those of Jewish historian Flavius Josephus, by the time of the destruction of the Second Temple in A.D. 70, as many as 6 million Jews were living in the Roman Empire, but outside Israel, mainly in Italy and Southern Europe. In contrast, only about 500,000 lived in Judea, said Ostrer, who was not involved in the new study.

“The major Jewish communities were outside Judea,” Ostrer told LiveScience.

Maternal DNA

Richards and his colleagues analyzed mitochondrial DNA, which is contained in the cytoplasm of the egg and passed down only from the mother, from more than 3,500 people throughout the Near East, the Caucasus and Europe, including Ashkenazi Jews.

The team found that four founders were responsible for 40% of Ashkenazi mitochondrial DNA, and that all of these founders originated in Europe. The majority of the remaining people could be traced to other European lineages.

All told, more than 80% of the maternal lineages of Ashkenazi Jews could be traced to Europe, with only a few lineages originating in the Near East.

Virtually none came from the North Caucasus, located along the border between Europe and Asia between the Black and Caspian seas.

The finding should thoroughly debunk one of the most questionable, but still tenacious, hypotheses: that most Ashkenazi Jews can trace their roots to the mysterious Khazar Kingdom that flourished during the ninth century in the region between the Byzantine Empire and the Persian Empire, Richards and Ostrer said.

The genetics suggest many of the founding Ashkenazi women were actually converts from local European populations.

“The simplest explanation was that it was mainly women who converted and they married with men who’d come from the Near East,” Richards told LiveScience.

Another possibility is that Jews actively converted both men and women among local populations at this time, although researchers would need more detailed study of paternal lineages to test that hypothesis, Richards said.


The Jews have been well known for hiding their origins, which probably arose out of the persecution they faced in Europe. DNA analysis on the origins of the Ashkenazem began in the 1990s when Dr. Karl Skorecki, a Canadian nephrologist of Ashkenazi parentage, noticed that a fellow-congregant of Sephardi parentage, who was a Kohen like him, had completely different physical features. Apparently, all Kohanim are descended from the priest Aaron, brother of Moses. Skorecki reasoned that if Kohanim were indeed the descendants of only one man, they should, at least on the paternal line, have a common set of genetic markers and possibly resemble each other.

It is generally understood that that the kunya ‘Askenazim’ was a derived name given to those who lived along the Rhine in Germany. They spoke Yiddish, a Germanic language written in the modern Hebrew alphabet (which has no relationship to ancient Hebrew) using Aramaic, Slavic and Hebrew words.

2006 effigy at U.K.’s Lord Mayor’s Show

Ironically, Ashkenaz is a Biblical place name (Genesis 10:3, Jeremiah 51: 27) – Mount Ararat, Armenia. But Ashkenaz in the Biblical place reference was the nephew of Magog, one of the symbolic guardians of the gates of Britain paraded at the Lord Mayor’s show.

Apparently the Ashkenazim are about 80% of the world’s Jewish population with most Jewish Americans are Ashkenazim in origin from Eastern Europe, but in the 11th century, they were only 3% of the world’s Jewish population.

 

 

 

Daniel Elazar at the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs summarized the demographic history of Ashkenazi Jews in the last thousand years that

  • 11th century, 97% of world Jewry was Sephardic and 3% Ashkenazi
  • mid-17th century, “Sephardim  still outnumbered Ashkenazim three to two”
  • 18th century, “Ashkenazim  outnumbered Sephardim three to two, the result of improved living conditions in Christian Europe versus the Ottoman Muslim world.”
  • By 1931, Ashkenazi Jews accounted for  nearly 92% of world Jewry

So what happened to the Sephardic Jews?

One account given was made on August 14, at 9pm 2009, Israeli television station, Channel Ten where a documentary film called, 100,000 Radiations Dimona Productions Ltd (Dimona being the name of Israel’s nuclear facility) was played. The revelation – Zionists (the Ashkenzi) radiated 100,000 Sefardic Jewish children.

In 1951, the director general of the Israeli Health Ministry, Dr. Chaim Sheba flew to America and returned with 7 x-ray machines, supplied to him by the American army.

They were to be used in a mass atomic experiment with an entire generation of Sephardi youths. Every Sephardi child was to be given 35,000 times the maximum dose of x-rays through his head. The maximum dose to be given a child in Israel was .5 rad. For doing so, the American government paid the Israeli government 300,000 Israeli liras a year. The entire Health budget was 60,000 liras. The money paid by the Americans is equivalent to billions of dollars today.

To fool the parents of the victims, the children were taken away on “school trips” and their parents were later told the x-rays were a treatment for the scourge of scalpal ringworm. 6,000 of the children died shortly after their doses were given, the many of the rest developed cancers that killed them over time. While living, the victims suffered from disorders such as epilepsy, amnesia, Alzheimer’s disease, chronic headaches and psychosis.

The viewing was followed by a panel discussion moderated by TV host Dan Margalit. One of the members of the panel was a Moroccan Jew – a victim. Moroccan Jews had the highest percentage of Sephardic Jews at that time.

“I screamed make the headache go away. Make the headache go away. Make the headache go away. But it never went away.”

To watch the bearded man walk hunched down the street.

“I’m in my fifties and everyone thinks I’m in my seventies. I have to stoop when I walk so I won’t fall over. They took my youth away with those x-rays.”

Another member of the panel was David Deri:

“I was in class and the men came to take us on a tour. They asked our names. The Ashkenazi children were told to return to their seats. The dark children were put on the bus.”

Their eugenics agenda is carried on Ethiopian Jews today!

The Ashkenazim are at risk themselves because they have a higher risk of

  • Crohn’s disease
  • pancreatic cancer
  • breast cancer
  • Tay-Sachs disease

From the Ashkenazi Jews came

  • the Hasidic movement
  • Jewish academic centers across      Poland, Russia, and Lithuania
  • Zionism

Ashkenazi Jews have made up the majority of the American Jewish community since 1750.

It is the Ashkenazim who have ruled Israel since its creation in 1948 at the auspices of the Rothschild dynasty.

The following is an excerpt from a New York Times article published in 1996:

“Arching over these questions is the central mystery of just where the Jews of Eastern Europe came from. Many historians believe that there were not nearly enough Jews in Western Europe to account for the huge population that later flourished in Poland, Lithuania, Ukraine and nearby areas.

“By reconstructing the Yiddish mother tongue, linguists hope to plot the migration of the Jews and their language with a precision never possible before.”It has even been suggested, on the basis of linguistic evidence, that the Jews of Eastern Europe were not predominantly part of the diaspora from the Middle East, but were members of another ethnic group that adopted Judaism.

“…One linguist has recently argued that Yiddish began as a Slavic language that was ‘relexified,’ with most of its vocabulary replaced with German words.

“…Even more troublesome are demographic studies indicating that during the Middle Ages there were no more than 25,000 to 35,000 Jews in Western Europe. These figures are hard to reconcile with other studies showing that by the 17th century there were hundreds of thousands of Jews in Eastern Europe.

“…Some scholars believe the roots of Yiddish, and even the Ashkenazic people themselves, lie much farther east. In his 1976 book, The Thirteenth Tribe, Arthur Koestler made the startling suggestion, never taken seriously by linguists, that the Eastern European Jews were not really Semitic — that they were largely descended from the Turkish Khazars, who converted en masse to Judaism in medieval times.

Koestler was an Ashkenazim found dead in his home with his wife.

Sources:

Ghose, T “Surprise: Ashkenazi Jews are genetically European” sott.net/article/267238-Surprise-Ashkenazi-Jews-are-genetically-European

Pinto, N “Ashkenazi Jews” jewishness.bellevueholidayrentals.com/ashkenazi_jews.html

“Ringworm Children:Zionists/Nazis radiated over 100,000 Jewish Children in Israel”

la.indymedia.org/news/2007/03/194660.php

Related Topics:

The Man that Led the Counter-Revolutionary Coup: Egyptian, Jew or Both?

Hitler: The War on Jews that was Started by Ashkenazi Jews!*

Zionist Media Dominates West and Middle East

Rabbis Thank Ahmedinejad for his Stance Against Zionism

How Fear was Instilled to Make Jews Leave for Israel

Jewish Odyssies to Islam

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True Love is a ‘Verb’*

True Love is a ‘Verb’*

By Pop Chassis

Jihad an nafs (struggle of the heart)I’m a ridiculous, emotional, over-sentimental sap. I guess that’s why I told my wife I loved her on our second date.

I had tried really hard up to that point to hold it back, honestly. I wanted to tell her on the first date, but I knew that would probably be weird.

I still remember her reaction. She kind of gave me this half-shy, half-amused smile. Then she nodded and looked off into the sky.

I wasn’t heartbroken by the response. I think part of me recognized that she was much smarter and more modest than me.

But as time has gone on, I also realized that she knew something that I didn’t.

Like most Hasidic Jews (we both became religious later in life), our dating period lasted a very short time. After two months of dating, we were engaged. Three months after that, we were married.

And that whole time I was swooning. This fire was burning in me, a fire that burned just like that second date: I was in love.

But then we got married, and everything changed.

Marriage, quicker than I was ready for, did this thing: it started sucking away that emotion.

I tried so hard to keep that fire going, to keep that emotion alight, but it got harder and harder.

I mean, how you can feel that burning love when you’re sitting at the table discussing how to use the last twenty dollars in your bank account?

How can you feel it when you get into an argument?

How can you feel it when you think it makes perfect sense to put your socks on the floor after you’re done with them, and she has this crazy idea that they need to go in the laundry basket?

There was no way I could keep that dating fire burning as practicality invaded our lives.

And at first, it drove me nuts. That emotion meant love! That excitement was how I knew I cared for her! But suddenly, life was this grind. Even when I was with her. Especially when I was with her.

And even worse, it seemed that the harder I tried to be sentimental and lovey-dovey, the less it was reciprocated.

But it wasn’t that she wasn’t giving me love, it just seemed to come at different times.

Like, when I offered to do the dishes. Or make dinner after she had a hard day. Or, once we had a daughter, when I shared the responsibility of watching over her.

I don’t think I noticed this consciously for a while. It just kept happening.

But I think it had an effect on me. Because as our marriage progressed, I found myself offering to help out around the house more and more.

And after each time, there would be this look she would give me. This look of absolute love. One that was soft and so beautiful.

It took me longer than I care to admit to understand what was happening.

But eventually it became clear. Through giving, through doing things for my wife, the emotion that I had been so desperately seeking naturally came about. It wasn’t something I could force, just something that would come about as a result of my giving.

In other words, it was in the practicality that I found the love I was looking for.

And what was even more interesting was that once I realized this on a conscious level, and started trying to find more opportunities to give, the more we both, almost intuitively, became lovey-dovey.

Woman Wearing "Tudung," or HeadscarfAnd now, as I’m a bit older and a bit more experienced with this relationship, I’ve finally come to realize something. Something I haven’t wanted to admit for a long time, but is undeniable.

I didn’t love my wife on that second date.

I didn’t love her when we got engaged.

I didn’t even love her when we got married.

Because love isn’t an emotion. That fire I felt, it was simply that: emotional fire. From the excitement of dating a woman I felt like I could marry. But it wasn’t love.

No, love isn’t an emotion or even a noun. It’s a verb. Better defined as giving. As putting someone else’s needs above your own.

Why wasn’t I getting reciprocal lovey-doveyness when we were first married? Because it wasn’t for her. It was for me. An emotion I had in my chest.

And even when I let it out of my chest, it wasn’t love.

Being sappy isn’t love. Telling someone you love them doesn’t mean that you do.

And that’s why my wife just gave me that half-smile. She knew, even if I didn’t, what love really is.

And now that I’ve tried to change the way I look at love, the more I become shocked at the messages of love I had gotten when I was younger.

From Disney movies to my favorite shows like “The Office” to practically every pop song released, love is constantly sold as an emotion we have before we’re married. An emotion that, once had, somehow magically stays within a marriage forever.

I can’t imagine a bigger lie. And I’m saddened to think about how much those messages bounced around in my head for so long. And how much I’m sure those messages are bouncing around in other people’s heads as well.

I think that might be a big part of the reason the divorce rate is so high in this country. Imagine a whole nation of people constantly chasing the emotions they had when they were dating. A country of people trying to live a Disney movie.

That’s a recipe for disastrous marriages; for a country with a 50% divorce rate; for adultery (the classic attempt to turn the fire back on); for people who do stay together to simply live functional, loveless marriages.

It’s sad to see just how common all the above is. How many people are in pain simply because they’ve been lied to.

Those people deserve better. We all deserve better.

It’s time that we changed the conversation about love. It’s time that we redefine it.

Because until we do, adultery will continue to be common. Loveless marriages. Divorce.

Living Disney movies in our minds, and tragedies in our lives.

Source*

Related Topics:

Love and Time

Self-Love is a Journey

The Charity of Love

Cosmic Love

Love Misplaced By Capitalism*

What is Love!

The Power of Love: Four Women

Giving Birth to Unconditional Love

Palestine: For the Love of Freedom!

Occupying Love in Oakland

Mother’s Love brings Life back to her Son Two-Hours after Pronounced Dead!*

Those Who Love Peace…

The Tale of Negativity

What February 14 Meant to Film-Director Sean, Oliver Stone’s Son!

Rabbis Thank Ahmedinejad for his Stance Against Zionism

Rabbis Thank Ahmedinejad for his Stance Against Zionism

 

This video is banned for broadcast on News Networks in USA, Israel and Europe. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad that Israel and US does not want you to see. Jewish leaders and prominent businessmen greet Ahmadinejad and bless him for long life. Jews have lived in Iran for thousands of years. Over 50,000 Jews live in Tehran.

Related Topics:

Rabbis on the Sin that is Zionism

Hitler: The War on Jews that was Started by Ashkenazi Jews!*

Looking for a False Flag to Start War on Iran!

Ahmadinejad’s Speech in Defense of Palestinian Statehood

Muslims and Jews Side by Side in the Bronx

How Fear was Instilled to Make Jews Leave for Israel

Israelis Protest Against War on Iran

The Unheard Voice of Jewish-Americans on Palestinian Statehood

Palestine: For the Love of Freedom!

Rabbi Albert Lewis Burning of Holy Texts Dishonors all Faiths

‘Film-maker’ Disappears without a Trace While the Effect Sparks a 9/11 Incident.

Joint Interfaith Response to King Hearings

Faith vs. Ego!

Hitler: The War on Jews that was Started by Ashkenazi Jews!*

Hitler: The War on Jews that was Started by Ashkenazi Jews!*

 

 

By Stuart Wilde

 

Today we are living through in a replay of the rise of fascism and Hitler’s 1930s, it is important to remember what we learned from history. You must not be scared of it. For tyranny to be destroyed it has to come out first. And anyway you can escape it, all see below.

Here’s something you may not know. It was a documented fact that there were 500,000 Jews in Germany in 1933, they declared war on Germany because Hitler would not recognize their right to Israel. It was an economic war mostly, the boycott of German goods etc.

Hitler retaliated, he made them wear the Star of David on their clothes under the pretext of identifying the enemies of the German State. But he did allowed them to emigrate.

By 1939 when the war started 90% of the German Jews had left for New York, London, Australia and other places. Very few people know that.

Eventually Hitler forced the rest of German Jews (60,000) into the Warsaw ghetto, some of the people in the ghetto were not Germans, so a guesstimate might be 50,000 out of the 500,000 German Jews wound up in that terrible place to suffer the Holocaust that happened later. The rest fled years before.

The Jews were not allowed to take their assets with them when leaving Germany. So each of these tormented people had to make the stark choice of leaving all their possessions behind to escape the Nazis and stay alive, or to stay.

Some could not make that decision so they remained behind to suffer the holocaust. The 450,000 that emigrated passed the war safe in their beds in other countries. With history repeating itself right now, we should take note of the need to be able to jump ship if needs be. It may be several years yet so there is no reason to panic.

The moral of the story is that when the full-blown fascist state comes to America, Australia, Britain, etc you have to plan an exit, and take all of your money with you, there is no reason to be hasty, but you have to work out well in advance where will you go? Europe, Canada, South America? Read on >>>

 

Related Topics:

How Fear was Instilled to Make Jews Leave for Israel

Israelis Protest Against War on Iran

Jewish Odyssies to Islam

The Unheard Voice of Jewish-Americans on Palestinian Statehood

 

Jewish Odyssies to Islam

Sean Stone,, son of American Oscar-winning director Oliver Stone, listens to chief operations officer of Reel Knights Productions, Mellissa Carter

Jewish Odyssies to Islam

These are True Stories of Jewish People who followed Judaism and became Muslim, despite the Israeli Arab political conflict, more and more Jews are realizing

that Judaism and Christianity are light houses leading to Islam, whether you were a Messianic Jew, a Jew for Jesus, or an Orthodox Jew, any Jew can be for Allah. Because Everyone is born a Muslim (in Submission to Allah)

Josh Hasan

Samau’al al-Maghribi

Rashid al-Din

Sayed Udeen

Michelle

Muhammad Daniel

Reform Jew convert to Islam

Former Rabbi convert to Islam from Morocco

Odyssey to Islam by Dr. Moustafa Mould

Rachel Singer

Rabbi of Makhachkala

Hajj Mustafa Ali

Suleyman Ahmad

Maryam Jameelah

Kari Ann Owen

Emad ud Deen

Michael Wolfe

Muhammad Asad

What February 14 Meant to Film-Director Sean, Oliver Stone’s Son!

The Self Control Gland

The Self Control Gland

By Hwaa Irfan

The pineal gland, the organic instrument within our heads that is being gracefully put to sleep by adding fluoride to our mainwater supply

+

The sun that has been pumping out ultra-violet rays in 2012.

Put them together and what do you get!

= Greater Self Control

The pea-sized pineal gland is a cone-shaped structure in the center of the brain, situated between the superior colliculi, the pulvinar, and the splenium of the corpus callosum.  In a study published back in New Scientist 1998, when information control at certain levels was less rampant, a direct link was found between the Sun’ solar storms and human biological effects – once again evidence that counters NASA’s denial that there is any affect of the Laws of Nature outside the earth’s atmosphere on us.

The means by which the affect occurs, is logical, the magnetic fields, as we are made of biomagnetic fields, and is the same force that affects earthly weather.

The study reflects how long research into this field has been ongoing, using data from 1948 (3 years after WWII) – 1997. The Institute of North Industrial Ecology Problems, Russia found that geomagnetic activity peaked March – May, July, and October. During those peaks there were more incidences of anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, and suicide in the city Kirovsk.

We are physically, mentally, and emotionally altered by electromagnetic charges from the sun, our body can feel sleepy but also become highly energized hence the increase of social unrest during times of increased earth directed solar flares with reaction differing according to one’s level of awareness, and ability to express that oneness.

Increased electromagnetic activity as brought about by solar radiation storms and coronal mass ejections increases the activity of the pineal gland which in turn produces more melatonin

Psychological effects of CMEs (coronal mass ejections) are typically short lived and include headache, palpitations, mood swings, and feeling generally unwell. Chaotic or confused thinking, and erratic behaviors also increase.

But what does this have to do with self control!

One of its main functions is the regulation of our sleep-wake cycle. Located in the geometrical center of the brain, the pineal gland is activated by light. The sleep-wake cycle of the pineal gland becomes

To perceive higher dimensions, the pineal and the pituitary must vibrate in unison, which is achieved through meditation or sungazing. With this resonance the pineal can generate its own magnetic field because it contains magnetite interacting with the earth’s magnetic field.

One of the hidden virtues of fajr prayers, especially when carried out in the open, are the following solar winds at dawn that charges the earth’s magnetic field, thus stimulating the pineal gland around 4 – 6 am. The pineal gland also becomes stimulated which benefits the Human Growth Hormone an experience that is noted by sungazers who experience rapid nail and hair growth, restoration of hair color, and general rejuvenation. This all important time before dawn is when the negative and positive forces interact and become strong enough to create a “light in the head” while meditating. If one is fortunate to live in an open area, one can also feel the motion of the earth.

Fluoride Damages the Pineal Gland

This is the experience of the those not living under mass medication, another part of the equation behind global governances’ concern with all matters of the mind, and how to debunk the human spirit. It is easily done, just tell the public that something is healthy, and solves the nationwide dental problem. They make it easy for the public to ‘be responsible’ for their own health by adding fluoride to the toothpaste – for everyone wants a bright shiny smile. To help the public, you add fluoride to the main water supply, but from the first consumption of artificially added fluoride, public opinion is 100% for this ‘natural’ product, becuase fluoride makes one susceptible to subliminal messages with the everyday example of T.V. and mainstrem media, and therefore ripe for mind control. The people are happy, and the government is happy to be able to do anything that they want!

This early non-lethal weapon of mind control must have been known by governments since WWII as a result of the experiments on Gypsies and Jews in Germany. Detailed in “The Crime and Punishment of I.G. Farben” by Joseph Borkin it is a form of mass medication whereby sodium fluoride was added to the water supply of ghettos and prison camps where Gypsies and Jews lived – the aim was mass sterilization. Consuming repeated amounts of sodium fluoride, reduces self will, the human spirit, and ability to resist domination, affecting mainly the pineal gland, the pituitary and the thyroid glands. The mind behind the idea, I.G. Farben, is a cartel of German chemical and pharmaceutical companies: BASF, Bayer, and Hoechst.

“I was told of this entire scheme by a German chemist who was an official of the great IG Farben chemical industries and was also prominent in the Nazi movement at the time. I say this with all the earnestness and sincerity of a scientist who has spent nearly 20 years’ research into the chemistry, biochemistry, physiology and pathology of fluorine–any person who drinks artificially fluorinated water for a period of one year or more will never again be the same person mentally or physically.” – Charles E. Perkins, Chemist, 2 October 1954.

This ‘science’ along with how to make an atom bomb, is what was ‘imported’ into the U.S., over 40 years of quietly bringing into the U.S., the German scientists responsible and involved in such experiments.

Ramifications on population control was realized by research of Dr. Jennifer Luke, University of Surrey, U.K., where she found that when fluoride in the body accumulates it goes straight for the pineal gland:

  • Preventing enzyme activity
  • Reduces circulation of the  hormone melatonin
  • Accelerates sexual  maturation

Luke also found fluoride in the apatite crystals of the pineal gland of 11 corpses, at a level of 9,000 ppm and went as high as 21,000 ppm – higher than the levels found in the bones of someone afflicted with fluorosis. Further research carried out by the U.S. National Research Council shows that excess fluoride in the pineal gland affects:

  • calcium metabolism
  • parathyroid function
  • postmenopausal osteoporosis
  • cancer
  • Psychiatric disease

Indigneous Americans have had their water fluoridated for over 60 years, i.e. mass medication. The U.S. fluoridation of water began in 1945 with the ending of WWII, despite the fact that in 1944, a report in the Journal of the American Dental Association revealed that 1.6 and 4 ppm (parts per million) fluoride in water would cause 50% of adults to need false teeth.

In 1945, fluoride was added to the mainwater supply of Newburgh, New York, and Grand Rapids, Michigan to become 75% of the U.S. with a fluoridation of 1 ppm.

in 1944 the reported that using between 1.6 and 4 ppm (parts per million) fluoride in water would cause 50% of adults to need false teeth. On top of that, the world’s largest study looked at 400,000 students, revealing that tooth decay increased in over 25% with just 1ppm fluoride in drinking water. Also in 1944, Harold C. Hodge, senior toxicologist at the Manhattan Project wrote:

“Clinical evidence suggests that uranium hexafluoride may have a rather marked central nervous system effect…

“It seems most likely that the F

rather than the T

component is the causative factor.” It is worth finding out if there is any fluoride in your mainwater supply!

France, Germany, Japan, Sweden, Denmark, Holland, Finland, India and U.K. have all rejected adding fluoride to the mainwater supply based on accummulative evidence!

The pineal gland is outside the blood brain barrier,  and has the second highest blood flow in the body after the kidneys. Sodium fluoride is added to:

  • Prozac (Fluoxetene Hydrochloride)
  • Sarin Nerve Gas (Isopropyl-Methyl-Phosphoryl Fluoride)
  • Anesthetic, hypnotic, and  psychiatric drugs
  • Military nerve gas
  • Toothpaste

Modern ‘published’ research (since the 1960s) informs us that the pineal gland is responsible for our sleep-wake cycle, produces melatonin, affects our eating habits, socialization, but not making it known that and keep irregular sleep patterns, not questioning the psychological and physical effects of our pre-occupations. They also tell us that the pineal gland with the adrenal glands affect skin pigmentation, helps regulate potassium and sodium levels in the body, controls one’s mental stability, and controls mental and sexual growth, but let is focus one what is hidden behind what they do tell us:

mental stability and growth!

Pt II to follow >>>

Sources:

Fan, K-J. “Pineal Calcification Among Black Patients.”J Natl Med Assoc. 1983 August; 75(8): 765–769. PMCID: PMC2561516

Sources:

Bayliss CR, Bishop NL, Fowler RC (1985). Pineal gland calcification and defective sense of direction. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed). 1985 Dec 21-28;291(6511):1758-9.

Fan, K-J. “Pineal Calcification Among Black Patients.”J Natl Med Assoc. 1983 August; 75(8): 765–769. PMCID: PMC2561516

Luke J. (1997). The Effect of Fluoride on the Physiology of the Pineal Gland. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Surrey, Guildford. p. 177.

National Research Council. (2006). Fluoride in Drinking Water: A Scientific Review of EPA’s Standards. National Academies Press, Washington D.C. p221-22.

Wurtman, R. J., Axelrod, J., and Barchas, J. D (1964). Age and enzyme activity in human pineal. Letter to the editor. 7. C/in. Endocrinol. & Metabol., 1964,24, 299-301.

Related Topics:

Night Time Prayer and the Human Body Clock!

The Fluoride Call is Being Heard!

When the Waters Were Changed

Signing Lead Out of Our Drinking Water

Water: The Privatization of Our Birth Right

How Fear was Instilled to Make Jews Leave for Israel

How Fear was Instilled to Make Jews Leave for Israel*

By Naeim Giladi

 

“ I write this article for the same reason I wrote my book: to tell the American people, and especially American Jews, that Jews from Islamic lands did not emigrate willingly to Israel; that, to force them to leave, Jews killed Jews; and that, to buy time to confiscate ever more Arab lands, Jews on numerous occasions rejected genuine peace initiatives from their Arab neighbors. I write about what the first prime minister of Israel called “cruel Zionism.” I write about it because I was part of it.

Giladi, an Iraqi Jew now a U.S citizen  was interviewed for 3 hours by Link Magazine on March 16, 1998, two days prior to his 69th birthday.

————————————–

“Of course I thought I knew it all back then. I was young, idealistic, and more than willing to put my life at risk for my convictions. It was 1947 and I wasn’t quite 18 when the Iraqi authorities caught me for smuggling young Iraqi Jews like myself out of Iraq, into Iran, and then on to the Promised Land of the soon-to-be established Israel.

“I was an Iraqi Jew in the Zionist underground. My Iraqi jailers did everything they could to extract the names of my co-conspirators. Fifty years later, pain still throbs in my right toe-a reminder of the day my captors used pliers to remove my toenails. On another occasion, they hauled me to the flat roof of the prison, stripped me bare on a frigid January day, then threw a bucket of cold water over me. I was left there, chained to the railing, for hours. But I never once considered giving them the information they wanted. I was a true believer.

“My preoccupation during what I refer to as my “two years in hell” was with survival and escape. I had no interest then in the broad sweep of Jewish history in Iraq even though my family had been part of it right from the beginning. We were originally Haroons, a large and important family of the “Babylonian Diaspora.” My ancestors had settled in Iraq more than 2,600 years ago-600 years before Christianity, and 1,200 years before Islam. I am descended from Jews who built the tomb of Yehezkel, a Jewish prophet of pre-biblical times. My town, where I was born in 1929, is Hillah, not far from the ancient site of Babylon.

“The original Jews found Babylon, with its nourishing Tigris and Euphrates rivers, to be truly a land of milk, honey, abundance-and opportunity. Although Jews, like other minorities in what became Iraq, experienced periods of oppression and discrimination depending on the rulers of the period, their general trajectory over two and one-half millennia was upward. Under the late Ottoman rule, for example, Jewish social and religious institutions, schools, and medical facilities flourished without outside interference, and Jews were prominent in government and business.

“As I sat there in my cell, unaware that a death sentence soon would be handed down against me, I could not have recounted any personal grievances that my family members would have lodged against the government or the Muslim majority. Our family had been treated well and had prospered, first as farmers with some 50,000 acres devoted to rice, dates and Arab horses. Then, with the Ottomans, we bought and purified gold that was shipped to Istanbul and turned into coinage. The Turks were responsible in fact for changing our name to reflect our occupation-we became Khalaschi, meaning “Makers of Pure.”

“I did not volunteer the information to my father that I had joined the Zionist underground. He found out several months before I was arrested when he saw me writing Hebrew and using words and expressions unfamiliar to him. He was even more surprised to learn that, yes, I had decided I would soon move to Israel myself. He was scornful. “You’ll come back with your tail between your legs,” he predicted.

“About 125,000 Jews left Iraq for Israel in the late 1940s and into 1952, most because they had been lied to and put into a panic by what I came to learn were Zionist bombs. But my mother and father were among the 6,000 who did not go to Israel. Although physically I never did return to Iraq-that bridge had been burned in any event-my heart has made the journey there many, many times. My father had it right.

“I was imprisoned at the military camp of Abu-Greib, about 7 miles from Baghdad. When the military court handed down my sentence of death by hanging, I had nothing to lose by attempting the escape I had been planning for many months.

“It was a strange recipe for an escape: a dab of butter, an orange peel, and some army clothing that I had asked a friend to buy for me at a flea market. I deliberately ate as much bread as I could to put on fat in anticipation of the day I became 18, when they could formally charge me with a crime and attach the 50-pound ball and chain that was standard prisoner issue.

“Later, after my leg had been shackled, I went on a starvation diet that often left me weak-kneed. The pat of butter was to lubricate my leg in preparation for extricating it from the metal band. The orange peel I surreptitiously stuck into the lock on the night of my planned escape, having studied how it could be placed in such a way as to keep the lock from closing.

“As the jailers turned to go after locking up, I put on the old army issue that was indistinguishable from what they were wearing-a long, green coat and a stocking cap that I pulled down over much of my face (it was winter). Then I just quietly opened the door and joined the departing group of soldiers as they strode down the hall and outside, and I offered a “good night” to the shift guard as I left. A friend with a car was waiting to speed me away.

“Later I made my way to the new state of Israel, arriving in May, 1950. My passport had my name in Arabic and English, but the English couldn’t capture the “kh” sound, so it was rendered simply as Klaski. At the border, the immigration people applied the English version, which had an Eastern European, Ashkenazi ring to it. In one way, this “mistake” was my key to discovering very soon just how the Israeli caste system worked.

They asked me where I wanted to go and what I wanted to do. I was the son of a farmer; I knew all the problems of the farm, so I volunteered to go to Dafnah, a farming kibbutz in the high Galilee. I only lasted a few weeks. The new immigrants were given the worst of everything. The food was the same, but that was the only thing that everyone had in common. For the immigrants, bad cigarettes, even bad toothpaste. Everything. I left.

Then, through the Jewish Agency, I was advised to go to al-Majdal (later renamed Ashkelon), an Arab town about 9 miles from Gaza, very close to the Mediterranean. The Israeli government planned to turn it into a farmers’ city, so my farm background would be an asset there.

When I reported to the Labor Office in al-Majdal, they saw that I could read and write Arabic and Hebrew and they said that I could find a good-paying job with the Military Governor’s office. The Arabs were under the authority of these Israeli Military Governors. A clerk handed me a bunch of forms in Arabic and Hebrew. Now it dawned on me. Before Israel could establish its farmers’ city, it had to rid al-Majdal of its indigenous Palestinians. The forms were petitions to the United Nations Inspectors asking for transfer out of Israel to Gaza, which was under Egyptian control.

I read over the petition. In signing, the Palestinian would be saying that he was of sound mind and body and was making the request for transfer free of pressure or duress. Of course, there was no way that they would leave without being pressured to do so. These families had been there hundreds of years, as farmers, primitive artisans, weavers. The Military Governor prohibited them from pursuing their livelihoods, just penned them up until they lost hope of resuming their normal lives. That’s when they signed to leave.

I was there and heard their grief. “Our hearts are in pain when we look at the orange trees that we planted with our own hands. Please let us go, let us give water to those trees. God will not be pleased with us if we leave His trees untended.” I asked the Military Governor to give them relief, but he said, “No, we want them to leave.”

I could no longer be part of this oppression and I left. Those Palestinians who didn’t sign up for transfers were taken by force-just put in trucks and dumped in Gaza. About four thousand people were driven from al-Majdal in one way or another. The few who remained were collaborators with the Israeli authorities.

Subsequently, I wrote letters trying to get a government job elsewhere and I got many immediate responses asking me to come for an interview. Then they would discover that my face didn’t match my Polish/Ashkenazi name. They would ask if I spoke Yiddish or Polish, and when I said I didn’t, they would ask where I came by a Polish name. Desperate for a good job, I would usually say that I thought my great-grandfather was from Poland. I was advised time and again that “we’ll give you a call.”

“Eventually, three to four years after coming to Israel, I changed my name to Giladi, which is close to the code name, Gilad, that I had in the Zionist underground. Klaski wasn’t doing me any good anyway, and my Eastern friends were always chiding me about the name they knew didn’t go with my origins as an Iraqi Jew.

“I was disillusioned at what I found in the Promised Land, disillusioned personally, disillusioned at the institutionalized racism, disillusioned at what I was beginning to learn about Zionism’s cruelties. The principal interest Israel had in Jews from Islamic countries was as a supply of cheap labor, especially for the farm work that was beneath the urbanized Eastern European Jews. Ben Gurion needed the “Oriental” Jews to farm the thousands of acres of land left by Palestinians who were driven out by Israeli forces in 1948.

“And I began to find out about the barbaric methods used to rid the fledgling state of as many Palestinians as possible. The world recoils today at the thought of bacteriological warfare, but Israel was probably the first to actually use it in the Middle East. In the 1948 war, Jewish forces would empty Arab villages of their populations, often by threats, sometimes by just gunning down a half-dozen unarmed Arabs as examples to the rest. To make sure the Arabs couldn’t return to make a fresh life for themselves in these villages, the Israelis put typhus and dysentery bacteria into the water wells.

Uri Mileshtin, an official historian for the Israeli Defense Force, has written and spoken about the use of bacteriological agents. According to Mileshtin, Moshe Dayan, a division commander at the time, gave orders in 1948 to remove Arabs from their villages, bulldoze their homes, and render water wells unusable with typhus and dysentery bacteria.                      

“Acre was so situated that it could practically defend itself with one big gun, so the Haganah put bacteria into the spring that fed the town. The spring was called Capri and it ran from the north near a kibbutz. The Haganah put typhus bacteria into the water going to Acre, the people got sick, and the Jewish forces occupied Acre. This worked so well that they sent a Haganah division dressed as Arabs into Gaza, where there were Egyptian forces, and the Egyptians caught them putting two cans of bacteria, typhus and dysentery, into the water supply in wanton disregard of the civilian population. “In war, there is no sentiment,” one of the captured Haganah men was quoted as saying.

“My activism in Israel began shortly after I received a letter from the Socialist/Zionist Party asking me to help with their Arabic newspaper. When I showed up at their offices at Central House in Tel Aviv, I asked around to see just where I should report. I showed the letter to a couple of people there and, without even looking at it, they would motion me away with the words, “Room No. 8.” When I saw that they weren’t even reading the letter, I inquired of several others. But the response was the same, “Room No. 8,” with not a glance at the paper I put in front of them.

“So I went to Room 8 and saw that it was the Department of Jews from Islamic Countries. I was disgusted and angry. Either I am a member of the party or I’m not. Do I have a different ideology or different politics because I am an Arab Jew? It’s segregation, I thought, just like a Negroes’ Department. I turned around and walked out. That was the start of my open protests. That same year I organized a demonstration in Ashkelon against Ben Gurion’s racist policies and 10,000 people turned out.

“There wasn’t much opportunity for those of us who were second class citizens to do much about it when Israel was on a war footing with outside enemies. After the 1967 war, I was in the Army myself and served in the Sinai when there was continued fighting along the Suez Canal. But the cease-fire with Egypt in 1970 gave us our opening. We took to the streets and organized politically to demand equal rights. If it’s our country, if we were expected to risk our lives in a border war, then we expected equal treatment.

“We mounted the struggle so tenaciously and received so much publicity that the Israeli government tried to discredit our movement by calling us “Israel’s Black Panthers.” They were thinking in racist terms, really, in assuming the Israeli public would reject an organization whose ideology was being compared to that of radical blacks in the United States. But we saw that what we were doing was no different than what blacks in the United States were fighting against-segregation, discrimination, unequal treatment. Rather than reject the label, we adopted it proudly. I had posters of Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, Nelson Mandela and other civil rights activists plastered all over my office.

“With the Israeli invasion of Lebanon and the Israeli-condoned Sabra and Shatilla massacres, I had had enough of Israel. I became a United States citizen and made certain to revoke my Israeli citizenship. I could never have written and published my book in Israel, not with the censorship they would impose.

“Even in America, I had great difficulty finding a publisher because many are subject to pressures of one kind or another from Israel and its friends. I ended up paying $60,000 from my own pocket to publish Ben Gurion’s Scandals: How the Haganah & the Mossad Eliminated Jews, virtually the entire proceeds from having sold my house in Israel.

I still was afraid that the printer would back out or that legal proceedings would be initiated to stop its publication, like the Israeli government did in an attempt to prevent former Mossad case officer Victor Ostrovsky from publishing his first book. Ben Gurion’s Scandals had to be translated into English from two languages. I wrote in Hebrew when I was in Israel and hoped to publish the book there, and I wrote in Arabic when I was completing the book after coming to the U.S. But I was so worried that something would stop publication that I told the printer not to wait for the translations to be thoroughly checked and proofread. Now I realize that the publicity of a lawsuit would just have created a controversial interest in the book.

“I am using bank vault storage for the valuable documents that back up what I have written. These documents, including some that I illegally copied from the archives at Yad Vashem, confirm what I saw myself, what I was told by other witnesses, and what reputable historians and others have written concerning the Zionist bombings in Iraq, Arab peace overtures that were rebuffed, and incidents of violence and death inflicted by Jews on Jews in the cause of creating Israel.

The Riots of 1941

“If, as I have said, my family in Iraq was not persecuted personally and I knew no deprivation as a member of the Jewish minority, what led me to the steps of the gallows as a member of the Zionist underground? To answer that question, it is necessary to establish the context of the massacre that occurred in Baghdad on June 1, 1941, when several hundred Iraqi Jews were killed in riots involving junior officers of the Iraqi army. I was 12 years of age and many of those killed were my friends. I was angry, and very confused.

“What I didn’t know at the time was that the riots most likely were stirred up by the British, in collusion with a pro-British Iraqi leadership.

“With the breakup of the Ottoman Empire following WWI, Iraq came under British “tutelage.” Amir Faisal, son of Sharif Hussein who had led the Arab Revolt against the Ottoman sultan, was brought in from Mecca by the British to become King of Iraq in 1921. Many Jews were appointed to key administrative posts, including that of economics minister. Britain retained final authority over domestic and external affairs.

“Britain’s pro-Zionist attitude in Palestine, however, triggered a growing anti-Zionist backlash in Iraq, as it did in all Arab countries. Writing at the end of 1934, Sir Francis Humphreys, Britain’s Ambassador in Baghdad, noted that, while before WWI Iraqi Jews had enjoyed a more favorable position than any other minority in the country, since then “Zionism has sown dissension between Jews and Arabs, and a bitterness has grown up between the two peoples which did not previously exist.”

“King Faisal died in 1933. He was succeeded by his son Ghazi, who died in a motor car accident in 1939. The crown then passed to Ghazi’s 4-year-old son, Faisal II, whose uncle, Abd al-Ilah, was named regent. Abd al-Ilah selected Nouri el-Said as prime minister. El-Said supported the British and, as hatred of the British grew, he was forced from office in March 1940 by four senior army officers who advocated Iraq’s independence from Britain. Calling themselves the Golden Square, the officers compelled the regent to name as prime minister Rashid Ali al-Kilani, leader of the National Brotherhood party.

“The time was 1940 and Britain was reeling from a strong German offensive. Al-Kilani and the Golden Square saw this as their opportunity to rid themselves of the British once and for all. Cautiously they began to negotiate for German support, which led the pro-British regent Abd al-Ilah to dismiss al-Kilani in January 1941. By April, however, the Golden Square officers had reinstated the prime minister.

“This provoked the British to send a military force into Basra on April 12, 1941. Basra, Iraq’s second largest city, had a Jewish population of 30,000. Most of these Jews made their livings from import/export, money changing, retailing, as workers in the airports, railways, and ports, or as senior government employees.

“On the same day, April 12, supporters of the pro-British regent notified the Jewish leaders that the regent wanted to meet with them. As was their custom, the leaders brought flowers for the regent. Contrary to custom, however, the cars that drove them to the meeting place dropped them off at the site where the British soldiers were concentrated.

“Photographs of the Jews appeared in the following day’s newspapers with the banner “Basra Jews Receive British Troops with Flowers.” That same day, April 13, groups of angry Arab youths set about to take revenge against the Jews. Several Muslim notables in Basra heard of the plan and calmed things down. Later, it was learned that the regent was not in Basra at all and that the matter was a provocation by his pro-British supporters to bring about an ethnic war in order to give the British army a pretext to intervene.

“The British continued to land more forces in and around Basra. On May 7, 1941, their Gurkha unit, composed of Indian soldiers from that ethnic group, occupied Basra’s el-Oshar quarter, a neighborhood with a large Jewish population. The soldiers, led by British officers, began looting. Many shops in the commercial district were plundered. Private homes were broken into. Cases of attempted rape were reported. Local residents, Jews and Muslims, responded with pistols and old rifles, but their bullets were no match for the soldiers’ Tommy Guns.

“Afterwards, it was learned that the soldiers acted with the acquiescence, if not the blessing, of their British commanders. (It should be remembered that the Indian soldiers, especially those of the Gurkha unit, were known for their discipline, and it is highly unlikely they would have acted so riotously without orders.) The British goal clearly was to create chaos and to blacken the image of the pro-nationalist regime in Baghdad, thereby giving the British forces reason to proceed to the capital and to overthrow the al-Kilani government.

“Baghdad fell on May 30. Al-Kilani fled to Iran, along with the Golden Square officers. Radio stations run by the British reported that Regent Abd al-Ilah would be returning to the city and that thousands of Jews and others were planning to welcome him. What inflamed young Iraqis against the Jews most, however, was the radio announcer Yunas Bahri on the German station “Berlin,” who reported in Arabic that Jews from Palestine were fighting alongside the British against Iraqi soldiers near the city of Faluja. The report was false.

“On Sunday, June 1, unarmed fighting broke out in Baghdad between Jews who were still celebrating their Shabuoth holiday and young Iraqis who thought the Jews were celebrating the return of the pro-British regent. That evening, a group of Iraqis stopped a bus, removed the Jewish passengers, murdered one and fatally wounded a second.

“About 8:30 the following morning, some 30 individuals in military and police uniforms opened fire along el-Amin street, a small downtown street whose jewelry, tailor and grocery shops were Jewish-owned. By 11 a.m., mobs of Iraqis with knives, switchblades and clubs were attacking Jewish homes in the area.

“The riots continued throughout Monday, June 2. During this time, many Muslims rose to defend their Jewish neighbors, while some Jews successfully defended themselves. There were 124 killed and 400 injured, according to a report written by a Jewish Agency messenger who was in Iraq at the time. Other estimates, possibly less reliable, put the death toll higher, as many as 500, with from 650 to 2,000 injured. From 500 to 1,300 stores and more than 1,000 homes and apartments were looted.

“Who was behind the rioting in the Jewish quarter? Yosef Meir, one of the most prominent activists in the Zionist underground movement in Iraq, known then as Yehoshafat, claims it was the British. Meir, who now works for the Israeli Defense Ministry, argues that, in order to make it appear that the regent was returning as the savior who would reestablish law and order, the British stirred up the riots against the most vulnerable and visible segment in the city, the Jews. And, not surprisingly, the riots ended as soon as the regent’s loyal soldiers entered the capital.

“My own investigations as a journalist lead me to believe Meir is correct. Furthermore, I think his claims should be seen as based on documents in the archives of the Israeli Defense Ministry, the agency that published his book. Yet, even before his book came out, I had independent confirmation from a man I met in Iran in the late Forties.

“His name was Michael Timosian, an Iraqi Armenian. When I met him he was working as a male nurse at the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company in Abadan in the south of Iran. On June 2, 1941, however, he was working at the Baghdad hospital where many of the riot victims were brought. Most of these victims were Jews.

“Timosian said he was particularly interested in two patients whose conduct did not follow local custom. One had been hit by a bullet in his shoulder, the other by a bullet in his right knee. After the doctor removed the bullets, the staff tried to change their blood-soaked cloths. But the two men fought off their efforts, pretending to be speechless, although tests showed they could hear. To pacify them, the doctor injected them with anesthetics and, as they were sleeping, Timosian changed their cloths. He discovered that one of them had around his neck an identification tag of the type used by British troops, while the other had tattoos with Indian script on his right arm along with the familiar sword of the Gurkha.

“The next day when Timosian showed up for work, he was told that a British officer, his sergeant and two Indian Gurkha soldiers had come to the hospital early that morning. Staff members overheard the Gurkha soldiers talking with the wounded patients, who were not as dumb as they had pretended. The patients saluted the visitors, covered themselves with sheets and, without signing the required release forms, left the hospital with their visitors.

“Today there is no doubt in my mind that the anti-Jewish riots of 1941 were orchestrated by the British for geopolitical ends. David Kimche is certainly a man who was in a position to know the truth, and he has spoken publicly about British culpability. Kimche had been with British Intelligence during WWII and with the Mossad after the war. Later he became Director General of Israel’s Foreign Ministry, the position he held in 1982 when he addressed a forum at the British Institute for International Affairs in London.

“In responding to hostile questions about Israel’s invasion of Lebanon and the refugee camp massacres in Beirut, Kimche went on the attack, reminding the audience that there was scant concern in the British Foreign Office when British Gurkha units participated in the murder of 500 Jews in the streets of Baghdad in 1941.

The Bombing of 1950-1951

“The anti-Jewish riots of 1941 did more than create a pretext for the British to enter Baghdad to reinstate the pro-British regent and his pro-British prime minister, Nouri el-Said. They also gave the Zionists in Palestine a pretext to set up a Zionist underground in Iraq, first in Baghdad, then in other cities such as Basra, Amara, Hillah, Diwaneia, Abril and Karkouk.

“Following WWII, a succession of governments held brief power in Iraq. Zionist conquests in Palestine, particularly the massacre of Palestinians in the village of Deir Yassin, emboldened the anti-British movement in Iraq. When the Iraqi government signed a new treaty of friendship with London in January 1948, riots broke out all over the country. The treaty was quickly abandoned and Baghdad demanded removal of the British military mission that had run Iraq’s army for 27 years.

“Later in 1948, Baghdad sent an army detachment to Palestine to fight the Zionists, and when Israel declared independence in May, Iraq closed the pipeline that fed its oil to Haifa’s refinery. Abd al-Ilah, however, was still regent and the British quisling, Nouri el-Said, was back as prime minister. I was in the Abu-Greib prison in 1948, where I would remain until my escape to Iran in September 1949.

“Six months later-the exact date was March 19, 1950-a bomb went off at the American Cultural Center and Library in Baghdad, causing property damage and injuring a number of people. The center was a favorite meeting place for young Jews.

“The first bomb thrown directly at Jews occurred on April 8, 1950, at 9:15 p.m. A car with three young passengers hurled the grenade at Baghdad’s El-Dar El-Bida Café, where Jews were celebrating Passover. Four people were seriously injured. That night leaflets were distributed calling on Jews to leave Iraq immediately.

“The next day, many Jews, most of them poor with nothing to lose, jammed emigration offices to renounce their citizenship and to apply for permission to leave for Israel. So many applied, in fact, that the police had to open registration offices in Jewish schools and synagogues.

–        On May 10, at 3 a.m., a grenade was tossed in the direction of the display window of the Jewish-owned Beit-Lawi Automobile Company, destroying part of the building. No casualties were reported.

–        On June 3, 1950, another grenade was tossed from a speeding car in the El-Batawin area of Baghdad where most rich Jews and middle class Iraqis lived. No one was hurt, but following the explosion Zionist activists sent telegrams to Israel requesting that the quota for immigration from Iraq be increased.

–        On June 5, at 2:30 a.m., a bomb exploded next to the Jewish owned Stanley Shashua building on El-Rashid street, resulting in property damage but no casualties.

–        On January 14, 1951, at 7 p.m., a grenade was thrown at a group of Jews outside the Masouda Shem-Tov Synagogue. The explosive struck a high-voltage cable, electrocuting three Jews, one a young boy, Itzhak Elmacher, and wounding over 30 others. Following the attack, the exodus of Jews jumped to between 600-700 per day.

“Zionist propagandists still maintain that the bombs in Iraq were set off by anti-Jewish Iraqis who wanted Jews out of their country. The terrible truth is that the grenades that killed and maimed Iraqi Jews and damaged their property were thrown by Zionist Jews.

“Among the most important documents in my book, I believe, are copies of two leaflets published by the Zionist underground calling on Jews to leave Iraq. One is dated March 16, 1950, the other April 8, 1950.

‘“The difference between these two is critical. Both indicate the date of publication, but only the April 8th leaflet notes the time of day: 4 p.m. Why the time of day? Such a specification was unprecedented. Even the investigating judge, Salaman El-Beit, found it suspicious. Did the 4 p.m. writers want an alibi for a bombing they knew would occur five hours later? If so, how did they know about the bombing? The judge concluded they knew because a connection existed between the Zionist underground and the bomb throwers.

This, too, was the conclusion of Wilbur Crane Eveland, a former senior officer in the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), whom I had the opportunity to meet in New York in 1988. In his book, Ropes of Sand, whose publication the CIA opposed, Eveland writes:

In attempts to portray the Iraqis as anti-American and to terrorize the Jews, the Zionists planted bombs in the U.S. Information Service library and in synagogues. Soon leaflets began to appear urging Jews to flee to Israel. . . .

Although the Iraqi police later provided our embassy with evidence to show that the synagogue and library bombings, as well as the anti-Jewish and anti-American leaflet campaigns, had been the work of an underground Zionist organization, most of the world believed reports that Arab terrorism had motivated the flight of the Iraqi Jews whom the Zionists had “rescued” really just in order to increase Israel’s Jewish population.”’

“Eveland doesn’t detail the evidence linking the Zionists to the attacks, but in my book I do. In 1955, for example, I organized in Israel a panel of Jewish attorneys of Iraqi origin to handle claims of Iraqi Jews who still had property in Iraq. One well known attorney, who asked that I not give his name, confided in me that the laboratory tests in Iraq had confirmed that the anti-American leaflets found at the American Cultural Center bombing were typed on the same typewriter and duplicated on the same stenciling machine as the leaflets distributed by the Zionist movement just before the April 8th bombing.

Tests also showed that the type of explosive used in the Beit-Lawi attack matched traces of explosives found in the suitcase of an Iraqi Jew by the name of Yosef Basri. Basri, a lawyer, together with Shalom Salih, a shoemaker, would be put on trial for the attacks in December 1951 and executed the following month. Both men were members of Hashura, the military arm of the Zionist underground. Salih ultimately confessed that he, Basri and a third man, Yosef Habaza, carried out the attacks.

By the time of the executions in January 1952, all but 6,000 of an estimated 125,000 Iraqi Jews had fled to Israel. Moreover, the pro-British, pro-Zionist puppet el-Said saw to it that all of their possessions were frozen, including their cash assets. (There were ways of getting Iraqi dinars out, but when the immigrants went to exchange them in Israel they found that the Israeli government kept 50 percent of the value.) Even those Iraqi Jews who had not registered to emigrate, but who happened to be abroad, faced loss of their nationality if they didn’t return within a specified time. An ancient, cultured, prosperous community had been uprooted and its people transplanted to a land dominated by East European Jews, whose culture was not only foreign but entirely hateful to them.

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