Tag Archive | acts of worship

Proper Movements in Muslim Prayer can Reduce Lower Back Pain*

Proper Movements in Muslim Prayer can Reduce Lower Back Pain*

Five times a day, roughly 1.6 billion Muslims worldwide, bow, kneel, and place their foreheads to the ground in the direction of the holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, as part of the Islamic prayer ritual, the Salat. According to research, the complex physical movements of the ritual can reduce lower back pain if performed regularly and properly.

According to research at Binghamton University, State University of New York, the complex physical movements of the Islamic prayer ritual, the Salat, can reduce lower back pain if performed regularly and properly.

Five times a day, roughly 1.6 billion Muslims worldwide, bow, kneel, and place their foreheads to the ground in the direction of the holy city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, as part of the Islamic prayer ritual, the Salat. The ritual is one of the five obligatory elements of the faith set forth by the holy book, the Qur’an.

According to research at Binghamton University, State University of New York, the complex physical movements of the ritual can reduce lower back pain if performed regularly and properly.

“One way to think about the movements is that they are similar to those of yoga or physical therapy intervention exercises used to treat low back pain,” said Professor and Systems Science and Industrial Engineering Department Chair Mohammad Khasawneh, who is one of the authors of “An ergonomic study of body motions during Muslim prayer using digital human modelling.”

While the research focused specifically on Islamic prayer practices, similar movements are also found in Christian and Jewish prayer rituals along with yoga and physical therapy.

The paper was published in the latest issue of the International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering. Working with Khasawneh, an interfaith team of Assistant Professor Faisal Aqlan from the Department of Industrial Engineering at Penn State Behrend, Assistant Professor Abdulaziz Ahmed from the Business Department at the University of Minnesota Crookston, and Performance Improvement Consultant Wen Cao from the Department of Operational Performance Improvement at the Peninsula Regional Medical Center were all co-authors of the paper. All three are alumni of the Industrial and Systems Engineering doctoral program at Binghamton University.

“Physical health is influenced by socio-economic, lifestyle and religious factors. Moreover, studies indicate that there is a strong association between prayer and vigilance about maintaining a physically healthy lifestyle,” said Khasawneh.

“Prayer can eliminate physical stress and anxiety, while there is also research that indicates prayer rituals can be considered an effective clinical treatment of neuro-musculoskeletal dysfunction.”

Researchers analyzed statistics based on the movements of computer-generated digital human models of healthy Indian, Asian, and American men and women, and models with lower back pain.

The group found that the bowing portion is the most stressful on the lower back, but for individuals with low back pain, using proper knee and back angles during the ritual can reduce pain. The angles are based on individual body shapes.

“The maximum compression forces created during prayer postures is much lower than National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) safety limits, and the movements can be safely considered a clinical treatment for low back pain, as it requires different movements of the human body on a regular basis,” Khasawneh said.

“Based on the pain level, a combination of back and knee angles can be identified.”

For those with back pain, maintaining exact prayer postures may not be possible. According to Islamic traditions and practices, if individuals cannot stand, they are allowed to pray seated or laying. If they are able to stand, they should maintain correct postures as much as they can.

CAIRO, EGYPT – JANUARY 30: People pray in front of army tanks in Tahrir Square on January 30, 2011 in Cairo, Egypt. Cairo remained in a state of flux and marchers continued to protest in the streets and defy curfew. Photo by Peter Macdiarmid

“The kneeling posture (sujud) increases the elasticity of joints. It is recommended for these individuals to spend more time in the kneeling posture,” Khasawneh said.

According to the research team, using incorrect angles and movements can increase pain. The team also suggested that further study is needed for physically handicapped individuals, those with more extreme body types and women — especially pregnant women — to find the best movements for these groups. The group plans to further validate the findings with physical experiments using sensors and cameras to track the stresses on the individual body parts during the prayer ritual.

Source*

Related Topics:

When a Prayer is Answered with a Test*

U.S. Students form Protective Wall around Praying Muslim Classmates*

Sunnis ,Shi’as Pray for Unity Week after Bombing*

Night Prayer and the Human Body Clock

Qur’an is Wise to Ancient Satanic Conspiracy*

Scientists Discover That Fasting Triggers Stem Cell Regeneration and Fights Cancer*

The Healing Power of Fasting*

The Real Reason behind Blessing Food*

Qur’an is Wise to Ancient Satanic Conspiracy*

Qur’an is Wise to Ancient Satanic Conspiracy*

David Livingstone reveals that Kabbalists are singled out in the Qu’ran as instruments of an ancient occult conspiracy.

The Qu’ran dates from the Seventh Century, indicating mankind has suffered from this plot for millennia.

Today the Satanists are pitting Christians against Muslims, using migration and false flag terror, eliminating two birds with one stone.

Most Christians are too credulous to even recognize that their real adversary is the Illuminati, a Masonic (Kabbalist) Jewish cult which controls government, business and culture.

Muslims & Conspiracy Theory

By David Livingstone

Despite the Muslims’ tendency to dismiss the substantial role played by the occult and secret societies as paranoid, it is from the Qur’an that we are provided with the crucial clue which helps us identify the Luciferian origin of the Kabbalah, when it is mentioned:

 

When a messenger was sent to them [the Jews] by God confirming the revelations they had already received, some of them turned their backs as if they had no knowledge of it. They followed what the demons attributed to the reign of Solomon. But Solomon did not blaspheme, it was the satans who blasphemed, teaching men magic and such things as were revealed at Babylon to the angels Harut and Marut. …They learned from them the means to sow discord between man and wife [love magic, feminism]. But they could not harm anyone except by God’ s permission. And they learned what harmed them, not what benefited them. And they knew that the purchasers [of magic] would have no share in the happiness of the hereafter. And vile was the price for which they sold their souls, if they but knew. [2:102]

Essentially, the message of the Qur’an is clear and repeated. Starting with the sixtieth verse of Surat Al-Muddathir, one of the earliest chapters of the Quran to be revealed:

 

Nay! For lo! He [man] has been stubborn to Our revelations. On him I shall impose a fearful doom. (Self-)destroyed is he, how he planned!  Again (self-)destroyed is he, how he planned!  [74:16-20]

 

Or

 

Behold this is the Word that distinguishes (Good from Evil):  It is not a thing for amusement.  As for them, they are but plotting a scheme, And I am planning a scheme. [86:13-16]

And, importantly:

 

And thus have We [God] made in every city the elite to be its guilty ones, that they may plan therein; and they do not plan but against their own souls, and they do not perceive. [6:123]

 

But you have to fight fire with water. We should not combat the conspirators out of vengeance for being wronged. According to the Quran:

 

“The good deed and the evil deed are not alike. Repel the evil deed with one which is better, then lo! he, between whom and you there was enmity (will become) as though he was a bosom friend.” [41:34]

 

God will judge the conspirators. As for us, we should forgive them in our hearts while opposing their actions. Like Jesus said, “God forgive them, for they know not what they do.” Only love can conquer hate. That is the true message of God’s message as it has been revealed through the centuries.

As the Quran says, on the Day of Judgment, the masses will blame the elite for having been misled by the “conspiracy” carried out against them. But they will be responsible for their own wrongs:

 

Those who were oppressed will say to those who were arrogant, “Rather, [it was your] conspiracy by night and day when you were ordering us to disbelieve in God and attribute to Him equals.” But they will [all] confide regret when they see the punishment; and We will put shackles on the necks of those who disbelieved. Will they be recompensed except for what they used to do? [34:33]

 

And following are numerous examples from the Quran emphasizing the central fact of a conspiracy hatched by God’s enemies, usually using a word translated into English as “plot” or “plan”: Nay! For lo! he hath been stubborn to Our revelations. On him I shall impose a fearful doom. (Self-)destroyed is he, how he planned!  Again (self-)destroyed is he, how he planned!  [74:16-20]

 

And they (disbelievers) plotted [to kill ‘Iesa (Jesus) ], and God planned too. And God is the Best of the planners. (3:54)

 

If good touches you, it distresses them; but if harm strikes you, they rejoice at it. And if you are patient and fear God , their plot will not harm you at all. Indeed, God is encompassing of what they do. [3:120]

 

Those who believe fight in the cause of God , and those who disbelieve fight in the cause of idolatry. So fight against the allies of Satan. Indeed, the plot of Satan has ever been weak. [4:76]

 

And they say: (It is) obedience; but when they have gone forth from thee a party of them spend the night in planning other than what thou sayest. God recordeth what they plan by night. So oppose them and put thy trust in God. God is sufficient as Trustee. [4:81]

 

They may hide (their crimes) from men, but they cannot hide (them) from God, for He is with them (by His Knowledge), when they plot by night in words that He does not approve, And God ever encompasses what they do. [4:108]

 

And were it not for God’s grace upon you and His mercy a party of them had certainly designed to bring you to perdition and they do not bring (aught) to perdition but their own souls, and they shall not harm you in any way, and God has revealed to you the Book and the wisdom, and He has taught you what you did not know, and God’s grace on you is very great. [4:113]

 

O you who believe! Remember the Favour of God unto you when some people desired (made a plan) to stretch out their hands against you, but (God) withheld their hands from you. So fear God. And in God let believers put their trust. [5:11]

 

Satan’s plan is (but) to excite enmity and hatred between you, with intoxicants and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of God, and from prayer: will ye not then abstain? [5:91]

——

Source*

Related Topics:

This Week the ‘Arch of Baal’ Was Displayed For the Third Time in Honour of ‘The World Government Summit’*

Putin on the Declining Values of the West and Rising Practice of Satanism

School Forced to Allow ‘After-School Satan’ Club or Face Costly Lawsuits*

Sweden in Satanic Death Grip*

Mustering the Emotional and Spiritual Maturity to Face the Satanic Cult*

Dajjal and the New World Order

Spirituality in the New World Order is a One World Religious Authority*

Financing the New World Order*

G20 Meets In China To Fight Anti-Globalism and Usher In New World Order*

Has Pope Francis Removed Every Single Member of the Vatican Pro-life Academy*

U.S. World Population Control Programme Revealed Creates War and Famine*

Rothschild’s Reuters Pays Damages to Finsbury Park Mosque after Falsely Linking it to Terrorism*

Rothschild’s Reuters Pays Damages to Finsbury Park Mosque after Falsely Linking it to Terrorism*

Reuters news agency has agreed to pay damages to Finsbury Park Mosque in London after it wrongly claimed it was linked to terrorism.

Reuters admitted publishing a profile based on outdated reports on its global database – which caused banks to refuse to accept the mosque as a customer.

Finsbury Park Mosque had its account with HSBC closed in June 2014 after the Reuters report was published. In a letter, HSBC said:

“The provision of banking services… now falls outside of our risk appetite.”

Following the allegations made by Reuters, numerous other banks refused to accept the mosque as a customer.

The mosque’s management company was unaware of the profile report until it was drawn to its attention by the BBC a year after its bank account was closed on 20 June 2015.

Sara Monsoori, representing the company which now runs the mosque, said the mosque was the subject of profile reports which placed it in the “terrorism” category.

“This was wrong,” Ms Monsoori told deputy High Court judge Richard Parkes QC.

“The profile referred to press reports and allegations from many years ago, long before the mosque was re-organised and the claimant company was established.”

Reuters admitted its report “made the false allegation that there were grounds to suspect that the claimant had continued connections to terrorism.” It said those allegations had now been withdrawn.

Finsbury Park Mosque said in a statement:

“It is unacceptable that any organisation is able to designate people as terrorists on the basis of poor research and for those people to be labelled without any recourse to truth or justice.”

Source*

Related Topics:

U.K’s Terrorism Adviser Resigned, for Reasons that Should Worry Us All*

The Telegraph Pays Compensation after Lying about a Woman’s Terrorism Links*

Media Blackout as Millions of Muslims March against ISIS in Iraq for Arbaeen*

British Banking System the Pumping Heart of Terror Finance and Global Drug Trade*

Interpol Reports 1 Percent of European Terrorism Was Carried Out by Muslims in 2014*

MOSSAD Agent – ‘We Did the London Bombing’

Lockerbie Lies to Subvert Independent Sovereign Countries *

 

Jews give Muslims Key to their Synagogue after Town’s Mosque Burns Down*

Jews give Muslims Key to their Synagogue after Town’s Mosque Burns Down*

The blaze destroyed the mosque in Victoria, Texas Victoria Islamic Center

The blaze destroyed the mosque in Victoria, Texas Victoria Islamic Center

The blaze destroyed the mosque in Victoria, Texas Victoria Islamic Center

Jewish people in a small Texas city handed Muslim worshippers the keys to their synagogue after the town’s only mosque was destroyed in a fire.

The Victoria Islamic Centre burned down on Saturday and had previously been burgled—the cause is being investigated by federal officials.

But the town’s Muslim population will not be without a place to worship while their building is reconstructed, thanks to their Jewish neighbours.

Robert Loeb, the president of Temple Bnai Israel, told Forward:

“Everyone knows everybody, I know several members of the mosque, and we felt for them. When a calamity like this happens, we have to stand together.

“We have probably 25 to 30 Jewish people in Victoria, and they probably have 100 Muslims. We got a lot of building for a small amount of Jews.”

One of the mosque’s founders, Shahid Hashmi, said:

“Jewish community members walked into my home and gave me a key to the synagogue.”

The centre was built in 2000.

Donations and an online fundraising campaign have raised more than $900,000 (£717,000) for reconstruction.

The blaze was discovered at about 2am on Saturday by a clerk at a convenience store, who called the fire department. It took around four hours to bring it under control and no injuries were reported.

The fire took place just hours after President Donald Trump announced he would ban citizens from seven Muslim-majority countries from entering the U.S., and halted the country’s refugee program for 120 days.

Omar Rachid, who created the GoFundMe campaign, said:

“Our hearts are filled with gratitude for the tremendous support we’ve received. The outpouring of love, kind words, hugs, helping hands and the financial contributions are examples of the true American spirit.”

Source*

Related Topics:

U.S. Students form Protective Wall around Praying Muslim Classmates*

Despite Increasing Threats and Violence, Americans Show Support for Muslim Neighbours*

Actor-Producer Ben Affleck Furiously Defends Islam on TV*

This Man Riddled their Mosque With Bullets, now They’re Forgiving Him*

7-Year-Old Texas Boy Who Donated Piggy Bank to Vandalized Mosque Gets Surprise*

Desecration of Churches and Mosques, Act of Outsiders States Bishop*

Fake News on Muslim Attack on German Church*

Muslimah Strikes up Friendship with ‘terrified’ Passenger*

Fajr and Shaytan

White Supremacists Behind Mass Shootings at Black Churches and Synagogues*

Muslim Charities Are Helping To Raise Money for Burned Black Churches In The US*

Are American Jews Abandoning Israel?

Rabbis Thank Ahmedinejad for his Stance Against Zionism

An Unorthodox Rabbi Who Allied Himself With Prophet Muhammad*

A Small Act of kindness Disarms anti-Muslim Protester.*

UC Berkeley Cancels Appearance of White Nationalist, Trump Responds with Threat to Cut School’s Funding*

Jewish Members of Trump Administration Might Explain a Few Things*

Our Conception of God isn’t Big Enough*

Our Conception of God isn’t Big Enough*

By Kevin Barrett

Allahu akbar” pretty much says it all…

According to Aldous Huxley, the brain’s main function is not to create consciousness, but to reduce it.

That would explain why primates with very big brains start wars, excrete in drinking water, vote for major party candidates in national elections, and otherwise exhibit a level of consciousness far below that of your average self-respecting rock.

Here is the Huxley quote in full:

“To make biological survival possible, Mind at Large has to be funnelled through the reducing valve of the brain and nervous system.”

Huxley’s point, a good one, is that our conception of mind, consciousness, or whatever-you-want-to-call-it just isn’t big enough.

The same is true for our conception of God.

In a few days, Christians all over the world will be celebrating a certain conception of God. Here in the USA, they have been preparing for the big event by chopping down small trees and sticking them in  living room corners; frantically fighting traffic jams while rushing from store to store buying stuff; blasting a certain canon of music from every audio apparatus in the land, drowning all eardrums beneath a warm-and-syrupy tidal wave of simple melodies you hardly ever have to touch any black keys to play; imbibing large quantities of sugar (and sugar’s even more pernicious cousin, alcohol)  in vain hopes that the ensuing rush will  overwhelm seasonal affective disorder and other symptoms of vitamin D deficiency; and in other small ways demonstrating their awed gratitude to the Lord of the Worlds, the All-Merciful All-Compassionate Source of All Being.

Theoretically, all of these activities are supposed to be celebrating the birth of Jesus. According to majoritarian Christian dogma, Yeshua was the “son of God,” whatever that may mean. So what do small coniferous trees in living room corners, frantic shopping and gift-exchanging, mythical big fat white-bearded guys in silly red suits, boozy egg nog and kisses under the mistletoe, etcetera etcetera have to do with the birth of God’s alleged son? The long answer comes from folklorists and historians. The short answer is: “Not a whole lot.”

Our reducing valve of consciousness has reduced the whole “birth of the son of God” concept into something (or a whole lot of little somethings) much, much smaller. But that’s OK, because celebrating the “birth” was already a reduction of the “son of God” concept, which was itself a reduction of the “God” concept, which was itself a reduction of supreme ineffable Reality to which the G-word refers, which…well, let me back up and start at the beginning.

As every “primitive” society on earth knows, everything is conscious. Among pretentious, educated folk, the philosophical name for that position is panpsychism, also known as panexperientialism. In his recent book God Exists But Gawd Does Not, David Ray Griffin argues that the evidence for a conscious universe, in which everything all the way down to sub-atomic quanta has its own “experience” or “consciousness” or “point of view,” refutes claims that only an omnipotent creator God (pejoratively termed “Gawd” by Griffin) could have created the  miracle of consciousness.

Quantum physics clearly shows that physical reality cannot be separated from consciousness. The observed and observer are two sides of the same reality-coin; remove one, and you’ve removed the whole thing. In other words, science has definitively answered the question “Does a tree fall in the forest if there’s nobody there to hear it?” with a resounding “no.” There is no tree without someone being aware of it. But that “someone” doesn’t necessarily have to be human. The universe (including the illusion of linear unidirectional time) is created by the perceptive acts of conscious biological organisms of all kinds according to Robert Lanza’s Biocentrism. Panexperientialists say these biological universe-creators are actually agglomerations of much smaller conscious entities, all the way down to quarks and quanta.

So what does that have to do with our conception of God not being big enough?

Well, for one thing, God has to be big enough to embrace an outrageous number of perspectives on reality: Not just the reality-perspectives of every one of the world’s more than seven billion people, but also all the animals and plants and their component cells and the building blocks of those cells down to the tiniest sub-atomic building blocks, plus all non-organic matter as well, and the space and time and energy in and in between it.

We might say that God is the very real unity underlying all of that apparent diversity. (Physicists have indeed found traces of a primordial connection linking everything to everything else – faint footprints of the Unity from which multiplicity emerges.)

That is a very big God for small-minded people to constrict.

If there were a last word on God, which there isn’t, it might be:

Allahu akbar!”

Which means, “God is greater!” Greater than what? Greater than everything, including all words and conceptions we might try to apply to Him/Her/It.

The natural and correct human response to such Greatness is awed humility and absolute submission: in a word, Islam.

People can be in that state – the state of awed submission to the divine – without being nominal Muslims.  Christians, Hindus, Buddhists, Jews, Taoists, Native Americans, gnostics, maybe even agnostics can theoretically be muslims with a small m.

But without a traditional scaffolding of wisdom teachings, symbols, rituals, sacred utterances, and a grounding in daily practice, it’s hard to get very deep into that state and stay there. Without that scaffolding, the petty false gods of ones own ego and selfish interests tend to take over.

The history of monotheism is an endless cycle of discoveries of how big God really is, followed by panicked retreats into egotisms and bureaucracies designed to keep Him small. The Hebrew prophets caught glimpses of the divine greatness; then Yahwist priests and scribes conspired to reduce Him to manageable size, and used the resulting misconception to grab wealth and power. Today, the already-massively-reduced figure of Yahweh has been shrunken to almost microscopic size by “modern, liberal, humanist” Jews, who have replaced the whole notion of God with an idolatrous vision of the deified “Jewish people,” whose suffering in the Holocaust amounts to a kind of neo-crucifixion.

Christians, for their part, shrunk Yahweh down by imagining Him as a “father” (and a “son” and a “holy ghost”) while simultaneously enlarging Him from tribal shibboleth to universal creator and caretaker.

The Christian confusion of Jesus the human being, prophet and teacher with God – the koan at the heart of Christianity “how can a man be God?” – was cleared up by Islam. As were many other things.

Yet ironically, Muslims today, despite the clear teachings that have come down to them, suffer from small-minded views of God right alongside the Christians and Jews. Those who are termed “fundamentalists” (who might be better termed obscurantists) imagine that God’s main concern is that they follow a long list of very detailed rules governing trivial activities of daily life. Some of these folks are fanatical sectarians who think that everyone who doesn’t agree with them is a lesser being at best, deserving of capital punishment at worst. These boneheaded takfiris seem blind to the almost infinitely varied perspectives that the real God must be able to embrace!

So this Christmas, or at Friday salaat al-jumuah, or wherever and whenever you have an opportunity to pray, please consider making the following supplication:

“Ya Allah, O God, please save us from people whose conception of You is too small; and help our own conceptions grow ever-larger, even though we know they will never fully embrace your Reality.

Source*

Related Topics:

Atheism and Rediscovering God*

Mathematics – God’s Language for Nature*

U.K. Scientists Use Brain Stimulation to ‘Make You Stop Believing In God’*

Atheists, Whatever They Say to the Contrary, Really Do Believe in God*

Evolution: God’s Game

Teaching that all Life Came from God Now Banned in the U.K.*

The Signs of God’s Existence

Blair, Bush and Cameron: Deluded in their Hi-jack of God*

Finding God in a Particle!

Ramadhan Reflections: When Your Actions Say You Know More Than God.

Arguing God from Being?

It’s not a Matter of Believing, but a Matter of Being*

The Oldest Standing University in the World*

The Oldest Standing University in the World*

By Kerry Sullivan

A section of the of the University of Al-Qarawiyyin in Fes, Morocco

 

Although many people would imagine that the oldest university in the world is in Europe or China, it’s not. The oldest standing university on Earth is in Morocco. Founded in 859 AD, Al-Qarawiyyin is recognized by UNESCO and the Guinness World Records as the oldest existing, continuously operating university, as well as the first institution to issue educational degrees. The University of Al-Qarawiyyin is located in the city of Fes, once a leading spiritual and educational centre of the Muslim world. A fact that makes Al-Qarawiyyin all the more unique is that it was founded by a woman, Fatima al-Fihri, a young princess from Tunisia.

Part of the University of Al- Qarawiyyin in the city of Fes, Morocco. (Anderson sady/CC BY SA 3.0)

 

Founding the Institution

Over 1200 years ago, Mohammed al-Fihri and his family moved from Qayrawan (modern-day Tunisia) to Fes. The al-Fihris were just one of many migrants moving across North Africa to the prosperous cities of Morocco. The al-Fihris and other ‘Qayrawaniyyins’ formed a community in the western district of the city. Mohammed al-Fihri, a wealthy merchant, had two daughters – Fatima and Mariam. Both were well-educated and brought up to be devoutly religious.

Tunisian Mosque, 1899

 

When their father died, Fatima and Mariam came into an enormous inheritance (unlike in Europe, in Islamic countries women were able to inherit). Fatima accepted the unique gift of such sudden wealth by attributing the windfall to the blessing of Allah. She vowed she would spend her entire inheritance on building a mosque and learning centre where the Qayrawan community could glorify Islam. Little else is known about Fatima or the other al-Fihris. However, her story sheds a great deal of light on the role women played in Islamic society at the time. Moreover, Fatima was not the only woman to found a mosque – hers is just the oldest still operating.

The Oldest Library Too

The library at Al-Qarawiyyin was an essential part of her enterprise for both religious and scholarly pursuits. Today, that library is also recognized as the oldest in the world. It contains over 4000 manuscripts, some of which date back to the 9th century. Of particular note is a collection of hadiths which are thought to be the oldest copy of the of the Prophet Mohammed’s sayings still in existence.

The library’s main reading room. (Aziza Chaouni)

 

The university embodies the spiritual learning that was at the very heart of the Muslim civilization in the days when the Islamic Empire stretched from Spain to India. Although located at the far edge of the empire, scholars and artisans would come to Morocco from all over the known world. Al-Qarawiyyin was originally founded as a mosque with a madrasa (Islamic school) so that the community of Fez could practice their faith while expanding their knowledge of spiritual matters. From the instruction of the Qur’an, the madrasa expanded to teach Arabic grammar, calligraphy, mathematics, music, chemistry, legislation, Sufi mysticism, medicine, astronomy, history, geography, and rhetoric.

Highly-Acclaimed

The renown of the educational aspect of Al-Qarawiyyin quickly outpaced the reputation of the mosque itself. Al-Qarawiyyin became known the world over as a place for great discussions and debates on religious, scholarly, and political matters. In addition to a wide variety of topics, the university attracted some of the highest quality teachers of the era.

Applications for admission flooded in. As a result, the administrators had to put in place a vigorous selection system. Some of the conditions of entry are still in place for those hoping to study at Al-Qarawiyyin today, for example, applicants must have memorized the whole Qur’an if they are even to be considered for admission.

University of Al-Qarawiyyin. (Anderson sady/CC BY SA 3.0)

With such acclaim, the university naturally attracted a number of sultans and wealthy merchants who hoped to give their children first-class educations. They became patrons of the Al-Qarawiyyin and lavished wealthy subsidies, gifts, and treasures on the institution – especially books and manuscripts, which were in short supply in the 9th century.

The university produced a number of “high profile scholars that exercised a strong influence on the intellectual and academic realms in the Muslim world. Among the great names, the list includes Abu Abullah Al-Sati, Abu Al-Abbas al-Zwawi, Ibn Rashid Al-Sabti (d.721 AH/1321 CE), Ibn Al-Haj Al-Fasi (d.737 AH/1336 CE) and Abu Madhab Al-Fasi who led his generation in studies of the “Maliki” school of thought.” (The Foundation for Science, Technology, and Civilization, 2016)

Flourishing Muslim Scholars

While Europe was engulfed in the Dark Ages, Islamic society flourished. It is thanks to the Muslim scholars that the works of the ancient Greeks and Romans were preserved and translated. Indeed, it was the close proximity of Morocco and Spain that ultimately allowed European states to absorb the wisdom of Islamic and Greek scholars. “Among Christian witnesses of the contribution of al-Qarawiyyin is Gerbert of Aurillac (930-1003), famously known as Pope Sylvester II, and who is credited with introducing the use of zero and Arabic numerals to Europe” (The Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilization, 2016)

Despite the abundance of knowledge clearly visible at Al-Qarawiyyin, Europeans still looked down on the African institute. When the French conquered Morocco, they even sought to ‘civilize’ the university. Thankfully, their efforts failed and today one can still see the 9th-century buildings, as well as scholars studying and discussing the Qur’an.

Source*

Related Topics:

The Inner Technology of Islam

A True Revolutionary Who Evolved a Spiritual Nationality

Muslim Cordoba Going for a Song

Between the Builder and the Architect: Frederick II, and the Castel Del Monte

Where the First Adhan was heard in Africa, and the Unfinished ‘Jasmine Revolution’

The Oldest Qur’ans are Actually in Yemen, in Danger of Being Bombed*

Hebrew Bibles from Syria Taken by MOSSAD*

The aql is not Reason – it’s Consciousness*

Dajjal and the New World Order

The Symbols of the Whirling Dervishes of the Mevlevi Order*

The Space In-between: A Journey through Solitude to Spiritual Growth*

An Unorthodox Rabbi Who Allied Himself With Prophet Muhammad*

U.S. Airstrikes Killing Civilians not ISIS as Fallujans Walk out on ISIS Sermons*

The Big Bang is Just a Theory, as New Equations Point to Infinity*

How the British Empire aka New World Order Sowed Seeds of Destruction towards Islam*

The Healing Power of Fasting*

The Healing Power of Fasting*

Related Topics:

Neuroscientist Shows Fasting Bolsters Your Brain, but Big Pharma Won’t Study It*

Scientists Discover That Fasting Triggers Stem Cell Regeneration and Fights Cancer*

Alzheimers: Multiple Therapies including Fasting Involved in the First Known Reversal of Memory Loss*

Uyghur Muslims Punished for Fasting in Holy Month*

The Self Control Gland and Fasting

Fasting for Three Days can Regenerate Entire Immune System*

The Rights of Fasting

Many Forms Of Fasting*

Fasting in Shawwal

Fasting and Pregnancy