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Now Discovered the Lungs Make Blood*

Now Discovered the Lungs Make Blood*

Researchers have discovered that the lungs play a far more complex role in mammalian bodies than we thought, with new evidence revealing that they don’t just facilitate respiration – they also play a key role in blood production.

In experiments involving mice, the team found that they produce more than 10 million platelets (tiny blood cells) per hour, equating to the majority of platelets in the animals’ circulation. This goes against the decades-long assumption that bone marrow produces all of our blood components.

Researchers from the University of California, San Francisco also discovered a previously unknown pool of blood stem cells that makes this happen inside the lung tissue – cells that were incorrectly assumed to mainly reside in bone marrow.

“This finding definitely suggests a more sophisticated view of the lungs – that they’re not just for respiration, but also a key partner in formation of crucial aspects of the blood,” says one of the researchers, Mark R. Looney.

“What we’ve observed here in mice strongly suggests the lung may play a key role in blood formation in humans as well.”

While the lungs have been known to produce a limited amount of platelets – platelet-forming cells called megakaryocytes have been identified in the lungs before – scientists have long assumed that most of the cells responsible for blood production are kept inside the bone marrow.

Here, a process called haematopoiesis was thought to churn out oxygen-laden red blood cells, infection-fighting  white blood cells, and platelets – blood components required for the clotting that halts bleeding.

But scientists have now watched megakaryocytes functioning from within the lung tissue to produce not a few, but most of the body’s platelets.

So how did we miss such a crucial biological process this whole time?

The discovery was made possible by a new type of technology based on two-photon intravital imaging – a similar technique to one used by a separate team this week to discover a previously unidentified function of the brain’s cerebellum.

The process involves inserting a substance called green fluorescent protein (GFP) into the mouse genome –  a protein that’s naturally produced by bioluminescent animals such as jellyfish, and is harmless to living cells.

The mouse platelets started to emit bright green fluorescence as they circulated around the body in real time, allowing the team to trace their paths like never before.

They noticed a surprisingly large population of platelet-producing megakaryocytes inside the lung tissue, which initially didn’t make much sense, seeing as they’re usually associated with bone marrow.

“When we discovered this massive population of megakaryocytes that appeared to be living in the lung, we realised we had to follow this up,” says one of the team, Emma Lefrançais.

They found that this huge supply of megakaryocytes is actually producing more than 10 million platelets per hour in the lungs of mice, which means at least half of the body’s total platelet production is occurring in the lungs.

Here’s what it looks like:

Further experiments also revealed vast amounts of previously hidden blood stem cells and megakaryocyte progenitor cells (cells that give rise to megakaryocyte and red blood cells) sitting just outside the lung tissue – about 1 million per mouse lung.

When the researchers traced the entire ‘life cycle’ of the megakaryocytes, they found that they likely originate in the bone marrow, then make their way to the lungs, where they start platelet production.

“It’s fascinating that megakaryocytes travel all the way from the bone marrow to the lungs to produce platelets,” says one of the team, Guadalupe Ortiz-Muñoz.

“It’s possible that the lung is an ideal bioreactor for platelet production because of the mechanical force of the blood, or perhaps because of some molecular signalling we don’t yet know about.”

The researchers wanted to investigate if their discovery could have an effect on how we treat disorders such as lung inflammation, bleeding, and transplantation in the future, by transplanting lungs with fluorescent megakaryocyte progenitor cells into mice with low platelet counts.

The transplants produced a massive burst of platelets that quickly restored the depleted platelet counts to normal levels, and the effect lasted for several months.

Another experiment tested what would happen if the bone marrow wasn’t playing a role in blood production.

The team implanted lungs with fluorescent megakaryocyte progenitor cells into mice that had been engineered to have no blood stem cells in their bone marrow.

As Michael Irving reports for New Atlas, they watched as the fluorescent cells from the transplanted lungs made their way to the bone marrow, where they not only helped to produce platelets, but also other key blood components, such as neutrophils, B cells and T cells.

The findings will need to be replicated in humans before we can know for sure that the same process is occurring within our own bodies, but the study makes a strong case for this hidden function in what could be one of our most underrated organs.

It will likely also prompt scientists to investigate further how the bone marrow and lungs work together to produce our blood supply.

“It has been known for decades that the lung can be a site of platelet production, but this study amplifies this idea by demonstrating that the [mouse] lung is a major participant in the process,” Traci Mondoro from the US National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, who was not involved in the study, said in a press statement.

“Looney and his team have disrupted some traditional ideas about the pulmonary role in platelet-related hematopoiesis, paving the way for further scientific exploration of this integrated biology.”

The research has been published in Nature.

Source*

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Proper Movements in Muslim Prayer can Reduce Lower Back Pain*

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Plant Neurobiology Shows How Trees are Just Like Humans*

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Parents Told Five Times to Abort Boy with ‘no brain’ – Now He’s a Thriving 4-year-old*

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Psychiatry is Misleading Public about Mental Disorders*

Psychiatry is Misleading Public about Mental Disorders*

Dr. Toby Watson, a clinical psychologist is the former Chief Psychologist for the State of Wisconsin Department of Corrections, and the past International Executive Director of the International Society of Ethical Psychology and Psychiatry (ISEPP).

He is an outspoken critic of psychiatric industry’s claim that mental disorders are biological or medical conditions despite the fact there are no scientific or medical tests to back up this claim.

He has submitted written testimony and research to the FDA on the dangers of SSRI antidepressants and Electroshock; he has testified before the Congress of Mexico against psychotropic drugging of children and for 15 years has educated the courts and people about the harmful outcomes of psychiatric treatment, including how psychotropic drugs can cause violent and suicidal behaviour.

Related Topics:

Forced Psychiatric Treatments Expanded under Fast Track Bill Before Senate*

U.S. Govt Exposed for Forcing Foster Kids, Even Toddlers to Take Dangerous Psychotropic Drugs*

Dissected Open Brains of Nazi Victims Discovered in German Psychiatric Institute*

New Mexico Law Prohibits Forced Psychiatric Drugging of Children – First Such Law in the U.S.*

Psychiatric Drugs Are Being Prescribed to Infants*

Psychology Research Really Is Just ‘Psycho-Babble’*

 

Syrian Army Gains Upper Hand in Damascus Fighting*

Syrian Army Gains Upper Hand in Damascus Fighting*

By Alexander Mercouris

Latest reports from the fighting in eastern Damascus say that the Syrian army has successfully recovered all the strong points captured by the Jihadis in their attack of yesterday.

In particular the Syrian troops have recaptured the ‘Fabric Factory’ – captured by the Jihadis yesterday – which is a lynchpin of Syrian defences in the area.

The following video shows the Syrian army’s counter-attack, including its use of tanks and armoured vehicles

The Jihadis have suffered heavy losses to achieve ephemeral gains in a series of attacks against the single most heavily defended territory under the government’s control, which is Syria’s capital Damascus.

If the Jihadis failed to capture Damascus during the period from 2012 to 2015 when many of Damascus’s suburbs and much of the surrounding countryside were under their control, and when the Syrian army was on the back-foot in the rest of Syria, they are scarcely likely to make significant gains there now, when the Syrian army has the backing of the Russian air force and is advancing on all fronts.

In strictly military terms the Jihadi offensive therefore makes little sense.

The Russians have said that they believe the purpose of the offensive is to disrupt the reconvening of the negotiations between the Syrian parties which are due to take place shortly in Geneva.

These negotiations are a parallel series of negotiations to the ones taking place under Russian sponsorship in the Kazakh capital of Astana.  They have been deadlocked ever since they began, and if the purpose of the Jihadis’ Damascus offensive is indeed to disrupt them then it looks frankly like a redundant effort.

More likely the offensive serves multiple other purposes.

Firstly, it has the political purpose of demonstrating that at a time when the Jihadis across Syria are in headlong retreat they remain a force to be reckoned with, including in the suburbs of Damascus, where they have recently suffered a succession of major defeats.  Through the attacks the Jihadis have shown that despite these defeats and their losses they are still capable of striking at the heart of Syrian power, which is Damascus itself.

Beyond that Al-Qaeda – which is the force which is ultimately responsible for the offensive – undoubtedly hopes to shake the Russian-Turkish sponsored ceasefire.  Already Al-Qaeda has succeeded in drawing one Jihadi group – Jaish al-Islam – which was observing the ceasefire, into join the attack.

Beyond these straightforwardly political considerations, it is likely that Al-Qaeda is trying to take some of the pressure off ISIS, which is reeling from the effect of Syrian army offensives against it in central and eastern Syria (in the area around Palmyra) and in north east Syria, where the Syrian army has reached Lake Assad and the Euphrates river and is now within striking distance of Raqqa.

Al-Qaeda and ISIS are overtly antagonistic to each other, with ISIS originating as a breakaway from Al-Qaeda, and Al-Qaeda refusing to recognise ISIS’s Caliphate.  However that hostility does not extend to the Jihadi fighters belonging to the two groups, who move easily between them.  Al-Qaeda’s leadership has probably come under pressure from its fighters to take action to help ISIS.  The attack on Damascus is the result.

The Jihadis have shown great willingness to sacrifice large numbers of fighters in these attacks.  Their defeat today represents the second time over the course of the last few days that they have tried to storm the industrial eastern districts of Damascus only to be driven back with heavy losses.  It remains to be seen whether they will renew their attack for a third time.

Source*

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Trump is Filling Top Pentagon and Homeland Security Positions With Defense Contractors*

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U.S. Deploying Thousands More Ground Troops to Kuwait to Fight in Iraq and Syria*

U.S. Marines Invade Syria, helping ISIS and Turkey*

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U.S. Admits Using Radioactive Weapons in Syria that Left Thousands of Iraqi Babies Deformed*

FCC: Intimidating Press, Suppressing Science at ‘5G’ Announcement

FCC: Intimidating Press, Suppressing Science at ‘5G’ Announcement

By Alexandra Bruce

Josh del Sol, Director of the award-winning Independent documentary, ‘Take Back Your Power’, about the many dangers of SmartMeters has put together this chilling piece about the impending roll-out of the 5G cellphone network.
It shows Former Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Chairman, Tom Wheeler making a rather intimidating announcement about the potential of 5G to blanket every corner of the planet in the electrosmog of a wireless Internet of Things (IOT) and how we shouldn’t waste time testing for health safety issues, because the U.S. will leads all other countries in this emerging technology, with tens of billions of dollars will be made.

Meanwhile, just one month before Wheeler’s announcement, the U.S. National Toxicology Program had just released a report from its $25M study, concluding that wireless radiation increases cancer.

The revelations of Edward Snowden and WikiLeaks’ Vault 7, showing the methods by which the U.S. Government can access every move we make will be put into overdrive with the 5G network, as if these weren’t invasive and illegal enough.

Even former Director of the CIA, James Woolsey is on record, stating that the IOT and the SmartGrid are terrible ideas, which leave us extremely vulnerable to hacking by would-be enemies.
If Tom Wheeler doesn’t strike you as scary enough, his successor appointed by Trump on January 20, 2017, Ajit Pai is even scarier. At least Wheeler backed down from his proposed attacks on Net Neutrality, after enough activists (myself included) made too much noise. Pai, who was formerly General Counsel to Verizon Communications, Inc. has indicated that he would vote against Net Neutrality.

It gets worse. Pai has also said during a 2015 conference that he would like to crack down on the Alternative Media, “It is conceivable to me to see government saying, ‘We think the Drudge Report is having a disproportionate effect on our political discourse. He doesn’t have to file anything with the FEC. The FCC doesn’t the ability to regulate anything he says, and we want to start tamping down on websites like that…The First Amendment means not just the cold parchment that’s in the Constitution…online speech is a dangerous brave
new world that needs to be regulated.”

Related Topics:

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Electro-Smog and the Shift of Ages

A Case against Microwave Technology*

WiFi — an Invisible Threat to all Life*

Panic Grips Self-Inflicted U.S. NSA Shuts-down as Russia as all Clinton Phone-calls*

18,000 Syrian Children Victim to Organ Harvesting

18,000 Syrian Children Victim to Organ Harvesting*

Jews Arrested over Organ Trafficking Case: U.S. Kids Organs to feed Israel´s Health System

Related Topics:

NWO Satanic Death Cult Exposed

Israelis Trafficking in Syrian Children’s Body Organs*

Parents Pressured into Donating Organs of their 4 Month Old Baby After Receiving 7 Vaccine Doses*

Africans Found Butchered Organs Removed In Egypt*

Some Refugees Are Being Sold For Organs*

Israel Harvesting Slain Palestinians’ Organs*

Obama Endorses Planned Parenthood’s Cash-For-Organs Scheme*

Israel is the Organ Harvesting and Human Trafficking Global Ringleader, with Help from U.S. and Turkey*

Forced Organ Harvesting in the Ukraine*

New French Law Turns All Citizens into Automatic Organ Donors

Inside the Education System: ‘I was taught really how to con the community’*

Inside the Education System: ‘I was taught really how to con the community’*

By Isaac Davis

Charlotte Iserbyt has a long history of work with the U.S. Department of Education as a former policy advisor during the Reagan administration, as well as having worked for local school districts. In her seminal book, The Deliberate Dumbing Down of America, she tells the story of how her interest in educating children was overshadowed by the dark truth of the modern education system, and the top-down plan to overhaul education to achieve statist aims.

As the reality that education is used against us sinks in for everyday Americans, her work becomes ever more valuable, and of the many startling truths she has revealed, one fact stands out as particularly relevant to today’s environment, where the nanny state increasingly usurps authority over individual and family decisions, turning us into de facto agents of state control.

Speaking in an interview, Iserbyt explains how school system functionaries are trained to identify resistors, the parents among us whom would dare to object to the unreasonable changes in schools and educational programs.

‘I was trained to identify the resistors. The resistors to the sex-ed, drug-ed, alcohol-ed, suicide-ed, death-ed, those sgood, smart Americans who realize that anything that education hanging off the end of it is probably not what they’re looking for. I was trained to identify those good people, and to go up against them, and actually to go and try to get them to join us through the group process system. Make them feel important, get them on a committee… and that just blew my mind.” ~Charlotte Iserbyt

How does the school system manage to force programs onto local districts which would never want such programs? How do they con people into accepting new ideas for education that really don’t make sense for their communities?

The answer is that the system actually trains members of the school system to identify, target, and recruit the right people in a community, so that others will play follow-the-leader with people whom they trust.

“Not only was I trained to identify the resistors, I was trained to go to the important people, high profile, highly thought of people in the community, with the Rotary, Chamber of Commerce Garden Club, you name it. The different groups in our towns. Go to them and convince them of the importance of these new programs… and get them on your side, because when you can get the leadership in a community to go along with it, then the newspaper comes in and says, a committee’s been set up with the head of the Rotary, and this and that, and they’re all getting behind this task force to discuss whether we’re going to have a new sex education program. And then, when Mary Jones, who would ordinarily think, why would we want to have a sex education program when we don’t have any problems with kids having sex or anything… she reads that her best friend who’s the head of the Garden Club is on this committee… it must be OK.” ~Charlotte Iserbyt

Iserbyt talks briefly about the training manual for district employees which teaches them to be good agents of the state. Written by Professor Ronald Havelock, Innovations in Education: A Change Agent’s Guide is the manual for turning the American school system into a Stasi-like program of group think and mindless acquiescence. Yes, there really is a manual which teaches educators how to monitor and interdict parents who wish to have a say in how their children are educated, and according to Iserbyt, it is quite revolting, and very effective.

The end result of a government program which targets and neutralizes dissenters and resistors is nation-wide conformity with educational objectives which serve the interest of the corporate state while failing children and families.

Source*

Related Topics:

Multiple Paths to One World Government*

A Child’s Personal Sovereignty… Stolen!*

Start Them Young: Reviving the Proletariat

Ecuador Education Rank Soars, Beating Finland in Quality Access*

The Invention of Adolescence*

States Take a Stand against the Increasing Centralization of Education*

Assistant Head Teacher Resigns in Powerful Letter to U.Ks Education Secretary*

Michigan Education Board Secretly Keeping Parents Out of Gender Decisions for Children*

National Education Association Long Campaign for Gay ‘Marriage’*

1984: Just When You Think U.S. Education Couldn’t Get Any Worse*

UN Urges States to Monitor and Regulate Private Education Providers*

Education, Philosophy and Science Beyond Mind Control*

NWO Satanic Death Cult Exposed

NWO Satanic Death Cult Exposed

From Alexandra Bruce

If it seems like Evil is pervading the world, with “Endless Wars” of aggression, GMOs, paedophile
slavery rings, fluoridated water, mandated vaccines, chemtrails and False Flags, it is all connected and part of a Satanic religion practiced by the controlling elite, according to Ron Johnson, publisher of STFNews (for Stranger than Fiction).

He says that the suspicions of “conspiracy theorists”, like him have now been validated by the
revelations of WikiLeaks, etc.

Ron Johnson joins Sean Kerrigan of the SGTReport to elaborate.

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Putin on the Declining Values of the West and Rising Practice of Satanism

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Pornography and the Social Engineering of Human Sexuality*

Sweden in Satanic Death Grip*

The GMO Agenda is Planned Sterilization of Humanity*

Jews caught staging “Muslim terror” again to hype up flagging support for their evil antichristian apartheid regime

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Biotech’s Dark Promise of Involuntary Cannibalism for All*

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Big ‘Pharma Drug Caused Transgender’*

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