Tag Archive | France

French Presidential Favorite Macron sparks firestorm for Speaking the Truth about Colonization*

French Presidential Favorite Macron sparks firestorm for Speaking the Truth about Colonization*

Emmanuel Macron, the centrist French politician who is surging in the polls two months ahead of the presidential election, has been forced to defend himself after criticizing his country’s colonial past.

Macron, 39, was asked to clarify previous comments on colonization during an interview with Algerian television, broadcast on Tuesday night – a sensitive issue in a country that fought a bloody war to earn its independence from France.

“Colonization is a crime. It’s a crime against humanity. It’s truly barbarous and it’s part of a past that we need to confront by apologizing to those against whom we committed these acts,” Macron said.

“At the same time, we must not sweep this past under the rug…There’s a fitting phrase that is said about Algeria: ‘France established human rights in Algeria. It simply forgot to abide by them,’” the politician added.

Nationalist Marine Le Pen, who is polling highest of all presidential candidates, but predicted to lose to Macron if they face off in the second round, said his remarks were tantamount to treason.

“Is there anything more serious when you want to be President of the Republic than to go abroad to accuse the country you want to lead a crime against humanity?” she asked rhetorically during a Q & A with her supporters, posted on Facebook, accusing him of having “contempt for France.”

Earlier, Florian Philippot, vice-president of her National Front party tweeted,

“Mr. Macron, are roads, hospitals, French language and French culture crimes against humanity? Stop this constant repentance!”

Republican Francois Fillon, the preferred candidate of the center-right who is neck and neck with Macron in the race to secure a place in the second round, also accused Macron of flip-flopping on his earlier stance.

Fillon – who is struggling with legal issues – said during a rally in Compiegne, a town outside Paris, that “this hatred of our history, this constant repentance is undignified for a presidential candidate. It wasn’t so long ago that Mr. Macron recognised some of the positive aspects of colonization. This means that Emmanuel Macron has no spine. He’s simply saying what people want to hear.”

In an interview in October – which was referred to by the Algerian journalist this week – Macron gave a different spin, saying that France’s 130-year control over the territory resulted in “the emergence of a state, of wealth, of a middle class” and that there were “civilized elements and barbarous elements” of French rule.

His latest remarks were more nuanced than most press quotes, however, as Macron went on to warn that a “culture of guilt” around colonization and the 1954-62 war of independence, which resulted in in at least 300,000 deaths on both sides, was “counter-productive.” Macron later went on to Twitter, to once again restate his position, before releasing a video on his website to explain himself.

But whatever his justifications, Macron’s neat-sounding but malleable quotes have fed into his image as a slick opportunist, who has emerged without hinterland or convictions.

Ian Brossat, a prominent Communist Paris politician, said Macron has changed his words so many times that “you are bound to eventually agree with something he says.”

Educated at the elite ENA civil service school, Macron worked as a finance ministry official, a banker at Rothschild, and served as a Minister of the Economy in Francois Hollande’s Socialist government. He quit the party, before becoming an independent and started his own movement, En Marche, less than a year ago.

His varied biography has made it difficult to pin down his views, though he appears to be socially progressive, and economically liberal, as well as avowedly pro-E.U. Like prominent centrist liberals before him, such as Tony Blair and Barack Obama, his campaign caught fire because of his relative youth, and the promise of change – Macron says he will “unblock France.”

Source*

Related Topics:

France is Broke, but Still Reaping from the Colonial Tax!*

Should a Country Like France Be Indicting African Leaders?

Colonial France out for Niger’s Uranium*

In the Midst of an Ugly Presidential Race in France, an Untainted Leader is Emerging*

French Draft Resolution on Syria Reflects its Longing for its Colonial History in Africa*

France’s Zionist Prime Minister, Manuel Valls*

How France Loots its Former Colonies*

CIA Involvement in French 2012 Presidential Election*

French police Apologize for Raping Black Man*

From Liberation to Re-enslavement

French Troops with U.K., U.S. Support Engaged In War on Libya*

Franco-Zionist Decimation of Algeria*

CIA Involvement in French 2012 Presidential Election*

CIA Involvement in French 2012 Presidential Election*

By Tyler Durden

In a move that is sure to unleash a fresh firestorm of accusations that Russia is interfering in the upcoming French elections, Wikileaks has has released three classified CIA “tasking orders” revealing details of a seven-month long spying campaign and involvement by the agency ahead of the 2012 French presidential election.

The 7 pages of documents reveal that all major French political parties “were targeted for infiltration by the CIA’s human (“HUMINT”) and electronic (“SIGINT”) spies in the seven months leading up to France’s 2012 presidential election.”

RELEASE: CIA espionage orders for the last French presidential electionhttps://t.co/ARd8alUjMS #CIAFrance pic.twitter.com/15Q5ojw4L4

— WikiLeaks (@wikileaks) February 16, 2017

The latest set of revelations are contained within three CIA tasking orders published as context for its forthcoming – and cryptic – CIA Vault 7 series.

Named as targets are the French Socialist Party (PS), the National Front (FN) and Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) together with current President Francois Hollande, then President Nicolas Sarkozy, current round one presidential front runner Marine Le Pen, and former presidential candidates Martine Aubry and Dominique Strauss-Khan.

According to Wikileaks, the CIA operation initially ran for 10 months from November 21, 2011, to September 29, 2012, and continued after the April-May 2012 French presidential election and into the formation of the new government.

Specific instructions tasked CIA officers to discover Sarkozy’s private deliberations “on the other candidates” as well as how he interacted with his advisors. Sarkozy’s earlier self-identification as “Sarkozy the American” did not protect him from U.S. espionage in the 2012 election or during his presidency.

The CIA assessed that President Nicholas Sarkozy’s UMP party was not assured re-election and ordered officers to find out Sarkozy’s private deliberations “on the other candidates” as well as how he interacted with his advisors, according to the documents. The agency also reportedly outlined orders specific to the UMP (Union for a Popular Movement), including obtaining the party’s “Strategic Election Plans” and gleaning private thoughts within the party on Sarkozy’s campaign strategies.

RELEASE: Full text of CIA orders targetting French presidential election including Hollande, Sarkozy & Le Pen https://t.co/BUrH14uePb pic.twitter.com/I4TDfbCvYA

— WikiLeaks (@wikileaks) February 16, 2017

As part of the disclosures, the espionage order for “Non Ruling Political Parties and Candidates Strategic Election Plans” which targeted Francois Holland, Marine Le Pen and other opposition figures requires obtaining opposition parties’ strategies for the election; information on internal party dynamics and rising leaders; efforts to influence and implement political decisions; support from local government officials, government elites or business elites; views of the United States; efforts to reach out to other countries, including Germany, U.K., Libya, Israel, Palestine, Syria & Cote d’Ivoire; as well as information about party and candidate funding.

Significantly, two CIA opposition espionage tasks,

“What policies do they promote to help boost France’s economic growth prospects?” and

“What are their opinions on the German model of export-led growth?”

resonate with a U.S. economic espionage order from the same year. That order requires obtaining details of every prospective French export contract or deal valued at $200m or more.

The opposition espionage order also places weight on obtaining the candidates’ attitudes to the E.U’s economic crisis, centering around their position on the Greek debt crisis; the role of France and Germany in the management of the Greek debt crisis; the vulnerability of French government and French banks to a Greek default; and “specific proposals and recommendations” to deal with “the euro-zone crisis”.

According to Wikileaks, the CIA espionage orders published today are classified and restricted to U.S. eyes only (“NOFORN”) due to “Friends-on-Friends sensitivities”. The orders state that the collected information is to “support” the activities of the CIA, the Defence Intelligence Agency (DIA)’s E.U section, and the U.S. State Department’s Intelligence and Research Branch.

The newly released documents can be downloaded here.

Source*

Related Topics:

In the Midst of an Ugly Presidential Race in France, an Untainted Leader is Emerging*

Gambian President was Installed by the CIA*

German Newspaper Editor Who Exposed CIA Found Dead*

Russian Ambassador Murderer Tracked To CIA Base in Iraq*

CIA Covert Operations in Tibet*

As Rothschilds Did to China, the CIA is Drug Running in the Philippines*

How the CIA Used LSD to Destroy the New Left*

 

Violence in Paris Spreads Involving 5 No-Go Areas*

Violence in Paris Spreads Involving 5 No-Go Areas*

 

Police in Paris are struggling to cope with the fall-out from a plague of riots which have kicked off in the city’s northern suburbs.

By Siobhan McFadyen

Five large areas have been reduced to no go areas for the past five nights as masked men cause mayhem on the streets.

Now there are fears the fall-out from allegations of police brutality could spread all over the country as unrest in the city grows.

Residents have been on lockdown as armed police tried to tackle the rioters who have caused millions of pounds of damage.

Police were hit with molotov cocktails and the heavy metal balls used in the French game Petanque.

And after setting cars and even a disability vehicle on fire the police have been forced to fire live rounds of bullets.

A reporter for the French TV company BMTV was also injured after being attacked.

The areas of Aulnay-Sous-Bois, Aulnay, Argenteuil, Bobigny and Tremblay-en-France in the Saint-Seine-Denis district have all been affected.

It follows allegations of horrific police brutality in a housing estate called Rose des Vents in Aulnay-Sous-Bois which is also known locally as the ‘city of 3000’.

Local residents and police forces have called the continued unrest “disgraceful” while the man allegedly assaulted by police named only as Theo has pleaded for calm.

Yves Lefebvre head of the police union said: “Setting a wheelchair van on fire is a disgrace. This has to stop.”

The French Government’s response to the latest outbreaks of violence is to put 2,600 cameras on police officers to record them out on the job.

Last night it was claimed rioters shouted ‘Allahu Akbar’ during violent protests in Paris where a car was set on fire.

Front National (FN) MP Marion Le Pen tweeted the amateur video which shows chaotic scenes including of clouds of smoke after cars were set on fire and a man yelling “Allahu Akbar”, Arabic for God is Greatest, three times.

The video shows cars beeping their horns as they try and leave the scene of anarchy with protesters shouting on the street.

The niece of the FN leader Marine Le Pen tweeted: “Rioters yelled “Allah Akbar” in Bobigny yesterday night”.

The video was filmed in Bobigny, which is a suburb of Paris where protesters have clashed with French riot police.

Source*

Related Topics:

French police Apologize for Raping Black Man*

Terror Attack in Nice: One Frenchman Speaks Out*

IMF’s Christine Lagarde Free after French Court Convicts her of Losing 400mn Euros*

French Caught Planning an ISIS False Flag Terror Attack on the French*

French Authorities Order CCTV of Nice Attack to Be Destroyed*

False Flag Terror Attack in France Sees Harsh Military Rules Imposed Following Massive Civil Unrest*

In the Midst of an Ugly Presidential Race in France, an Untainted Leader is Emerging*

 

French police Apologize for Raping Black Man*

French police Apologize for Raping Black Man*

Racial profiling by French police during routine identity checks has been condemned by the courts.

French police announced Thursday that they believe the rape of a Black man by police using a baton was accidental and that evidence showing the penetration was intentional was insufficient. This conclusion was made after an internal inquiry was conducted by the police.

The statement was made after days of protests in the French capital by those outraged by the excessive use of force against a 22-year-old Black man in a Paris suburb.

The incident occurred in a housing complex in the Aulnay-sous-Bois suburb when four police officers arrived to conduct identity checks. A 22-year-old Black man, identified only by his first name Theo, was allegedly stopped by the officers, forced to the ground and beaten. The young man did not have a prior criminal record.

The abuse caused him serious injuries for which he was rushed to a hospital and required surgery due to the severity of the injuries. One of the police officers has been charged with rape, while three others were charged with assault.

Protests erupted throughout Paris in response to the brutal beating by police.

There has been little oversight of police practices in France, even after sociologists ran an independent study in 2009 proving that racial profiling is a reality. The study found that a Black or Arab person had a 6.2 and 7.7% greater chance, respectively, of being stopped by police than a white person.

While much more limited than 12 years ago, the unrest served as a reminder of the simmering tensions in neighborhoods with higher-than-average unemployment and big immigrant populations, as France prepares to elect a new president this year.

Source*

Related Topics:

Women are Speaking Up About the Sexual Harassment They’ve Experienced in French Politics*

Sexual Violence Ruled a Crime against Humanity in Guatemalan Court*

Schools in France Want Muslim Students to become Objects of Worthlessness*

French Muslims Join the protest against the Deceptive Gender Equality School Campaign*

France: The Male Bastion is Upheld

This is America: Guantánamo Detainee Requires Rectal Surgery Following CIA Sodomy Torture*

In the Midst of an Ugly Presidential Race in France, an Untainted Leader is Emerging*

In the Midst of an Ugly Presidential Race in France, an Untainted Leader is Emerging*

By Jean-Michel Cosnuau

The mainstream media and the so-called elites have decided to bear the responsibility for choosing what is right for the country and the world, since the people, i.e the middle and working classes are too uneducated to make the right choice. Or so they think.

The Brexit and Donald Trump’s victory in the United States have demonstrated a backlash against this elitist way of thinking, but the elites, so far, are pretending not to notice or care.

What we are witnessing now in France is the assassination of presidential candidate François Fillon by the mainstream media.
 Every single day new revelations involving his wife, children, and the so-called consultant fees are being made public. Are they true? Probably. Are they illegal? probably not.

Fillon was simply profiting from a system that the entire political class is using. Why so much hate? Because Fillon upset the plans of the game. He was never supposed to win the primary, which was promised to the very consensual Alain Juppé, supported by a part of the left bourgeoisie and the think tank Terra Nova, the spearhead of globalism and the new world order.

A second presidential runoff between Fillon and Le Pen was the establishment’s worse nightmare. Having two candidates who are putting the nation ahead of European federalism and speaking in favor of close cooperation with Russia was simply unacceptable, and they had to put an end to it.

Emmanuel Macron

Emmanuel Macron

After losing Juppé, the establishment has found a new candidate who matches their liberal globalist agenda – Emmanuel Macron. A former banker, Macron studied at l’ENA, like François Holland and the vast majority of the professional politician from both sides, backed up by influent French CEOs.

To clear the road for Macron, the decision and plans to tarnish Fillon were taken at the highest level of the state, the president. The documents which started the scandal surrounding Fillon came from the Ministry of Finance and were given to Hollande by the deputy secretary of the Elysée Palace, who happens to be the former director of Macron’s cabinet.

After been vetted by the president, the documents were leaked to the press through a network of people close to Macron. The next step was to select a prosecutor close to the Socialist Party. 
And while it is very unlikely that Fillon will actually be indicted – the damage has already been done. He took a big dive in the polls. For now, he won’t withdraw from the election, but his chances of making it to the second round to face Marine Le Pen are getting thinner.

Now it’s up to the right to find dirt on Macron.

The attacks on Macron are thus far focused on the fact that he undervalued his wealth to escape ISF, the French tax for the wealthy, and that he financed his campaign with public money.
 What’s even more striking, however, is that until now, the media spared the private lives of all candidate, but is now releasing rumours, likely founded, on both Fillon’s and Macron’s sexual orientation.

All this dirt and ugliness of the campaign should benefit Marine Le Pen, but she is staying quiet. She and the National Front have their own friction with the French justice.

Throughout this campaign, the political microcosm is looking more and more like a stinking swamp, and France seems ready for a systemic change. The Socialist Party is dead in the water and the UMP vaporized. The polls are putting Macron in the second round and handing him the election.

Macron may, in fact, win the election, but if he does – what will he do? While many from the right, the left, and the center are now gathering to join him – the result is guaranteed to be a disaster. With his victory the country’s political system will be absolutely discredited, paving the way for France’s new saviour and Joan of Arc, Marion Maréchal.

Source*

Related Topics:

Protests against anti-Labour Reform in France Continue with Clashes, Teargas*

IMF’s Christine Lagarde Free after French Court Convicts her of Losing 400mn Euros*

France’s Zionist Prime Minister, Manuel Valls*

Hollande Calls for Transfer of Sovereignty to a United States of Europe*

False Flag Terror Attack in France Sees Harsh Military Rules Imposed Following Massive Civil Unrest*

Tyranny in France*

French Caught Planning an ISIS False Flag Terror Attack on the French*

France Imposes Widely Despised Anti-Labour Bill by Decree*

France, U.K., and Germany produce the most ISIS Terrorists from Europe*

French Draft Resolution on Syria Reflects its Longing for its Colonial History in Africa*

Should a Country Like France Be Indicting African Leaders?

How World Leaders Were Duped Over Manipulated Global Warming Data*

How World Leaders Were Duped Over Manipulated Global Warming Data*

By David Rose

A global climate change icon

A global climate change icon

A Global warming icon

The Mail on Sunday today reveals astonishing evidence that the organisation that is the world’s leading source of climate data rushed to publish a landmark paper that exaggerated global warming and was timed to influence the historic Paris Agreement on climate change.

A high-level whistleblower has told this newspaper that America’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) breached its own rules on scientific integrity when it published the sensational but flawed report, aimed at making the maximum possible impact on world leaders including Barack Obama and David Cameron at the U.N. climate conference in Paris in 2015.

The report claimed that the ‘pause’ or ‘slowdown’ in global warming in the period since 1998 – revealed by U.N. scientists in 2013 – never existed, and that world temperatures had been rising faster than scientists expected. Launched by NOAA with a public relations fanfare, it was splashed across the world’s media, and cited repeatedly by politicians and policy makers.

But the whistleblower, Dr John Bates, a top NOAA scientist with an impeccable reputation, has shown The Mail on Sunday irrefutable evidence that the paper was based on misleading, ‘unverified’ data.

It was never subjected to NOAA’s rigorous internal evaluation process – which Dr Bates devised.

His vehement objections to the publication of the faulty data were overridden by his NOAA superiors in what he describes as a ‘blatant attempt to intensify the impact’ of what became known as the Pausebuster paper.

His disclosures are likely to stiffen President Trump’s determination to enact his pledges to reverse his predecessor’s ‘green’ policies, and to withdraw from the Paris deal – so triggering an intense political row.

In an exclusive interview, Dr. Bates accused the lead author of the paper, Thomas Karl, who was until last year director of the NOAA section that produces climate data – the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) – of ‘insisting on decisions and scientific choices that maximised warming and minimised documentation… in an effort to discredit the notion of a global warming pause, rushed so that he could time publication to influence national and international deliberations on climate policy’.

Dr. Bates was one of two Principal Scientists at NCEI, based in Asheville, North Carolina.

Official delegations from America, Britain and the E.U. were strongly influenced by the flawed NOAA study as they hammered out the Paris Agreement – and committed advanced nations to sweeping reductions in their use of fossil fuel and to spending £80 billion every year on new, climate-related aid projects.

The scandal has disturbing echoes of the ‘Climategate’ affair which broke shortly before the U.N. climate summit in 2009, when the leak of thousands of emails between climate scientists suggested they had manipulated and hidden data. Some were British experts at the influential Climatic Research Unit at the University of East Anglia.

NOAA’s 2015 ‘Pausebuster’ paper was based on two new temperature sets of data – one containing measurements of temperatures at the planet’s surface on land, the other at the surface of the seas.

Both datasets were flawed. This newspaper has learnt that NOAA has now decided that the sea dataset will have to be replaced and substantially revised just 18 months after it was issued, because it used unreliable methods which overstated the speed of warming. The revised data will show both lower temperatures and a slower rate in the recent warming trend.

The land temperature dataset used by the study was afflicted by devastating bugs in its software that rendered its findings ‘unstable’.

The paper relied on a preliminary, ‘alpha’ version of the data which was never approved or verified.

A final, approved version has still not been issued. None of the data on which the paper was based was properly ‘archived’ – a mandatory requirement meant to ensure that raw data and the software used to process it is accessible to other scientists, so they can verify NOAA results.

Dr Bates retired from NOAA at the end of last year after a 40-year career in meteorology and climate science. As recently as 2014, the Obama administration awarded him a special gold medal for his work in setting new, supposedly binding standards ‘to produce and preserve climate data records’.

Yet when it came to the paper timed to influence the Paris conference, Dr. Bates said, these standards were flagrantly ignored.

The paper was published in June 2015 by the journal Science. Entitled ‘Possible artifacts of data biases in the recent global surface warming hiatus’, the document said the widely reported ‘pause’ or ‘slowdown’ was a myth.

Less than two years earlier, a blockbuster report from the U.N. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which drew on the work of hundreds of scientists around the world, had found ‘a much smaller increasing trend over the past 15 years 1998-2012 than over the past 30 to 60 years’. Explaining the pause became a key issue for climate science. It was seized on by global warming sceptics, because the level of CO2 in the atmosphere had continued to rise.

Some scientists argued that the existence of the pause meant the world’s climate is less sensitive to greenhouse gases than previously thought, so that future warming would be slower. One of them, Professor Judith Curry, then head of climate science at the Georgia Institute of Technology, said it suggested that computer models used to project future warming were ‘running too hot’.

However, the Pausebuster paper said while the rate of global warming from 1950 to 1999 was 0.113C per decade, the rate from 2000 to 2014 was actually higher, at 0.116C per decade. The IPCC’s claim about the pause, it concluded, ‘was no longer valid’.

The impact was huge and lasting. On publication day, the BBC said the pause in global warming was ‘an illusion caused by inaccurate data’.

One American magazine described the paper as a ‘science bomb’ dropped on sceptics.

Its impact could be seen in this newspaper last month when, writing to launch his Ladybird book about climate change, Prince Charles stated baldly: ‘There isn’t a pause… it is hard to reject the facts on the basis of the evidence.’

The PM, the Prince and 'the pause': David Cameron and Prince Charles attended the historic 2015 Paris climate change conference with 150 world leaders. Cameron committed Britain to an EU-Wide emission cut as a result. And Charles, writing in this paper last month, stated there was no pause in global warming, influenced by the flawed NOAA paper that made this claim

The PM, the Prince and ‘the pause’: David Cameron and Prince Charles attended the historic 2015 Paris climate change conference with 150 world leaders. Cameron committed Britain to an EU-Wide emission cut as a result. And Charles, writing in this paper last month, stated there was no pause in global warming, influenced by the flawed NOAA paper that made this claim

 

The sea dataset used by Thomas Karl and his colleagues – known as Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperatures version 4, or ERSSTv4, tripled the warming trend over the sea during the years 2000 to 2014 from just 0.036C per decade – as stated in version 3 – to 0.099C per decade. Individual measurements in some parts of the globe had increased by about 0.1C and this resulted in the dramatic increase of the overall global trend published by the Pausebuster paper. But Dr Bates said this increase in temperatures was achieved by dubious means. Its key error was an upwards ‘adjustment’ of readings from fixed and floating buoys, which are generally reliable, to bring them into line with readings from a much more doubtful source – water taken in by ships. This, Dr Bates explained, has long been known to be questionable: ships are themselves sources of heat, readings will vary from ship to ship, and the depth of water intake will vary according to how heavily a ship is laden – so affecting temperature readings.

Dr Bates said: ‘They had good data from buoys. And they threw it out and “corrected” it by using the bad data from ships. You never change good data to agree with bad, but that’s what they did – so as to make it look as if the sea was warmer.’

ERSSTv4 ‘adjusted’ buoy readings up by 0.12C. It also ignored data from satellites that measure the temperature of the lower atmosphere, which are also considered reliable. Dr. Bates said he gave the paper’s co-authors ‘a hard time’ about this, ‘and they never really justified what they

An ARL technician checking equipment at the Climate Reference Network Site in Wolf Point, MT.

 

Now, some of those same authors have produced the pending, revised new version of the sea dataset – ERSSTv5. A draft of a document that explains the methods used to generate version 5, and which has been seen by this newspaper, indicates the new version will reverse the flaws in version 4, changing the buoy adjustments and including some satellite data and measurements from a special high-tech floating buoy network known as Argo. As a result, it is certain to show reductions in both absolute temperatures and recent global warming.

The second dataset used by the Pausebuster paper was a new version of NOAA’s land records, known as the Global Historical Climatology Network (GHCN), an analysis over time of temperature readings from about 4,000 weather stations spread across the globe.

This new version found past temperatures had been cooler than previously thought, and recent ones higher – so that the warming trend looked steeper. For the period 2000 to 2014, the paper increased the rate of warming on land from 0.15C to 0.164C per decade.

In the weeks after the Pausebuster paper was published, Dr Bates conducted a one-man investigation into this. His findings were extraordinary. Not only had Mr Karl and his colleagues failed to follow any of the formal procedures required to approve and archive their data, they had used a ‘highly experimental early run’ of a programme that tried to combine two previously separate sets of records.

This had undergone the critical process known as ‘pairwise homogeneity adjustment’, a method of spotting ‘rogue’ readings from individual weather stations by comparing them with others nearby.

However, this process requires extensive, careful checking which was only just beginning, so that the data was not ready for operational use. Now, more than two years after the Pausebuster paper was submitted to Science, the new version of GHCN is still undergoing testing.

Moreover, the GHCN software was afflicted by serious bugs. They caused it to become so ‘unstable’ that every time the raw temperature readings were run through the computer, it gave different results. The new, bug-free version of GHCN has still not been approved and issued. It is, Dr Bates said, ‘significantly different’ from that used by Mr Karl and his co-authors.

Dr Bates revealed that the failure to archive and make available fully documented data not only violated NOAA rules, but also those set down by Science. Before he retired last year, he continued to raise the issue internally. Then came the final bombshell.

Dr Bates said: ‘I learned that the computer used to process the software had suffered a complete failure.’

The reason for the failure is unknown, but it means the Pausebuster paper can never be replicated or verified by other scientists.

The flawed conclusions of the Pausebuster paper were widely discussed by delegates at the Paris climate change conference. Mr Karl had a longstanding relationship with President Obama’s chief science adviser, John Holdren, giving him a hotline to the White House.

The red line shows the current NOAA world temperature graph - elevated in recent years due to the ‘adjusted’ sea data. The blue line is the Met Office's independent HadCRUT4 record. Although they are offset in temperature by 0.12°C due to different analysis techniques, they reveal that NOAA has been adjusted and so shows a steeper recent warming trend.

The red line shows the current NOAA world temperature graph – elevated in recent years due to the ‘adjusted’ sea data. The blue line is the Met Office’s independent HadCRUT4 record. Although they are offset in temperature by 0.12°C due to different analysis techniques, they reveal that NOAA has been adjusted and so shows a steeper recent warming trend.

 

They were forced to correct it: 18 months after the ‘Pausebuster’ paper was published in time for the 2015 Paris climate change conference, NOAA’s flawed sea temperature dataset is to be replaced. The new version will remedy its failings, and use data from both buoys and satellites (pictured) – which some say is the best data of all. The new version will show both lower temperatures and a lower warming trend since 2000

They were forced to correct it: 18 months after the ‘Pausebuster’ paper was published in time for the 2015 Paris climate change conference, NOAA’s flawed sea temperature dataset is to be replaced. The new version will remedy its failings, and use data from both buoys and satellites (pictured) – which some say is the best data of all. The new version will show both lower temperatures and a lower warming trend since 2000

 

Mr Holdren was also a strong advocate of robust measures to curb emissions. Britain’s then Prime Minister David Cameron claimed at the conference that ‘97% of scientists say climate change is urgent and man-made and must be addressed’ and called for ‘a binding legal mechanism’ to ensure the world got no more than 2C warmer than in pre-industrial times.

President Obama stressed his Clean Power Plan at the conference, which mandates American power stations to make big emissions cuts.

President Trump has since pledged he will scrap it, and to withdraw from the Paris Agreement.

Whatever takes its place, said Dr Bates, ‘there needs to be a fundamental change to the way NOAA deals with data so that people can check and validate scientific results. I’m hoping that this will be a wake-up call to the climate science community – a signal that we have to put in place processes to make sure this kind of crap doesn’t happen again.

‘I want to address the systemic problems. I don’t care whether modifications to the datasets make temperatures go up or down. But I want the observations to speak for themselves, and for that, there needs to be a new emphasis that ethical standards must be maintained.’

He said he decided to speak out after seeing reports in papers including the Washington Post and Forbes magazine claiming that scientists feared the Trump administration would fail to maintain and preserve NOAA’s climate records.

Dr Bates said: ‘How ironic it is that there is now this idea that Trump is going to trash climate data, when key decisions were earlier taken by someone whose responsibility it was to maintain its integrity – and failed.’

NOAA not only failed, but it effectively mounted a cover-up when challenged over its data. After the paper was published, the U.S. House of Representatives Science Committee launched an inquiry into its Pausebuster claims. NOAA refused to comply with subpoenas demanding internal emails from the committee chairman, the Texas Republican Lamar Smith, and falsely claimed that no one had raised concerns about the paper internally.

Last night Mr. Smith thanked Dr Bates ‘for courageously stepping forward to tell the truth about NOAA’s senior officials playing fast and loose with the data in order to meet a politically predetermined conclusion’. He added: ‘The Karl study used flawed data, was rushed to publication in an effort to support the President’s climate change agenda, and ignored NOAA’s own standards for scientific study.’

Professor Curry, now the president of the Climate Forecast Applications Network, said last night: ‘Large adjustments to the raw data, and substantial changes in successive dataset versions, imply substantial uncertainties.’

It was time, she said, that politicians and policymakers took these uncertainties on board.

Last night Mr. Karl admitted the data had not been archived when the paper was published. Asked why he had not waited, he said: ‘John Bates is talking about a formal process that takes a long time.’ He denied he was rushing to get the paper out in time for Paris, saying: ‘There was no discussion about Paris.’

He also admitted that the final, approved and ‘operational’ edition of the GHCN land data would be ‘different’ from that used in the paper’.

As for the ERSSTv4 sea dataset, he claimed it was other records – such as the UK Met Office’s – which were wrong, because they understated global warming and were ‘biased too low’. Jeremy Berg, Science’s editor-in-chief, said: ‘Dr Bates raises some serious concerns. After the results of any appropriate investigations… we will consider our options.’ He said that ‘could include retracting that paper’. NOAA declined to comment.

It’s not the first time we’ve exposed dodgy climate data, which is why we’ve dubbed it: Climate Gate 2

Dr John Bates’s disclosures about the manipulation of data behind the ‘Pausebuster’ paper is the biggest scientific scandal since ‘Climategate’ in 2009 when, as this paper reported, thousands of leaked emails revealed scientists were trying to block access to data, and using a ‘trick’ to conceal embarrassing flaws in their claims about global warming.

Both scandals suggest a lack of transparency and, according to Dr Bates, a failure to observe proper ethical standards.

Because of NOAA ’s failure to ‘archive’ data used in the paper, its results can never be verified.

Like Climategate, this scandal is likely to reverberate around the world, and reignite some of science’s most hotly contested debates.

Left, blowing up the graph show is disappears in 1961 artfully hidden behind the other colours. Right, the reason? Because this is what it shows after 1961, a dramatic decline in global temperatures

Because this is what it shows after 1961, a dramatic decline in global temperatures

Blowing up the graph show is disappears in 1961 artfully hidden behind the other colours.

 

Has there been an unexpected pause in global warming? If so, is the world less sensitive to carbon dioxide than climate computer models suggest?

And does this mean that truly dangerous global warming is less imminent, and that politicians’ repeated calls for immediate ‘urgent action’ to curb emissions are exaggerated?

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70 Nations in Paris to Discuss Two-state Solution without Palestine and Israel*

70 Nations in Paris to Discuss Two-state Solution without Palestine and Israel*

French Minister of Foreign Affairs Jean-Marc Ayrault addresses delegates at the opening of the Mideast peace conference in Paris, January 15, 2017 © Thomas Samson / Reuters

French Minister of Foreign Affairs Jean-Marc Ayrault addresses delegates at the opening of the Mideast peace conference in Paris, January 15, 2017 © Thomas Samson / Reuters

French Minister of Foreign Affairs Jean-Marc Ayrault addresses delegates at the opening of the Mideast peace conference in Paris, January 15, 2017 © Thomas Samson / Reuters

France is hosting an international conference aimed at strengthening a global commitment to a two-state solution for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Both principal parties are skipping the event, however.

Some 70 nations, including members of the Middle East Quartet (the U.S., Russia, the E.U., and the U.N.), other permanent members of the U.N. Security Council (China, Britain, and France), and leading Arab and European nations are attending the all-day conference in the French capital. The event was called last year by France as an initiative to reinvigorate the peace process.

However, neither Israel nor the Palestinian Authority will be attending the conference, despite having been invited. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called the meeting “futile,” complaining that the Europeans and the Palestinians had “rigged” it against Israeli interests.

The Palestinian Authority’s president, Mahmoud Abbas, called Israel’s position regrettable. However, despite initial expectations, he didn’t arrive in Paris on Sunday either, with Reuters sources indicating that the decision to cancel his visit had come from the French government. Abbas will reportedly meet with French President Francois Hollande sometime later, possibly in a matter of weeks.

The conference is focusing on three key areas, including helping the Palestinian economy, strengthening its civil society, and assisting in building the future Palestinian state, according to the French Foreign Ministry. The ultimate goal is not to impose a solution on Israel or the PA, but rather help them to reengage in direct negotiations, Paris explained.

“There is no time to waste,” French Foreign Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault told delegates at the opening ceremony, adding “we are not sheltered from an explosion of violence.”

The conference comes at a moment of increased tensions in the Middle East. Israel was outraged when the U.S. abstained from vetoing a U.N. Security Council resolution that calls for halting the construction of settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories. Consecutive right-wing governments under Netanyahu have brushed aside criticisms of the settlement building and continued to take more land from the Palestinians. The PA sees this practice as an obstacle to direct talks.

The passage of the resolution, and a subsequent speech that U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry gave on his vision for a solution of the decades-old crisis, have underscored years of strained relations between Israel and the Obama administration.

President-elect Donald Trump, who is to be sworn in less than a week after the Paris conference, has indicated that his administration will be more supportive of Israeli interests. He has also indicated that he will move the U.S. embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, practically enshrining it as an exclusively Israeli capital. The suggestion has been strongly rejected by the Palestinians.

The gathering in the French capital is seen by many as a message to Trump not to undermine the proposed two-state solution, which would see Jerusalem as the capital of both states.

A draft communique sent to media outlets ahead of the conference also calls on Israel and the PA to disavow officials in their governments who reject the two-state solution.

Interestingly, Britain, unlike other major European nations, has sent only a junior delegation to the event in an apparent attempt to preserve its special relations with the U.S. under the Trump administration, the Guardian noted. The E.U.-departing nation is represented in Paris by Michael Howells, the head of the Middle East desk of the British Foreign Office, and two advisers to Edward Llewellyn, the U.K.’s ambassador to France.

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