Tag Archive | indigenous

U.S.-Led Coalition Bombs School in Raqqa*

U.S.-Led Coalition Bombs School in Raqqa*

More than 30 Syrian civilians were killed when the U.S.-led coalition bombed a school in the town of al-Mansour in the Raqqa province, Turkish Anadolu news agency reported.

Earlier in the day, an informed source cited by the SANA news agency also said that the U.S.-led coalition raid struck a school south of the town of Mansour, nearly 19 miles west of Raqqa. Unverified reports estimated up to 33 people may have been killed in the strike. The school was being used as a shelter for refugees.

The refugees were peaceful citizens who had fled the fighting from the cities of Aleppo, Raqqa and Palmyra and had come to al-Mansour for safety.

The province of Raqqa is still under the control of Daesh terrorists, but there are also Syrian civilians living there.

The bombing killed mostly women and children. It is noteworthy to point out that it was the Syrian Human Rights Monitoring Centre that confirmed the attack as being carried out by the western coalition.

Following the attack, the official representative of the western coalition told CBS News that there is yet no evidence that civilians were killed in an airstrike. He highlighted that the coalition is quite serious about such information and is checking it thoroughly.

Informed sources told SANA news agency earlier in the day that the school, which served as a shelter for 50 refugee families, was completely destroyed.

The news agency also reported about an airstrike on the Tabqa region in the western part of Raqqa, killing at least 40.

Furthermore, there were reports that the coalition had bombed a mosque in the village of al-Jin in Aleppo where people were praying at the time. As a result of the bombing locals took out 42 bodies from under the rubble.

On Friday, U.S. Department of Defense spokesperson Capt. Jeff Davis said that the strike targeted an adjacent building. Davis also said that the Pentagon was not “aware of any credible allegation of civilian casualties.” The strike killed 42 people, most of them civilians, as the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported on Thursday.

However, despite oral testimonies of activists and photographic materials, the Pentagon hastened to state that the aircraft dropped bombs not on the mosque, but on the building next to it where al-Qaeda militants were allegedly hiding.

A representative of the U.S. Central Command, Colonel John Thomas, said that the evidence provided by the activists will be carefully studied and the incident will be investigated but he did not specify what measures will be taken against the perpetrators who killed innocent civilians.

It is becoming quite clear that the mainstream media doesn’t like to highlight failures of the international coalition. It is not only in Syria but in Iraq too that the media fails to cover attacks carried out by the U.S.-led coalition. For example, when covering the operation in Mosul most of the mainstream media preferred not to stress their audience’s attention on civilian casualties and the humanitarian situation in the region.

The liberation of Aleppo, which took place at the end of 2016, was also presented from a different perspective. The leading mainstream media covering Aleppo emphasized the suffering of the city’s residents who were forced to leave their homes and flee.

However, the fact that the Russian and Syrian military created special corridors for safe passage of the civilians was not highlighted.

The situation around the city was assessed as a humanitarian disaster with journalists claiming that it was unfolding against the backdrop of war crimes allegedly committed by government troops.

There were about 100,000 civilians held hostage in Aleppo, whereas, in Mosul in Iraq there are more than 750,000 people who cannot exit the city due to the presence of terrorists; however, the media hasn’t highlighted that enough.

On March 4, a monthly report by the Combined Joint Task Force said that “at least 220 civilians have been unintentionally killed by coalition’s strikes since the start of Operation Inherent Resolve” and expressed regret over the loss of lives.

Source*

Related Topics:

Syrian Army Gains Upper Hand in Damascus Fighting*

Trump-Israel Struggling to Save ISIS to divide and Conquer Syria and Iraq*

Syria’s Water Cut off by Turkey Following McCain, Erdogan Meeting*

“E.U. has been supporting the terrorists in Syria from the very beginning”*

Syrian Education Ministry Launches the Psychological and Social Support Guide*

USD 8 million is the Value of Syrian Fruit and Vegetable Exports to Belarus in Past 3 months*

Public Buses in Aleppo take to the Streets after 5 Years of U.S.’s ISIS war on Syria*

Amnesty Int’l Admits Syria’s ‘torture prison’ Report Fabricated Entirely in U.K.*

Priceless Ancient Seed Bank Saved from Destruction in Syria*

Syrian Army Gains Upper Hand in Damascus Fighting*

Syrian Army Gains Upper Hand in Damascus Fighting*

By Alexander Mercouris

Latest reports from the fighting in eastern Damascus say that the Syrian army has successfully recovered all the strong points captured by the Jihadis in their attack of yesterday.

In particular the Syrian troops have recaptured the ‘Fabric Factory’ – captured by the Jihadis yesterday – which is a lynchpin of Syrian defences in the area.

The following video shows the Syrian army’s counter-attack, including its use of tanks and armoured vehicles

The Jihadis have suffered heavy losses to achieve ephemeral gains in a series of attacks against the single most heavily defended territory under the government’s control, which is Syria’s capital Damascus.

If the Jihadis failed to capture Damascus during the period from 2012 to 2015 when many of Damascus’s suburbs and much of the surrounding countryside were under their control, and when the Syrian army was on the back-foot in the rest of Syria, they are scarcely likely to make significant gains there now, when the Syrian army has the backing of the Russian air force and is advancing on all fronts.

In strictly military terms the Jihadi offensive therefore makes little sense.

The Russians have said that they believe the purpose of the offensive is to disrupt the reconvening of the negotiations between the Syrian parties which are due to take place shortly in Geneva.

These negotiations are a parallel series of negotiations to the ones taking place under Russian sponsorship in the Kazakh capital of Astana.  They have been deadlocked ever since they began, and if the purpose of the Jihadis’ Damascus offensive is indeed to disrupt them then it looks frankly like a redundant effort.

More likely the offensive serves multiple other purposes.

Firstly, it has the political purpose of demonstrating that at a time when the Jihadis across Syria are in headlong retreat they remain a force to be reckoned with, including in the suburbs of Damascus, where they have recently suffered a succession of major defeats.  Through the attacks the Jihadis have shown that despite these defeats and their losses they are still capable of striking at the heart of Syrian power, which is Damascus itself.

Beyond that Al-Qaeda – which is the force which is ultimately responsible for the offensive – undoubtedly hopes to shake the Russian-Turkish sponsored ceasefire.  Already Al-Qaeda has succeeded in drawing one Jihadi group – Jaish al-Islam – which was observing the ceasefire, into join the attack.

Beyond these straightforwardly political considerations, it is likely that Al-Qaeda is trying to take some of the pressure off ISIS, which is reeling from the effect of Syrian army offensives against it in central and eastern Syria (in the area around Palmyra) and in north east Syria, where the Syrian army has reached Lake Assad and the Euphrates river and is now within striking distance of Raqqa.

Al-Qaeda and ISIS are overtly antagonistic to each other, with ISIS originating as a breakaway from Al-Qaeda, and Al-Qaeda refusing to recognise ISIS’s Caliphate.  However that hostility does not extend to the Jihadi fighters belonging to the two groups, who move easily between them.  Al-Qaeda’s leadership has probably come under pressure from its fighters to take action to help ISIS.  The attack on Damascus is the result.

The Jihadis have shown great willingness to sacrifice large numbers of fighters in these attacks.  Their defeat today represents the second time over the course of the last few days that they have tried to storm the industrial eastern districts of Damascus only to be driven back with heavy losses.  It remains to be seen whether they will renew their attack for a third time.

Source*

Related Topics:

18,000 Syrian Children Victim to Organ Harvesting

Trump Orders Drone Strike on Syrian Mosque, 40 Civilians Killed*

Trump is Filling Top Pentagon and Homeland Security Positions With Defense Contractors*

Syrian Air Defense Shoots Down one of 4 Israeli Warplanes Targeting Military Site near Palmyra*

U.S. Deploying Thousands More Ground Troops to Kuwait to Fight in Iraq and Syria*

U.S. Marines Invade Syria, helping ISIS and Turkey*

Trump-Israel Struggling to Save ISIS to divide and Conquer Syria and Iraq*

Syria’s Water Cut off by Turkey Following McCain, Erdogan Meeting*

U.S. Admits Using Radioactive Weapons in Syria that Left Thousands of Iraqi Babies Deformed*

Trump is Filling Top Pentagon and Homeland Security Positions With Defense Contractors*

Trump is Filling Top Pentagon and Homeland Security Positions With Defense Contractors*

By Lee Fang

President Donald Trump has weaponized the revolving door by appointing defense contractors and their lobbyists to key government positions as he seeks to rapidly expand the military budget and homeland security programs.

Two Department of Homeland Security appointments Trump announced Tuesday morning are perfect examples.

Benjamin Cassidy, installed by Trump as assistant secretary for legislative affairs, previously worked as a senior executive at Boeing’s international business sector, marketing Boeing military products abroad. Jonathan Rath Hoffman, named assistant secretary for public affairs, previously worked as a consultant to the Chertoff Group, the sprawling homeland security consulting firm founded by former Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff. The firm has come under fire for advising a variety of firms seeking government contracts, including for full-body scanners deemed invasive by privacy activists. Hoffman also led a state chapter of a neoconservative military-contractor advocacy organization during the 2016 presidential campaign. Neither position requires Senate confirmation.

Personnel from major defense companies now occupy the highest ranks of the administration including cabinet members and political appointees charged with implementing the Trump agenda. At least 15 officials with financial ties to defense contractors have been either nominated or appointed so far, with potentially more industry names on the way as Trump has yet to nominate a variety of roles in the government, including Army and Navy secretaries.

Before their confirmations, Jim Mattis and John Kelly, the secretaries of the departments of Defense and Homeland Security, were primarily paid by defense firms.

Mattis was paid $242,000, along with up to $500,000 in vested stock options, as director of General Dynamics, a company that produces submarines, tanks, and a range of munitions for the military. Mattis also received speaking fees from several firms, including Northrop Grumman. Kelly previously served in a number of roles at defense contracting consulting and lobbying firms and worked directly as an adviser to Dyncorp, a company that contracts with the Immigrations and Customs Enforcement.

Defense firms have eagerly watched as Trump recently unveiled a budget calling for $54 billion in additional military spending next year, as well as an additional $30 billion for the Pentagon and the Department of Homeland Security for this fiscal year, which ends on September 31. About $15.5 billion of the $30 billion is slated to be spent on new military equipment.

The spending spree will provide a brand new opportunity for defense lobbyists to get business for their clients. And the most effective lobbying generally involves contacting former colleagues in positions of power.

Major lobbying groups for the arms companies, including the National Defense Industrial Association and the Aerospace Industries Association, welcomed the selection of Secretary Mattis, who has already scheduled meetings with industry executives. Secretary Kelly has pledged to work more closely with the private sector, promising greater collaboration with private firms to accomplish his agency’s goals.

To carry out this private-sector friendly agenda, defense officials have taken major roles throughout Trump’s administration.

Pat Shanahan, nominated last week by Trump to serve as deputy secretary of defense, is a vice president at Boeing who formerly led the company’s missile defense subsidiary. Disclosures show that Elaine Duke, the nominee for deputy secretary of homeland security, previously consulted for Booz Allen Hamilton, General Dynamics, and the Columbia Group, a small contractor that builds unmanned naval drones.

The nominee to lead the Air Force, former New Mexico Congresswoman Heather Wilson, worked as a consultant to a Lockheed Martin subsidiary after retiring from public office. The company sought Wilson’s help to maintain a $2.4 billion a year contract to manage Sandia National Laboratories, the premiere nuclear weapons research facility, and to keep the contract closed to competition. “Lockheed Martin should aggressively lobby Congress, but keep a low profile,” Wilson urged the company in a memo revealed later by an inspector general report.

Trump’s pick for national security council chief of staff, retired Lt. Gen. Keith Kellogg, has worked at a variety of defense contracting companies. After serving in senior roles in Iraq’s provisional government after the 2003 invasion, Kellogg left the government for the private sector. He told the Washington Post in 2005 that he joined Oracle to “establish a homeland security business unit” at the firm, and later joined CACI International, a company with major contracts in the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Following CACI, Kellogg joined Cubic Defense in 2009 to develop the company’s combat training business.

A list of temporary political appointees recently published by ProPublica reveals a number of less-known influence peddlers who have taken senior roles in the administration.

Chad Wolf and Lora Ries, two recently appointed advisers at the Department of Homeland Security, are formerly registered defense lobbyists. Wolf lobbied for Harris Corp. and the United Launch Alliance, a partnership between Boeing and Lockheed Martin. Ries previously lobbied for a range of defense and homeland security contractors, including Altegrity, Boeing, Implant Sciences Corp., General Dynamics, L1 Identity Solutions, and TASC Inc.

In the White House, one of the newest members of the National Economic Council staff is Michael Catanzaro, formerly a registered lobbyist working for both Boeing and Halliburton.

Palanatir Technology’s Justin Mikolay, formerly a chief in-house lobbyist for the company who worked to win over billions of dollars in Army contracts, was quietly appointed to serve as a special assistant in the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

Several appointees are associated with SBD Advisors, a consulting that firm that advertises its ability to facilitate “engagements between the technology and defense sectors,” and is advised by a high profile team of former government leaders, including former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff retired Adm. Mike Mullen and former National Security Agency Director of Operations Ron Moultrie.

SBD Advisors’d Sally Donnelly and Tony DeMartino work as temporary political appointees at the Office of the Defense Secretary, according to the list assembled by ProPublica. Kristan King Nevins, recently appointed as chief of staff to Second Lady Karen Pence, also previously worked at SBD Advisors as the director of communications.

The Trump administration is the “military-industrial complex personified,” said William Hartung, director of the Arms & Security Project at the Center for International Policy. Hartung noted that while the administration is bringing arms industry officials into government, it is also demanding a massive increase in military spending and appears to be escalating conflicts in Syria and Yemen.

“In short, the Trump proposals are an armsmaker’s dream come true,” he said.

Source*

Related Topics:

Trump Orders Drone Strike on Syrian Mosque, 40 Civilians Killed*

Trump To Continue Bankrupting The U.S. Through Foreign Wars*

Under Trump U.S. Drone Strikes Have Gone Up 432%*

Trump-Israel Struggling to Save ISIS to divide and Conquer Syria and Iraq*

Organized Campaigns Hit At Trump’s Foreign Policy Plans

Leaked Trump Presidential Memo Would Free U.S. Companies to Buy Conflict Minerals from Central African Warlords*

Trump to Send ISIS Fighters to Guantanamo*

Jewish Members of Trump Administration Might Explain a Few Things*

Standing Rock Applauds Netherlands-based Bank’s Move to Offload DAPL Debt*

Standing Rock Applauds Netherlands-based Bank’s Move to Offload DAPL Debt*

A major bank financing the Dakota Access Pipeline has announced on Monday it has sold off its share of loan debt for the controversial pipeline.

Standing Rock Sioux Tribal Chairman Dave Archambault II applauded the move by the Netherlands-based ING, a global financial institution based in Amsterdam with $120 million of DAPL debt. ING is the first bank to offload DAPL debt.

In a meeting on 10 February, ING shared its willingness to either continue trying to positively influence the course of the project, or to distance itself by selling its stake in the loan. In the meeting we indicated we would appreciate ING selling its loan in the project, after which ING continued its sale process. ING has now signed an agreement to sell the loan.

“We are heartened that ING has made the conscience decision to remove itself from a project that tramples on the rights of sovereign nations,” Archambault said.

ING was one of 17 syndicate banks financing DAPL, led by Citibank for a total of $2.5 billion in credit. ING had previously sold all shares it had in the DAPL parent companies.

Protests against the routing of DAPL have continued. Investors opposed to DAPL issued a statement to the banking syndicate on 16 February that the pipeline will escalate conflict and unrest as well as potentially contaminate the water supply for the Tribe and 17 million Americans downstream of the project.

The remaining banks included in the DAPL syndicate besides Citibank and Wells Fargo are Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Bayern, BBVA, BNP Paribas, Credit Agricole, ICBC, Intesa Sanpaolo, Mizuho Bank, Natixis, Societe Generale, SMBC, DNB, SunTrust Bank and TD Securities.

Investors opposed to the project include California’s public employee pension fund, CalPERS ($300 billion pension fund); New York City teacher and firefighter pensions; dozens of religious organizations and asset management firms. They have a combined $653 billion in managed assets, according to their statement.

International and national support for the Tribe have mounted continued pressure for other banks to pullout of DAPL. The City of Seattle cut ties with Wells Fargo and Bill de Blasio, the mayor of New York, has pledged support for a boycott.

President Donald Trump, who may still have financial ties to Energy Transfer, ordered expedited review of the project. The Army Corps of Engineers granted the easement shortly thereafter. The Tribe continues to challenge the permits in court.

Source*

Related Topics:

One of the Largest Banks Funding DAPL Just Pulled Its Assets from the Project*

California City of Davis Divests from Wells Fargo in DAPL Protest*

Seattle Council Votes to Divest Billions from Wells Fargo over DAPL Support*

The ‘Defund DAPL’ Campaign Succeeded in Moving $28mn in Personal Accounts*

U.K. Financiers Bankrolling Dakota Access Pipeline Builder*

How to Contact the 17 Banks Funding the Dakota Access Pipeline*

‘Grand Canyon’s Lost City of Sipapu

‘Grand Canyon’s Lost City of Sipapu

From Alexandra Bruce

This film, featuring publisher-explorer, David Hatcher Childress is about an expedition in search of the exact location of the original Sipapu, where the current Adamic race of man is said to have emerged from a hole in the ground, following a major global flood cataclysm, which had destroyed most life on Earth, according to legends of the Pueblo peoples of the American
Southwest. These tribes include the Hopi, Keres, Towa and Zuñi.

This was not the first time that the gods had destroyed their creation, according to the Puebloans, whose traditional beliefs call the current cycle we’re in now the ‘Fourth World’.

The Maya World Age doctrine, from the Guatemala Highlands and Mexico’s Yucatán peninsula has significant commonalities with those of many other indigenous groups throughout the Americas most notably, with the Puebloans, except that the Maya believe we’re currently in the ‘Sixth World’, as expressed in their holy scripture, the Popol Vuh and on stelae found at various Maya temple complexes.
World Age doctrines are pervasive in the ancient world and it is also part of the modern practices of Hinduism and Buddhism, in their traditional Yuga system of World Ages. According Hindus, we are currently in the middle of a Dark Age called the Kali Yuga or the Age of Vice. (It would be hard to argue against this).

 

What’s interesting is that the Kali Yuga began in 3102 BC, as correlated to the Gregorian calendar. This date may commemorate the “flood of Manu” of the Hindu Puranas, which is shockingly similar to the Biblical story of Noah. Manu was the Hindu equivalent of Noah, who is said to have rescued the ancestors of all life forms alive on Earth today. Atra-Hasis was the Akkadian hero of a similar global flood myth, one of three deluge stories, which have come down to us from Babylonia.
Also interesting is that the last epoch of the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, which famously ended on December 21, 2012 began in 3114 BC, or 12 years before the beginning of Kali Yuga (correlated to the Gregorian calendar).
When I was researching this topic for this book I wrote, I was shocked to discover that Ancient Greek mythology also had a tradition of the “Five Ages of Man”, sharing some stunningly specific details to those found in the Popol Vuh and in the ancient Vedic Yuga system, with its own Golden Age, Silver Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age.
In the West, this basic concept of cyclical ages stealthily survives, in the form of “Western Astrology” (actually based on an ancient Babylonian system). Even those who don’t know much about astrology have probably heard that we’re moving out of the Age of Pisces and into the Age of Aquarius. The World Age doctrine of Western astrology is based on the Precession of the Equinoxes. It is therefore cyclical, with each sign of the zodiac dominating the night sky for just over 2,000 years, adding up to a full round of 26,000 years and then starting over again. People who believe in astrology believe that the attendant qualities or “personality traits” of each sign affect the character of society during the 2,000+ years that each sign “rules” the sky.
The main problem with astrology is there is no general agreement about when Pisces ends and Aquarius begins. I’ve read that the Age of Aquarius began six hundred years ago and elsewhere that it doesn’t start for another six hundred years, which averages out to now!

A lot of things happened around this 300-year period around 3000 BC:- 3100 BC, The Indus Valley Civilization constructed the first advanced system of drainage.

Menes unified the Upper and Lower Kingdoms of Ancient Egypt and a new capital was erected at Memphis.

Umm al Binni lake in the Al Amarah region of Iraq may be an impact crater, as suggested by satellite imagery, (Master 2001, 2002). The age of the crater is estimated to be 5,000 years old. Back then, the region was under the Persian Gulf at a depth of approximately 10m (Larsen and Evans 1978: 237). The alleged Umm al Binni impact could be responsible for producing the energy equivalent to thousands of Hiroshima-sized bombs and the impact-induced tsunamis would have devastated coastal Sumerian cities. This may provide an alternate origin of the 2.6m sediment layer discovered during an excavation of the Sumerian city of Ur by Leonard Wooley in 1954. Descriptive passages in The Epic of Gilgamesh may describe such an impact and tsunami,
suggesting a link to the Sumerian Deluge (Matthews 2001; Britt 2001).

Neolithic period ends, Aegean Bronze Age starts, Minoan civilization starts, Troy is founded. Stonehenge construction begins. In its first version, it consists of a circular ditch and bank,
with 56 wooden posts.
– 2807 BC, A very large-scale comet or meteorite impact event in the southern Indian ocean caused enormous mega-tsunamis. It is theorized that the legends of the Great Flood in the Bible,
the Maya Popol Vuh, the Hindu Puranic story of Manu, the story of Deucalion in Greek mythology and the story of Utnapishtim in the Epic of Gilgamesh may be associated with this event, which created the 18-mile wide Burckle Crater, under 12,500 feet of ocean, off
the coast of present-day Madagascar.

Related Topics:

DNA Testing Proves Genealogy of indigenous Americans is One of the Most Unique in the World*

The Vanishing Indigenous Nations of the U.S. – Five Facts*

Olmecs: The People behind the Long Count were not Mayans*

A 200,000 Year-Old City in Southern Africa pre-Dates Sumer*

The End of Times and ‘The Lost Book of Enki’: Sumeria

 

 

Israel Owns the U.N. as well as the U.S.*

Israel Owns the U.N. as well as the U.S.*

Head of U.N. Body Resigns Following Pressure from U.N. Secretary-General Guterres to Withdraw Critical Report

The head of the United Nation’s West Asia commission resigned on Friday, after what she described as pressure from the secretary-general to withdraw a report accusing Israel of imposing an “apartheid regime” on Palestinians.

The Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA), which comprises 18 Arab states, published the report on Wednesday, saying it was the first time a U.N. body had clearly made the charge.

“I stand by my assessment Click here to read the statement of Khalaf posted on ESCWA’s social media.

However two days later, Rima Khalaf, U.N. under-secretary-general and ESCWA executive secretary, announced her resignation at a news conference in Beirut.

In the report, that Israel is committing the crime of apartheid,” she said at the conference.

“I find myself unable to accept the pressure placed on me over the last period of time.

“The secretary-general demanded yesterday that I withdraw the report, and I refused,” she said, adding:

“I believe that discrimination on the basis of skin colour, religion or ethnicity is unacceptable.”

Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Thursday asked for the report to be removed from the U.N. website.

The U.N. on Friday accepted her resignation, with spokesperson Stephane Dujarric saying:

“This is not about content, this is about process.”

“The secretary-general cannot accept that an under-secretary-general or any other senior U.N. official that reports to him would authorise the publication under the U.N. name, under the U.N. logo, without consulting the competent departments and even himself,” he told reporters.

Dujarric had earlier said that “the report as it stands does not reflect the views of the secretary-general” and was written without consultations with the U.N. secretariat.

The United States, an ally of Israel, said it was outraged by the report.

“The United Nations secretariat was right to distance itself from this report, but it must go further and withdraw the report altogether,” the US ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, said in a statement.

Click here to read Haley’s statement posted on her social media.

The Israeli ministry spokesman, Emmanuel Nahshon‏, commenting on Twitter, also noted the report had not been endorsed by the U.N. secretary-general.

Click here to read Nahshon’s statement posted on his social media.

“The attempt to smear and falsely label the only true democracy in the Middle East by creating a false analogy is despicable and constitutes a blatant lie,” Israel’s U.N. Ambassador Danny Danon said in a statement.

What was in report?

The report said it had established on the “basis of scholarly inquiry and overwhelming evidence, that Israel is guilty of the crime of apartheid.

“However, only a ruling by an international tribunal in that sense would make such an assessment truly authoritative,” it added.

The report said the “strategic fragmentation of the Palestinian people” was the main method through which Israel imposes apartheid, with Palestinians divided into four groups oppressed through “distinct laws, policies and practices”.

It identified the four sets of Palestinians as: Palestinian citizens of Israel; Palestinians in East Jerusalem; Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip; and Palestinians living as refugees or in exile.

ESCWA hoped the report would inform further deliberations on the root causes of the problem in the United Nations, among member states, and in society, Khalaf said at an event to launch the report at ESCWA’s Beirut headquarters.

It was authored by Richard Falk, a former U.N. human rights investigator for the Palestinian territories, and Virginia Tilley, professor of political science at Southern Illinois University.

Before leaving his post as U.N. special rapporteur on human rights in the Palestinian territories in 2014, Falk said Israeli policies bore unacceptable characteristics of colonialism, apartheid and ethnic cleansing.

Source*

Related Topics:

Donor behind pro-E.U. Campaign Holds Big Stake in Israel’s Apartheid Wall*

Codifying Israeli Apartheid into U.S. Law!

Landmark U.N. Report Backs Boycotting Israel*

NFL Players Pull out of Israel Propaganda Tour*

New Israeli Crackdown Aims to Root Out, expel BDS Activists*

An honest Israeli Jew tells the Real Truth about Israel

When Palestine was 85% Arab, 15% Israeli and U.K. and U.S. Paid the Jews from the Caucasus to Live There*

The CIA, Kwame Nkrumah, and the Destruction of Ghana*

The CIA, Kwame Nkrumah, and the Destruction of Ghana*

VT’s Gordon Duff and Samuel Bunyan visit the tomb of Kwame Nkrumah in 2016

Kwame Nkrumah (21 September 1909 – 27 April 1972) was the first President of the first free nation in Africa, and a founding father of the Pan-Africanist movement.

His dream was to turn Ghana into a modern industrial utopia – a society shaped by the power of science that would serve as a model for the rest of the African continent. At the heart of his plan was the Volta Dam, a hydroelectric power plant that would provide Ghana with all the cheap power that it would need to initiate an industrial revolution.

In 1935 Kwame Nkruma left Ghana for the United States as a student, receiving a BA from Lincoln University, Pennsylvania in 1939.  During that time, he was elected president of the African Students Organization of America and Canada. He was also exposed to the philosophy and teachings of Marcus Garvey, and the Communist teachings of a U.S. based Trotskyist intellectual cohort. Nkrumah later credited these ideas with teaching him ‘how an underground movement worked’.

In 1947, Nkrumah returned to Ghana. Using the political mechanisms he saw there, he returned to Ghana and within two years created the country’s first political party. Within two years after that, he was swept into power as the first Black Prime Minister in Africa under the British colonial system.

With the threat of uprisings abroad and financial crisis at home, Britain reluctantly set Ghana free on March 6, 1957. Nkrumah easily won election as the country’s first President, and chose a flag with the Black star–inspired by Marcus Garvey’s Black Star Line – at its centre to represent the new nation.

Nkrumah also launched a series of popular social projects on behalf of his people (who loved him), including The Organization of African Unity (OAU). The OAU was established on 25 May 1963. One year later, Malcolm X established the Organization for African American Unity (OAAU) modeled after Kwame’s idea.

The Volta Dam

Volta Dam, Ghana

If Ghana was to become a modern industrial nation, it needed both industry and the power to fuel that industry and provide the continent with its first industrial revolution. The Volta dam was originally the brain child of Britain, but the colonial power was shrinking from the world stage and in doing so, began to withdraw its financial and project support from its former colonies. During his campaign, Nkrumah’s platform was founded on the idea of modernization, but without funding for the Volta river project, there was no way that dream could become a reality.

Nkrumah set back out for America to sell the project to then President Eisenhower who took an immediate interest. Ghana at the time was literate, wealthy (as a result of its already profitable cocoa exports, and made a great business prospect for America. And the benefits to America as a young world superpower were two-fold:

– First, the manufacturing process for a new metal called aluminum had been discovered, and aluminum ore was abundant in Ghana.
– Second, the world’s energy prices were raising, and having access to a cheap source of electricity with which to process aluminum would have greatly increased the profit margins and reduced processing costs for the manufacture of the metal.

President Eisenhower contacted California based Kaiser Aluminum, the world’s largest aluminum manufacturer, to exploit the opportunity and fund the project. The assumption that America would mine Ghana’s bauxite and use the Volta dam’s electricity meant two new large income streams and industries that would assure Nkrumah’s dream of an industrial revolution. However, Kaiser Aluminum had different plans. They would only use Ghana’s cheap electricity – importing aluminum ore from other places in the world, and then exporting the aluminum back to America. The thought was that if the operation became too profitable, Nkrumah could nationalize the dam project and cut America out completely.

Nkrumah was crushed. The aluminum industry would have done for Ghana what the steel industry had done for the United States. Nkrumah ultimately had to agree to America’s terms if he wanted the dam to be built, but as an additional stipulation, he had to raise $30 million on his own. He sought help from the World Bank, an operation initially set up to fund the recovery effort in post WWII Europe, but which later became a source of funding for the rest of the world. Nkrumah’s young new country was now indebted to the World Bank, and the dam became a leash by which the United States could control Nkrumah and exploit the country.

The exploitation of Ghana went into full swing; it became a haven for American and European industrialists who were interested in taking advantage of the country’s desire to modernize. White corporations would repeatedly dupe officials into purchasing whatever could be sold, no matter how inappropriate (a Belgian company sold the country snow plows¬. Yea, snow plows. In Africa).

The Volta Dam was completed on January 22, 1966. One month later, Nkrumah was overthrown by a CIA backed coup.

CIA Involvement [image: Nkrumah independence rally 194×300 The CIA, Kwame Nkrumah, and the Destruction of Ghana]

On March 11, 1965, almost a year before the coup, William P. Mahoney, the U.S. ambassador to Ghana, participated in a candid discussion in Washington, D.C., with CIA Director John A. McCone and the deputy chief of the CIA’s Africa division, whose name has been withheld. Significantly, the Africa division was part of the CIA’s directorate of plans (AKA Department of Dirty Tricks) through which the government pursued its covert policies.

According to the record of their meeting (Document 251), topic one was the “Coup d’état Plot, Ghana.” While Mahoney was satisfied that popular opinion was running strongly against Nkrumah and the economy of the country was in a precarious state, he was not convinced that the coup d’état, now being planned by Acting Police Commissioner Harlley and Generals Otu and Ankrah, would necessarily take place. However, he predicted that one way or another Nkrumah would be out within a year. Revealing the depth of embassy knowledge of the plot, Mahoney referred to a recent report which mentioned that the top coup conspirators were scheduled to meet on 10 March at which time they would determine the timing of the coup.

After the coup, Komer wrote a congratulatory assessment to President Eisenhower on March 12, 1966 (Document 260).

“The coup in Ghana is another example of a fortuitous windfall. Nkrumah was doing more to undermine our interests than any other black African. In reaction to his strongly pro-Communist leanings, the new military regime is almost pathetically pro-Western.”

John Stockwell, a CIA officer in Africa at the time made the following statement:

*“Howard Bane, who was the CIA station chief in Accra, engineered the overthrow of Kwame Nkrumah. Inside the CIA it was quite clear. Howard Bane got a double promotion, and was awarded the Intelligence Star for the overthrow of Kwame. The magic of it was that Howard Bane had enough imagination and drive to run this operation without ever documenting what he was doing and there wasn’t one shred of paper that was generated that would name the CIA hierarchy as being responsible.“

But in this age of information and Wikileaks, we now know the CIA ties to the destruction of Kwame Nkrumah ran deep: See: Documents Expose U.S. Role in Nkrumah Overthrow John Stockwell elaborated on the coup in his memoir, In Search of Enemies:

A CIA Story:

“The Accra station was encouraged by CIA headquarters to maintain contact with dissidents of the Ghanaian army for the purpose of gathering intelligence on their activities. It was given a generous budget, and maintained intimate contact with the plotters as a coup was hatched. So close was the station’s involvement that it was able to coordinate the recovery of some classified Soviet military equipment by the United States as the coup took place.”

According to Stockwell, Banes’ sense of initiative knew no bounds. The station even proposed to headquarters through back channels that a squad be on hand at the moment of the coup to storm the [Communist] Chinese embassy, kill everyone inside, steal their secret records, and blow up the building to cover the facts.

The Destruction of Ghana

After the coup, the once wealthy nation of Ghana was milked dry. Kwame fled in exile to Conakry, Guinea – never to return to his home country. After 19 years of prosperity under Nkrumah, Ghana slid back into the dark ages.

After the coup, the Kaiser Dam project flourished, continuing to make payments to the World Bank and continuing to yield dividends to its parent corporation. The people of Ghana saw almost none of the benefit. Instead, the people got one military coup after another (7 total). In the 1950s, the world celebrated Nkrumah and Ghana. After the coup, the American propaganda machine painted the country and its leader as corrupt, savage, and unstable. Kwame was called “the Communist Messiah” and Africa was said to be “unable to handle the pressures of modern industrialization. Kwame Nkruma’s organization was hijacked by the United Nations, and is now a tool used to expand the program of African exploitation.

But even in exile, Nkrumah continued to write and inspire Pan-Africanists. In Challenge of the Congo he wrote that the political economic situation in the world is one in which a tiny minority of the people grower “richer and richer, while the rest grow poorer and poorer” and elaborated by saying that the situation required world socialism as it was the only remedy, for “as long as capitalism and imperialism go unchecked there will always be exploitation, and an ever-widening gap between the haves and the have-nots, and all the evils of imperialism and neo-colonialism which breed and sustain wars.”

Death and Remembrance

Kwame Nkrumah died of skin cancer in April 1972. He was 62 years old. He was survived by Gokeh, Samia Yarba (who received the 2006 European Parliament Award for Journalism), and Sekou Ritz Nkrumah.

Nkrumah was buried in a tomb in the village of his birth, Nkroful, Ghana. While the tomb remains in Nkroful, his remains were transferred to a large national memorial tomb and park in Accra.

Over his lifetime, Nkrumah was awarded honorary doctorates by Lincoln University, Moscow State University; Cairo University in Cairo, Egypt; Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Poland; Humboldt University in theformer East Berlin; and many other universities.

In 2000, he was voted Africa’s man of the millennium. So who was Kwame Nkrumah? He was Africa’s Malcolm X. He was a true and benevolent leader and martyr. He was a visionary upon whom the hopes and dreams of a continent and a Black world rested. And he was a victim of the United States of America, capitalism, and the same program devoted to the destruction of the Black race that is still in existence today.

Source*

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